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Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc. France for the injuries they suffered from her follows: [Here follows the treaty, as before.] privateers, consuls, and tribunals, on the coasts And whereas the Senate of the United States, and in the ports of Spain, for the satisfaction of by their resolution of the twenty-fourth day of which provision is made by this treaty; and they the same month, (two-thirds of the Senators then will present an authentic statement of the prizes present concurring) did advise and consent to made, and of their true value, that Spain may ihe ratification of the said treaty: avail herself of the same in such manner as she Now, therefore, I, James Monroe, President of may deem just and proper.
the United States of America, having seen and ART. 15. The United States, to give His Catho- considered the treaty above recited, do, in pursu. lic Majesty a proof of their desire to cement the ance of the aforesaid advice and consent of the relations of amity subsisting between the two Senate of the United States, by these presents nations, and to favor the commerce of the sub-accept, ratify, and confirm the said treaty, and jects of His Catholic Majesty, agree that Spanish every clause and article thereof, as the same are vessels, coming laden only with productions of hereinbefore set forth. Spanish growth or manufactures, directly from lo faith whereof, I have caused the seal of the the ports of Spain or of her colonies, shall be United States to be hereto affixed. Given admitted, for the term of twelve years, .to the under my hand, at the City of Washington, ports of Pensacola and St. Augustine, in the [L. s.] this twenty-fifth day of February, in the Floridas, without paying other or higher duties year of our Lord, one thousand eight hunon their cargoes, or of tonnage, than will be paid dred and nineteen, and of the independence by the vessels of the United Siates. During the of the said States the forty-third. said term, no other nation shall enjoy the same
JAMES MONROE. privileges within the ceded territories. The iwelve years shall commence three months after the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty.
ART. 16. The present treaty shall be ratified, DEFEAT OF THE SEMINOLE INDIANSin due form, by the contracting parties, and the CAPTURE OF SPANISH POSTS IN FLORratifications shall be exchanged in six months IDA-ARBUTHNOT AND AMBRISTER. from this time, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we, the underwritten Pleni- [Communicated to Congress, by the President of the potentiaries of the United States of America and United States, with his opening Message of the 17th of His Catholic Majesty, have signed, by virtue
of November, 1818.] of our powers, the present treaty of amity, settle Extract of a letter from R. Sands, commanding Fort ment, and limits, and have thereunto affixed our Gaines, to the officer of Fort Hawkins, dated seals, respectively. Done at Washington, this
FEBRUARY 2, 1817. twenty-second day of February, one thousand
When the Colonel, with the troops, left Fort eight hundred and nineteen.
Scott, he gave the buildings in charge of one of
the Perrymans, from whom I have just received [.]
a letter, handed me by his brother, who arrived
here after I had commenced writing this. Resolution of the Senate advising ratification. Perryman states in his letter that the Red In SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
Sticks, (or hostiles,) after we had left the fort, February 24, 1819.
came in companies, and carried off everything
we had left with him, and what he had purchased Resolved, (two-thirds of the Senators present of Butler, burnt three houses, and threatened, if concurring therein,) That the Senate do advise he did not leave the place, to burn it over his and consent to the ratification of the treaty of head. He got what few articles he could, with amity, settlement, and limits, made and concluded his family, in a canoe, and came to his brother's, at Washington, on the 22d day of February, who informs me that there is at present about 1819, between the United States and His Catho three hundred Indians imbodied at the Forks, lic Majesty. Attest: CHARLES CUTTS,
and others constantly joining them. He does not
know their intentions, but understood a party was Secretary.
going out to steal horses, &c.
This morning, (3d) one of the settlers waited Ratification by the President of the United on me to advise in what manner to act, as eight States.
or ten Indians had been at his house, and ordered James MONROE, President of the United States him off; telling him that in six days they would of America: 'To all, and singular, who shall come back, and, if he was not gone, they would
drive him away. see these presents, greeting:
Whereas a treaty of amity, settlement, and limits, between the United States of America Extract of a letter from the Governor of Georgia to and His Catholic Majesty, was concluded and
General Gaines, dated signed between their plenipotentiaries in this city,
MILLEDGEVILLE, February 5, 1817. on the iwenty-second day of the present month You, no doubt, have already been informed of February, which treaty is word for word as that the notorious Woodbine has recently made Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc. his appearance again at the mouth of the Appa- said to be about the same number of Indians belachicola, and that he has an agent now among longing to their party, and there are both negroes the Seminole Indians and negroes in that quar- and Indians daily going to their standard. They ter, stirring them up to acts of hostility against say they are in complete fix for fighting, and this country; and that Woodbine himself has wish an engagemeni with the Americans, or gone in an armed vessel to some part of the West McIntosh's troops; they would let them know Indies for supplies. Connected with this fact is they had something more to do than they had another, which may serve as an intimation of the at Appalachicola. They have chosen Bowlegs future conduct of these people, when once in pos- for their head, and nominated him King, and pay session of the supplies which it is said they ex. him all kind of monarchical respect, almost to pect on the return of Woodbine. About ten or idolatry, keeping a picket guard at the distance iwelve days ago, a small party of those Indians of five miles. They have a number of the likeentered the frontier of Wayne county, and stole liest American horses; but there are one or iwo two horses and some cattle. They were pursued chiefs who are not of the choir. Kenhijah, the by some of the inhabitants, who peaceably de- Missioukey.chief, is one that is an exception. manded a restoration of the stolen property; and, instead of a compliance on the part of the Indians, they immediately fired upon the whites, copy of a letter from Archibald Clarke, Intendant, who retired without returning a shot. One of
St. Mary's, Georgia, to General Gaines, dated the whites was mortally wounded.
FEBRUARY 26, 1817.
Sır: In consequence of a recent and most obCopy of a letter from General Gaines to the Govern- noxious act perpetrated by a party of Indians, or of Georgia, dated
(supposed to be of the Lower Creeks,) in this
county, in the murder of an unfortunate white MILLEDGEVILLE, February 5, 1817.
woman and her two infant' children, by which I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the defenceless inhabitants on our frontier have your excellency's letter of this date.
been thrown into a distressing state of alarm, I The facts which you have been pleased to com- avail myself of the earliest opportunity in giving municate, in relation to the late hostile conduct information that may be relied on, under the of the Seininole Indians, must and shall receive fullest assurance thai immediate measures will my immediate and particular attention. I am be adopted to guard and prevent a repetition of not authorized to change the destination of the such cruel and barbarous acts. 4th infantry, but, should I receive no authority On the 24th instant, the house of a Mr. Garto recall a part of that corps, I shall order one or ret, residing in the upper part of this county, near two companies of artillery (to do duty as infan- the boundary of Wayne county, was attacked try) from Charleston to the southern frontier of during his absence, near the middle of the day, this State, with instructions to check Indian hos-by this party, consisting of about fifteen, who shot tilities, and at the same time to remove from lo- Mrs. Garret in two places, and then despatched dian land such intruders as may remain, after her by stabbing and scalping. Her two children being duly notified to remove.
(one about three years, the other two months)
were also murdered, and the eldest scalped. The Extract of a letter from George Perryman to Lieue ue, and set on fire. A young man in this neigh
house was then plundered of every article of valtenant Sands, dated
borhood, hearing the report of guns, went immeFEBRUARY 24, 1817. diately towards the house, where he discovered The charge given me by Colonel Clinch and the murdered family. The flames having only yourself, and other officers of the United States, commenced, they were extinguished, and he induces me to believe there is a confidence placed spread the alarm. The workmen from my mills in me which I ought not to deceive. I therefore and a few others assembled to pursue; but, havthink it my duty, as well as my inclination, 10 ing. but few arms, and not otherwise equipped, give you the following information :
their pursuit proved fruitless. The Indians were There was a friend of mine not long since in attacked as far as the men dared venture. Their the Fowltown, on Flint, and he saw many horses, course was parallel with the western branch of cattle, and hogs, that had come immediately from Spanish creek, which induces the belief of their the State of Georgia, and they are bringing them being Indians of the lower tribes. away continually. They speak in the most con
On this open, extensive, and entirely unprotemptuous manner of the Americans, and threaten tected frontier, the poor and innocent inhabitants to have satisfaction for what has been done- have ever been exposed to these calamities. Repmeaning the destruction of the negro fort. There resentation after representation to the several is another of my acquaintances returned imme- Governors of this State, of cruel and unprovoked diately from the Seminole towns, and saw the murders in this quarter by the lodians, have been negroes on parade there. He counted about six made. A momentary disposition was manifested hundred that bore arms. They have chosen offi. Lo afford relief'; but a little time, however, would cers of every description, and endeavor to keep up elapse before the alarm would subside, and the a regular discipline, and are very strict in pun subject Dever more thought of, until again revived ishing violators of their military rules. There is by an occurrence such as I have just related,
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
To you, sir, therefore, the inhabitants on the Without authority, I can claim nothing of frontier, as well as others, through me, appeal you; but a humane and philanthropic spirit guidfor some protection. A small detachment of ing me, I hope the same will influence you; and troops upon the head of the St. Mary's would if such is really the case, and that the line marked answer a most valuable purpose, by at once check out by the ireary between Great Britain and the ing the inroads of the savages, and preventing United States respecting the Indian nations has our abandoned and unprotected citizens from ad- been infringed upon by the subjects of the latter, venturing into the Indian country, and driving in that you will represent to them their improper herds of cattle.
conduct, and prevent its continuance.
I hold in my possession a letter received from Copy of a letter from R. Arbuthnot to the officer him by His Britannic Majesty's chief Secretary,
the Governor of New Providence, addressed to commanding at Fort Gaines, dated
informing him of the orders given to the British OKOLOKNE SOUND, March 3, 1817. Ambassador at Washington, to watch over the Sir: I am desired by Peter McQueen, an un- interests of the lodian nations, and see that their fortunate Indian chief, who was sonje years since rights are faithfully attended to and protected, obliged to fly from the town of Tucky Batche, agreeably to the treaty of peace made between on the Tallapoohatch river, to claim of your the British and Americans. friendship the delivery of a negro man named I am in hopes that ere this there is arrived at Joe, (taken away from him since the peace,) New Providence a person from Great Britain whom he stated to be in Fort Gaines. 'When with authority to act as agent for the Indian naMcQueen left Tucky Batche, his property was lion; and, if so, it will devolve on him to see thai considerable, both in negroes and cattle; of the the boundary lines, as marked out by the treaty, former, ten grown negroes were taken by a half- are not infringed upon. breed man named Barney, nine of which, he I hope you will not think these observations, learns, were sold, and one (a girl) is still in pos- made by desire of the chiefs, any improper intersession of said Barney. Twenty able negroes ference, and requesting the favor of an answer, I were taken by a chief 'named Colonel, or Auchi | am, respeelfully, &c. Hatcbe, who acts also as an interpreter; and as P. S. McQueen states that the offspring of the he never had possession of any of those persons' negroes, when he left Tucky Batche, were seven property, nor ever did them an injury to his know- of those taken by Barney, and pine of those ledge, he claims, as a further proof of your friend- taken by Auchi Hatche, and he supposes they ship, that you will use your influence in procur- have increased. ing those pegroes for him; and, should they be given up by the persons holding them, there is one faithful negro among them, named Charles
, copy of a letter from Lieutenant Richard M. Sands, who will bring them to him at Okolokoe river.
fourih infantry, commanding at Fort Gaines, GeorThe American headmen and officers that were
gia, to Colonel William King, or officer commandaccustomed to live dear bim can testify to his
ing the fourth regiment of infantry, dated civility and good fellowship with them, and there
March 15, 1817. are none of them, he is convinced, that would Sir: I enclose for your information two letters not serve him if 'in their power. As he owes which I received a few days since. Yesterday, nothing, nor ever took any person's property, none William Perryman, accompanied by two of the have a right to retain bis; and he hopes that, lower chiefs, arrived here. He informs me that through your influence, those persons now hold: McQueen, the chief mentioned in one of the ening his negroes will be induced to give them up. closed letiers, is at present one of the heads of
While I am thus advocating the cause of an the hostiles ; that they are anxious for war, and unfortunate individual, allow me to claim an ex- have lately murdered a woman and iwo children. tension of your philanthropy to all the Indians He likewise says that he expects the news in within your circle, by your representing to them George Perryman's letter is true; for there are the folly of their quarrels, and that they ought to talks going through the towns that the English live quietly and peaceably with each other. are to be at Okoloking river in three months.
The Lower Creeks seem to wish to live peace- I have sent an Indian runner to Okoloking, to ably and quietly, and in good friendship with the ascertain what preparations the hostiles are makothers; but there are some designing and evil. ing. I have the honor to be, &c. minded persons, self-interested, who are endeaVoring to create quarrels between the Upper and Lower Creek Indians, contrary to their interest, Extract of a letter from David B. Mitchell, Indian their happiness, and welfare. Such people belong
agent to the Secretary of War, dated to no nation, and ought not to be countenauced
MILLEDGEVILLE, GEORGIA, by any Government.
March 30, 1817. The head chiefs request I will inquire of you By yesterday's mail I received a letter from why American settlers are descending the Chat Mr. Timothy Barnard, who resides on Flint river, ahoochee, driving the poor Indian from his habi: in the Indian country, a considerable distance tation, and taking possession of his home and below the agency, in which he observes: "I have cultivated fields ?
been informed two days past, from below, where
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc. the Red Stick class reside, that a party has been bald Clarke, Esq., intendant of the town of St. down near St. Mary's, and murdered a woman Mary's, by which it appears that another outrage and two children, and brought off some horses. of uncommon cruelty has recently been perpeI have heard for some time past that the Red trated by a party of Indians upon the Southern Stick party have commenced their Red Stick frontier, near the boundary of Wayne county, dancings again, which is a proof that they mean They have massacred a woman (Mrs. Garrett) to commence hostilities. Our forts, Crawford and iwo of her children; the mother and eldest and Gaines, having been evacuated, I believe, has child were scalped, the house plundered and been the cause of the Red Stick class beginning burnt. again to commence hostilities. They think that our troops were afraid to continue there."
MONTGOMERY, April 3, 1817. The murder of the woman and two children, Sir: The enclosed letter contains some addispoken of by Mr. Barnard, had been previously tional information upon the subject of my comcommunicated to me by the magistrates of Cam-munication of this date. den county; and I have no doubt but it was per- Most respectfully, &c. petrated in retaliation for the killing of an Indian
EDMUND P. GAINES. about three or four weeks previous, on the Florida side of the St. Mary's river, by some worth
Hon. Secretary Of War. less white men who reside on the frontiers of
Fort GAINES. East Florida, and who live by plunder. They citizens to inform you of our situation, believing
General Gaines: I am requested by all the have for some time past been a perfect nuisance to the frontier of Georgia in that quarter ; and that no communication has been forwarded givalthough repeated complaints of their bad con- ing a detail of the information received, our disduct have been made to the Governor of the prov- tress
, and the prospect of approaching destrucince, yet, either from the want of ability or incli
tion. nation, they have not been suppressed; but I
We are hourly told, by every source of inforbelieve that their impunity is atitibutable to the mation, by the friendly Indians, by letters from first, viz: inability on his part to apprehend and side low down on the Appalachicola, that all the
William Hambly and Edmund Doyle, who repunish them. The single fact of this murder being easily drying their meats to come on to the attack of
lower tribes of Indians are imbodied, and are accounted for on the Indian principle of retaliation, I should dread no further bad consequences Sound is giving presents to the Indians. We
this post. The British agent at Oakelockines from it; but the other facts stated by Mr. Barnard can only be attributed to a settled plan of and received powder, lead, tomahawks, knives,
, hostility on the part of the Indians, and that such and a drum for each town, with the royal coat of a disposition has been encouraged by the removal arms painted on it. We have, at this time, at of the troops from Camp Crawford. And I have least five hundred Indians skulking in this neighthe more reliance upon the intelligence as com- borhood, within three or four miles of us, who ing from Mr. Barnard, who has resided nearly will not act for themselves, and who are evififty years in the Indian country, and is perfectly dently waiting the signal to strike an effectual well acquainted with their habits and customs, blow. They have stolen almost every horse beand whose family connexion gives him the best longing to the citizens. They have scared them and surest means of correct information.
As an additional inducement to this measure, I from the fields which they have cleared, and will further state that I have received information have taken possession of their houses. They are from other persons at and near Fort Gaines, that now stealing horses, cattle, and hogs, from the a British agent is now among these hostile 'Indi- Georgia lines
, and have killed one or two fami
lies on the St. Tillas. ans, and that he has been sending insolent messages to the friendly Indians and white men not able to return to the States, nor no prospect
The citizens have all assembled near the fort, seuled above the Spanish line. He is also charged of making crops. The Indians have all returned with stimulating the Indians to their present hos to their towns below the line, and this post is tile aspect; but, whether he is an acknowledged unable to remove them. The troops are scarce agent of any foreign Power, or a mere adventurer, I do not pretend to determine, but am dis- of provisions, and no prospect of the early arrival posed to believe him the latter. But be that as
of more. it may, and let the hostile disposition of the
Nothing but speedy relief, by troops, can quiet Indians proceed from what it may, a moderate the people, or save this country from destruction. regular force stationed at Camp Crawford, or
Respectfully, yours, &c.
A. CULLOH. any other suitable position in that quarter, will I am confident keep all quiet, and without it some serious mischief will result.
Copy of a letter from G. Leftwich, adjutant seventh
infantry, to General Gaines, dated Extract—Gen. Gaines to the Secretary of War.
CAMP MONTGOME July 28, 1817. CAMP MONTGOMERY, M. T., April 3, 1817.
SIR: Agreeably to your instructions of the 26th I received by the last mail a letter from Archi-l instant, I proceeded to the Burnt Corn spring,
Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.
near the place where the recent murder was com- Extract of a letter from General Gaines to the Secremitted by an Indian; and, from the best infor
tary of War, dated mation received, I have the bonor to make the
CAMP MONTGOMERY, M T., following report:
August 25, 1817. 1. It does not appear that any misunderstand
Having received several communications from ing existed between the Indians and the citizen persons seuled upon the public land, within the killed, (Mr. Glass.)
iract acquired by the treaiy at Fort Jackson, con2. It appears that the Indians made the first taining general accusations against the Indians ; assault, and that without any provocation on the that they had killed cattle and hogs, and stolen part of the citizens. 3. From the information received, it appears the interposition of military authority, I have
corn, &c., from the inhabitants, and requesting that Mr. Glass heard four or five guns fire some uniformly referred them to the civil magistrates, short distance from his house. He was under because I have in no instance during the present the impression that the Indians were doing some year heard of anything like an assemblage of mischief, and went out for the purpose of ascer-force among the Indians in this part of the Territaining what the firing was ai. He had pro- tory. Nor could I see any reason why persoos ceeded but a short distance when he discovered who had obtruded themselves upon the public an Indian woman; he went towards her, and land, and contrary to law, should be allowed mil. inquired if she knew who it was that was shoot- itary protection against the petty offences of which ing; she made him no answer; he asked her sev; these people complained, especially as it did not eral times, and received no answer. She said
appear ihat the civil authority had been opposed something, and an Indian that was concealed in nor even resorted to by the complainants. the bushes, not more than fifteen steps from Mr. The enclosure, marked A, contains a copy of, Glass, rose up and shot him through the body. my reply to the inhabitants of Murder Creek, He snapped his gun at the Indian, who immedi- and in ihis you will find the substance of my ately ran off. He then fired at the woman as she other replies, both written and verbal. Since was running after the man, but does not know the date of this reply, and, as I have reason to whether he killed her or not. His wound being believe, some days after it reached the settlement very painful, he dropped his gun and shot-bag, of Murder Creek, a Mr. Glass, near that place, and aitempted to return home. He had not pro-was killed by an Indian, who was said to be acceeded more than three hundred yards when he companied by three others. sainted, and remained until found by a traveller. On receiving this information, I immediately This was on Saturday, and he died Sunday despatched a discreet officer, Lieutenant Lesimorning, leaving a widow and eight children to wich, to ascertain the particulars of the outrage, lament his untimely death. He was a man who with a view to send à party in pursuit of the supported a good character in his neighborhood, offenders, in case they should not have been arthough in limited circumstances. On ihe follow- rested by the civil authority. ing day there was a cow found near the place where Mr. Glass was shot, with four balls shot
A. through her.
4. There was only one Indian man seen by Mr. To the inhabitants of Murder Creek, Alabama TerGlass; but from the circumstances of his hear
ritory. ing four guns, and the cow being found near that
HEADQ'RS, CAMP MONTGOMERY, M. T., place with four balls shot through ber, induces a
July 12, 1817. belief that he had several companions with him, GENTLEMEN: I have received your communialthough they were not seen by Mr. Glass. From cation of the 21st of last month, stating that the the report of the friendly Indians, it is believed Indians residing upon the Conaka had killed they are fifty or sixty in number, and that they cattle and hogs belonging to the inhabitants of have returned to the camp on Pine Barren creek, Murder Creek, and had broke into their houses, occupied by them at the time they murdered and taken from them some provisions, corn, &c. Johnson and Magasky, as a part of them were met In reply, I have to observe, that all Indians by several persons near the Pine Barren spring a within ihe lately acquired territory are amenafew days after the murder was committed. ble to our laws, and may be prosecuted for the
Colonel Dale's party pursued them to their offences of which you complain, in the same camp on the Sappalogas, but found it deserted manner as if they were white inhabitants. apparently several days. They have several The lands cultivated by friendly Indians withsmall fields of corn growing at the place. From in the ceded territory bave been reserved and the sign left, it is believed they have a number of guarantied to them by treaty; and by a late act horses, and some of the largest description. The of Congress, the agent of Indian affairs has been Indian who acted as guide states they have al authorized to settle the respective claims to such this time a negro boy and a horse belonging to reservations. Until this is effected, there exists Johnson and Nagasky. It appears to be the pre- no where any sort of authority to drive off such vailing opinion among the inhabitants that they Indians settled upon the public land. may be found on Pine Barren creek.
Governor Mitchell, the agent, will in a short l' have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient time enter upon the examination and adjustment servant.
of those claims.