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Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc. protection of that portion of the frontier on our as Fort Jackson, and there the necessary provis. side of the line, unless your impression should be ions may be obtained and packed to answer their decidedly different from that I have stated ; in immediate wants, until they are intercepted by which event, you will take post at any point supplies from below. Major Fanning has been wbich you may judge proper within the country despatched 10 Fort Hawkios to purchase and possessed by the Indians. On the east of the forward on these supplies to the most convenient Appalachicola you may station the troops on point of interception. I have advanced to him either side of the line, as you may judge proper. iwo thousand dollars, with authority to draw on Fort Gadsden, besides admitting of great facility the quartermaster general for, agy additional for supplies, appears to be a very commandiog sums wanted, and imposed upon him the tempoposition, and ought not to be evacuated. Should rary duties of deputy quartermaster general. I you think so, you will retain it, and garrison it am compelled to this arrangement from an imwith a sufficient force.

pression that there can be no officer of the quarI trust you will be able to make such a distri-iermaster's department in the vicinity of Fort bution of your command as to afford, with vigi- Hawkins, and Colonel Gibson could not po-sibly lance, effectual protection to the frontier, without reach that neighborhood to effect the objects resorting to the militia. It is of great import- wished. ance, if the militia can be dispensed with, not My inspector general, Colonel Hayne, (no to call them into actual service, as it is harassing brigadier general having volunteered his serto them and exhausting to the Treasury. Pro- vices,) is charged with conducting the march of tection is the first object, aod the second is pro- the two regiments of Tennessee volunteers to tection by the regular force. I bave, &c. the southern frontier.

J. C. CALHOUN. From the contents of Colonel Arbuckle's and Brevet Major Gen. E. P. GAINES,

Major Muhlenburg's letters, copies of which are Fort Hawkins, Georgia.

herewith enclosed, you will readily perceive that the former must remain inactive, and ibat the

latter is in a dangerous situation. Every ioforDEPARTMENT OF WAR,

mation from our southern frontier justifies the August 19, 1818.

decisive measures I have taken, and urges the Sir: I send the enclosed extract from the let- service. I trust you will view the subject in the

prompt movement of the volunteers called into ter of the Secretary of State to the Spanish same light, and that my arrangemen:s may meet Minister, -in relation to St. Mark's and Pensa

with your entire approbation. cola. My instructions to you, of the 14th in

The troops now assembled on our soulhern stapt, contained the substance of this extract; bouodary, reinforced with the Tennessee volunyou may be in possession of the precise ideas teers called into service, will enable me to inflict communicated to the Spanish Minister, in case Seminoles. I remain here to facilitate every ar

speedy and merited chastisement on the deluded any difficulty should occur. I have, &c.


rangement for the prompt movement of the Ten

pessee detachment, but will leave this on the 220 General E. P. GAINES.

instant for Fort Scott, via Fort Hawkins.

From Colonel Arbuckle's letter I am advised of

the departure of General Gaines from Fort Scoti; HEADQ'RS, DivisioN OF THE SOUTH, and the newspapers communicate the informa

Nashville, January 20, 1818. tion of the Georgia contingency being commandSır: In a communication to you of the 12th ed by a Brigadier General. As he must, conseinstant, I acknowledged the receipt of your order quently, be the commanding officer of the forces of the 26th ultimo, and advised you of the ap in the neighborhood of Fort Scott, I have this peal I had made to the patriotism of the West day directed instructions to him by no means to Tennesseeans. On yesterday, the officers who precipitate himself into a general engagement had so gallaotly headed the Tennessee mounted with the Seminoles, but at all hazards to relieve, volunteers, during the Creek campaigns, met me if possible, Major Muhlenburg from his present at this place, and gave every assurance of their situation, and cover his ascent up the Appalachi. ability to assemble two regiments of mounted cola river. I have further advised him of my gun-men by the 31st instant, at any designated movements, and directed that he should remain point within the western part of this State. I on the defensive, collect all the necessary supplies, have ordered them to rendezvous at Fayetteville, and have every preparation made for an active and as many as may appear on the 31st instant, campaigo as soon as reinforced by the Tennesor the 1st of February, to be mustered and received into service for six months (if not sooner General Gaines has been notified of this order. discharged) by my inspector general. The con. I have no later advices from him than that of the tractor has instructions to issue to these troops 2d of December, informing me of the catastrotwenty days rations, and every measure has phe of Lieutenant Scott and party, been adopted to facilitate their march, via Fort Your letter, enclosing your general order of the Jackson, by the most practicable roule, to Fort 29th ultimo, has been received. Like yourself, I Scott. These troops will be well supplied as far have no other feelings to gratify than ihose conDefeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.


nected with the public good, and it gives me Extract of a letter from General Jackson to the Sec. pleasure to find that we coincide in those opinions

retary of War, dated calculated to produce it. Responsibility now

HARTFORD, GEORGIA, Feb. 14, 1818. rests where it should, on the officer issuing the I arrived at this place on the evening of the order; and the principle acknowledged is calcu- 12th, and here met with General Gaines. From lated to insure that subordination so necessary to a letter received from the Governor of Georgia, the harmonious movement of every part of the advising of the movement of the militia from the military machine.

several counties to the designated point of rendezIt would afford me much pleasure to commu- vous, as well as the punctuality with which the dicate with you on all military points which my troops have assembled here under General Gaines's experience may enable me to elucidate.

requisition, has induced a hope that I shall be With respect, &c.

enabled to make a prompt and speedy march for ANDREW JACKSON,

the relief of Fort Scott. Major General commanding. I enclose you a copy of a letter from Colonel Hon. John C. Calhoun, Sec'y of War. B. G. Orr 10 Captain Callis, contractor's agent

at Fort Hawkins. From the sum with which he Extract of a letter from J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of states to have furnished his agents in this counWar, to Major General Andrew Jackson, dated try, you can judge how far efficient means have

JANUARY 29, 1818.

been adopted to insure the necessary supplies to Your letters of the 12th and 13th instant are

the troops heretofore in service, as well as those received. The measures you have taken to bring summoned to the field under the late requisition: an efficient force into the field are approbated; | The mode of provisioning an army by contract and a confident hope is entertained that a speedy is not adapted io the prompt and efficient moveand successful termination of the Indian war will ment of troops. It may answer in time of profollow your exertions.

fouod peace, where a failure or delay cannot pro

duce any serious ill consequences; but where Extract of of a letter from the Secretary of War to active operations are necessary, and success deMajor General Andrew Jackson, dated

pendent on prompt and quick movements, there

is no dependence to be placed on the contractor. DEPARTMENT OF WAR, Feb. 6, 1818.

His views are purely mercenary; and where the I have the bonor to acknowledge the receipt of supplies will not insure bim a profit

, he hesitates your letter of the 20th ultimo, and to acquaint not on a failure, never regarding how far it may you with the entire approbation of the President defeat the

best devised plans of the commanderof all the measures which you have adopted to in-chief. Experience has confirmed me in this terminate the rupture with the ladians. The opinion, and the recent failure has prompted me honor of our arms, as well as the interest of our again to express it. country, requires that it should be as speedily terminated as practicable; and the confidence re- the necessary supplies for the army, to transport

The plan which has been adopted to procure posed in your skill and promptitude assures us them to Fort Scott, and the quantity otherwise ihat peace will be restored on such conditions as ordered to that poini, will, I hope, relieve me from will make it honorable and permaneat.

any embarrassment on that account, until a de

cisive blow has been struck upon the enemy. I Extract of a letter from General Andrew Jackson to have been so frequently embarrassed from the the Secretary of War, dated

failures of contractors, that I cannot but express Forr HAWKINS, February 10, 1818. a hope that some other more efficient and certain I reached this place last evening, when I learned, mode of supplying our army may be adopted : by sundry communications received from Brevet such a plan as will render those charged with the Major General Gaines, that the Georgia militia, execution of so important a trust responsible to under General Glasscock, had all returned home, military authority, and exposed to severe and leaving the frontier in a very exposed situation. merited chastisements, whenever defaulters, at The regular troops at Fort Scott have been out the discretion of a court-martial. of provisions, but the means adopted by Major General Gaines to remedy that evil, induces a

HRADA'RS, DIVISION OF THE SOUTH, strong presumption that they are by this time supptied; which, with the stores ordered by me from

Fort Early, February 26, 1818. New Orleans, will, I trust, afford us an ample SIR: In my last letter from Hartford, Georgia, supply for the campaign.

of the 14th instant, I expressed a hope that the The contractor having failed, General Gaines plans adopted to procure supplies for the detachbas, by my order, directed the quartermaster to ment from Georgia to transport them to Fort purchase provisions, in which he has succeeded so Scott, together with the quantity ordered to that far as to procure one thousand one hundred hogs, point, would relieve me from many embarrassand a sufficiency of bread stuff; this will march ments on that account, until a decisive blow could the troops to and from the seat of war.

be struck upon the enemy. I am without any official advice as to the pre- The Georgia detachment marched from their paration and march of the late requisition from encampment near Hartford on the 19th instant, the State of Georgia.

and on that night General Gaines received a let. 15th Con. 2d SESS.-69

Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc. ter from Lieutenant Colonel Arbuckle, command of February with supplies, and being also advised ing at Fort Scott, containing such intelligence of that two sloops with provisions were in the bay, his intention to abandon that post, in the event of and an officer had been despatched from Fort not receiving supplies in a short given time, as Scott in a large keel-boat to bring up a part of induced him (General Gaines) to set out that their loading, and deeming that the preservation night, and, if possible, by reaching the place in of these supplies would be to preserve the army, time to prevent such a disastrous movement. and enable me to prosecute the campaign, I as

The General has, as he communicated to me, sumed the command on the morning of the 10th; ordered a large supply of provisions to the Creek ordered the live stock slaughtered, and issued to agency to be transported in boats 10 Fort Scott the troops with one quart of coro to each man, and this place, which would serve until that or- and the line of march to be taken up at twelve dered from Mobile (by himself) should arrive; meridian. Having to cross the Flint river, which and under that order did calculate on meeting was very high, combined with some neglect in two boats loaded with flour, on his reaching this returning the boats during a very dark night, ! place, but was deceived, having arrived here on was unable to move from the opposite bank until the night of the 20th, which he left on the even. nine o'clock, on the morning of ihe 11tb, when I ing of the 21st, in a small boat with twelve men. took up my line of march down the east bank of On the night of the 22d I received by express a the river for this place, touching the river as often letter directed to General Gaines, and daied the as practicable, looking for the provision boats 19th instant, from Captain Melvin, of the 4th in which were ascending, and which I was fortunate fantry, who had been charged by General Gaines enough to meet on the 13th, when I ordered an to build the boats at the agency, and have the extra ration to the troops, they not having received provisions transported thence, stating that two a full one of meal or flour since their arrival at boats would be finished in two days which would Fort Early. transport upwards of one hundred barrels of flour On that day my patroles captured three pris. each; these I had strongly calculated on, but they oners, and found some hidden corn. On the have not arrived. The excessive rains have red- morning of the 14th I ordered the boat down the dered the roads so bad that I ordered the troops, river to this place, whilst I descended by land, on their march here, to take their baggage on the and reached here, without interruption, on the wagon horses, and abandon the wagons; this fa- 16th. The eligibility of this spot as a depot decilitated their march to this place, which they termined me, and I immediately directed my aidreached to-day; and eleven hundred men are now de-camp, Lieutenant Gadsden, of the engineer here without a barrel of flour or bushel of corn. corps, io furnish a plan for, and superintend the We have pork on foot; and to-morrow I shall erection of, a fortification. His talents and indeproceed to Fort Scott, and endeavor to procure fatigable zeal, displayed in the execution of this from the Indians a supply of corn that will aid order

, induced me to name it Fort Gadsden, to in subsisting the detachment until we reach that which he is justly entitled. Oo my arrival here I place. How those failures bave happened under immediately despatched the boat to the bay for the superintendence of regular officers I cannot the balance of the provisions known to be there, imagine, but blame must rest somewhere, and it and to ascertain whether the flotilla, in charge of shall be strictly investigated as soon as circum- Colonel Gibson, had reached there, and which stances will permit.

returned on the 19th with the unpleasing intelli. The waters are unusually high, and the ground gence that uothing had been heard from the floso rotten that it is with much difficulty that even tilla from New Orleans, since it was seen passiog pack-horses can pass. Every stream we are com- Fort Bowyer. I immediately put the troops on pelled either to bridge or swim.

half rations, and pushed the completion of the I have the honor to be, &c.

fort for the protection of the provisions, in the ANDREW JACKSON, event of their arrival, in tending to march forth

Major General commanding. with to the heart of the enemy, and endeavor to Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Sec'y of War.

subsist upon him. In the mean time, I despatched Major Fanning, of the corps of artillery, to take

another look into the bay, whose return, on the HEADQ'RS, DIVISION OF THE South, morning of the 23d, brought the information that

Fort Gadsden, March 25, 1818. Colonel Gibson, with one gunboat and three tranSIR: At 7 o'clock P. M., on the 9th instant, I sports, and others, in sight, were in the bay. On reached Fort Scott, with the brigade of Georgia the same night I received other information ibat militia pine hundred bayonets strong, and some no more had arrived. I am, therefore, apprehen of the friendly Creeks who bad joined me on my sive that some of the smaller vessels' bave been march a few days before, where finding but one lost, as one gunboat went to pieces, and another, quart of corn per man, and a few poor catile, when last spoken, had one foot of water in her which, added io the live pork I brought along, hold; all the vessels had been spoken after a gale would give us three days' rations of meat, deler. that dispersed them. A north and northwest mined me at once to use this small supply to the wiod has prevailed for six days, but has fortubest advantage. Accordingly, having been ad- pately changed this morning. I am now awaitvised by Colonel Gibson, quartermaster general, ing a boat from the bay (which is expected tothat he would sail from New Orleans on the 12th I day) to complete eight days rations for my troops, Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.

upon which I mean to march. From information duced to pass into Georgia for supplies. His men received from Pensacola and New Orleans I have and officers, as reported to me, were willing to no doubt but that St. Marks is in possession of risk the worst of consequences on what they had the Indians. The Governor of Pensacola in- to join me; however, ihey have been marched formed Captain Call, of the 1st infantry, (now from their supplies to a country stripped of them, here,) that the Indians had demanded arms, am- when every consideration should have induced munition, and provisions, or the possession of the his advisers to have urged him on to secure the garrison of St. Marks of the commandant, and supplies in the bay, and preserve themselves and that he presumed possession would be given from Fort Scoit from starvation. I have a hope they inability to defend it. The Spanish Government will join me before I reach St. Marks, or the is bound by treaty to keep her Indians al peace Mickasuky towns; this would be desirable, as the with us. They have acknowledged their iocom- troops ordered from New Orleans, lo protect the petency to do this, and are consequently bound, supplies, have not reached the bay, and leaving by the law of nations, to yield us all facilities to garrisons at Forts Scott and Gadsden weakens reduce them. Under this consideration, should I my force much; the whole effective strength of be able, I shall take possession of the garrison as the regulars being but three hundred and sixty a depot for my supplies, should it be found in the privates. bands of the Spaniads, they having supplied the In mine of the 26th ultimo, from Fort Early, Indians; but if in the hands of the enemy I will I stated that despatches received by General possess it, for the benefit of the United States, as Gaines on the 19th instant, from the commanda necessary position for me to hold, co give peace ing officer at Fort Scott, induced him io set out and security to this frontier, and put a final end that night for Fort Scoti to prevent its abanto the Indian warfare in the South.

donment, &c. In his passage down the Flint he Finding it very difficult to supply Fort Craw- was shipwrecked, by which he lost his assistant ford on the Canecub by land I have ordered the adjutant general, Major C. Wright, and iwo solsupplies for that garrison by water, and written diers, (drowded.) The General reached me six to the Governor of Pensacola, that, if he inter- days after, nearly exhausted by hunger and cold, rupts them during the present Indian war, I shall having lost his baggage and clothing, and being view it as aiding our enemy, and treat it as an compelled to wander in the woods four and a act of hostility; and stated io him the propriety, half days without anything to subsist on, or any under existing circumstances, of bis affording all clothing except a pair of pantaloons. I am happy facilities to put down their own as well as our to have it in my power to say that he is now enemies, and that our Governments, while nego- with me, at the head of his brigade, in good tiating, can take the subject under consideration, health. bui, in the mean time, our provisions must pass The great scarcity of subaltern officers, in the to Fort Crawford by water without interruption. 4th and 7th regiments of infantry, has induced

Io mine of the 14th February, from Hartford, me to appoint several young men, present, as I informed you of the means adopted to procure second lieutenants in the regiments, who, from supplies, and in my last of the 26th, from Fort personal knowledge, and good recommendations, Early, I informed you of their situation. To those I have no doubt, will prove themselves worthy, communications I beg leave to refer you. I have and, I trust, will meei with, the approbation of only to add that I lefi Fort Early for Fort Scott, the President. A list of their pames, and the and subsisted my troops on ground peas, corn, regiments to which they are attached, will be and pork, that I could occasionally procure from furnished the adjutant and inspector general, by the Indiaos, with some purk I bad on foot, the my adjutant general. whole subsistence for mao and horse not costing

ANDREW JACKSON, five hundred dollars. Of all the supplies purchased

Major Gen. commanding. for the relief of Fort Scout, and the support of the Georgia militia, not one pound was received P. S.-Since writing the above, I have the until 1 passed Fort Scott. I said in my last that pleasure to inform you that the boat from the blame rested somewbere. The cause of those bay has arrived with provisions; also Colonel failures will, in due time, be a subject of investi- Gibson and Captain McKeever of the Navy. I. galion, and Colonel Brearly has been arrested on shall move to-morrow, baving made the neces." the application of General Gaines.

sary arrangements with Captain McKeever for By some strange fatality, unaccountable to me, bis co-operation in transporting my supplies ibe Tennessee volunteers have not yet joined around to the bay of St. Marks, from which place me; they promptly left their homes, and through I shall do myself the honor of communicating the inclement weather reached Fort Mitchell, with you. Should our enemy attempt to escape where I had ordered them supplies, and where with his supplies and booty io the small islands, Colonel Hayne, who led them, met my instruc- and from thence carry on a predatory warfare, tions to pass by Fort Gaines, wbere he would get the assistance of the navy will prevent his escape. a supply of corn that would enable him to reach eneral McIntosh, commanding the friendly Fori Scott; but the idea of starvation had stalked Creeks, who had been ordered to reconnoitre the abroad, a panic appears to have spread itself eve- right bank of the Appalachicola, reported to me rywhere, and he was told that they were starving on the 19th that he had captured, without the at Fort Gaines and Fort Scott, and he was in fire of a gun, one hundred and eighty women and

Defeat of the Seminole Indians, fc.

children and fifty-three warriors of the Red dred regulars at Fort Crawford, and two-thirds of Ground chiel's party, with their cattle and sup- the militia of the territory are not yet organized. plies; the chief and thirty warriors making their Nor can I organize them, and appoint ihe offiescape on horseback. Ten of the warriors, at- cers, until the country is laid off into proper beats. tempting to escape after they had surrendered, So soon as the Legislature arranged the counties, were killed by the General.

I issued the necessary instructions on that sub

A. J. ject; but owing to high waters, and the want of Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Sec’y of War.

bridges, it is impossible to have them executed at

present. There is not, moreover, nor has there Coosada, NEAR FORT JACKSON,

been one dollar in our treasury. You will readily March 27, 1818.

perceive my embarrassmeats, and I earnestly en

ireat you to place funds at my disposal for the Sir: Having arranged the affairs of the terri- protection of the people, and, if practicable, to tory, as far as was practicable. I left St. Stephen's order a much larger number of regular troops to the 14th instant, with the intention of proceeding our frontiers. to Georgia for my family. Al the town of Clai. I shall make this my headquarters for some borne, the next day, intelligence reached me that, weeks. I have the honor to be, &c. on the night of the 13th, a party of Indians had

WM. W. BIBB. attacked a house on the Federal road, about six- Hon. John C. CALHOUN, ty-five miles distant from that place, and mur

Secretary of War. dered eight persons. I immediately ordered a detachment of mounted militia into service, and proceeded with them to the place. At the same HEADQ’rs, DivisioN OF TAE SOOTA, iime, apprehending the murderers might attempt

Camp near St. Mark's, April 8, 1818. to escape to Florida, the asylum for our enemies, Sir: I wrote you from Fort Gadsden, commu. I transmitted a communication, by express, to the nicating the embarrassments under which I had commanding officer at Fort Crawford, notifying labored, previous to my arrival at that post, and him of my arrangements, and desiring a force to my determination, being then in a situation to be sent from the fort

, in iwo detachments, along commence active operations, to penetrate immecertain routes, to the place of rendezvous. The diately into the centre of ibe Seminole towns. express was also instructed to overtake me. I ac- My army marched on the 26th ultimo, and, on cordingly received information from Major Young the 1st of April, was reinforced by the friendly that my request had been executed. The detach. Creek warriors, under General McIntosh, and a ments were marched with a promptitude honora. detachment of Teonessee volunteers, commanded ble to the major, and I trust ihey will be enabled, by Colonel Elliott. On the same day, a mile and with the aid of the militia, to arrest the progress a half in advance of the Mickasukian villages, of the hostile party,

a small party of hostile Indians were discovered Understanding that the inhabitants, in this judiciously located on a point of land projecting quarter, considered themselves in much danger, into an extensive marshy pood; the position deI issued the necessary orders for the disposition sigoated, as since understood, for the concentraof the troops, and proceeded hither. I have since ting of the negro and Indian forces to give us been correctly informed, that the morning I left batile. They sustained, for a short period, a the place of rendezvous, five men, riding on the spirited attack from my advanced spy comparoad in that neighborhood, were fired on by the nies, but filed and dispersed in every direction, Indians-three killed, and one wounded; in this upon coming in contact with my flank columns, state of things it is indispensable to the safety of and discovering a movement to encircle them. the couatry, that troops should be stationed at The pursuit was continued through the Mickaseveral points; and I have taken measures, as far sukian towns, until night compelled me to enas I can, for that object. I have also issued an camp my army. The next day detachments were order, that all lodians who are hunting in our sent out, in every direction, to reconnoitre the woods depart forth with to their pation. It has country, secure all supplies found, and reduce 10 become necessary to their safety, and to the re- ashes ihe villages. The duty was executed 10 pose of the inhabitaots. We cannot distinguish my satisfaction; nearly three hundred houses the hostile from the friendly party; and such is were consumed, and the greatest abundance of the state of alarm, that the sight of an Indian corn, cattle, &c., brought in. Every indication creates among the women and children the most of a hostile spirit was found in the habitations of frightful apprehensions. I have sent a letter to their chiefs. In the council house of Kenhagee's the Big Warrior, requesting him to call his peo- town, the King of the Mickasukians, more ihan ple home, and assuring him that my order is dic-fifty fresh scalps were found; and, in the centre iated by the most friendly motives,

of the public square, the old Red Stick's slanIs it not probable that when the Seminoles are dard, a red pole, was erected, crowned with the pressed by General Jackson, in the neighborhood scalps, recognised by the bair, as torn from the of, Appalachicola, they will retreat to our fron- heads of the unfortunate companions of Scott. tiers, and take revenge on our defenceless in hab- As I had reason to believe that a portion of the itapis? I look for it, and am without the means hostile Indians bad Aed to Si. Marks, I directed of resistance. There are not more than one hun-my march towards that fortress. As advised, I

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