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his tongue is the clapper; for what his heart thinks,

his tongue speaks."

BENE. Gallants, I am not as I have been.
LEON. So say I; methinks, you are sadder.
CLAUD. I hope, he be in love.

D. PEDRO. Hang him, truant; there's no true drop of blood in him, to be truly touch'd with love: if he be sad, he wants money.

BENE. I have the tooth-ach.

D. PEDRO. Draw it.

BENE. Hang it!

CLAUD. You must hang it first, and draw it afterwards.

D. PEDRO. What? sigh for the tooth-ach? LEON, Where is but a humour, or a worm? BENE. Well, Every one can master a grief, but he that has it.

CLAUD. Yet say I, he is in love.

D. PEDRO. There is no appearance of fancy in him, unless it be a fancy that he hath to strange disguises; as, to be a Dutch-man to-day; a Frenchman to-morrow; or in the shape of two countries


as a bell, and his tongue is the clapper; &c.] A covert allusion to the old proverb:

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can master a grief] The old copies read corruptly— cannot. The correction was made by Mr. Pope. MALONE.

There is no appearance of fancy &c.] Here is a play upon the word fancy, which Shakspeare uses for love as well as for humour, caprice, or affectation. JOHNSON.



at once, as, a German from the waist downward, all slops; and a Spaniard from the hip upward, no doublet: Unless he have a fancy to this foolery, as it appears he hath, he is no fool for fancy, as you would have it appear he is.3


CLAUD. If he be not in love with some woman,

or in the shape of two countries at once, &c.] So, in The Seven deadly Sinnes of London, by Tho. Decker, 1606, 4to. bl. 1: "For an Englishman's sute is like a traitor's bodie that hath been hanged, drawne, and quartered, and is set up in severall places: his codpiece is in Denmarke; the collor of his dublet and the belly, in France: the wing and narrow sleeve, in Italy: the short waste hangs ouer a Dutch botcher's stall in Utrich: his huge sloppes speaks Spanish: Polonia gives him the bootes, &c.-and thus we mocke euerie nation, for keeping one fashion, yet steale patches from euerie one of them, to peece out our pride; and are now laughing-stocks to them, because their cut so scurvily becomes us.' STEEVENS.

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1-all slops;] Slops are large loose breeches, or trowsers, worn only by sailors at present. They are mentioned by Jonson, in his Alchymist:

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six great slops

"Bigger than three Dutch hoys."

Again, in Ram-Alley, or Merry Tricks, 1611:


three pounds in gold

"These slops contain." STEEVens.

Hence evidently the term slop-seller, for the venders of ready made clothes. NICHOLS,

Spaniard from the hip upward, no doublet:] There can be no doubt but we should read, all doublet, which corresponds with the actual dress of the old Spaniards. As the passage now stands, it is a negative description, which is in truth no description at all. M. MASON.

no doublet:] or, in other words, all cloak. The words"Or in the shape of two countries," &c. to " no doublet," were omitted in the folio, probably to avoid giving any offence to the Spaniards, with whom James became a friend in 1604.



have it appear he is.] Thus the quarto, 1600.. The have it to appear," &c. STEEVENS.

folio, 1623, reads

there is no believing old signs: he brushes his hat o'mornings; What should that bode?

D. PEDRO. Hath any man seen him at the barber's?

CLAUD. No, but the barber's man hath been seen with him; and the old ornament of his cheek hath already stuffed tennis-balls.*

LEON. Indeed, he looks younger than he did, by the loss of a beard.

D. PEDRO. Nay, he rubs himself with civet: Can you smell him out by that?

CLAUD. That's as much as to say, The sweet youth's in love.

D. PEDRO. The greatest note of it is his melan.


CLAUD. And when was he wont to wash his face? D. PEDRO. Yea, or to paint himself? for the which, I hear what they say of him.

CLAUD. Nay, but his jesting spirit; which is now crept into a lutestring, and now governed by stops.

and the old ornament of his cheek hath already stuffed tennis-balls.] So, in A wonderful, strange, and miraculous astrological Prognostication for this Year of our Lord, 1591, written by Nashe, in ridicule of Richard Harvey: "they may sell their haire by the pound, to stuffe tennice balles."

Again, in Ram-Alley, or Merry Tricks, 1611:


"Thy beard shall serve to stuff those balls by which I get me heat at tenice."

Again, in The Gentle Craft, 1600:

"He'll shave it off, and stuffe tenice balls with it."

HENDERSON. -crept into a lutestring,] Love-songs in our author's time were generally sung to the musick of the lute. So, in King Henry IV. P. I:


as melancholy as an old lion, or a lover's lute."


D. PEDRO. Indeed, that tells a heavy tale for him: Conclude, conclude, he is in love,

CLAUD. Nay, but I know who loves him.

D. PEDRO. That would I know too; I warrant, one that knows him not,

CLAUD. Yes, and his ill conditions; and, in despite of all, dies for him,

D. PEDRO. She shall be buried with her face upwards.



She shall be buried with her face upwards.] Thus the whole set of editions: but what is there any way particular in this? Are not all men and women buried so? Sure, the poet means, in opposition to the general rule, and by way of distinction, with her heels upwards, or face downwards. I have chosen the first reading, because I find it the expression in vogue in our author's time. THEOBALD.

This emendation, which appears to me very specious, is rejected by Dr. Warburton. The meaning seems to be, that she who acted upon principles contrary to others, should be buried with the same contrariety, JOHNSON.

Mr. Theobald quite mistakes the scope of the poet, who prepares the reader to expect somewhat uncommon or extraordinary; and the humour consists in the disappointment of that expectation, as at the end of Iago's poetry in Othello:

"She was a wight, (if ever such wight were)

"To suckle fools, and chronicle small beer." HEATH. Theobald's conjecture may, however, be supported by a passage in The Wild Goose Chase of Beaumont and Fletcher : love cannot starve me;


"For if I die o' th' first fit, I am unhappy,

"And worthy to be buried with my heels upwards." Dr. Johnson's explanation may likewise be countenanced by a passage in an old black letter book, without date, intitled, A merye Jest of a Man that was called HowLEGLAS, &c. "How Howleglas was buried.". "Thus as Howleglas was deade, then they brought him to be buryed. And as they. would have put the coffyn into the pytte with 11 cordes, the corde at the fete brake, so that the fote of the coffyn fell into the botome of the pyt, and the coffyn stood bolt upryght in the middes of the grave. Then desired the people that stode

BENE. Yet is this no charm for the tooth-ach.Old signior, walk aside with me; I have studied eight or nine wise words to speak to you, which these hobby-horses must not hear.

[Exeunt BENEDICK and LEONAto,

about the grave that tyme, to let the coffyn to stand bolt upryght. For in his lyfe tyme he was a very marvelous man,

&c. and shall be buryed as marvailously; and in this maner they left Howleglass," &c.

That this book was once popular, may be inferred from Ben Jonson's frequent allusions to it in his Poetaster:

"What do you laugh, Owleglas?"

Again, in The Fortunate Isles, a masque:

"What do you think of Owlglas,

"Instead of him?”

And again, in The Sad Shepherd. This history was originally written in Dutch. The hero is there called Uyle-spegel. Under this title he is likewise introduced by Ben Jonson in his Alchymist, and the masque and pastoral already quoted. Menage speaks of Ulespeigle as a man famous for tromperies ingenieuses; adds that his Life was translated into French, and quotes the title-page of it. I have another copy published A Troyes, in 1714, the title of which differs from that set down by Menage. The passage indeed may mean only-She shall be buried in her lover's arms. So, in The Winter's Tale:

"Flo. What? like a corse?

"Per. No, like a bank for love to lie and play on;
"Not like a corse:- —or if,—not to be buried,

"But quick and in my arms.

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On the whole, however, I prefer Mr. Theobald's conjecture to my own explanation. STEEVENS.

This last is, I believe, the true interpretation. Our author often quotes Lilly's Grammar; and here perhaps he remembered a phrase that occurs in that book, p. 59, and is thus interpreted: "Tu cubas supinus, thou liest in bed with thy face upwards." Heels and face never could have been confounded by either the eye or the ear.

Besides; Don Pedro is evidently playing on the word dies in Claudio's speech, which Claudio uses metaphorically, and of which Don Pedro avails himself to introduce an allusion to that consummation which he supposes Beatrice was dying for.


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