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He will halt three or four paces directly in front of the officer, and if the officer be junior to the officer sending the message, he will say, “Sir, Captain Smith presents his compliments,” etc., and then deliver the message, or, “The commanding officer presents his compliments to Lieutenant Smith and would like to see him at headquarters.” If the officer sending the message be much junior to the one receiving it, the soldier will not present his compliments, but will say, for instance, "Sir, Lieut. Smith directed me to hand this letter to the Captain," or “Sir, Lieut. Smith directed me to say to the Captain," etc. As soon as the message has been delivered, the soldier will salute, execute an about face, and proceed at once to the officer who sent the message, and will similarly report to him, “Sir, the Lieutenant's message to Capt. Smith has been delivered," etc., and leave. Before leaving always ascertain whether there is an answer. See page 302D, regarding the expression, "presenting compliments." А To Appear as a Witness Before a General Court-Martial. The uniform is that prescribed, with side arms and gloves. Proceed to the court room and remain outside. When you are notified that you are wanted, enter the room. Then take off your cap and right hand glove, and raise your right hand above your head, palm to the front, to be sworn. After the judge advocate reads the oath, say, “I do” or “So help me God.” Then sit down in the chair indicated by the judge advocate. Do not cross your legs, but sit upright. When asked, “Do you know the accused? If so, state who he is,” answer, "I do; Corporal John Jones, Co. ‘B, 1st Infantry.” Be sure you thoroughly understand every question before you start to reply, answering them all promptly, in a loud, distinct, deliberate voice, and confining your answers strictly to the questions asked and telling all you know.

When the judge advocate says “That is all,” arise, salute him, execute an about face, and leave the room. B To be paid. As soon as the company is formed in column of files, take off your right-hand glove, and fold it around your belt in front of the right hip. When your name is called, answer “Here," promptly and in a good, clear tone; step forward at once and halt directly in front of the paymaster, who will be directly behind the table; salute him. When he spreads out your pay on the table in front of you, count it quickly, take it up with your ungloved hand, execute a left or right face and leave the room and building, unless you wish to deposit, in which case, you will remain in the hall outside the pay room, until the company has been paid, when you enter the pay room. Men wishing to deposit money with the paymaster, will always notify the first sergeant before the company is marched to the pay table. A Obedience is the first and most important principle to be im. pressed upon and inculcated into the mind of the recruit—it is the mainspring, the very soul and essence of all military duty. It is said a famous general once remarked every soldier should know three things—"First, obedience; second, obedience; third, obedience."

Cheerful, earnest and loyal obedience must be paid by all subordinates to the orders of their superiors.

A soldier should obey first and if aggrieved complain afterward. B All duty should be performed cheerfully and willingly. Soldiers are sometimes required to perform duties that are not pleasant-for instance, doing guard duty on a cold, rainy night, when tired and sleepy; digging ditches or cleaning up dirt and filth that have accumulated around the barracks, kitchens, quarters, etc.; scrubbing floors, polishing stoves, cleaning knives, forks, pots, etc. However, by doing everything required of him in a cheerful manner, a soldier will soon earn the respect of his comrades and the commendation of his officers.

Privates must respect and obey their noncommissioned officers and recognize their authority under all circumstances. Even if the ňoncommissioned officer be at fault, this gives the private no aggressive rights. If, for instance, a noncommissioned officer should strike a private justly or unjustly, this would not give the private the right to strike back. The private should at once make complaint to the captain, who will see that justice is done him. If the principle of soldiers taking grievances into their own hands were recognized, the Army would soon become a mob. С The recruit should be taught the different ranks of officers and noncommissioned officers, the authority they possess and the respect due them.

If in ignorance of any matter relating to his privileges or any. thing else, the recruit should apply to a noncommissioned officer of his company, preferably the one in charge of recruits. If not satisfied with the information thus received he should then go to the first sergeant.


Individual Instruction with Arms. Bayonet exercises, manual of arms, loadings, firings and marchings.

Nomenclature of the Rifle. The names of all the various parts of the rifle and their functions to be explained—also the manner of dismounting and assembling the same. (See pamphlet, Description and Rules for the Management of, issued by the Ordnance Department.)

Care of Clothing, Arms, and Other Equipment. These articles are given the recruit by the Government for certain purposes and he has, therefore, no right to be in any way neglectful and careless of them.

Arms not to be taken apart without the special permission of the company commander in each case.

Cleaning material to be purchased by soldiers-explain place and manner of purchase-only authorized preparations to be used.

It is easier to prevent than to remove rust.

Explain manner of cleaning rifle-also use of cosmic oil, pomade, emery paper and burnisher.

Oil to be used only to remove rust or after firing or when going out in damp or rainy weather. When occasion for its use has passed, it should be carefully wiped off so as not to collect dust and sand.

To remove rust, apply oil with rag and let it stand for a while so as to soften rust-weapon then wiped clean with dry rag.

To prevent dust and rust in bore, a good, strong gun string should be frequently used.

All articles of brass to be kept brightly polished.
Never put away arms and equipment before cleaning.

(The subject of Care of Clothing, Arms and Other Equipment, is covered in greater detail in Privates' Manual, by the author. General agents: The U. S. Infantry Association, Washington, D. C., and The Post Exchange, Fort Wm. McKinley, P. I. Price, 50 cents per copy, Postpaid. Liberal discount on quantity.)

Repetition of such parts of previous instruction as may be necessary.


Guard Duty. Instruction in the duties of sentinels by recitation in the Manual of Guard Duty and practical illustrations of posting sentinels, saluting on post, challenging, etc.

(The Subject of Guard Duty is thoroughly covered in the form of questions and answers, in Private's Manual, by the author. General Agents: The U. S. Infantry Association, Washington, D. C., and The Post Exchange, Fort Wm. McKinley, P. I. Price, 50 cents per copy, postpaid. Liberal discount on quantities).


The Saturday morning and other formal inspections of barracks should be most thorough. Places behind brooms in corners; places behind doors and under staircases, boxes, lockers, shoes, mats, table covers, spittoons, etc. and also places on top of high shelves, vertical lockers and other similar places, should be examined for dirt-a few clothes bags should be selected at random and examined for dirty shoes, whiskey bottles, and other articles that soldiers have a way of thus hiding; all drawers, lockers, and boxes should be opened and the Morning Report, the Correspondence Book and other records laid out and opened for inspection; the interior of the ice box should be scrupulously clean and smell sweet and fresh; all rooms should be properly ventilated and all window panes clean and unbroken; a few knives, forks, spoons, cups, saucers and plates should be selected at random and closely inspected and the same should be done with a few of the cooking utensils; all faucets and toilet flushes should be tried and the stove and furnace closely inspected; the urinals and the slate slabs of the shower baths should be clean and free from all smell; all metal door knobs, faucets and other metal parts around the barracks should be properly polished. See page 177A.


(See "Paper Work and Correspondence," page 95.)

(See corresponding chapter in SUPPLEMENT for additional matter and changes, if any.)


In 1896 the major general commanding the Army remarked, “There is but one safe rule for military correspondence and the transmission of orders, and that is through military channels.”

A most important rule for company clerks, sergeants major and others who are charged with the execution of paper work, is, Be systematic and always do your work as it comes up-never postpone it. A Correspondence between the line and the various staff bureaus should pass through the Adjutant General's Department. Communications are signed as follows:

(a) Between officers exercising correlative commands, e. g., post commanders-by the officers themselves.

(6) Between an inferior and a superior-by the inferior, the communication being addressed to the Adjutant General or the adjutant of the superior.

(c) Between a superior and an inferior in same

mand-by a staff officer of the former. B Directions, instructions, orders, etc., signed by the staff officer of a general officer are signed, for example, "By command of Brigadier General Smith;” those signed by the staff officer of an officer below the rank of brigadier general are, “By order," etc.

However, this practice does not seem to be consistent, for we say "By order of the Secretary of War,” and “By direction of the President." с The expressions “Calling attention to,” “Your attention is called to,” etc., "The commanding officer directs that your attention be called," etc., are admonitive in character. The expressions “Inviting attention to," "Your attention is invited to," etc., “The commanding officer directs your attention be invited,” etc., are not of an admonitive nature.

The expressions, “The commanding officer desires,” etc., “The commanding officer wishes," etc., are tantamount to “The commanding officer directs," etc.


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