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Can such a man be entrusted to carry a message to Garcia?

We have recently been hearing much maudlin sympathy expressed for the "down-trodden denizen of the sweat-shop" and the "homeless wanderer searching for honest employment,” and with it all often go many hard words for the men in power.

Nothing is said about the employer who grows old before his time in a vain attempt to get frowsy ne'er-do-wells to do intelligent work; and his long patient striving with "help" that do nothing but loaf when his back is turned. In every store and factory there is a constant weeding-out process going on. The employer is constantly sending away "help" that have shown their incapacity to further the interests of the business, and others are being taken on. No matter how good times are, this sorting continues, only if times are hard and work is scarce, the sorting is done finer—but out and forever out, the incompetent and unworthy go. It is the survival of the fittest. Self-interest prompts every employer to keep the best-those who can carry a message to Garcia.

I know one man of really brilliant parts who has not the ability to manage a business of his own, and yet who is absolutely worthless to anyone else, because he carries with him constantly the insane suspicion that his employer is oppressing, or intending to oppress him. He can not give orders, and he will not receive them. Should a message be given him to take to Garcia, his answer would probably be, “Take it yourself."

To-night this man walks the streets looking for work, the wind whistling through his threadbare coat. No one who knows him dare employ him, for he is a regular firebrand of discontent. · He is imnervious to reason, and the only thing that can impress him is the toe of a thick-soled No. 9 boot.

Of course I know that one so morally deformed is no less to be pitied than a physical cripple; but in our pitying, let us drop a tear, too, for the men who are striving to carry on a great enterprise, whose working hours are not limited by the whistle, and whose hair is fast turning white through the struggle to hold in line dowdy inidifference, slip-shod imbecility, and the heartless ingratitude which, but for their enterprise, would be both hungry and homeless.

Have I put the matter too strongly? Possibly I have; but when all the world has gone a-slumming I wish to speak a word of sympathy for the man who succeeds—the man who, against great odds, has directed the efforts of others, and, having succeeded, finds there's nothing in it, nothing but bare board and clothes.

I have carried a dinner pail and worked for days' wages, and I have also been an employer of labor, and I know there is something to be said on both sides. There is no excellence, per se, in poverty; rags are no recommendation; and all employers are not rapacious and high-handed, any more than all poor men are virtuous.

My heart goes out to the man who does his work when the "boss” is away, as well as when he is at home. And the man who, when given a letter for Garcia, quietly takes the missive, without asking any idiotic questions, and with no lurking intention of chucking it into the nearest sewer, or of doing aught else but deliver it, never gets "laid off," nor has to go on a strike for higher wages. Civilization is one long anxious search for just such individuals. Anything such a man asks shall be granted; his kind are so rare that no employer can afford to let him go. He is wanted in every city, town and village-in every office, shop, store and factory. The world cries out for such; he is needed, and needed badly—the man who can carry a message to Garcia.

CHAPTER III

REMARKS ON THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY

(See corresponding chapter in SUPPLEMENT for additional matter and changes, if any.)

(Every young officer should read “The Story of the Soldier," by General For. syth, D. Appleton & Company, New York, Publishers. A book of intense interest, giving the early history and traditions of the Regular Army.) A By the Constitution of the United States the President is Commander in Chief of the Army. This power is confided in him to be exercised at his discretion, but is habitually exercised through the War Department. B The Act of Congress approved February 14, 1903,t establishing the General Staff Corps and creating a Chief of Staff, terminated the office of Commanding General of the Army. The Chief of Staff is detailed by the President from the officers of the Army at large not below the grade of Brigadier General, and under the direction of the President, or of the Secretary of War under direction of the Presi. dent, has supervision of all troops of the Line and of the Adjutant General's, Inspector General's, Judge. Advocate General's, Quartermaster's, Subsistence, Medical, Pay and Ordnance Departments, the Corps of Engineers, and Signal Corps, and perform such other military duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as may be assigned to him by the President.' The Chief of Staff may or may not be the senior officer of the Army. с The War Department, whose head is called the Secretary of War, has, under the supervision of the President, the care and control of the Army. The affairs of the Army are administered through the General Staff Corps, and various Bureaus or Departments, known as The Adjutant General's, Inspector-General's, Judge-Advocate General's, Quartermaster's, Subsistence, Medical, Pay, Ordnance, Engineer, Signal, and Insular. D The Regular Army consists of the General Officers, the General Staff Corps, the Bureaus or Departments enumerated above, the U. S. Military Academy, the Chaplains, the Post Noncommissioned Staff, the Coast Artillery Corps, the Field Artillery, the Battalions of

Published in G. 0. 15, H. Q. A., 1903.

Engineers, the regiments of Cavalry and of Infantry, the Indian Scouts, the Retired Officers, the Retired Enlisted Men, and the Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry. See Supplement, Chap. III.

The Philippine Scouts form a part of the Army of the United States, but not of the Regular Army.

Note. The Mobile Army consists of the Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, and such troops as may be assigned to complete prescribed tactical organizations of these three arms. A The authorized Strength of the Army. Sup., Chap. III, Par. 30. B The General Staff Corps is charged with the preparation of plans for the national defense and for the mobilization of the military forces in time of war; the investigation of all questions affecting the efficiency of the Army and its state of preparedness for military operations; the rendition of professional aid and assistance to the Secretary of War and to general officers and other superior commanders, and the acting as their agents in informing and co-ordinating the action of all the different officers who are subject to the supervision of the Chief of Staff. See Supplement, Chap. III, Par. 32. C The Adjutant General's Department is the bureau of orders, correspondence, and records of the Army. All orders and instructions emanating from the President of the United States, the Secretary of War, the Chief of Staff, or any officer with a command equal to or greater than a brigade, are communicated to troops and individuals. in the military service through this department.

The office of The Adjutant General of the Army is the repository for the records of the War Department relating to the history of every officer and soldier in the Army (regular and volunteer), and to the movements and operations of troops, the records of all appointments, promotions, resignations, deaths, and other casualties. The preparation and distribution of commissions, etc., pertain to this office, which also has charge of the recruiting of the Army and of the records of the volunteer armies and of the pension and other business of the War Department connected therewith. Sup., Chap. III, Par. 33. D The Inspector General's Department exercises, by inspections, general observation over all matters pertaining to the efficiency of the Army, the condition and state of supplies of all kinds, of arms and equipments, of the expenditure of public property and moneys, and the condition of accounts of all disbursing officers, of the conduct, discipline, and efficiency of officers and troops. Sup., Chap. III, Par. 34. E The Judge Advocate General's Department is the bureau of military justice. The head of the Department is known as the Judge Advocate General, and is the custodian of the records of all general court-martial, courts of inquiry, and military commissions. Supplement, Chap. III, Par. 35. А The Quartermaster's Department is charged with the duty of providing the Army with transportation, animals, forage, fuel, clothing, camp and garrison equipage, barracks, store-houses, and other buildings. This Department furnishes all the supplies needed in the Army, except subsistence stores, ordnance stores, medical supplies, and signal and engineer supplies. It attends to all matters connected with military operations which are not expressly assigned to some other bureau of the War. Department. Supplement, Chap. III, Par. 37. B The Subsistence Department supplies the Army with the means of subsistence, and is charged with the expenditure of funds appropriated for subsisting the enlisted men and for purchasing articles kept for sale to officers and enlisted men. Supplement, Chap. III, Par. 38. с The Medical Department is charged with the supervision of the sanitary condition of the Army, the care of the sick and wounded, the physical examination of officers and enlisted men, the management and control of military hospitals, etc. It is the most independent of all the staff departments, planning its own hospitals, transporting its own sick and wounded in the field and supplying its own medicines, litters, blankets, instruments, etc. Supplement, Chap. III. Par. 39. D The Pay Department has charge of the supply and distribution of and accounting for funds for the payment of the Army. Sup., Chap. III, Par. 40. E The Ordnance Department is charged with supplying the Army, by purchase or manufacture, with arms, equipments, ammunition and everything else pertaining to the fighting material. It also establishes and maintains arsenals and depots for the manufacture, repairing and safe-keeping of ordnance stores, and provides horse equipments and field outfits for soldiers, such as haversacks, canteens, tin cups, meat ration cans, knives, forks, and spoons. Supplement, Chap. III, Par. 41. F The duties of The Engineer Department or Corps of Engineers comprise reconnoitering, surveying and map-making for military purposes, including the construction and repair of fortifications, the planning and superintendence of defensive or offensive works in the field, and the construction of military roads and bridges. Many officers of the Corps are detailed to take charge of river and harbor improve

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