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H. OF R.
DECEMBER, 1799. On motion of Mr. Macon, the House proceeded Mr. MARSHALL, from the joint committee apto the choice of a Sergeant-at-Arms, Doorkeeper, pointed to wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED and Assistant Doorkeeper; when Joseph Whea- States, reported, that they had performed that serTON, Thomas Claxton, and Thomas Dunn, were vice; and that the PRESIDENT had appointed tounanimously elected.
morrow forenoon, 12 o'clock, to meet both Houses The oath' to support the Constitution of the in the Representatives' Chamber. United States, as prescribed by the act, entitled The House then adjourned, till to-morrow morn
An act to regulate the time and manner of ad- | ing at eleven o'clock.
Tuesday, December 3. the same oath or affirmation was administered by James A. Bayard, from Delaware, appeared Mr. SPEAKER to each of the members present. produced his credentials, was qualified, and took
William HENRY Harrison having also ap- his seat in the House. peared, as a Representative for the Territory of
PRESIDENT'S SPEECH. the United States Northwest of the River Ohio, the said oath was administered to him by Mr.
Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate SPEAKER.
to inform them that this House is now ready to The same affirmation, together with the affirma- attend them in receiving the communication from tion of office prescribed by the said recited act
, the President of the United States, agreeably to were also administered by Mr. Speaker to the his notification to both Houses yesterday. Clerk.
The Senate attended and took seats in the A message was received from the Senate, in- House; when, both Houses being assembled, the forming the House, that they had passed a resolu- PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States came into the tion, appointing a joint committee to wait on the Representatives' Chamber, and addressed them as PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, and inform
follows: him that Congress had met and were ready to re
Gentlemen of the Senate, and ceive any communications he might think proper
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : to make; and, in case of concurrence, that Messrs. It is with peculiar satisfaction that I meet the sixth Read and BINGHAM were appointed a committee Congress of the United States of America. Coming on behalf of the Senate.
from all parts of the Union, at this critical and interThe House concurred in the resolution, and esting period, the members must be fully possessed of Messrs. Marshall, Rutledge, and Sewall, the sentiments and wishes of our constituents. were appointed to wait on the PRESIDENT, in con- The flattering prospects of abundance, from the la. junction with the committee from the Senate.
bors of the people, by land and by sea; the prosperity The following letter was read by the SPEAKER: of our extended commerce, notwithstanding interrup
tions occasioned by the belligerent state of a great part 72 WELBECK-STREET, London,
of the world ; the return of health, industry, and September 20, 1798.
trade, to those cities which have lately been afflicted Sir: I beg leave, through you, to offer to the House with disease; and the various and inestimable advanof Representatives of the United States, impressions of tages, civil and religious, which, secured under our hapthe two prints of the American Revolution, which I py frame of Government, are continued to us unimhave lately caused to be published.*
paired, demand, of the whole American people, sin. The importance of the events, and the illustrious char- cere thanks to a benevolent Deity, for the merciful disacters of the two great men to whose memory they are pensations of his providence. particularly devoted, give to these works their best claim But, while these numerous blessings are recollected, to your notice; and the patriotism of my countrymen, it is a painful duty to advert to the ungrateful return I trust, will give them a kinder reception than their in- which has been made for them, by some of the people, trinsic merit might entitle me to hope.
in certain counties of Pennsylvania, where, seduced by With great respect, I have the honor to be, sir, your the arts and misrepresentations of designing men, they most obedient, humble servant,
have openly resisted the law directing the valuation of
JNO. TRUMBULL. houses and lands. Such defiance was given to the civil The SPEAKER of the House of Reps. V. S.
authority as rendered hopeless all further attempts, by Resolved, That the rules and orders of proceed- judicial process, to enforce the execution of the law; ing established by the late House of Representa- and it became necessary to direct a military force to be tives, shall be deemed and taken to be the rules and employed, consisting of some companies of regular orders of proceeding to be observed in this House, troops, volunteers, and militia, by whose zeal and activ. until a revision or alteration of the same shall ity, in co-operation with the judicial power, order and take place.
submission were restored, and many of the offenders Resolved, That each member be furnished with arrested. Of these, some have been convicted of misthree newspapers, printed in this city, during the demeanors, and others
, charged with various crimes,
remain to be tried. session, at the expense of this House.
To give due effect to the civil administration of Gov. *The prints referred to by Mr. Trumbull, in his letter to the ernment, and to insure a just execution of the laws, a Speaker of the House of Representatives, are, first, a representation revision and amendment of the judiciary system is in. of the Battle of Quebec, and death of General Momigomery,
second, dispensably necessary. In this extensive country it placed on the right and left of the Speaker's chair, and are highly the interpretation of the laws, and the rights and duties
cannot but happen that numerous questions respecting ' Chamber.
H. OF R.
of officers and citizens, must arise. On the one hand, Minister at London to endeavor to obtain the explanathe laws should be executed; on the other, individuals tions necessary to a just performance of those engageshould be guarded from oppression. Neither of these ments, on the part of the United States. With such objects is sufficiently assured under the present organi- dispositions on both sides, I cannot entertain a doubt zation of the Judicial Department. I therefore earnest that all difficulties will soon be removed, and that the ly recommend the subject to your serious consideration. two boards will then proceed and bring the business
Persevering in the pacific and humane policy which committed to them, respectively, to a satisfactory conhad been invariably professed and sincerely pursued by
clusion. the Executive authority of the United States, when in
The act of Congress relative to the seat of the Gov. dications were made on the part of the French Repub- ernment of the United States, requiring that, on the lic, of a disposition to accommodate the existing differ- first Monday of December next, it should be transferred ences between the two countries, I felt it to be my duty from Philadelphia to the district chosen for its permato prepare for meeting their advances, by a nomination nent seat, it is proper for me to inform you that the of Ministers upon certain conditions, which the honor Commissioners appointed to provide suitable buildings of our country dictated, and which its moderation had for the accommodation of Congress and of the Presigiven a right to prescribe. The assurances which were
dent, and for the public offices of the Government, have required of the French Government, previous to the made a report of the state of the buildings designed for departure of our Envoys, have been given through their those purposes in the city of Washington; from which Minister of Foreign Relations, and I have directed they conclude that the removal of the seat of Governthem to proceed on their mission to Paris. They have ment to that place, at the time required, will be practifull power to conclude a treaty, subject to the Constitu- cable, and the accommodations satisfactory. Their retional advice and consent of the Senate. The charac port will be laid before you. ters of these gentlemen are sure pledges to their coun- Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : try that nothing incompatible with its honor or interest, nothing inconsistent with our obligations of good faith cessary for the service of the ensuing year, together
I shall direct the estimates of the appropriations neor friendship to any other nation, will be stipulated. It appearing probable , from the information I received, laid before you. During a period in which a great por
with an account of the revenue and expenditure, to be that our commercial intercourse with some ports in the tion of the civilized world has been involved in a war island of St. Domingo might safely be renewed, I took such steps as seemed to me expedient to ascertain that unusually calamitous and destructive, it was not to be point. The result being satisfactory, I then, in con- from extraordinary burdens. Although the period is
expected that the United States could be exempted formity with the act of Congress on the subject, direct- not arrived when the measures adopted to secure our ed the restraints and prohibitions of that intercourse to country against foreign attacks can be renounced, yet be discontinued, on terms which were made known by it is alike necessary to the honor of the Government proclamation. Since the renewal of this intercourse, and the satisfaction of the community, that an exact our citizens, trading to those ports, with their property, economy should be maintained. I invite you, gentlehave been duly respected, and privateering from those men, to investigate the different branches of the public ports has ceased.
expenditure; the examination will lead to beneficial reIn examining the claims of British subjects, by the trenchments, or produce a conviction of the wisdom of Commissioners at Philadelphia, acting under the sixth the measures to which the expenditure relates. article of the Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, with Great Britain, a difference of opinion, on
Gentlemen of the Senate, and points deemed essential, in the interpretation of that
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives: article, has arisen between the Commissioners appoint- At a period like the present, when momentous ed by the United States and the other members of that changes are occurring, and every hour is preparing new Board, from which the former have thought it their du- and great events in the political world, when a spirit ty to withdraw. It is sincerely to be regretted that the of war is prevalent in almost every nation with whose execution of an article produced by a mutual spirit of affairs the interests of the United States have any conamity and justice, should have been thus unavoidably nexion, unsafe and precarious would be our situation interrupted. It is, however, confidently expected that were we to neglect the means of maintaining our just the same spirit of amity, and the same sense of justice rights. The result of the mission to France is uncerin which it originated, will lead to satisfactory expla- tain ; but, however it may terminate, a steady persevernations. In consequence the obstacles to the pro- ance in a system of national defence, commensurate gress of the commission in Philadelphia, His Britannic , with our resources and the situation of our country, is Majesty has directed the Commissioners appointed by an obvious dictate of wisdom : for, remotely as we are him under the seventh article of the Treaty, relating to placed from the belligerent nations, and desirous as we British captures of American vessels, to withdraw from are, by doing justice to all, to avoid offence to any, the Board sitting in London : but with the express de- nothing short of the power of repelling aggressions will claration of his determination to fulfil, with punctuality secure to our country a rational prospect of escaping the and good faith, the engagements which His Majesty calamities of war, or national degradation. As to my. has contracted by his Treaty with the United States; self, it is my anxious desire so to execute the trust reand that they will be instructed to resume their func- posed in me, as to render the people of the United tions, whenever the obstacles which impede the progress States prosperous and happy. I rely, with entire conof the commission at Philadelphia shall be removed. It fidence, on your co-operation in objects equally your being, in like manner, my sincere determination, so far care; and that our mutual labors will serve to increase as the same depends on me, that, with equal punctu- and confirm union among our fellow.citizens, and an ality and good faith, the engagements contracted by the unshaken attachment to our Government. United States in their treaties with His Britannic Ma.
JOHN ADAMS. jesty shall be fulfilled, I shall immediately instruct our UNITED STATES, December 3, 1799.
H. OF R.
DECEMBER, 1794 The President of the United States then with
STANDING COMMITTEES. drew and the iwo Houses separated.
On motion of Mr. Livingston, the House orA copy of the speech being delivered by the dered the appointment of the following Standing PRESIDENT to the SPEAKER, and read by the Clerk. Committees, viz: it was ordered, that it be committed to a Committee Committee of Elections-Mr. Dana, Mr. Suuof the whole House to-morrow.
TER, Mr. KiTTERA, Mr. New, Mr. HENDERSON,
Mr. Gordon, and Mr Bailey.
Committee of Claims-Mr. D. FOSTER, Mr. Mr. Livingston said he conceived some notice Macon, Mr. Brace, Mr. Morris, Mr. Imlay, Mr. ought to be taken of the letter received from
Mr. Hanna, and Mr. John Chew Thomas. Trumbull, and therefore moved that it be referred
Committee of Commerce-Mr. SMITH, Mr. to a select committee. Agreed to, and Messrs. Liv- SEWALL, Mr. Waln, Mr. RUTLEDGE, Mr. John INGSTON, TALIAFERRO, and Hill, were appointed.
Brown, Mr. Franklin DAVENPORT, and Mr. TalTHE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH.
Committee of Revisal and Unfinished Business The House went into a Committee of the Whole -Mr. GriswOLD, Mr. Evans, and Mr. Dext. on the President's Speech, Mr. RUTLEDGE in the The following Message was received from the Chair. The Speech having been read,
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Mr. Marshall moved the following resolution, Gentlemen of the Senate, and which was agreed to by the Committee, viz:
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Committee, I herewith transmit to Congress certain documents that a respectful Address ought to be presented by the which relate to the late insurrection in Pennsylvania, House of Representatives to the President of the Uni- the opening of trade and intercourse with the island of ted States, in answer to his Speech to both Houses of St. Domingo, and the mission to the French Republic; Congress, on the opening of the present session, con- promised in my address to both Houses of Congress, on taining assurances that this House will duly attend to Tuesday last.
JOHN ADAMS. the important objects recommended by him to their con- UNITED STATES Dec. 5, 1799. sideration.
The Message and documents were read, and The Committee rose, and the resolution having ordered to lie on the table. been agreed to by the House, Messrs. MARSHALL, [The following are the documents which acRutledge, SEWALL, Livingston, and Nicholas, companied the above Message: (See Appendix.) were appointed a committee to draught the Address. 1.—Insurrection in Northampton, $c. CHAPLAIN TO THE HOUSE.
A letter from the Hon. Richard Peters to the Secre
tary of State, enclosing a declaration of William NichA message from the Senate announced that they ols, Esq., Marshal of the district of Pennsylvania; a dehad passed a resolution for the appointment of two position of Valentine ; and the deposition of Chaplains to Congress, to which they requested Jacob Eyerly, Esq. the concurrence of the House.
A proclamation of the President relative to the NorthThe resolution having been concurred in, Dr. ampton insurrection. GREEN was chosen on the part of this House. A letter from the Secretary of War to the Governor
of Pennsylvania, designating the different companies of troops required from that State to march upon the
expeTHURSDAY, December 5.
dition. The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter from
Instructions from the Secretary at War, to Brigadier the Secretary of the Treasury, enclosing a report General Macpherson, commanding the expedition.
II.—St. Domingo. from the Commissioners appointed to superintend the public buildings in the City of Washington.
A proclamation of the President of the United States,
for opening trade and intercourse with the island of St. On motion of Mr. BAYARD, the following reso
Domingo. lution was agreed to by the House:
III.— Mission to the French Republic. “ Resolved, That a committee be appointed to prepare A letter from Patrick Henry, Esq. to the Secretary and bring in a bill for the establishment of an uniform of State, declining the appointment of Envoy, owing to system of bankruptcy throughout the United States." his indisposition, and the distance of the scene at which
Messrs. BAYARD, Marshall, C. Goodrich, the negotiations are contemplated to take place. SEWALL, and HARPER, were appointed.
Copy of a letter from Citizen Talleyrand, dated Paris, forming the House that the Right Rev. Bishop of that agent, in communicating to Mr. Murray the paA message was received from the Senate, in- 11th Fructidor, to the Citizen Pichon, Secretary of the
French Legation at the Hague, approving the conduct White had been chosen on their part, as Chap- cific disposition of the French Republic towards the lain to Congress.
United States. Mr. Otis moved the following resolution, which
Another letter from Talleyrand to Pichon, dated Parwas agreed to by the House:
is, 28th September, 1798, authorizing him to communi“ Resolved, That a committee be appointed to con- cate the pacific sentiments contained in the preceding sider whether it be expedient to make any and, if any, to Mr. Murray; and of the sincere disposition of the what provision for persons confined for debt, and that Directory to accelerate an amicable adjustment of all they report by bill or otherwise."
existing differences; and the respect with which an Messrs. Otis, BIRD, and Stone, were appointed. American Envoy would be received.
H. of R. A letter from the Secretary of State to Mr. Murray, President of the United States, in answer to his enclosing his appointment as Envoy to the French Re- Speech to both Houses, at the commencement of public, in conjunction with Mr. Ellsworth, Chief Jus- the present session. tice of the United States, and P. Henry, Esq. of Virgin- Mr. Gregg moved, that the words distinguished ia ; and the condition (to be expressed to the Directory) by italics, in the third and fourth lines of the second on which the Envoys would repair to Paris : or, if more paragraph of the Address, be struck out, and that agreeable to the Directory, a Minister from the French the words "actin” be inserted in their stead; which Republic would be received at Philadelphia. A letter from Mr. Murray to the Secretary of State, produced a short debate, and was finally negatived.
The Committee then rose, and the Address was accepting the appointment of Envoy to the French Republic.
reported without amendment; and was agreed to A letter from Mr. Murray to the Minister of Foreign by the House, in the words following, viz: Relations, dated at the Hague, acquainting him with To the President of the United States : the nomination of the Envoys, and the stipulations ex- Sir: While the House of Representatives contemplate pressed in the letter from the Secretary of State to Mr. the flattering prospects of abundance from the labors of Murray. A letter from the Minister of Foreign Relations, in the people, by land and by sea, the prosperity of our ex
tended commerce, notwithstanding the interruptions ocanswer to the above, dated 12th May, 1799, containing casioned by the belligerent state of a great part of the assurances that they shall enjoy all the prerogatives at- world, the return of health, industry and trade, to those tached to the mission by the laws of nations, and a cities which have lately been afflicted with disease, and the Minister of equal quality be appointed to treat with them; various and inestimable advantages, civil and religious, and that passports would be granted for their safe con- which, secured under our happy frame of Government, veyance to Paris.]
are continued to us unimpaired, we cannot fail to offer
up to the benevolent Deity our sincere thanks for these Friday, December 6.
the merciful dispensations of his protecting Providence. Edwin Gray, from Virginia, and William mit themselves, amid such numerous blessings, to be
That any portion of the people of America should perBARRY Grove, from North Carolina, appeared this seduced by the arts and misrepresentations of designing day, were qualified, and took their seats.
men into an open resistance of a law of the United States, Mr. Harrison moved the following resolution, cannot be heard without deep and serious regret. Under which was ordered to lie on the table, to wit:
a Constitution where the public burdens can only be * Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire imposed by the people themselves, for their own benefit, and report, by bill or otherwise, whether any, and what, and to promote their own objects, a hope might well alterations are necessary to be made in the judicial es have been indulged that the general interest would have tablishment of the Territory of the United States been too well understood, and the general welfare too Northwest of the river Ohio."
highly prized, to have produced in any of our citizens Mr. Marshall, from the committee appointed a disposition to hazard so much felicity, by the criminal to draught an Address in answer to the Speech of effort of a part, to oppose with lawless violence the will the President of the United States, at the com
of the whole. While we lament that depravity which mencement of the present session, reported the could produce a defiance of the civil authority, and rensame, which was committed 10 a Committee of real consolation is to be derived from the promptness and
derindispensable the aid of the military force of the nation, the Whole on Monday next, and ordered to be fidelity with which that aid was afforded. That zealous
and active co-operation with the judicial power, of the Mr. Livingston, from the committee to whom volunteers and militia called into service, which has rewas referred the letter of Mr. Trumbull, reported stored order and submission to the laws, is a pleasing the following resolution, which was adopted by evidence of the attachment of our fellow-citizens to their the House:
own free Government, and of the truly patriotic alacrity “ Resolved, That the two elegant prints offered by with which they will support it. Mr. Trumbull, be accepted; and that the Speaker be To give due effect to the civil administration of Govinstructed to write an answer, expressive of the pleas- ernment, and to insure a just execution of the laws, are ure with which this House has observed his genius and objects of such real magnitude as to secure a proper attalents exerted in the patriotic task of celebrating the tention to your recommendation of a revision and amendevents which led to his country's independence, and ment of the judiciary system. dedicated to the memory of those heroes who fell in its Highly approving, as we do, the pacific and humane defence.”
policy which has been invariably professed and sincerely On motion of Mr. Bayard, the President's pursued by the Executive authority of the United States, Speech was referred to a Committee of the honor has permitted the observance, we consider as the
a policy which our best interests enjoined and of which Whole on the state of the Union.
most unequivocal proof of your inflexible perseverance
in the same well chosen system, your preparation to Monday, December 9.
meet the first indications on the part of the French ReJosiah Parker and Robert Page, from Vir- public, of a disposition to accommodate the existing dif
ferences between the two countries, by a nomination ginia, appeared, produced their credentials, were
of Ministers on certain conditions, which the honor of qualified, and took their seats.
our country unquestionably dictated, and which its moADDRESS TO THE PRESIDENT. deration had certainly given it a right to prescribe. When The House resolved itself into a Committee of the assurances thus required of the French Government, the Whole, on the Address to be presented to the previous to the departure of our Envoys, had been given
H. OF R.
Address to the President.
through their Minister of Foreign Relations, the direc- own vigilance, ever to permit herself to be seduced by a tion that they should proceed on their mission, was, on love of ease, or by other considerations, into that deadly your part, a completion of the measure, and manifests disregard of the means of self-defence, which could only the sincerity with which it was commenced. We offer result from a carelessness as criminal as it would be fatal up our fervent prayers to the Supreme Ruler of the Uni- concerning the future destinies of our growing Repubverse for the success of their embassy, and that it may lic. The result of the mission to France is, indeed, sir, be productive of peace and happiness to our common uncertain. It depends not on America alone. The country. The uniform tenure of your conduct, through most pacific temper will not always insure peace. We a life useful to your fellow-citizens and honorable to should therefore exhibit a system of conduct as indisyourself, gives a sure pledge of the sincerity with which creet as it would be new in the history of the world, if the avowed objects of the negotiation will be pursued on we considered the negotiation happily terminated because your part, and we earnestly pray that similar dispositions we have attempted to commence it, and peace restored may be displayed on the part of France. The differences because we wish its restoration. But, sir, however this which unfortunately subsist between the two nations, mission may terminate, a steady perseverance in a syscannot fail, in that event, to be happily terminated. To tem of national defence, commensurate with our resour. produce this end, to all so desirable, firmness, moderation, ces and the situation of our country, is an obvious dicand union at home, constitute, we are persuaded, the tate of duty. Experience, the parent of wisdom, and surest means. The character of the gentlemen you the great instructer of nations, has established the truth have deputed, and still more, the character of the Gov- of your position, that, remotely as we are placed from ernment which deputes them, are safe pledges to their the belligerent nations, and desirous as we are, by doing country, that nothing incompatible with its honor or in- justice to all, to avoid offence to any, yet nothing short terest, nothing inconsistent with our obligations of good of the power of repelling aggressions will secure to our faith or friendship to any other nation, will be stipulated. country a rational prospect of escaping the calamities
We learn, with pleasure, that our citizens, with their of war or national degradation. property, trading to those ports of St. Domingo with In the progress of the session, we shall take into our which commercial intercourse has been renewed, have serious consideration the various and important matters been duly respected, and that privateering from those recommended to our attention. ports has ceased.
A life devoted to the service of your country, talents With you, we sincerely regret that the execution of and integrity which have so justly acquired and so long the sixth article of the Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and retained the confidence and affection of your fellow-citiNavigation, with Great Britain, an article produced by zens, attest the sincerity of your declaration, that it is a mutual spirit of amity and justice, should have been your anxious desire so to execute the trust reposed in unavoidably interrupted. We doubt not that the same you as to render the people of the United States prosspirit of amity, and the same sense of justice in which perous and happy. it originated, will lead to satisfactory explanations; and we hear with approbation that our Minister at London House, do present the said Address.
Resolved, That the SPEAKER, attended by the will be immediately instructed to obtain them. While the engagements which America has contracted by her
Messrs. Marshall, RUTLEDGE, and Sewall, Treaty with Great Britain, ought to be fulfilled with were appointed a committee to wait on the Presithat scrupulous punctuality and good faith to which our dent. to know when and where he would be ready Government has ever so tenaciously adhered, yet no to receive the Address; and having performed that motive exists to induce, and every principle forbids us service, reported, that the President had appointto adopt a construction which might extend them beyond ed to-morrow, two o'clock, for that purpose, at his the instrument by which they are created. We cherish own house. the hope that the Government of Great Britain will dis
PRESIDENT'S SPEECH. claim such extension, and by cordially uniting with that of the United States for the removal of all difficulties,
The House went into Committee of the Whole will soon enable the boards appointed under the sixth on the state of the Union, to take into consideraand seventh articles of our treaty with that nation, to tion the several objects recommended in the Presiproceed, and bring the business committed to them re
dent's Speech spectively to a satisfactory conclusion.
Mr. D. Foster moved the following resolutions, The buildings for the accommodation of Congress, and which were agreed to by the Committee, viz: of the President, and for the public offices of the Gov
1. Resolved, That so much of the Speech of the Presiernment at its permanent seat, being in such a state as to dent of the United States, to both Houses of Congress, admit of a removal to that District by the time prescribed at the commencement of the present session, as relates by the act of Congress, no obstacle, it is presumed, will to a revision and amendment of the judiciary system, exist to a compliance with the law.
be referred to a committee, with leave to report by bill, With you, sir, we deem the present period critical bills, or otherwise. and momentous. The important changes which are 2. Resolved, That so much of the Speech of the Presi. occurring, the new and great events which are every dent of the United States, to both Houses of Congress, hour preparing in the political world, the spirit of war at the commencement of the present session, as relates which is prevalent in almost every nation with whose to the expenditure of public moneys, be referred to a affairs the interests of the United States have any con committee of Ways and Means. nexion, demonstrate how unsafe and precarious would 3. Resolved, That so much of the Speech of the Presibe our situation, should we neglect the means of main- dent of the United States, to both Houses of Congress, taining our just rights. Respecting, as we have ever at the commencement of the present session, as relates done, the rights of others, America estimates too cor- to a system of national defence, commensurate with our rectly the value of her own, and has received evidence resources and the situation of our country, be referred too complete that they are only to be preserved by her to a committee.