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hand at gambling,-She loses.-Ash Wednesday in Lima.—Priests,
Señoras, and Señoritas crossed with lamp-black.Saya and Manto, a
dress peculiar to Lima, and worn in the world nowhere else.--A
beautiful woman receiving the dark cross upon her brow. The priests
receive it on their tonsure.— The Palace of the Viceroys.PIZARRO.
His assassination and Mausoleum.-Cathedral at Lima.-One thou-
sand and more images.- Vault and bones of Pizarro.--Indulgences for
the benefit of “ blessed souls in Purgatory.”—The great altar and cedar
choir of the Cathedral. --The dead house.-Convent of San Francisco.

- View of the city of Lima from it.-Distant worshippers at matins.-

The young Franciscan wearing shoes too luxurious for his order.-San

Domingo.—Lima, as seen from San Domingo's spire.-One third of

Lima once in the hands of the religious orders.-Corridors, columns,

dormitories, and friars. -San Pedro.-A bed of relics (were there two

or one ?) encased in glass.-An image of the Saviour, sorrowful and

sad.—The worshipers venerate it-put their finger on his, and lay it,

if tall enough, in the palm of his hand.—Some creditable paintings in

San Pedro.-The Courts of the cloister, corridors, and gardens within.-

Poetry and romance in these ; and silence now where once was greater

life.-The Inquisition.--Disquisition on the tendencies of the Romish

Church.-Destruction of the Inquisition at Madrid.--The Archbishop's

Palace.—Sic transit gloria mundi.-A night-walk to the Rimac-

Scene of Rolla's rescue of Cora's child.-Procession of the Host to the

Lady Infirmo.--Hats off and knees a-kimbo, when the Host and the

Priest in procession go.-Last night in Lima.--The Watchman's cry,

“ Ave Maria Sanctissima.”_Return to the Frigate Cumberland, the

Flag-Ship of the Home-Squadron, off Sacrificios, near Vera Cruz, 78

The Fleet off Vera Cruz.--Anchorage under the lee of Sacrificios -

The Northers --A small specimen of one experienced.-Sacrificios.-
A stroll on the island.- Origin of its name. -Temple for human sacri-
fice.--Now a burial place for the interment of the dead from the fleets
of different nations.--French monument.--Mollusca.--Portuguese Man-
of-war.--Sea pitch. The Sabbath, March 22d.—The Lieutenant, with
his prayer-book.-Lines—Tell me ye winged winds, know ye one hap-
py spot ?-Woman's influence.--A seaman's burial in a squadron lying
at anchor.- Flags half-masted, according to naval etiquet, by the

Engish-Catholic Spain and France omitting it.-Spirit of Popery-

It hath no charity-has refused burial to the Protestants. Some in

the Episcopal Church, in America, in their love of assimilations to

Popish ceremonies and mysticims in doctrine, understand not the ten-

dencies of Roman Catholic institutions.-Liberty of thought and action

not an element of the Roman Catholic system.-Science, and the ad-

vance in the correcter developments of the philosophy of the mind shall

finally overthrow the present system of Romanism.--A scene at mid-

night-the American Squadron at anchor off the Island of Sacrificios

-stillness-the night-watch-all's well--the stars that look tearfully
on the sad, and joyously on the happy.--Musings.--Lines.-Letters
from blessed home.-A movement of the ships.-The Flag-ship of a
sqadron the centre of interest, information, and movement in the fleet.
-The Falmouth getting under way.-- The Potomac and the Cumber-
land.-A Frigate espied in the distance at sea.The ships come up-
salute-and the Frigate Raritan joins the fleet.-Takoluta.-Water-
ing.-Landing in the surf._Visit to the bamboo Village.--The Al-
calde-Church.-No School, nor Bible, nor any who can read it in the
place. The cross, a substitute for all other theology, and worn as orna-
ment and protection from all evil.--A stroll on the sea-shore.--Dan-
gerous passage through the breakers on the cutter's return to the ship.

-The ships' return from Takoluta to their olden anchorage, under the

lee of Sacrificios.-Salute to the King of France on his birth-day.-

Vive Louis Philippe.-Ships again in motion-pass the Castle of San

Juan de Ullua-put to sea--and anchor, at length, off the Rio Bravo

del Norte.--Things in doubt as to the intentions of Mexico.-Her

public men talk patriotically, and they may fight, though American

Congressmen, with their Texas-loving spirit and great complacency in

the powers of the United States of North America may think the sup-

position of a war with such a feeble people as the Mexicans preposter-

ous.--Let the American Government take warning to act justly, by the

looming destiny of Mexico, which, under the distributive justice of a

ruling Providence, seems to be, final dismemberment and cessation

to be,


Battles of the Rio Bravo del Norte.-The Squadron's opportune arrival

off the Brazos de Santiago.--General Taylor leaves Point Isabel the

Danger of extending our boundaries. --Annexation may diminish rather

than extend slavery.- Deductions from the history of ancient republics

to be modified when applied to the Government of the United States

in this age of science, communication, and association.—Danger of

a political Papal priesthood unchecked by the energy of Protestantism.

--Mexico determined to maintain her sovereignty over Texas.—Gen.

Taylor occupies Corpus Christi, Point Isabel, and left bank of Rio

del Norte.-The American and Mexican Armies confronting each

other at Matamoras.-Interview between Brig. Gen. Worth, U. S.

Army, and Gen. Vega, of the Mexican Army.-Gen. Taylor's march

from the Rio Grand to Point Isabel.--Return march. The enemy are

met, and the Mexican army vanquished. Where rests the responsi-

bility of commencing hostilities ?—Review of facts for forming the

judgment and answering this question.--Boundary of Texas.- The Rio

Bravo del Norte designated by the Declaration of Independence by

Texas--by Santa Anna's treaty at Jacinto-by the secret treaty in-

tended to have been consummated by Mexico with Texas, under

British and French influence. The attack on Captain Thornton's com-

mand by the Mexicans, the first blow.-General Ampudia's letter to

General Taylor's reply.--With Mexico rests the responsibily of com-

mencing hostilities.—Mexico predetermined to wage war with the U.

States, encouraged by the hope of foreign countenance and assistance.

-President Polk's War Message and Proclamation,

. 200

Passage of the Cumberland from Pensacola to Vera Cruz.-Ships over-

hauled and vessels brought to.— The peaks of Orizava, snow capped,
in view.- The Cumberland nearing her moorings under Green Island,
is met by the steamer Princeton.--The Princeton a phantom ship-
mysterious in her movements, beautiful and efficient. - The Cumber-
land reducing sail and coming to anchor.--Ships of the squadron un-
der Green Island.--Raritan— Mississippi--Princeton-John Adams
-Somers—Potomac.—Fourth of July.--Salutes complimentary, from
the British, French, and Spanish ships.—Her British Majesty's Coro-
nation Day.-Commodore Conner's Fourth of July dinner.-Cap-
tains Fitzhugh, McCluney, Ingle, Forrest, Dulany, Aulic, and their com-
mands.-Music of the Band.-Watering of the Princeton.—The grand
battle of the Squibs.--Religious services on board the steamer Missis-

SANTA ANNA.-His career and fortunes.- Pronunciamentos in his favor.

-Still at Havana.—The town and castle of Vera Cruz pronounce in

his favor.--His expected return in the British Steamer.—Commodore

Conner, it is presumed, will intercept his return and bring to the

Mailer.—The Steamer arrives.—Santa Anna not aboard of her. An

other Steamer will arrive the succeeding day with Santa Anna.-Will

Commodore Conner secure the Mexican General ?-A Steamer's

smoke descried in the offing. Is spoken by the Saint Mary's.-Stands

in towards the city of Vera Cruz, and anchors under the battlements

of San Juan de Ullua.—The fort opens in salute.—The town returns

it, declaring the arrival of Santa Anna again on the shores of Mexico,

either for her weal or woe.Did the American Government give the

Mexican General a passport ?—Echo answers, yes.-War still carried

on between the Squadron and the Coral Reefs.—The Brig Truxton

“annihilated.”—A probable tramp through an enemy's country.—Lieu-

tenant Berriman and Lieutenant Hunter reach the Flag-ship in boats

from the Truxton.— The Captain and crew of the Truxton under flag

of truce, give themselves up to Mexican authorities.—The Steamer

Princeton goes to the relief of the Truxton-fires and destroys her.-

A relic from the Truxton to the Author.-COURTS MARTIAL-One of

many—Its beginning and ending.–Charges and specifications against

S. Jackson, seaman.-Sentence of the Court.-Approval by the Com-

modore.-Commodore Conner's general order directing the sentence of

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