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many new vanities which the women will fall into upon a peace with France, that you intend only the un

thinking part of our sex; and what methods can re• duce them to reason is hard to imagine.

• But, Sir, there are others yet that your instructions • might be of great use to, who, after their best endea.

vours, are fometimes at a lofs to acquit themselves to a « censorious warld; I am far from thinking you can altogether disapprove of conversation between ladies and • gentlemen, regulated by the rules of honour and prudince; and have thought it an observation not ill made, " that, where that was wholly denied, the women loft 6 their wit, and the men their good manners. Tis sure, • from those improper liberries you mentioned, that a « fort of undistinguishing people shall banith from their

drawing-rooms the best-bred men in the world, and 6 condemn those that do not. Your ftating this point • might, I think, be of good use, as well as much

Sir, Your admirer and
most humble servant,


• oblige,


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No answer to this, till Anna Bella sends a description of

those she calls the best-bred men in the world. Mr. Spectator, "I AM a gentleman who for many years last past • have been well known to be truly splenetic, and that my spleen arises from having contracted fo great a de

reading the best authors, and keeping the • most refined company, that I cannot bear the least • impropriety of language, or rusticity of behaviour. • Now, Sir, I have ever looked upon this as a wise di• ftemper; but by late observations find that every heavy • wretch who has nothing to say, excuses his dulness « by complaining of the fpleen. Nay, I saw, the other • day, two feliows in a tavern-kitchen set up for it, call

6 licacy,

« for

wal to you

• for a pint and pipes, and only by guzzling liquor to « each other's health, and wafting (moke in each other's « face, pretend to throw off the 1pleen: I

app o whether these dishonours are to be done to the distemper

of the great and the polite. I beseech you, Sir, to ino form these fellows that they have not the spleen; be

cause they cannot talk without the help of a glass at o their mouths, or convey their meaning to each other ( without the interposition of clouds. If you will not

wi all speed, I assure you, fcr mv part, I will o wholly quit the disease, and for the future be merry o with the vulgar.

"Your humble servant.'

I am,

you have been

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6 Sir, " THIS is to let you understand that I am a reformed • Starer, and conceived a detestation for that practice • from what you have writ upon the subject. But as


the behaviour of us men at divine service, I hope you will not be so appa• rently partial to the women as to let them go wholly o unobserved.

If they do every thing that is possible to attract our

eyes, are we more culpable than they, for looking • ai them? I happened last Sunday to be shut into a • pew, which was full of young ladies in the bloom • of youth and beauty. When the service began I had • not room to kneel at the confession, but as I stood kept

my eyes from wandering as well as I was able, till one • of the young ladies, who is a Peeper, resolved to bring • down my looks, and fix my devotion on herself. You

are to know, Sir, that a peeper works with her hands,

eyes, and fan; one of which is continually in motion, ' while she thinks she is not actually the admiration of • Tome Ogler or Starer in the congregation. As I stood, ' utterly at a loss how to behave myself, surrounded as "I was, this Peeper fo placed herlelf as to be kneeling • just before me: the displayed the most beautiful bofom

• imaginable,

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imaginable, which heaved and fell with some fervour,

while a delicate well-íhaped arm held a fan over her face: it was not in nature to command one's eyes from • this object. I could not avoid taking notice also of • her fan, which had on it various figures, very impro

per to behold on that occasion: there lay in the body • of the piece a Venus under a purple canopv, furled

with curious wreaths of drapery, half naked, atrended • with a train of Cupids, who were bufied in fanning her

as the flept: behind her was drawn a satyr peeping

over the filken fence, and threatening to break through • it. I frequently offered to turn my light another way, • but was still detained by the fascination of the Peeper's

eyes, who had long practised a skill in them to recall ' the parting glances of her beholders. You see my

complaint, and hope you will take these mischievous people, the Peepers, into your consideration: I doubt

nor but you will think a Peeper as much more perni• cious than a Starer, as an ainbuscade is more to be • feared than an open assault.

"I am, Sir,

"Your most obedient servant.'


This Peeper using both fan and eyes, to be considered as

a Pict, and proceed accordingly.

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King Latinus to the Spectator, greeting.

THOUGH some may think we descend from our • imperial dignity in holding correspondence with a pri

vate Litterato; yet, as we have great respect to all

good intentions for our service, we do not esteem it • beneath us to return you our royal thanks for what

you publithed in our behalf, while under confinement

in the inchanted castle of the Savoy, and for your ' mention of a subsidy for a prince in misfortune. This

your timely zeal has inclined the hearts of divers to be • aiding unto us, if we could propose the means. ' We ' have taken their good-wvill into consideration, and have . contrived a method which will be easy to those who

• ihall

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shall give the aid, and not unacceptable to us who re

ceive it. A concert of music mall be prepared at • Haberdashers-Hall for Wednesday the second of May ; • and we will honour the said entertainment with our

own presence, where cach person shall be afleffed but at two thillings and sixpence. What we expect from

you is, that you publith these our royal intentions, • with injunction that they be read at all tea-tables within " the cities of London and Westminster: and so we bid you heartily farewell.

Latinus King of the Volfcians.' Given at our Court in Vinegar-yard, story the third from

the earth, April 28, 1711.



Strenua nos exercet inertia,


Laborious idleness our powers employs.

HE following letter being the first that I have re-

ceived from the learned University of Cambridge, I could not but do myself the honour of publishing it. It gives an account of a new feet of philosophers which has arose in that famous residence of learning, and is perhaps the only fect this age is likely to produce. • Mr. Spectator,

Cambridge, April 26. • BELIEVING you to be an universal encourager of • liberal arts and sciences, and glad of any information

from the learned world, I thought an account of a lect • of philosophers very frequent among us, but not taken ' notice of, as far as I can remember, by any writers ei

ther ancient or modern, would not be unacceptable to

you. The philosophers of this sect are in the language of our university called Loungers: I am of opinion, • that, as in many other things, to likewise in this

, the • ancients

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I ancients have been defective; viz. in mentioning no • philosophers of this fort. Some indeed will affirm that

they are a kind of Peripatetics, because we see them. • continually walking about. But I would have thefe

gentlemen consider, that though the ancient Peripatetics walked much, yet they wrote much also; witness,

to the forrow of this feet, Aristotle and others: whereas • it is notorious that most of our professors never lay out

a farthing either in pen, ink, or paper. Others are • for deriving them from Diogenes, because several of • the leading men of the feet have a great deal of the • cynical humour in them, and delight much in fun• shine. But then again, Diogenes was content to have « his constant habitation in a narrow tub, whilst our phi• losophers are so far from being of his opinion, that it 6 is death to them to be confined within the limits of a good, handsoine, convenient chamber but for half an • hour: others there are who, from the clearness of • their heads, deduce the pedigree of Loungers from • that great man; I think it was either Plato or Socrates, ' who after all his study and learning, professed, That • all he then knew was, that he knew nothing. You • easily see this is but a shallow argument, and may

be 6 foon confuted.

• I have with great pains and industry made my ob• servations, from time to time, upon these sages; and,

having now all materials ready, am compiling a trea

tise, wherein I shall set forth the rise and progress of • this famous sect, together with their maxiins, austeri• ties, 'manner of living, &c. Having prevailed with a • friend, who defigns shortly to publish a new edition of • Diogenes Laertius, to add this treatise of mine by way • of supplement; I shall now, to let the world see what

may be expected from me, first begging Mr. Spectastor's leave that the world may see it, briefly touch upon • some of my chief observations, and then subscribe my• self your humble servant. In the first place I Mall • give you two or three of their maxims; the fundamen• tal one, upon which their whole fyftem is built is this, 6 viz. That time being an implacable enemy, to' and VOL. I,



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