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$ 92. Judicial days.

The Courts of Justice may be held and judicial business may be transacted on any day, except as provided in the next section,

$ 93. Nonjudicial days. Exceptions.

No Court shall be opened nor shall any judicial business be transacted on Sunday, on New Year's Day, on the Fourth of July, on Christmas Day, on Thanksgiving Day, or on a day in which the general election is held, except for the following purposes:

1st. To give, upon their request, instructions to a jury then deliberating on their verdict;

2d. To receive a verdict, or discharge a jury;

3d. For the exercise of the powers of a magistrate in a criminal action, or in a proceeding of a criminal nature.

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$ 94. Place of holding the Courts mentioned in this Act.

Every Court of Justice, except a Justice's, Mayor's, or Recorder's Court, shall sit at the county seat of the county in which it is held, except in the cases provided in this article. Justices' Courts shall be held in their respective townships or cities, and Mayors' and Recorders' Courts in their respective cities; provided, Justices of the Peace for townships of the County of San Francisco, within the corporate limits of the City of San Francisco, shall have jurisdiction within said corporate limits, of all actions and proceedings of which Justices of the Peace of said county have or may have by law jurisdiction, whenever the parties to the said actions or proceedings may reside in said city; and provided, that no Justice of the Peace shall hold a Court in any other township of said county or city than the one for which he shall have been elected.

$ 95. Adjournment of a Court for nonattendance of a Judge.

If no Judge attend on the day appointed for the holding the Court, before noon, the Sheriff or Clerk shall adjourn the Court until the next day at ten o'clock, and if no Judge attend on that day before noon, the Sheriff or Clerk shall adjourn the Court until the following day; and so on from day to day, for one week. If no Judge attend for one week, the Sheriff or Clerk shall adjourn the Court for the term,

§ 96. Place of holding Court may be changed.

A Judge authorized to hold or preside at a Court appointed to be held in a city or town may, by an order filed with the County Clerk, and published as he may prescribe, direct that the Court be held or continued at any other place in the city or county than that appointed, when war, pestilence, or other public calamity, or the dangers thereof, or the destruction of the building appointed for holding the Court, may render it necessary; and may in the same manner revoke the order, and in his discretion appoint another place in the same city or county for holding the Court.

$ 97. When 80 changed, all persons shall appear at the appointed

so place.

When the Court is held at a place appointed as provided in the last section, every person held to appear at the Court shall appear at the place so appointed.

ARTICLE IV.

SEALS OF THE COURTS OF JUSTICE.

SEC. 98. What Courts shall have seals. 99. Seals used at the time of the passage of this Act,

adopted.
100. Seals prescribed for other Courts.
101. Until seals are procured, the Clerk may use his pri-

vate seal.
102. Keeper of the seal.
103. Proceedings to which a seal must be affired.
104. Manner of affixing the seal.

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$ 98. What Courts shall have seals.

[1860.] Each of the following Courts, and no other, shall have a seal: 1st, the Supreme Court; 2d, the District Courts; 3d, the County Courts; 4th, the Courts of Sessions ; 5th, the Probate Courts; 6th, the Police Judge's Court of the City and County of San Francisco.

§ 99. Seals used at the time of the passage of this Act, adopted.

The seals now used by the Supreme Court, and the Superior Court of the City of San Francisco, shall be the seals of the said Courts; and where seals have been provided for the County Courts, Courts of Sessions, and Probate Courts, such seals shall continue to be used as the seals of said Courts.

$ 100. Seals prescribed for other Courts.

[1860.] The several District Courts, and also the County Courts, Courts of Sessions, Probate Courts, Police Judge's Court of the City and County of San Francisco, for which separate seals have not been heretofore provided, shall direct their respective Clerks to procure seals, which shall be devised by the respective Judges of such Courts, and shall have the following inscriptions surrounding the same:

1st. For the District Courts: “ District Court, -county, California," inserting the name of the county;

2d. For the County Courts: “ County Court, ifornia," inserting the name of the county;

3d. For the Courts of Sessions: “Court of Sessions, county, California,” inserting the name of the county;

4th. For the Probate Courts: “Probate Court, -county, California," inserting the name of the county;

5th. For the Police Judge's Court of the City and County of San Francisco: “Police Judge's Court of the City and County of San Francisco."

-county, Cal

$ 101. Until seals are procured, the Clerk may use his private seal.

Until the seals devised, as provided in the last section, are procured, the Clerk of each Court may use his private seal, whenever a seal is required.

§ 102. Keeper of the seal.
The Clerk of each Court shall keep the seal thereof.

§ 103. Proceedings to which a seal must be affixed.

The seal of the Court need not be affixed to any proceedings therein, except:

1st. To a summons or writ;

2d. To the proof of a will, or the appointment of an executor, administrator or guardian ;

3d. To the authentication of a copy of a record, or other proceeding of the Court, or an officer thereof, for the purpose of evidence in another Court.

§ 104. Manner of affixing the seal.

The seal may be affixed by impressing it on the paper, or on a substance attached to the paper and capable of receiving the impression.

ARTICLE V.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS RESPECTING COURTS AND JUDICIAL

OFFICERS.

Sec. 105. But one application shall be made for the same order.

106. Punishment for violation of the last section.
107. Judges, etc., may certify certain papers.
108. Vacancy in the office of Judge shall not affect any

proceeding.
109. Proceedings shall be in the English language, tzcept

in certain counties.
110. Repealing certain Acts.
111. When this Act to take effect.

$ 105. But one application shall be made for the same order.

If an application for an order, made to a Judge of a Court in which the action or proceeding is pending, be refused, in whole or in part, or be granted conditionally, no subsequent application for the same order shall be made to any other Judge, except of a higher Court; provided, that nothing in this section be so construed as to apply to motions refused for any informality in the papers or proceedings necessary to obtain an order.

§ 106. Punishment for violation of the last section.

A violation of the last section may be punished as a contempt; and an order, made contrary thereto, may be revoked by the Judge

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who make it, or vacated by a Judge of a Court in which the action or proceeding is pending.

§ 107. Judges, etc., may certify certain papers.

The Judges of the Supreme Court, of the District Courts, of the Superior Court of the City of San Francisco, and of the County Courts, shall have power in any part of the State, and Justices of the Peace, and Recorders within their respective counties, and Recorders and Mayors, within their respective cities, shall have power to take and certify:

1st. The proof and acknowledgment of a conveyance of real property, or of any other written instrument;

2d. The acknowledgment of satisfaction of a judgment of any Court;

3d. An affidavit to be used in any Court of Justice of this State.

§ 108. Vacancy in the office of Judge shall not affiect any proceeding.

No action or proceeding in a Court of Justice shall be affected by a vacancy in the office of all or any of the Judges, or by the failure of a term thereof.

$ 109. Proceedings shall be in the English language, except in certain counties.

Every written proceeding in a Court of Justice in this State, or before a judicial officer, shall be in the English language; but such abbreviations as are now commonly used in that language may be used, and numbers may be expressed by figures or numerals, in the customary manner. In the counties of San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Los Angeles and San Diego, the proceedings may be in the English or Spanish languages.

See Practice Act, $646.

$ 110. Repealing certain Acts.

The following Acts are hereby repealed: The Act entitled an “ Act concerning the Courts of Justice of this State and Judicial Officers,” passed March eleventh, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one; and the Act entitled an “Act amending the Act entitled

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