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that he was begot between two stock-fishes; but it is Elb. His neck will come to your waist, a cord, sir. certain, that when he makes water, his urine is conClo. I
comfort: : I cry, bail. Here's a gentleman, geald ice : that I know to be true; and he is a motion and a friend of mine.
ingenerative, that's infallible. Lucio. How now, noble Pompey! What, at the Duke. You are pleasant, sir, and speak apace. wheels of Cæsar ? Art thou led in triumph ? What, is Lucio. Why, what a ruthless thing is this in him, for there none of Pygmalion's images, newly made woman, the rebellion of a cod-piece to take away the life of a to be had now, for putting the hand in the pocket and man? Would the duke that is absent have done this? extracting it clutch'd ? What reply? Ha! What Ere he would have hang'd a man for the getting a say'st thou to this tune, matter, and method ? Is't not hundred bastards, he would have paid for the nursing drown' i' the last rain ? Ha! What say'st thou, a thousand. He had some feeling of the sport: he troth? Is the world as it was, man? Which is the knew the service, and that instructed him to mercy. way? Is it sad, and few words, or how? The trick Duke. I never heard the absent duke much detected of it?
for women : he was not inclined that way. Duke. Still thus, and thus : still worse !
Lucio. O, sir! you are deceived. Lucio. How doth my dear morsel, thy mistress ? Duke. 'Tis not possible. Procures she still? Ha!
Lucio. Who? not the duke? yes, your beggar of Clo. Troth, sir, she hath eaten up all her beef, and fifty; and his use was, to put a ducat in her clack-dish. she is herself in the tub.
The duke bad crotchets in him : he would be drunk Lucio. Why, 'tis good; it is the right of it; it must too; that let me inform you. be so : ever your fresh whore, and your powder'd bawd: Duke. You do him wrong, surely. an unshunn'd consequence; it must be so. Art going Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his. A shy fellow to prison, Pompey?
was the duke; and, I believe, I know the cause of his Clo. Yes, faith, sir.
withdrawing. Lucio. Why 'tis not amiss, Pompey. Farewell. Go; Duke. What, I pr’ythee, might be the cause ? say, I sent thee thither. For debt, Pompey, or how? Lucio. No,-pardon :-'tis a secret must be lock'd Elb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd.
within the teeth and the lips; but this I can let you Lucio. Well, then imprison him. If imprisonment understand, the greater file of the subject held the be the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his right: bawd is he, duke to be wise. doubtless, and of antiquity too; bawd-born. Farewell, Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. good Pompey: commend me to the prison, Pompey. Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, unweighing You will turn good husband now, Pompey; you will fellow. keep the house.
Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or misClo. I hope, sir, your good worship will be my bail. taking: the very stream of his life, and the business
Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey ; it is not the he hath helmed, must, upon a warranted need, give wear. I will pray, Pompey, to increase your bondage : him a better proclamation. Let him be but testiif you take it not patiently, why, your mettle is the monied in his own bringings forth, and he shall appear more. Adieu, trusty Pompey.-- Bless you, friar. to the envious a scholar, a statesman, and a soldier. Duke. And you.
Therefore, you speak unskilfully; or, if your
knowLucio. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey? Ha! ledge be more, it is much darken'd in your malice. Elb. Come your ways, sir; come.
Lucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him. Clo. You will not bail me then, sir?
Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and knowLucio. Then, Pompey, nor now.—What news abroad, ledge with dearer love. friar? What news ?
Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know, Elb. Come your ways, sir ; come.
Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know not Lucio. Go; to kennel, Pompey, go.
what you speak. But, if ever the duke return, (as our [Exeunt Elbow, Clown, and Officers. prayers are he may) let me desire you to make your What news, friar, of the duke ?
answer before him : if it be honest you have spoke, you Duke. I know none. Can you tell me of any ? have courage to maintain it. I am bound to call upon Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of Russia ; you; and, I pray you, your name? other some, he is in Rome : but where is he, think you? Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio, well known to the
Duke. I know not where ; but wheresoever, I wish duke. him well.
Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I may live to Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him, to steal report you. from the state, and usurp the beggary he was never Lucio. I fear you not. born to. Lord Angelo dukes it well in his absence : Duke. O! you hope the duke will return no more, he puts transgression to't.
or you imagine me too unhurtful an opposite. But, Duke. He does well in't.
indeed, I can do you little harm: you'll forswear this Lucio. A little more lenity to lechery would do no again. harm in him: something too crabbed that way, friar. Lucio. I'll be hang'd first: thou art deceived in me,
Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity must friar. But no more of this. Canst thou tell, if Claudio cure it.
die to-morrow, or no? Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a great kin- Duke. Why should he die, sir? dred: it is well allied ; but it is impossible to extirp it Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. I quite, friar, till eating and drinking be put down. would, the duke, we talk of, were return'd again : this They say, this Angelo was not made by man and ungenitur'd agent will unpeople the province with conwoman, after the downright way of creation : is it tinency; sparrows must not build in his house-eaves, true, think you?
because they are lecherous. The duke yet would have Duke. How should he be made then?
dark deeds darkly answer'd; he would never bring Lucio. Some report, a sea-maid spawn'd him : some, them to light : would he were return'd! Marry, this
Claudio is condemn'd for untrussing. Farewell, good Escal. One that, above all other strifes, contended
[Exit. joice: a gentleman of all temperance. But leave we
Duke. He professes to have received no sinister
himself to the determination of justice; yet had he Bawd. Good my lord, be good to me; your honour framed to himself, by the instruction of his frailty, is accounted a merciful man: good my lord.
many deceiving promises of life, which I, by my good Escal. Double and treble admonition, and still for- leisure, have discredited to him, and now is he resolved feit in the same kind ? This would make mercy swear, to die. and play the tyrant.
Escal. You have paid the heavens the due of your Prov. A bawd of eleven years' continuance, may it function, and the prisoner the very debt of your callplease your honour.
ing. I have labour'd for the poor gentleman to the Bawd. My lord, this is one Lucio's information extremest shore of my modesty; but my brother jusagainst me. Mistress Kate Keep-down was with child tice have I found so severe, that he hath forced me to by him in the duke's time : he promised her marriage; tell him, he is indeed—justice. his child is a year and a quarter old, come Philip and Duke. If his own life answer the straitness of his Jacob. I have kept it myself, and see how he goes proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein if he about to abuse me!
chance to fail, he hath sentenced himself. Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much licence :-let Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner. Fare you him be called before us.-Away with her to prison ! well. Go to; no more words. [Exeunt Bawd and Officers.] Duke. Peace be with you! Provost, my brother Angelo will not be alter'd; Claudio
(Exeunt Escalus and Provost. must die to-morrow. Let him be furnished with divines, He, who the sword of heaven will bear, and have all charitable preparation : if my brother should be as holy as severe; wrought by my pity, it should not be so with him. Pattern in himself to know,
Prov. So please you, this friar hath been with him, Grace to stand, virtue to go; and advised him for the entertainment of death. More nor less to others paying, Escal. Good even, good father.
Than by self offences weighing. Duke. Bliss and goodness on you.
Shame to him, whose cruel striking Escal. Of whence are you?
Kills for faults of his own liking ! Duke. Not of this country, though my chance is now Twice treble shame on Angelo, To use it for my time: I am a brother
To weed my vice, and let his grow! Of gracious order, late come from the See,
O, what may man within him hide, In special business from his holiness.
Though angel on the outward side! Escal, What news abroad i' the world?
How may likeness, made in crimes, Duke. None, but that there is so great a fever on Masking practice on the times, goodness, that the dissolution of it must cure it: Draw with idle spiders' strings novelty is only in request; and as it is as dangerous Most pond'rous and substantial things! to be aged in any kind of course, as it is virtuous to Craft against vice I must apply. be constant in any undertaking, there is scarce truth With Angelo to-night shall lie enough alive to make societies secure, but security His old betrothed, but despised: enough to make fellowships accurs'd. Much upon So disguise shall, by the disguised, this riddle runs the wisdom of the world. This news Pay with falsehood false exacting, is old enough, yet it is every day's news. I pray you, And perform an old contracting.
[Exit. sir, of what disposition was the duke?
ACT IV. SCENE I.-A Room at the moated Grange.
Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice Mariana discovered sitting : a Boy singing.
Hath often still'd my brawling discontent.
I cry you mercy, sir; and well could wish
You had not found me here so musical:
Let me excuse me, and believe me so,
My mirth it much displeas'd, but pleas'd my woe.
Duke. 'Tis good : though music oft hath such a
I pray you, tell me, hath any body inquired for me
here to-day? much upon this time have I promis'd Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go : here to meet.
Our corn's to reap, for yet our field's to sow. [Exeunt. Mari. You have not been inquired after: I have
SCENE II.-A Room in the Prison. sat here all day.
Enter Provost and Clown. Enter ISABELLA. Duke. I do constantly believe you.—The time is Prov. Come hither, sirrah. Can you cut off a man's come, even now. I shall crave your forbearance a head? little : may be, I will call upon you anon, for some Clo. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can; but if he advantage to yourself.
be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I can Mari. I am always bound to you.
[Exit. never cut off a woman's head. Duke. Very well met, and welcome.
Prov. Come, sir ; leave me your snatches, and yield What is the news from this good deputy ?
me a direct answer. To-morrow morning are to die Isab. He hath a garden circummur'd with brick, Claudio and Barnardine: here is in our prison a comWhose western side is with a vineyard back'd; mon executioner, who in his office lacks a helper: if And to that vineyard is a planched gate,
you will take it on you to assist him, it shall redeem That makes his opening with this bigger key : you from your gyves; if not, you shall have your full This other doth command a little door,
time of imprisonment, and your deliverance with an Which from the vineyard to the garden leads; unpitied whipping, for you have been a notorious There have I made my promise upon the heavy
bawd. Middle of the night to call upon him.
Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time out of Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find this mind; but yet I will be content to be a lawful hang
I would be glad to receive some instruction Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't : from my fellow partner. With whispering and most guilty diligence,
Prov. What ho, Abhorson ! Where's Abhorson, In action all of precept, he did show me
there? The way twice o'er.
Abhor. Do you call, sir ?
Isab. No, none, but only a repair i' the dark; in your execution. If you think it meet, compound And that I have possess'd bim my most stay
with him by the year, and let him abide here with you; Can be but brief: for I have made him know, if not, use him for the present, and dismiss him. He I have a servant comes with me along,
cannot plead his estimation with you: he hath been a That stays upon me; whose persuasion is,
bawd. I come about my brother.
Abhor. A bawd, sir ? Fie upon him! he will discreDuke. 'Tis well borne up.
dit our mystery. I have not yet made known to Mariana
Prov. Go to, sir; you weigh equally: a feather will A word of this.-What, ho! within! come forth. turn the scale.
[Eært. Re-enter MARIANA.
Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour, (for, surely, sir, I pray you, be acquainted with this maid :
a good favour you have, but that you have a hanging She comes to do you good.
look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a mystery? Isab. I do desire the like.
Abhor. Ay, sir; a mystery, Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect you? Clo. Painting, sir, I have heard say, is a mystery; Mari. Good friar, I know you do, and have found it. and your whores, sir, being members of my occupation, Duke. Take then this your companion by the using painting, do prove my occupation a mystery; but hand,
what mystery there should be in hanging, if I should Who hath a story ready for your ear.
be hang'd, I cannot imagine. I shall attend your leisure: but make haste;
Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.
thief. [Exeunt MARIANA and ISABELLA. Clo. If it be too little for your thief, your true man Duke. O place and greatness ! millions of false eyes thinks it big enough; if it be too big for your thief, Are stuck upon thee. Volumes of report
your thief thinks it little enough : so, every true man's Run with base, false and most contrarious quests
thief. Upon thy doings: thousand escapes of wit
Re-enter Provost. Make thee the father of their idle dreams,
Prov. Are you agreed ? And rack thee in their fancies !
Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your hangRe-enter MARIANA and IsabelLA,
man is a more penitent trade than your bawd: he doth Welcome! How agreed? oftener ask forgiveness. Isab. She'll take the enterprize upon her, father, Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and your axe If you advise it.
to-morrow, four o'clock. Duke. It is not my consent,
Abhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee in my But my entreaty too.
trade: follow. Isab. Little have you to say,
Clo, I do desire to learn, sir; and, I hope, if you When you depart from him, but, soft and low, have occasion to use me for your own turn, you shall “Remember now my brother.”
find me yare; for, truly, sir, for your kindness I owe Mari.
Fear me not.
you a good turn. Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all. Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio : He is your husband on a pre-contract:
[Exeunt Clown and ABHORSON. To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin,
Th' one has my pity; not a jot the other, Sith that the justice of your title to him
Being a murderer, though he were my brother.
Prov. I told you: Lord Angelo, belike thinking Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death : me remiss in mine office, awakens me with this un'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow wonted putting on; methinks strangely, for he hath Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnardine ? not used it before.
Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless labour, Duke. Pray you, let's hear. When it lies starkly in the traveller's bones :
Prov. [Reads.] “ Whatsoever you may hear to the He will not wake.
contrary, let Claudio be executed by four of the clock; Prov.
Who can do good on him? and, in the afternoon, Barnardine. For my better satisWell, go; prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? faction, let me have Claudio's head sent me by five.
[Knocking within. Let this be duly perform'd ; with a thought, that more Heaven give your spirits comfort !-By and by :- depends on it than we must yet deliver. Thus fail not
[Exit Claudio. to do your office, as you will answer it at your peril.”— I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve,
What say you to this, sir ? For the most gentle Claudio.- Welcome, father. Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be exeEnter Duke.
cuted in the afternoon ? Duke. The best and wholesom'st spirits of the night Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up
and Envelop you, good provost! Who call'd here of late ? bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old. Prov. None, since the curfew rung.
Duke. How came it, that the absent Duke had not Duke.
Not Isabel ? either deliver'd him to his liberty, or executed him ? Prov. No.
I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. Duke. There will then, ere't be long.
Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for him : Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ?
and, indeed, bis fact, till now in the government of Duke.
There's some in hope. Lord Angelo, came not to an undoubtful proof. Prov. It is a bitter deputy.
Duke. It is now apparent? Duke. Not so, not so: his life is parallel'd
Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. Even with the stroke and line of his great justice. Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in prison ? He doth with holy abstinence subdue
How seems he to be touch'd ? That in himself, which he spurs on his power
Prov. A man that apprehends death no more dreadTo qualify in others : were he meal'd with that fully, but as a drunken sleep; careless, reckless, and Which he corrects, then were he tyrannous;
fearless of what's past, present, or to come : insensible
[Knocking within. of mortality, and desperately mortal. But this being so, he's just.—Now are they come.- Duke. He wants advice.
[Exit Provost. Prov. He will hear none. He hath evermore had This is a gentle provost : seldom, when
the liberty of the prison : give him leave to escape The steeled gaoler is the friend of men. [Knocking. hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if not How now? What noise ? That spirit's possessed with many days entirely drunk. We have very oft awaked haste,
him, as if to carry him to execution, and show'd him That wounds the resisting postern with these strokes. a seeming warrant for it: it hath not moved him at all. Re-enter Provost.
Duke. More of him anon. There is written in your Prov. [Speaking to one at the door.] There he must brow, provost, honesty and constancy: if I read it not stay, until the officer
truly, my ancient skill beguiles me; but in the boldArise to let him in : he is call'd up.
ness of my cunning I will lay myself in hazard. Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yet, Claudio, whom here you have warrant to execute, is But he must die to-morrow?
no greater forfeit to the law, than Angelo who hath Prov.
None, sir, none. sentenced him. To make you understand this in a Duke. As near the dawning, provost, as it is,
manifested effect, I crave but four days' respite, for the You shall hear more ere morning.
which you are to do me both a present and a dangerProv.
ous courtesy. You something know; yet, I believe, there comes Prov. Pray, sir, in what? No countermand : no such example have we.
Duke. In the delaying death. Besides, upon the very siege of justice,
Prov. Alack! how may I do it, having the hour Lord Angelo hath to the public ear
limited, and an express command, under penalty, to Profess'd the contrary.
deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I may make Enter a Messenger.
my case as Claudio's, to cross this in the smallest. Duke. This is his lordship’s man.
Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you : if Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon.
be your guide, let this Barnardine Mes. My lord hath sent you this note ; [giving a be this morning executed, and his head borne to Angelo. paper] and by me this further charge, that you swerve Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will discover not from the smallest article of it, neither in time, mat- the favour. ter, or other circumstance. Good morrow; for, as I Duke. O! death's a great disguiser, and you may take it, it is almost day.
add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard ; and say, Prov. I shall obey him. (Exit Messenger. it was the desire of the penitent to be so bared before Duke. This is his pardon; purchas’d by such sin, his death: you know, the course is common. If any
[ Aside. thing fall to you upon this, more than thanks and good For which the pardoner himself is in :
fortune, by the saint whom I profess, I will plead Hence hath offence his quick celerity,
against it with my life. When it is born in high authority.
Prov. Pardon me, good father : it is against my oath. When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended,
Duke. Were you sworn to the Duke, or to the That for the fault's love is th' offender friended. deputy ? Now, sir, what news ?
Prov. To him, and to his substitutes.
Duke. You will think you have made no offence, if Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap into the Duke avouch the justice of your dealing.
your prayers; for, look you, the warrant's come. Prov. But what likelihood is in that?
Burnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all night : Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet I am not fitted for't. since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, integrity, Clo. O! the better, sir ; for he that drinks all night, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt you, I will and is hang'd betimes in the morning, may sleep the go farther than I meant, to pluck all fears out of you. sounder all the next day. Look you, sir; here is the hand and seal of the Duke:
Enter Duke. you know the character, I doubt not, and the signet is Abhor. Look you, sir ; here comes your ghostly not strange to you.
father. Do we jest now, think you? Prov. I know them both.
Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing how Duke. The contents of this is the return of the hastily you are to depart, I am come to advise you, Duke: : you shall anon' over-read it at your pleasure, comfort you,
you. where you shall find, within these two days he will be Barnar. Friar, not I: I have been drinking hard all here. This is a thing that Angelo knows not, for he night, and I will have more time to prepare me, or this very day receives letters of strange tenor; per- they shall beat out my brains with billets. I will not chance, of the Duke's death; perchance, entering into consent to die this day, that's certain. some monastery; but, by chance, nothing of what is Duke. 0, sir, you must; and therefore, I beseech writ. Look, the unfolding star calls up the shepherd. you, Put not yourself into amazement how these things Look forward on the journey you shall go. should be: all difficulties are but easy when they are Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any man's known. Call your executioner, and off with Barnar- persuasion. dine's head: I will give him a present shrift, and Duke. But hear you, — advise him for a better place. Yet you are amazed,
Barnar. Not a word : if you have any thing to say but this shall absolutely resolve you. Come away; it to me, come to my ward; for thence will not I to-day. is almost clear dawn. [Exeunt.
[Exit. SCENE III.-Another Room in the Same.
Duke. Unfit to live, or die. O, grovelling beast !Enter Clown.
After him, fellows : bring him to the block. Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in our
[Exeunt Abhorson and Clown. house of profession: one would think, it were mistress Prov. Now, sir; how do you find the prisoner ? Over-done's own house, for here be many of her old Duke. A creature unprepar'd, unmeet for death ; customers. First, here's young Mr. Rash; he's in for And, to transport him in the mind he is, a commodity of brown paper and old ginger, ninescore Were damnable. and seventeen pounds, of which he made five marks, Prov.
Here in the prison, father, ready money : marry, then, ginger was not much in There died this morning of a cruel fever request, for the old women were all dead. Then is One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate, there here one Mr. Caper, at the suit of master Three- A man of Claudio's years; his beard, and head, pile the mercer, for some four suits of peach-colour'd Just of his colour. What if we do omit satin, which now peaches him a beggar. Then have we This reprobate, till he were well inclin'd, here young Dicy, and young Mr. Deep-vow, and Mr. And satisfy the deputy with the visage Copper-spur, and Mr. Starve-lackey, the rapier and Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio? dagger-man, and young Drop-heir that kill'd Lusty Duke. O, 'tis an accident that heaven provides ! Pudding, and Mr. Forthright the tilter, and brave Mr. Despatch it presently: the hour draws on Shoe-tie the great traveller, and wild Half-can that Prefix'd by Angelo. See, this be done, stabb'd Pots, and, I think, forty more, all great doers And sent according to command, whiles I in our trade, and are now in for the Lord's sake. Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die. Enter ABHORSON.
Prov. This shall be done, good father, presently. Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither.
But Barnardine must die this afternoon;
To save me from the danger that might come,
If he were known alive? Barnar. [Within.] A pox o' your throats! Who Duke. Let this be done.—Put them in secret makes that noise there? What are you?
holds, Clo. Your friends, sir ; the hangman. You must Both Barnardine and Claudio: be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death.
Ere twice the sun hath made his journal greeting Barnar. [Within.] Away, you rogue, away! I am To yonder generation, you shall find sleepy
Your safety manifest. Åbhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that quickly Prov. I am your free dependant. too.
Duke. Quick, despatch, and send the head to Angelo. Clo. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till you are
[Exit Provost executed, and sleep afterwards.
Now will I write letters to Angelo, Abhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out.
(The provost, he shall bear them) whose contents Clo. He is coming, sir, he is coming : I hear his Shall witness to him, I am near at home, straw rustle.
And that by great injunctions I am bound
To enter publicly : him I'll desire
To meet me at the consecrated fount, Clo. Very ready, sir.
A league below the city; and from thence, Barnar. How now, Abhorson ? what's the news with By cold gradation and well-balanc'd form,
We shall proceed with Angelo.