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TABLE 2.—Money income of nonmarried persons aged 65 and over: Percentage distribution of nonmarried persons by income, and median

money income, by sex and living arrangement, 1959

Percent of total nonmarried persons

Median money income

Women

Men

Living alone or with nonrelative

Living

with relatives 1

Total number

State

Under
$1,000

$1,000 to

$1,499

$1,500 to

$1,999

$2,000 to

$2,999

$3,000 or

more

All non-
married

Alabama.
Alaska..
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware
District of Columbia.
Florida.
Georgia.
Hawaii.
Idaho.
Illinois.
Indiana.
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky.
Louisiana.
Maine..

125, 194

3, 192
40, 481
82, 734
676, 033

72, 190
116, 897
17, 162
39, 820
219, 853
149, 726
16, 996
23, 589
465, 750
195, 865
139, 442
101, 656
131, 641
124, 642
53, 056

79. 7
45.1
55. 8
77.0
40.1
29.6
51.1
59.2
43. 7
58. 9
76.8
65. 1
52. 3
56. 6
61.4
56.9
58.1
72. 2
66.9
58.8

7.6
21.3
16. 1

9.0
26.9
43. 1
15.4
12.4
10.6
14. 2

8. 1
11.1
19.8
13. 5
13.5
16.1
15. 7
10.0
16.9
14.9

4.0
7.2
8.4
4.6
9.9
7.4
8.3
7.2
7.9
7.9
4. 3
7.8
8.1
7.5
7.5
8.6
7. 7
5.6
5. 5

3.9
8.6
8.8
3.9
9. 2
8. 5
10.1

8.2
12.5
8.5
4. 5
7.0
9.7
8.8
8.0
8.7
8.4
5. 5
4.8

4.8
17. 9
10.8

4.6
14. 0
11.4
15.1
12.9
25. 4
10.5
6.2
9.0
10. 2
13.5
9.4
9.7
10.1
6.8
5.9
9.0
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico.
New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon.-
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina.
South Dakota..
Tennessee
Texas
Utah.
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin.
Wyoming-

$566 1, 115

863

572
1, 185
1, 237

967

768
1, 298

804
584
620
945
835
747
838
817
602
708
811

$687
1, 319
1, 184

690
1, 373
1, 333
1, 424
1, 186
1, 712
1, 206

709

944
1, 185
1, 323
1, 148
1, 179
1, 116

793

897 1,045

$530
895
723

526
1, 108
1, 196

768

682
1, 144

679
550
374
823
674
634
728
729
533
652
713

$661
1, 327
1, 100

657
1, 314
1, 287
1, 323
1,014
1, 923
1,001

692
1, 020
1, 082
1,037

886
967
934
694

793
1, 009

$516
715
624
491

953
1, 156

738
599
784
608
525
447
696
669
599
679
654
533
650
637

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116, 087
287, 817
288, 053
154, 704

90, 097
230, 241
28, 926
68, 383

9, 651
32, 120
278, 334

23, 145
842, 767
149, 152

24, 806
422, 166
107, 976

77, 454
558, 946
44, 852
77, 352
30, 675
145, 701
345, 043
24, 396
20, 994
144, 296
123, 762

77,021
178, 489
11, 096

61. 3
50. 2
58.6
57.9
82.0
64. 2
47.9
57. 2
42. 3
57.0
57.3
63.8
56.3
76.9
57.6
58.9
64.6
51.8
59.9
59.1
79. 2
62.0
77.1
70.8
59.9
59. 1
69.2
44.9
70.3
58. 6
46.3

12.0
18. 3
15. 6
14. 7

7.0
14.0
20.0
14. 4
20.3
13.9
13.7
11.5
13.7

8.6
15.6
14.8
17.2
18.8
13.5
15.0

7.7
14.8

8.4
10.1
15.2
15.3

9.9
25.5
10.1
14. 2
20.5

1 Income of aged person only, does not include income of other relatives present.

Source: U.S. Census of Population, 1960, "Income of the Elderly Population." 3. Assets

Four out of ten households (spending units) headed by people over age 65 had less than $200 liquid assets. These households include one person families."

The Federal Reserve Board study in 1959 included one person households and included estimated value of all bank deposits, savings bonds, etc. : 33 percent had $2,000 or more, 31 percent had $500 to $2,000, 17 percent had $1 to $500, 29 percent had no liquid assets.

Figuring another way, one-third had less than $100 cash assets and one-half have less than $1,000 liquid assets.

Liquid assets in relation to income.-Among households (spending units) with head 65 and over :

When income was less than $3,000 (70 percent of the total): 47 percent had less than $200 in liquid assets ; 44 percent had assets of $500 or more.

When income was $3,000 to $5,000: 21 percent had less than $200 in liquid assets ; 70 percent had assets of $500 or more.

Marketable securities : Only 11 percent of the aged spending units owned corporate stocks and bonds or marketable Government securities in early 1957 when this question was last studied by the Federal Reserve Board. Virtually all of these stockholders were in the group that already had over $2,000 in other liquid assets as defined above.

B. WHAT HAS HAPPENED TO HOSPITAL COSTS ?

The average length of stay for persons of all ages has decreased but the average cost per day has increased, as well as the average cost per hospital stay.

In 1946 the average length of stay was 9 days, average cost per day $8 and the cost per stay was $85; in 1960 the length of stay was 742 days, cost per day $35, cost per stay $245. Dr. Howard Rusk reported that by August 1963 the cost per stay had risen to $279.

The average cost per patient per day in the American hospital has more than doubled in the last 10 years. In 1945 it was about $10 per day; 1950 it was roughly $15 per day; 1960 about $32 and has actually gone up to $50 per day in certain areas and is moving up to the $60 a day mark in other places.

Hospital costs have increased at a rate faster than any other item in the cost of living, except hospital insurance. While overall medical care prices increased by 17 percent from 1958 to 1963 and hospital daily service charges increased nearly 40 percent.

The United Hospital Foundation Study in New York has told its member hospitals that patients are likely to pay 37 percent more per day in the next 5 years. This study stated that patient care costs have jumped from $15.53 per day in 1947 to $40.92 in 1962 and probably to $55.35 by 1967 in the New York area.

The following are the average costs per patient per day by State according to the American Hospital Association :

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Hospital insurance costs have risen faster than any other item in the cost of living. In the last 14 years, the Department of Labor reports that the average of all consumer items has increased only about 18 points while the cost of hospital insurance has increased 82 points. Physicians fees have increased only about 25 points.

[graphic]

DACAL, CARE PRICES During the third quarter of 1963 the index of medical care prices reached a record lid of 17.2 (1957-592100), an increase of 0.3 percent era tbe preceding quarter. Dhe sharpent incream occurred in the hospital daily sorvine stars, lok lncrsased 1.2 percent to pow high of 139.6. Since the third quarter of 1962, the Bospital daily wervice charge locreared by 6.6 percent and the cost of hospitalisation insurance aná or centists.' cerulona by about 3 parcent ench.

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