Peasants Versus City-dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development
Philippe G. Penelle, Professor of Economics Irving B Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies Raaj K Sah, Raaj Kumar Sah, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Senior Fellow Joseph E Stiglitz
Clarendon Press, 1992 - Počet stran: 223
From the historical perspective, the two central problems facing most of the developing countries are: Who should bear the burden of the costs of development? and How should these costs be shared between those in the urban and rural sectors? The inevitable conflicts between the two have, in fact, been a long standing theme, reflected in the debates, in Britain over the Corn Laws, in the United States over industrial tariffs, and in Russia over the size of the "scissors." The book provides for the first time a unifying framework within which these questions can be systematically approached.
From the perspective of modern public finance, this book provides the first systematic treatment incorporating the distinctive features of developing countries. Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz not only show that the consequences of various tax policies are distinctly different from what they would be in a more developed economy, but they also develop a simple framework for assessing both efficiency and equity consequences of a wide variety of policies. They show how their approach can be extended to include issues of cost benefit analysis and agricultural pricing.
While the authors break new ground, the book is written to be accessible to a wider audience, including practicing development economists. Each chapter includes a nontechnical discussion of the central problems at hand and a summary of the conclusions of the analysis.
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THE OBJECTIVES AND INSTRUMENTS
AN APPROACH TO APPLIED WELFARE ECONOMICS
RURALURBAN PRICES IN OPEN ECONOMIES
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agricultural alternative analysis assume assumption central chapter commodity concerning condition consequences consider constraints consumption corresponding costs countries critical decrease demand denote depends derived desirable determined developed discussion distribution earlier economy elasticity employed employment equal equation equilibrium example expression Əln faced farmers firms fixed follows food price function gain given groups higher hypothesis important imposed income increase individuals induced industrial inputs instance investible surplus issues labour land larger LDCs less limited lower marginal migration nature Note obtain optimal output particular peasants policies positive possible present productivity effects profits reasons reduce reform relevant represents respect response rules rural sector simple social social weight social welfare Soviet Stiglitz subsidies supply taxation theory tion unemployed urban sector urban unemployment urban wage urban workers utility level welfare
Food Policies Within the Context of Central America: The Case of Staple Grains
Omezený náhled - 1997
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