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STATE CAPITOL BUILDING.
In the following pages is given a description of the State Capitol building. The measurements are furnished by Hon. Justus F. Krumbein, of Portland, Oregon, who is the original architect of the building.
The Capitol of Oregon, commonly called the “State House,” is located upon a slightly elevated plat of ground near the center of the city of Salem. The general plan of the building is that of a cross, the length being from north to south, and width from east to west. The main fronts are on the east and west wings, which are 60 feet in width, and the wings extending north and south are 100 feet in length and 80 feet in width. The east and west main fronts project 40 feet from the main walls and there are porticos 16 feet wide across each, with steps full width. The porticos are supported on large Corinthian columns with heavy pedestals. These columns extend in one length the height of two stories.
The height of the main building from the ground to the cornice is 75 feet. Towering above the main building is the ornamental dome, constructed of iron covered with copper. It rises directly from the center of the building, being supported by heavy iron pillars at the bottom and extending 187 feet from the ground. The general plan of the building is divided into three stories. The first story, or ground floor, called the basement floor, is 16 feet in height in the clear between floors. The second or main floor is 2142 feet in height in the clear between floors; while the third story, or second floor above the basement or ground floor, is 20 feet in the clear between floors.
INTERIOR OF SECOND OR MAIN FLOOR.
The general description of the interior would properly begin at the rotunda directly under the ornamental dome in the center of the building. This grand rotunda is 54 feet square, and extends from the basement to the upper floor, above which there is a circular ornamental dome with glass dome light in the center of the ceiling. The rotunda on the second and third floors is circular in form, surrounding the opening, extending from the ornamental dome light to the basement. From this rotunda on the different floors there are grand staircases, giving access up or down, and also a passenger elevator to the northeast of the rotunda. On the first or basement floor there are entrances on all four of the fronts or wings, with hallways twelve feet in width leading into the main rotunda under the circular dome. Access to the second story is by the two main entrances on the east and the west fronts. The cement steps leading up from the grounds in front on the east and west sides, from the first story directly to the main entrances of the second floor, are 50 feet in width. On the second or main floor, leading from the grand rotunda, are the entrances to the Senate Chamber in the north wing and the Hall of the House of Representatives in the south wing. The Senate Chamber is 75 feet in length, 45 feet in width, and 2142 feet in height, with adjoining legislative committee rooms of various sizes extending across the north end of the chamber directly back of the president's chair and the main rostrum. These legislative committee rooms are of different dimensions, averaging about 20 by 22 feet. Directly opposite the Senate Chamber, on the south side of the grand rotunda on the second floor, is the Hall of the House of Representatives, 84 feet in length and 75 feet in width, there being a lobby hall or corridor 16 by 30 feet between the rotunda and the main hall.
In the west main front of the second floor, on the north side of the main hallway, are the executive offices and Governor's departments and reception room. The Governor's main office is 20 feet in width by 47 feet in length, and is divided nearly in the center by a partition, making two rooms, one 20 by 20 feet and the other 20 by 27 feet. The first of these rooms is occupied by the secretary to the Governor, and the second by the Governor's stenographer. Adjoining the room of the Governor's secretary, extending north to the wall of the Senate Chamber, is the Governor's private office, 29 12 feet in width by 3012 feet in length. Entrance to this room is by a door from the main hall leading north to the Senate Chamber, or by a doorway from the office of the Governor's secretary.
On the south side of the main hall, in the west front of the second story, opposite the Governor's departments, are the offices of the Secretary of State, called the department of state. The main room is only 47 feet in length by 20 feet in width, and is partitioned for general business convenience. Adjoining the east or larger room of these is a vault 14 feet in length and 8 feet in width; in front of the vault there is a small document room with a narrow stairway leading to document rooms beneath on the basement or first floor of identically the same size as those occupied by the department of state.
On the east side of the main hallway, leading to the Senate Chamber on the second floor and directly between the Senate Chamber, the rotunda and the east main wing of the building, being directly opposite the Governor's private office on the east, is the State Treasurer's office. It is identically the same size as the Governor's private office, being 29 42 feet by 3012 feet in length, and having a stone vault on the southeast 11 feet in length by 11 feet in width.
In the east of the main front of the second floor there are two rooms, one on either side of the main hallway, each being 19 feet in width by 20 feet in length; the room on the north being used by the Secretary of State as an office annex, and the room on the south by the secretary of the Board of Regents of Normal Schools.
On the right of the main hall or corridor, leading to the east entrance of the main or second floor, are the toilets, 12 feet in width by 27 feet in length.
THIRD OR UPPER FLOOR. On the third or upper main floor of the building in the south wing, directly over the Hall of Representatives, is located the Supreme Court law library, technically known as the “State Library.” The main library room is reached from the main rotunda in the center of the building, It is 100 feet in length and 75 feet in width and 20 feet in height, with small toilets and wash rooms on the extreme southeast and southwest corners of the room. In the west main front of the third floor, directly over the office of the department of state and the executive department, is located the main chamber of the Oregon Supreme Court, there being large swinging doors leading from the rotunda on the third floor to this room. This room is 54 feet in length and 49 feet in width, with the judges' bench located on the north end of the room, extending entirely across from east to west. Between the Supreme Court room and the north wall of the north wing, are the chambers of the three justices and two commissioners of the Supreme Court. Opposite the judges' chambers in the north wing, and east of the hall, are the rooms occupied by the Clerk of the Supreme Court, the Oregon Library Commission, and the State Bank Examiner. The chambers of the justices and the Library Commission's rooms, recently completed, are the finest finished and frescoed rooms in the building. To the east of the main rotunda and in the main eastern front, are the offices of the Attorney-General.
FIRST OR GROUND FLOOR.
The first or ground floor of the Capitol building, commonly called the basement floor or story, is divided by hallways extending through each of the four main wings from the north, south, east, and west of the rotunda in the center. These hallways are 12 feet in width. On the west side of the hallway leading from the north entrance to the basement of the rotunda are the offices, composing rooms, press room, and material room of the State Printer. On the east side of the entrance to the north wing of the basement story are, first, the office of the State Engineer, a room 22 feet in width by 30 feet in length; second, a room in which is located the heating apparatus of the State House, being 30 feet in width by 36 feet in length; and third, the office of the Clerk of the Board of Commissioners for the sale and management of school lands and the irreducible school fund, as well as of the State Land Agent. This room is directly under the State treasury department and is 30 feet in width by 30 feet in length and has a vault 11 feet in width by 11 feet in length immediately under the vault of the State treasury.
In the south main wing of the building, on the first or basement floor, being directly under the Hall of the House of Representatives, are six large rooms originally intended for legislative committee rooms, and for other general purposes. The first room on the east side of the main hallway, next to the south entrance, is occupied by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the second and third, near the rotunda, by the Railroad Commission. On the west side of the hallway in the south wing of the basement story the first large room is occupied by the Adjutant-General and the Labor Commissioner, while the second and