Obrázky stránek

The medal for the Persian campaign of 1857 is similar to the preceding, excepting that the clasp is inscribed "PERSIA." Obverse the same and ribbon the same.

The ever-memorable mutiny of the Sepoy regiments in the service of the Honourable East India Company brings this part of my paper to a close. The desperate resistance offered by Colonel Inglis and his little band of the 32nd Regiment, in the defence of Lucknow, is almost without a parallel in the history of the past. Who shall forget this horrible rebellion, and the mighty efforts made by Sir Colin Campbell and Sir Henry Havelock for its suppression? The clasps attached to the mutiny medal are inscribed-" DEFENCE "OF LUCKNOW," "RELIEF OF LUCKNOW," "LUCKNOW," "DELHI," and "CENTRAL INDIA." The medal represents Britannia distributing wreaths of laurel; behind is the figure of the British lion; above is the word "INDIA;" exergue" 1857-1858." Obverse-head of Victoria; legend“VICTORIA REGINA." Ribbon-alternate stripes of scarlet and white.

There are other medals granted by the Honourable East India Company, viz. :—

For Ceylon, 1795-96.

H. E. I. C.'s expedition to Egypt, 1801.

War in Nepaul, 1815-16.

Ceylon Forlorn Hope, 1817-18.

Order of British India.

Order of Merit.

The medal for the China war of 1842, awarded both to the army and navy, has upon the reverse an oval shield of arms, behind which is a palm tree; to the right of the shield is arranged a field-piece, together with military arms and accoutrements; to the left is a piece of naval ordnance, an anchor, a capstan &c., over which is the Union Jack; above are the words ARMIS EXPOSCERE PACEM;" exergue-" CHINA,


"1842." Obverse-head of Victoria; legend-“ VICTORIA "REGINA." Ribbon-crimson, edged with yellow.

The medal for the late war in China, ending 1860, is the same in design, the date, "1842," being omitted; but in addition to the medal, clasps were awarded for the different operations in which our soldiers were engaged. The clasps are inscribed-“ CANTON, 1857," "TAKU FORTS, 1860," and 'PEKIN, 1860." An additional clasp was also granted, inscribed "CHINA, 1842," to such as had received the medal for that war. Obverse and ribbon the same.


The medals to commemorate the success of the British in South Africa, in the years 1834-35, 1846-7, and from December, 1850, to February, 1853, were distributed by command of Her Majesty, towards the close of the year 1854. The medal, which is without an inscribed clasp, has upon the reverse the conquered lion of Africa, behind which is a shrub common to the country; above are the words "SOUTH "AFRICA;" exergue-"1853." Obverse as usual. Ribbonorange, with stripes of dark blue.

The campaign against Russia, 1854-5, is rich in military decorations and medals, no fewer than seven varieties having been conferred upon those who were present with the army in the Crimea, from the battle of the Alma to the fall of Sebastopol, September 9th, 1855. They are as follows:

The Crimean Medal, four clasps.

Victoria Cross.


French Legion of Honour.

French Military Decoration.

Sardinian Medal.

Sultan's Decoration of the Medjidie.

Turkish War Medal.*

The Crimean Medal represents Victory holding a palm branch and placing a laurel crown upon the head of a Roman Warrior:

There are also medals for Silistria, Kars and the Danube.

in the field is the word "CRIMEA." The clasps, which are formed of oak leaves, ornamented with acorns, are inscribed, 'ALMA, BALACLAVA, INKERMANN, SEBASTOPOL." Reversehead of Victoria, the date, 1854, underneath. The ribbon is pale blue, edged with yellow.

The idea of creating a new order for distinguished bravery was originated by the late much-lamented Prince Consort, and afterwards instituted by Her Most Gracious Majesty on the 29th January, 1856. The distinction is styled the "Victoria Cross," and is awarded to the soldier who performs "some signal act of valour or devotion to his country."

The decoration is in the form of a Maltese cross, of bronze, with the royal crest in the centre, underneath which are inscribed upon a scroll the words "FOR VALOUR." It is suspended by a laureated clasp and the letter V (for Victoria), and attached to the left breast with a crimson ribbon.

[ocr errors]

The insignia of the French Imperial order of the Legion of Honour was also granted to several of our officers and soldiers by His Majesty the Emperor of the French, as a mark of his approval of their distinguished services in the Crimea. His Majesty also awarded the decoration of the French military war medal to a number of non-commissioned officers and soldiers, selected from the different regiments that served in the Crimea. The decoration, which is silver, is a small medal, surmounted by an eagle; on the centre of the medal is the head of the Emperor, encircled by a blue enamelled band, having thereon the words "LOUIS NAPOLEON;" a crown of laurel, which forms the outer rim of the medal, is shown both on the obverse and reverse; the centre of the latter is inscribed with the words "VALEUR ET DISCIPLINE." It is worn with a yellow ribbon, edged with green.

The Sardinian medal, conferred by the King of Sardinia upon several officers and men selected from the Crimean army, has, upon the obverse, the arms of Savoy, crowned

[merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small][graphic][graphic][graphic]
« PředchozíPokračovat »