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INDEX.

A

Æcidiacei, list of, 130.
Aglionby, fanciful origin of the name, 168.
Ainslie, Mr., 173.
Aitkin, Capt., 291.
ALLEGORY OF SHAKSPEARE's TEMPEST, 293.
Amabella de Lathom, seal of, found on the

Cheshire shore, 55.
Ambleside bobbin-mill, 169.
Amulets found at Brough, 146.
Ancient Britisu REMAINS AT OVER DARWEN,

273, 287.
Ancient Burying Ground at Leasowe, 36.
Ancient forests of Lancashire, 5; their extent, 6.
Ancient Meols, 1, 323.
Animal remains found on the Cheshire shore,

224.
Anne, queen, coins of, 188; complaints respect-

ing, 189; her modesty, ib.
Annual Excursion, 299.
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING, 283.
Antiquities found on the Cheshire shore, 51, 55.
AQUATIC PLANTS OF GREAT BRITAIN, 292.
Ashton, W. Shorrock Esq., 273, 286, 287, 288.

B

Burying Ground, Ancient, at Leasowe, 36, 92;

traditions respecting, 43.
Buxton, D., 287, 296, 299.
Byssini, list of, 135.

Bailey, F. J., 285.
Baines's “ Lancashire" quoted, 16, 96; as to

kinds of trees growing in mosses, 97.
Balance Sheet, 1861-65, 285.
Barber, H., 295.
Barclay, Thomas, on the wasting of the Cheshire

shore, 59, 63, 110.
Barrow, S., 294.
Beamont's Domesday book, 5 n.
Belleisle, on Windermere, siege of, 162.
Benas, B. L., 286, 293.
Bidston marsh described, 18, 99; remarks on the

peat of, 122.
Birkenhead Free Public Library Committee, 287.

Literary and Philosophical Society,
290.
Blomaries, near Cunsoy, suppressed by Queen

Elizabeth, 169.
Blundell of Crosby, former possessions of, 25.
Bogs, 22,
Bootle, dangerous gands at, 269.
Bos Lonyifrons, skull of, 213.
Boult, Mr. J., 89, 288, paper by, cited, 2; analysis

of, ib.; quoted, 3, 4, notes; on mosses, 26; as to
anciert burying ground at Leasowe, 37, 92 ; as
to wasting of Cheshire sea coast, 56 ; his theory
as to Chat Moss, 63 ; former papers by, on the
Lancashire and Cheshire sea coast, enumerated,
90; general statement of his views, 91; men.

tioned, 288, 289.
Braithwaite, Philip, account of, 165.
Braithwaite, William, endows Sawrey school, 165.
Brathay halí, account of, quoted, 157.
Bright, E. B., 290.
“Broad pieces" forbidden, 190.
Bronze coinage, 193.
Brough-under-Stainmoor, the Verteræ of the

Roman Itinera, 137 ; ancient remains near,
138

: Roman camps near, 139; tumuli near,
141 ; Brough almost unregarded by Leland,
141; notices of quoted from Burton, 142; from
Mr. Clayton, ib.; from Mr. C. R. Smith, 143;
present aspect of, ib.; Castle, 144; coins and
other remains found, 145; synopsis of Brough

relics, 146.
Burbo bank, notice of, 120.
Burke, W., 285, 289, 201, 293, 296, 297,
Burton, his account of Vertera, 14.

Cæomacei, list of, 132, 135, 136.
Cambridge Antiquarian Society, 292.
CAPABILITIES OF THE ENGLI8H LANGUAGE, 292.
“ Castle's Brass," 144.
CHANGES IN THE SEA COAST OF LANCASHIRE

AND CHESHIRE, 1, 288.
Chapman, Mr., his section of the Cheshire sea

coast, 56.
Charles I, coins of, 181; debases the coinage, ib.
Charles II, coins of, 185.
Char, the, notice of, 155;" clicking " char, anec.

dote respecting, 156.
Chat Moss, eruptions, 3; subterranean trees of,

10; Mr. Boult s theory examined, 63; eruption,
70; extent of, 52, 97; quotations respecting
from Leland and Baines, 96; drainage of, 97;
growth of trees in, ib.
Chatsworth, 299.
Cheshire, Sea coast of, 2; forests of, 7, 10; sub-

marine forests of, 15; sands of, 27; star-grass,
29; burial ground at Leasowe, ?; Swire and
Hutchins's map of Cheshire, notice of, 18.
Cheshire Sea coast. (See also " Leasowe.'')

Burying ground on, 2, 63; forests, 7, 10, 15;
bands, 27; star-grass, 29; ancient burying
ground, 36; tombstones, 44, 108; church, 44,
94; antiquities, 51, 55; limits of, 56; extent of
inroads by the sea, 56, 109; sections of, 46, 47,
49, 54, 56; wells, 60; race-course, ib.; old
lighthouse, 62; general remarks on, 104; Mr.
Rollett's opinion on the erosion of, 111; Lieut.
Parkes's survey, 112; increased deposit on, ib.;
recent archeological produots of, 203; strata
of, 204.
Chester bar, change in, 113.
Clayton, Mr. J., observations of on Brough-ander.

Staipmoor, 142.

Clicking,"legal definition of, 156.
Coffin, a, dug up in Merionethshire, 10.
Cohen, L., 289.
Coinage, change in, 179.
Coins &c., found at Brough, 144, 146; at Otters-

pool, 197, 199.
Coins.-11. Gothic or Tudor, 175; crowns, 177;

base coins, ib.; harp first used on Irish, ib.;
forged, ib.; date first struck on, 178; sove-
reigns, 178, 179; copper, 179; mill and screw
introduced, ib.; value of gold, 180; weights,
ib.; "siege pieces, 181; clipping, 182, 187;
Commonwealth, 182 ; Cromwell's, 183.

III. Simonian, 183; petition crown, 185;
change in style, 186; gun.money, 186; mint
marks on, 188; experiment in, ib.; Vigo,"ib.;
broad pieces, 190; last new, 191; Australian,

194.
Commonwealth, coins of the, 182.
Comparative account of the numerical strength

of the Society, 284.
COMPARISON

THE DIFFERENT ROUTES
PROPOSED POR AN ATLANTIC SUBMARINE

TELEGRAPH, 289.
Coode, Mr., on the wasting of the Cheshire

shore, 57, 111.
Cook, Mr. M. C., his book on the micro-fungi

noticed, 127.
Copper currency, first, 186.
“Crier of Claife,' the, legend of, 159.
Critchley, W., 289.
Cromwell, coins of, 183.

ОР

Culter excoriatorius, 289.
Culter secespita, 207.
Cunningham, Mr., his section of the Cheshire

sea coast, 47; thickness of strata, 119.
Cunaey, woods of, 169.
Currency, inferior, clamour against, 190.
Curwen family, notice of, 161.
Cust, Hon, Sir E., 271, 296.

D

Darwon, Over, ancient British remains described,

273.
Davies, J., 293.
Dawson, T., 286, 288, 289, 292, 293, 294.
Dee, delta of the, 115.
Denham's Mersey and Dee. 113.
De Perthes, the late J. B., 288.
DISCOVERY OF A ROMAN HOARD IN EAST LANCA-

SHIRE, 279, 291.
Domesday Book, 5.
Domestie implements found at Brough, 147.
Dove spit, change in, 116.

Green, W., his illustrations and " Guide to the

Lakes," noticed, 157.
Greenwood, H., 289.
Gregson's Fragments, 80, Ph.
Greta bridge, Roman camp near, noticed, 138.
Grizedale, 173.
Gun-money, 186.

н
Halsall, subterranean forest at, 11.
Hamilton G., 295.
Hammered Money, 187.
Hardwick, Charles, 273, 279, 287, 291.
Harrowslack wood, 163.
Hartley, the late Mr. Jesse, on Leasowe Share,

43; remarks on his note, 93, 291.
Hawkshead, account of the parish of, 153; bomely

names of places common in the district, 16.
Helminthosporiacese, list of, 134.
Henry VII, coins of, 176.
Henry VIII, coins of, 176; changes his title, 177;

buse coins of, ib.
High Wray, notice of, 159.
Hill, Samuel, 294.
Hoe, meaning of, 28, n.
Holden R., 292.
Horse trappings found at Brough, 147.
Hoylake, change in the sea coast at, 29; anti-

quities found at, 105.
Hoyle lake, changes in, 115, 116.
Hughes, J. R., 294.
Hume, Rev. Dr., 1, 286, 287, 288, 292, 295, 296, 297,

299.

E

Edinburgh, last coins struck in, 189.
Edmondson, Mr., 291.
Edward VI, coins of, 178.
Edwards, Dr., on the Cheshire sea coast, 50.
Eels, former abundance of at Leasowe, 17.
Elizabeth, queen, coins of, 178.
Elterwater, account of, 154.
Equestrian figure found on the Cheshire shore,

219.
Erysiphei, list of, 134.
Esthwaite hall, the birthplace of Archbishop

Sandys, 167.
Ethelwerd's Chronicle quoted, 281.
Eyes, Mr. E., on the Cheshire shore, 117.

F

I

Ireland, first copper coin of, 179.
Irish coins, harp first used on, 177.
Ironkeld, prospect from, 154.
Isle of Man, sovereignty of purchased, 191.
Iter Lancastrense, James's, 20, 27; 61, n.

J

Jacob, John G., 293.
James I, coins of, 179.

II. coins of, 186.
James's Iter Lancastrense, 20, 27; 61, n.
Jeffery, F. J., 175, 296,
Jewitt, Ll., 292, 295.

K

Ferry hotel, Windermere, sad anecdote in con-

nection with, 163.
Fires, story of two, 173.
Fir trees grow in bog, 23.
Florin, the, 193.
Forests of South Lancashire, 6; subterranean,

8; submarine, 15; classified, 18.
Formby Sea coast, 29, 32, 35; old churchyard,
74; disappearance of the village, 75; former
condition of the country, 76; « Fifteene
Booke," 78; personal names noticed, 80;

names of places, 82; directory, 83.
Forrest, J. A., 290.
Fungi assigned as the cause of the potato-disease,

129; the assertion questioned, ib.
FURTHER OBSERVATIONS ON THE ALLEGED

SUBMARINE FORESTS ON THE SHORES
LIVERPOOL BAY AND THE RIVER MERSEY, 89,
288. (See also, " Boult, Mr. J.," "Lancashire,"
“Cheshire" and "Leasowe" respectively.)

Kaye, Mr., on the Cheshire sea coast, 18; notice

of, 37.
Kendrick, Dr., Roman salt pans discovered by,

described, 199; mentioned, 289.
Kilkenny and $. E. of Ireland Archäological
Society, 295.

L

OF

G

Gastrell, Bishop, his Notitia, 44.
Geological Society, 292, 296.
George I, coins of, 189.

II, coins of, 190.

III, coins of, 190; buys the sovereignty
of the isle of Man, 191.

IV, coins of, 192.
Gibson, A. Craig, 153, 298.
Gibson, T. 292, 294.
Glass bead, 210.
Gold from Guinea, 185.
Gravestones on the Cheshire sea coast, 44; 108.
Graythwaite hall, notice of, 171.
Greenough, Mr., bis geological map of England, 8.

LAKBLAND OF LANCASHIRE, THE. No.II. HAWKS

HEAD PARISH, 153, 298.
Lalcaca, D. M., 291.
Lancashire, sea coast of, 2; forests of, 5; mosses
of, 25, 97'; sands of, 27; star grass, 20; origin

of local names, 80, n.
Larch, the, qualities of, 161.
Leaden tokens issued, 176.
Leasowe, burial ground at, 2; changes in the

sandhills at, 32; the old lighthouses, remains
of, ib.; ancient burying ground at, 36; church,

44, 94.
Leasowe Castle, farniture in of subterranean

oak, 11; its original use, 61.
Leasowe,' Sea coast of, 2; forests of, 7, 10 ; Sub-

marine forest, 15; sands, 27; stargrass, 29;
ancient burying ground, 36, 92; antiquities,
51, 55.

Leicestershire Architectural and Archæological

Society, 297.
Leigh's Lancashire, 105, n.
Leland, John, 20, 70, 96.
Limits of the Cheshire shore, 56; extent of

inroads on by the sea, ib., 109; increased de-
posits left on, 112.
Lincolnshire, Subterranean forests of, 10.
Liverpool, ancient forests round, 6; their extent,

7; turf and moss of, 12 ; former extent of moss
near, 25; earlier maps of, 30; new species of
micro-fungi discovered near, 130; archæolo.
gical objects found near, 195; natural history
of the district, 229; Ornithology and Oology,
235; botany, 254; disruption of soil near, 267;

system of dock extension questioned, ib.
Liverpool Chemists' Association, 296.
Liverpool Courier, extract from, respecting sea

encroachment at Leasowe, 36; remarks on, 93.
Liverpool Literary and Philosophical Society, 298.
Liverpool Polytechnic Society, 296.
Lloyd, Charles, notice of, 155.
London and Middlesex' Archeological Society,

295.
“ Lost Farm, The," 29.

Oak trees do not generally grow in bog, 22; this

statement questioned, 97, 98, 99.
ON AN EXTENSIVE COLLECTION OF BIRDS,

MADE DURING THE DUTCH LADIES' EXPEDI:

TION INTO CENTRAL AFRICA, 297.
ON SOME OF THE PROCESSES IN THE MANU-

FACTURE OF PUDDLED IRON, 294.
ON THE SKULL OF A WHALE AND OTHER

BONES FOUND AT LEASOWE, 297.
ORIGINAL LETTER, REFERRING TO THE PRE-

TENDER'S MARCH INTO ENGLAND, IN 1745,

271, 296,
Ormskirk, subterranean trees at, II.
Ornaments found at Brough, 146.
Otterspool, coins found at, 197, 199.

Р

M

Parkes, Lieut., his Survey of the Cheshire coast,

112.
Peat-moss, mode of formation of, 22.
“Petition crown," 185.
Pewter seals found at Brough, 147; found in the

Bug, 149.
Phillipson, the brothers, account of, 162.
Pilling Moss, 96, n.
Plantation, artificial, remains of at Hoylako, 33.
PRESENT STATE OF THE Science OF PHOTO-

GRAPHY AND ITS RELATIONS TO AKT, 290.
PRIMEVAL ANTIQUITIES OP

FURNESS AND
CARTHEL, 295.
Pucciniæi, list of, 131, 135.

Quaker's meeting-house at Oolthouse, 168.
Quarter guineas coined, 190.

R

McLeod, R. G., 127, 293.
McQuie, P. R., 2x9.
Maiden Castle, Leland's account of, 140.
Maiden way, the, notice of, 140.
Manchester Numismatic Society, 292.
Marshall, G. W., 294.
Mary, queen, coins of, 178.
Mastrelle, Philip, fate of, 179.
Mathison, W., 291.
Meols, 27.
Meols hall, notice of, 33.
Micro-fungi, the, popular nomenclature of, 127;

other remarks on, ib.; their ofhce in creation,
128; do they cause potato disease ?, 129; new
species recently discovered in Liverpool, 130.
MICROSCOPIC FUNGI OF THE LIVERPOOL Dis.

TRICT, 127, 293.
Mill and screw introduced in coining, 179.
Miller, Henry, 289.
Mint marks on coins, 188, 189.
Mints, various, 188, 189,
Miscellaneous Meeting, 299.
Moore, Rev. R. R., 295.
Moore, T. J., 293, 296, 297.
Mortimer, Mr., 18.
Morton, Mr. G. H., his Sections of the Cheshire

shore, 49.
Moss, instances of its terminological connection

with other words, 24 ; former extent of near
Liverpool, 25.
Mosses, remarks on, 21; in South Lancashire,

25, 97; remarks on by Mr. Boult, 26, 27; erup-
tion of, 108.

Race coarso at Leasowe, 60.
Rawlinson, family of, 170.
Rawlinson, Mr., on Leasowe shore, 43, 56.
RePORT OF THE COUNCIL, 283.
Rere cross, account of, 138.
Rollett, Mr., on the erosion of the Cheshire

coast, 111.
Roman camp near Greta bridge noticed, 138.
Roman hoard found near Bury, Lancashire, 280.
Romans, the, at Warrington, 53.
Royal Asiatic Society, 291.
Royal Astronomical Society, 290.
Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, 290.
Royal Dublin Society, 296.
Royal Geographical Society, 288, 292.
Royal Geological Society of Ireland, 293.
Royal Institution of Cornwall, 292.
Royal Irish Academy, 292, 293, 294, 297.
Royal Society, 288, 293, 295, 298.
Royal Society of Edinburgh, 290.
Rundell, W. W., 294.

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Natural History, Notabilia of, 229.
Negri Cristoforo, 286, 291.
Newton, hundred of, ancient forest in, 6.
New Zealand, subterranean forests of, 11.
Nimmo, Mr., on Leasowe shore, 37.
Norfolk and Norwich Archeological Society, 295.
NOTABILIA OF THE ARCHÆOLOGY AND NATURAL

HISTORY OF THE MERSEY DISTRICT, DURING
THREE YEARS, 1863-4-5, PART I, 195, 297 ;

PART II, 229, 297.
NOTICE OF A RECENT DISRUPTION OF SOIL BY

RIMROSE BROOK, 267, 295.
NUMISMATIC HISTORY OF ENGLAND, FROM 1066

TO THE PRESENT TIME. Part II, 175, 296.
(See COINS.)

Sahara, proposed inundation of low lands of, by

Sir Sydney Smith, 28.
Saline, Roman, 197.
Salt, on the manufacture of in early times, 201.
Salt pans, leade found at Nort

vich, 1992
Salt works, Roman, 197.
Sandhills in various parts of the world, notices

of, 28; the place so called near Liverpool, 30.
Sands, of Lancashire and Cheshire, 27; of Egypt,

29; of Scotland, 30.

Sydney, N. S. W., sovereigns coined at, 194.

T

Teesdale's map of Lancashire, 74.
TELEGRAPH:-ON THE PRESENT EXTENT OF TSL
TELEGRAPH IN THE DIFFERENT COUNTRIES

OF THE WORLD, 290.
Tinne, J. A., 288.
Tombstones on the Cheshire shore, 44, 108.
Towson, J. T., 289, 292, 297.
Traill, Dr., on the Cheshire sea shore, 117.
Trees, the various soils preferred by different,102.
Tuberculariaceæ, list of, 134.

U
United States Secretary of the Treasury, 290.
“ Unit," value of, 180.
Urns, burial, found at Over Darwen, 274 ; et
Extwistle, 277; near Bury, Lancashire, 279.

V

Vancouver Exploration Committee, 294.
Verteræ, 137 ; 142.
Victoria, coins of, 192; Gothic crown of, ib.;

Florin of, 193.
“Vigo" coin, 188.

W

Sand storm, description of a, 31.
Sandys, Archbishop, account of, 167.
Sansom, T., 285, 292.
Satterthwaite, account of, 172; school, ib.
Sawrey, “This" and “ The Other," noticed, 164;

account of Sawrey school, 165.
Saxon Chronicle, 281.
Scotland, changes in the sea-coast of, 32.
Scotland, coins of, 179.
Sculthorpe, Rev. H. C., 299.
Seaforth, remains of subterranean forest at, 17;

dangerous sands at, 269.
Seals, pewter, found at Brough, 147; found in

the Bug, 149.
Seven shilling pieces, 190.
" Siege-pieces," 181.
Silver coinage, new, of William and Mary, cost

of, 187.
Simon, his petition crown, 185.
Smith, Mr. C. Roach, on Verteræ, 143; on pew.

ter seals, 148, 149, 150; mentioned, 287,
Smith, Mr. H. E., his section of Leasowe sex

shore, 54, 204; author of papers &c., 137, 195,

229, 267, 286, 291, 293, 294, 295, 297, 298.
Smith, Mr. J. P. G., his section of the Cheshire

sea coast described, 46; his description of, 99;

thickness of strata, 119.
Smith, Sir Sydney, his proposal to inundate the

low lands of the Sahara, 28.
Smithsonian Institution, 290.
"Smiggery," meaning of the term, 18.
Sniggery wood, account of, 33.
Bociété Archéologique de l'Orléanais, 295.
Société d'Emulation du Département de l'Allier,

291. (See Brough.)
Société d'Histoire et d'archéologie de Genève, 298.
Bociété Impériale d'Emulation d'Abbeville, 299.
Society of Antiquaries, 286.
Society of Arts, 298.
SOME INTERESTING FEATURES OF A NEGLECTED

ROMAN STATION, BROUGH-UNDER-STAINMOOR,

137, 29).
Somersetshire Archæological Society, 289.
Sovereigns, Australian, 194.
Spearhead found at Over Darwen, 275.
Sphæriacei, list of, 135.
Sphagnum, 22.
Stainmoor, desolate character of, 138.
Stargras3, compulsory plantation of, 29.
" Station, The," near Windermere, 164.
Statistical Society, 287, 293, 298.
Stevenson, Mr., on Leasowe shore, 19, 37, 41.
Stonehouse, J., 294.
Surrey Archeological Society, 294.
Sussex Archæological Society, 292.
Swift, Dean, on the Coinage, 188.

Wallasey, formerly two churches at, 44; ques

tioned. 94.
Warrington, Baines's description of, 98.
Waterhouse, N., 287, 291.
Weapons found at Brough. 147.
Weaver, the, Roman salt works Dear, 197.
Wells at Leasowe, notice of, 60.
Westminster, tbe dean of, 293.
Wilderspool, Roman remains at, 105.
Wilkinson, T. T., 290.
William and Mary, coins of, 187; new silver

coinage of, ib.
William de Meles, seal of, found on the Cheshire

shore, 55.
William IV, coins of, 192.
Winwick, Baines's description of, 98.
Wood, R. H., 289.
Wray Castle described, 158.
Wright, J. P., 291.

Y
Yorkshire, subterranean forests of, 10.
Young, Arthur, on a Lancashire road, 61 n.

FINIS.

T. BRAKELL, PRINTER, LIVERPOOL.

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