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settlement, she continued to promulsioners also sent a party by water to gate her doctrines with the utmost found a port at the mouth of the river ardor. Her sons, openly arraigning which, since Lord Say and Sele, and the justice of her banishment, were Lord Brooke, were proprietaries, was seized and thrown into prison. To fly called Saybrook. Exposed to trouble beyond the reach of persecution, the in consequence of the jealousy maniwhole family passed over into the ter- fested by the Dutch towards the colritory of the Dutch, at the time when ony, it was besides placed in great Kieft, the governor, had aroused by

the first soft, warm month of the New England year, his rashness and cruelty vindictive Mr. Hooker, with his assistant, Mr. Stone, and folreprisals on the part of the Indians. lowed by about one hundred men, women, and chil

dren, set out upon the long contemplated journey. The dwelling of Mrs. Hutchinson was

Over mountains, through swamps, across rivers, fordset on fire, and she either perished with ing, or upon rafts

, with the compass to point out their her children-except a little grand- irregular way, slowly they moved westward ; now in

the open spaces of the forest, where the sun looked daughter-amidst the flames, or was

in ; now under the shade of the old trees; now murdered by the infuriated savages. struggling through the entanglement of bushes and This sad event occurred in October, vines---driving their flocks and herds before them1643.

the strong supporting the weak, the old caring for the

young, with hearts cheerful as the month, slowly they A permanent settlement had been moved on. Mrs. Hooker was ill, and was borne formed in the valley of the Connecticut gently upon a litter. A stately, well-ordered journey

it was, for gentlemen of fortune and rank were of some years before.* A large

the company, and ladies who had been dolicately body now prepared to push bred, and who had known little of toil or liardship through the forest to the desired spot until now. But they endured it with the sweet alawhere the towns of Hartford, Windsor, crity that belongs

alone to woman, high-toried and

gentle, when summoned by a voice whose call can and Wethersfield were founded. The not be resisted, to lay aside the trappings of ease, and expedition was attended with many to step from a fortune that she once adorned, to a hardships, being undertaken too late

level that her presence ennobles. The howl of the

wolf, his stealthy step among the rustling leaves, the in the year. The cattle perished, pro- sighing of the pines, the roar of the mountain torvisions failed, and many returned rent, losing itself in echoes sent back from rock and through the snows to the place whence hill, the smoking ruins of the Indian council-firewall

forcing upon the mind the oppressive sense of solitathey had set out. Next year a riness and danger, the more dreaded because unseen

larger body, consisting of the -all these the wife, the mother, the daughter, enmembers of the two churches, with countered, with a calm trust that they should one

day see the wilderness blossom as the rose. their ministers, one of whom was end of about two weeks, they reached the land alHooker, made their way through the most fabulous to them---so long had hope and fancy wilderness, by aid of the compass

, driv- been shaping to their minds pictures of an ideal love

liness-the valley of the Connecticut. It lay at ing their cattle before them through their feet, beneath the shadow of the low-browed the tangled thickets.f The Commis- hills, that tossed the foliage of their trees in billows,

且 1635.


At the

heaving for miles away to the east and west, as the

breath of June touched them with life. It lay, hold* The Indian name Connecticoota, signifies “ Long ing its silvery river in its embrace, like a strong bow River."

half bent in the hands of the swarthy hunter, who † Mr. Hollister thus pleasantly enlarges upon this still called himself lord of its rich acres.”_-Holliseventful journey :-"About the beginning of June, ter's History of Connecticut,” vol. i., p. 29.









peril from the hostility of the neigh- of the Narragansetts, offered ample boring Indians.

apology for a crime committed withThe Pequod war was, perhaps, the out his knowledge; but the magistrates inevitable result of the suspicions and and ministers thought something furfears of the Indians, and the apprehen-ther was required at their hands. Acsions of the colonists of sudden attack cordingly, an expedition, under comand massacre similar to that to which mand of Endicott, consisting of ninety the settlers in Virginia had been sub- men, was sent to punish the Block jected. It was but natural that the na- Islanders, and thence to go to the Petives should dislike the progress of the quods to demand the delivery of the white men's settlements, and meditate, murderers of Stone, and a thousand at least, upon measures for arresting fathoms of wampum for damagestheir advance; on the other hand, the equivalent to from three to five thoucolonists were constantly on their guard, sand dollars. After burning the wigand determined to punish relentlessly wams, and destroying the standing the first symptoms of aggression. The corn of the Indians on Block Pequods were, at this date, the most Island, Endicott sailed to Fort powerful confederacy in the neighbor- Saybrook, and marched thence to the hood of Narragansett Bay, and held Pequod River. The Indians refusing authority over twenty-six petty tribes. his demands, he burned their villages, ,

A band of them had murdered both there and on the Connecticut, and

one Stone, a drunken and dis- returned to Boston without the loss of solute master of a Virginia trading a single man. vessel, which, exciting some alarm in The Pequods, enraged at what they Massachusetts, the Pequods sent to Bos- deemed an unprovoked attack, retalton and stated that the deed had been iated in every way in their power, killhastily committed, in revenge for some ing, during the winter, about thirty provocation on the part of Stone and in all, and endeavored to engage the his crew.

Beside offering to give up Narragansetts in an alliance to cut off the murderers, they begged the inter- every white man from the soil. Hapvention of the magistrates to effect a pily, through the intervention of Roger reconciliation with their enemies the Williams, who had sent timely inforNarragansetts, and desired to open a mation to the Massachusetts magistraffic. The apology was accepted, and trates, this dreaded coalition was prethe mediation asked for accomplished; vented, and the good will, or at least, but the murderers, from inability or the neutrality, of the Narragansetts some other cause, were not delivered was secured. up. Not long after, an old settler on At a special session of the General Block Island, named Oldham, was mur- Court, held early in December, 1636, dered by a party of Indians, probably the militia were organized into three in revenge for his opening a trade with regiments, and officers were appointed the Pequods. Canonicus, the sachem in the respective grades. Watches


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were ordered to be kept, and travel body, were panic-struck, and most of lers were to go armed. No active them retreated. The catastrophe canmeasures were taken until the spring not be better described than in the

of 1637, in consequence main words of an early historian of Con

ly of the ferment and trouble necticut: arising out of Mrs. Hutchinson's case, “ After marching under the guidance of which we have spoken on a previous of a revolted Pequod to the vicinity of page. Orthodoxy having triumphed, the principal fort, they pitched their vigorous attention was directed to the little camp between, or near, two large Pequod war, and a considerable force rocks, in Groton, since called Porter's was raised to send into the field. But rocks. The men were faint and weary, the decisive battle had been fought be- and though the rocks were their pilfore the arrival of the Massachusetts lows, their rest was sweet. The guards troops. The Connecticut towns, early and sentinels were considerably adin May, having obtained the alliance of vanced in front of the army, and heard Uncas, sachem of the Mohegans, the the enemy singing at the fort, who congreater part of the able-bodied men, tinued their rejoicings even until mid--ninety in number-under the com- night. They had seen the vessels pass mand of John Mason, who had been a the harbor some days before, and had soldier in Flanders, prepared for their concluded that the English were afraid, departure. It was a perilous crisis; and had no courage to attack them. should they fail in the enterprise, the The night was serene, and towards infant settlement, left without defend- morning the moon shone clear. The ers, would fall into the power of their important crisis was now come, when vindictive enemies—their wives and the very existence of Connecticut, unchildren would be ruthlessly scalped. der Providence, was to be determined The night of May 10th was spent in sol. by the sword in a single action, and to cmn prayer. On the morrow the mi- be decided by the good conduct of less litia embarked at Hartford, and be than eighty brave men. The Indians ing joined by twenty men, sent some- who remained were now sorely distime before from Boston, under the mayed, and though at first they had command of Underhill, sailed past the led the van, and boasted of great feats, Thames, and entered, unobserved, a yet were now fallen back in the rear. harbor in the vicinity of the Pequod About two hours before day, the men fort. They rested on the following were roused with all expedition, and, Lord's Day, and early in the week en- briefly commending themselves and deavored to engage the assistance of their cause to God, advanced immethe Narragansetts, whose sachem, Mian-diately to the fort, and sent for the Intonimoh, at first joined them with two dians in the rear to come up. Uncas hundred warriors, who, on learning that and Obequash at length appeared. the intention of the English was to at- The captain demanded of them where tack the Pequod forts with so small a | the fort was. They answered, on the


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top of the hill. He demanded of defence. The captain and his men them where were the other Indians. entered the wigwams, where they were They answered that they were much beset with many Indians, who took afraid. The captain sent to them not every advantage to shoot them, and to fly, but to surround the fort at any lay hands upon them, so that it was distance they pleased, and see whether with great difficulty that they could Englishmen would fight. The day was defend themselves with their swords. nearly dawning, and no time was now After a severe conflict, in which

many to be lost. The men pressed on in two of the Indians were slain, some of the divisions, Captain Mason to the north- English killed, and others sorely woundeastern, and Underhill to the western ed, the victory still hung in suspense. entrance. As the object which they | The captain, finding himself much exhad been so long seeking came into hausted, and out of breath, as well as view, and while they reflected that his men, by the extraordinary exertions they were to fight not only for them which they had made in this critical selves, but their parents, wives, chil- state of action, had recourse to a sucdren, and the whole colony, the martial cessful expedient. He cries out to his spirit kindled in their bosoms, and they men, 'We must burn them ! He imwere wonderfully animated and assisted. mediately, entering a wigwam, took fire As Captain Mason advanced within a and put it into the mats with which rod or two of the fort, a dog barked, the wigwams were covered. The fire and an Indian roared out,— Owanux ! instantly kindling, spread with such Owanux ! that is, Englishmen! English- violence, that all the Indian houses men! The troops pressed on, and as the were soon wrapped in one general Indians were rallying, poured in upon flame. As the fire increased, the Eng. them through the palisadoes, a general lish retired without the fort, and comdischarge of their muskets, and then passed it on every side. Uncas and his wheeling off to the principal entrance, Indians, with such of the Narragansetts entered the fort sword in hand. Not as yet remained, took

as yet remained, took courage from the withstanding the suddenness of the at- example of the English, and formed tack, and the blaze and thunder of the another circle in the rear of them. arms, the enemy made a manly and des- The enemy were now seized with asperate resistance. Captain Mason and tonishment; and, forced by the flames his party drove the Indians in the main from their lurking-places into open street towards the west part of the fort, light, became a fair mark for the Engwhere some bold men, who had forced lish soldiers. Some climbed the palitheir way, met them, and made such sadoes, and were instantly brought slaughter among them, that the street down by the fire of English muskets. was soon clear of the enemy. They Others, desperately sallying forth from secreted themselves in and behind their their burning cells, were shot, or cut to wigwams, and, taking advantage of pieces with the sword. Such terror every covert, maintained an obstinate fell upon them, that they would run


back from the English into the very party easily made good their retreat to flames. Great numbers perished in the Pequod harbor, now New London. The conflagration. The greatness and vio- wounded were sent by water, and Malence of the fire, the reflection of the son marched his troops to Saybrook, light, the flashing and the roar of the where he was received with a discharge arms, the shrieks and yellings of the of artillery. men, women, and children, in the fort, The work of extermination thus beand the shouting of the Indians with gun by the Connecticut soldiers was, in out, just at the dawning of the morn- conjunction with the Massachuing, exhibited a grand and awful scene. setts forces, carried forward to In little more than an hour, this whole its completion during the summer. The work of destruction was finished. Se- Pequods were hunted from their hiding venty wigwams were burnt, and five or places in the swamps; their forts were six hundred Indians perished, either by destroyed; the warriors were killed ; the sword, or in the flames. A hun- the women and children were distridred and fifty warriors had been sent buted as slaves among the colonists; on the evening before, who, that very Sassacus, their head sachem, having fled morning, were to have gone forth to the Mohawks, was murdered by against the English. Of these and all them, at the instigation of the Narrawho belonged to the fort, seven only gansetts; and the adult male prisoners escaped, and seven were made prison- were sold into slavery in the West Iners. It had been previously concluded dies. It was reckoned that about nine not to burn the fort, but to destroy the hundred of the Pequods had been enemy, and take the plunder; but the killed or taken; and the few that had captain afterwards found it the only escaped and were scattered among the expedient, to obtain the victory and Narragansetts and Mohegans, were forsave his men. Thus parents and chil-ever forbidden to call themselves Pedren, the sannap and squaw, the old quods. The colonists regarded their man and the babe, perished in promis- successes in this war of destruction of

the “ bloody heathen” as ample proof At the close of this unrelenting mas- of Divine approbation; and with characsacre, a new body of the Pequods from teristic self-complacency, they furnished the other villages, were found to be fast numerous quotations out of the Old approaching. Filled with rage at the Testament to justify every thing which sight of their ruined habitations and they had done. Truly, one might well slaughtered companions, they rushed here repeat the wish of pious Robinfuriously upon the white men; but it son, “Would that you had converted was in vain; the destructive fire arms some to the truth before you had killed soon checked them, and Mason and his any !"

The Pequods having been exter* Trumbull's “ History of Connecticut," vol. i., p. minated, the attention of the ministers

and magistrates was next turned to the

cuous ruin."*


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