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The affair with Jumonville-True account

227
Obliged to capitulate at Fort Necessity.

228
Thanks of the Assembly to Washington

228
Plan of union and confederation ...

228
Levy of troops called for-Dieskau's force

229
Ill usage of colonial officers .

229
Braddock commander-in-chief.

229

Braddock's character and conduct

230

Franklin's conversation with Braddock

230

Washington serves as aid-de-camp.

231
His urgent advice rejected by Braddock.

231
Troops routed by Indians and French in ambush... 232
Death of Braddock ....

232

Washington's preservation-Panic of the army 232

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Collision inevitable

308

Ignorance in England of the spirit and energy of

Americans—The king's message

309

The Boston port bill— Boston to be punished.. 310

Bill for regulating government of Massachusetts ... 310

Chatham's and Burke's opposition

311

Gage, governor of Massachusetts.

311

Views of a town meeting held in Boston.

312

Quincy's “ Observations on the Boston Port Bill” .. 312

Action of the Virginia House of Burgesses.

313

Washington's views and course

313

A general congress recommended..

313

Delegates to general congress appointed

315

Port of Boston closed on the 1st of June

316

“Solemn League and Covenant”

316

Other coercive measures put in force.

316

Preparation for probable collision.

317

Gage fortifies Boston Neck...

317

Recent acts virtually nullified.

318

Meeting of the First CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

318

Illustrious men among its members...

319

Henry's and Lee's speeches-Prayers daily

319

The “ Declaration of Colonial Rights”.

320

Measures resolved upon by Congress

324

Ability of the papers issued by Congress.

325

Preparation for war-Boston at this time

326

Proceedings of Congress generally approved.

327

Lord North's course---Silly braggadocio .

328

The king's feelings-Chatham's eloquent speech 329

Course pursued by Parliament

333

North's conciliatory plan-Burke's and Hartley's 333, 334

Gage's course-His force in Boston.

384

His rash procedure-Battle of Lexington

335

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER XII,

I. An Association signed by eighty-nine mem-

bers of the late House of Burgesses

337

II. Address to the People of Great Britain ..... 338

III. Address to the Inhabitants of the Anglo-Amer-

ican Colonies

342

IV. Petition to the King

348

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Repeal of the stamp act acceptable

279
Conway's circular letter ...

279

Governor Bernard's offensive course

280

Change of feeling in America....

280

Eminent statesmen and orators of the day

281
Pendleton, Bland, Wythe, R. H. Lee, Jefferson 281
S. Adams, Hancock, Cushing, Bowdoin, Quincy, etc 282
Rutledge, Gadsden, Laurens, Ramsay

285
Change in the English ministry.

285
Townshend urged on by Grenville to tax America . 286
M. Guizot's statements-“ Letters of a Farmer” 286, 287
Petition to the king.

287
Bernard's course-

rse-Spirit of the Assembly. 288, 289
Case of the sloop Liberty..

289
Excitement in Boston caused by impressment

290
Arrival of the troops--Indignation of the Bostonians 291
The general court refuse to act....

292
Progress of the dispute with Bernard

292
Course pursued by other colonies .

293
Right of taxation still maintained.

293
Vacillating course of the English ministry

294
Reconciliation hardly possible..

294
The “ Boston massacre"-Trial of Preston, etc. 295, 296

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BOOK THIRD.

FROM THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE TO THE TREATY OF PEACE.

CHAPTER 1.

1776.

EVENTS OF THE WAR DURING 1776.

The Declaration of Independence read to the army. 421

How received in New York....

422

Course pursued by Congress

422

Necessity of some articles of confederation

423

Defence of New York to be provided for

423

Arrival of the British under the Howes

423

Proclamation of the English commissioners.

423

Attempt at communication with Washington. 424

American operations in Canada.....

425

Naval battle on Lake Champlain

426

Carleton's failure to advance southwardly.

427

Jealousies and quarrels-Washington's rebuke..... 428

4

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Retreat continued--Lee's capture..

442, 443
British movements in Rhode Island

444
Washington's nobleness of character

445

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER I.

Judge Drayton's remarks on Lord and General

Howe's Declaration...

446

Schuyler's efforts to retard Burgoyne's advance.. · 490

Reinforcements sent to the north ....

491

Burgoyne's slow progress-Difficulties in his way.. 491
Sends an expedition against Bennington...

492
Zeal of Langdon--Stark in command

492, 493
Baum defeated-St. Leger on the Mohawk.. 494, 495
Invests Fort Stanwix-Battle near Oriskany

496
Arnold's stratagem--British retreat..

496, 497
Gates appointed over Schuyler .

498
Gates's correspondence with Burgoyne

498
Death of Miss McCrea...

499
Burgoyne crosses the Hudson--Battle at Stillwater. 500
Crisis in affairs-Second battle--Sharp contest.... 501
Fraser's death-Lady Ackland's heroism..

502

Burgoyne attempts to retreat--Capitulation... 503, 504

Clinton on the Hudson-Vandalism of Vaughan 505, 506

Botta's remarks--Americans kind to the foe... 507, 508

Congress refuse to allow British troops to embark.. 508

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER III.

I. Burgoyne's Proclamation, etc

509

Poetic version of the proclamation..

511

II. Extract from Gates's and Burgoyne's corres-

pondence.

513

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Committee on foreign relations .....

451

Franklin's letter to Dumas. Deane in Paris ... 451, 452

Extent to which France was willing to go

453

Progress of negotiations-Position of Congress. 454, 455

Washington's letter to the president of Congress... 455

Vast powers conferred on him

456

Action of Parliament

457

Surprise and capture of the Hessians at Trenton ... 459

Effects of this success

460

Washington's retreat and attack on Princeton 461

General Mercer's death-Proclamation

462, 463

Botta's eulogy on Washington...

464

Excesses and abominations of war

464

Similar excesses on the side of the Americans.

466

Sufferings of the prisoners in New York..

466

British attack on Peekskill and on Danbury.... 469

General Wooster's death_Success at Sag Harbor .. 469

Washington's arrangements to meet Howe.

470

Howe attempts to surprise Washington.

471

New Jersey evacuated by the British

471

Preparations in New York for a naval expedition.. 471

Washington's first interview with Lafayette.. 471

Seizure of General Prescott....

472

British fleet enter the Chesapeake

472

Washington determines to defend Philadelphia 473

Battle of the Brandywine-Wayne surprised.. 473-475

Fresh powers conferred on Washington...

475

Hamilton's activity-.Philadelphia abandoned 475

Battle of Germantown

476

British efforts to clear the Delaware

478

Howe's offer of battle declined--Approach of winter 479

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER II.

I. Letter from General Robertson, and Governor

Livingston's Reply..

480

II. Charge of John Jay, Esq., to the Grand Jury. 481

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Book First

FROM THE

DISCOVERY OF AMERICA

TO THE

ACCESSION OF WILLIAM III.

1492–1689.

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