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Orange in England reached Boston by the magistracy, Henry Bull, an enerway of Virginia. Outraged by the high- getic Quaker, was prevailed upon to handed measures of Andros, the news accept the post of governor. caused great excitement. Andros, af- In Massachusetts there was some fecting to disbelieve it, undertook to difference of opinion as to the wisdom imprison those who brought the infor- of resuming the Charter. The majormation. But the spirit of the people ity of the people seemed to wish it, was fully roused. On the 18th of April, but the Council of Safety did not like as the commander of the Rose frigate, to commit themselves to the measure. which the governor had in the harbor, It was thought best therefore to wait was stepping on shore he was seized by a while, and send additional agents to the crowd. The sheriff, endeavoring England in behalf of the colony. Ashto disperse the mob, was similarly urt, Cooke, and Oates, were commistreated. The whole town was in com- sioned to act with Increase Mather in motion. The militia gathered together England for Massachusetts. and formed under their old leaders ; the Although the news of William's acship’s barge was intercepted, as it came cession had reached Virginia first of all, off to rescue Andros, who had fled for the Council were slow to act upon it; safety to the fort, against which the and, notwithstanding the wishes guns of the battery were turned by the of the people, who were a good people. Andros, obliged to submit, was deal roused by apprehensions of a poforth with conducted to prison. Simon pish dynasty, the Council delayed till Bradstreet, now at the advanced age near the end of May before they proof eighty-seven, who had already hon-claimed William and Mary “Lord and orably distinguished himself in office, Lady of Virginia." happening to appear at this conjunc- In Maryland, too, there was a rising, ture, was pronounced governor by gen- directed especially against the Roman eral acclamation. This sudden move- Catholic rule. A rumor was put in ment, by which the castle and frigate circulation that those in authority had fell into the hands of the insurgents, combined with the Indians—with whom was fully sustained by the popula- a treaty had been renewed in Marchtion of the surrounding country, who to massacre all the Protestants.* John rapidly flocked into Boston to the assistance of their brethren in the city. *“ The history of the Protestant revolution in 1689 The news flew rapidly to Plymouth, dence upon the records of the English government to

has never yet been fully written. But there is eviRhode Island, and Connecticut, where show it was the result of a panic, produced by one similar risings took place. Connecticut of the most dishonorable falsehoods which has ever brought forth her Charter from its hid- disgraced any religious or any political party--by the ing place, and Robert Treat was cho- formed a conspiracy with the Indians, to massacre the sen governor; and in Rhode Island, Protestants !"-See Mr. George Lynn-Lachlan Davis's though some difficulty was experienced

Day-Star of American Freedom," p. 87. We regret

that this eloquent and high-toned work, vindicating in finding the men willing to assume

story, in a few words, that the Roman Catholics had

the claim of the Roman Catholic founder and freemen

موعدن تمنعت متحرم محمد مهم تكبد عند عند مدت ملا۔

- LUNA Litir:

لمهندسة نينتنمتحن تييت

ويمتد سيتم تجدید بیع عیب مدن توننقهتتعميمه.. ضعيه عند بعتهشمنديممکعب : د. به مع

دهه سیمه - مع ععمعمعععععععععععنمممهههمrn يهيد، جميعهميع مميحي يدعمها بعدن بالجامعه معیلعت عهده ی تخمهه عهده شبکه جمشید میشن

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Coode a confederate in Fendal's insur- England, and the people enthusiasticrection, took the lead, and an armed ally rose to proclaim his authority. " Association for the Defence of the Pro-1 Jacob Leisler, a merchant of New York,

testant Religion” was formed and senior captain of the five free com

The delays on the part of the panies, under Bayard as colonel, was Council, in proclaiming William and persuaded by the people, who tumulMary, favored the designs of Coode, tuously rushed to his house, to take the and caused general dissatisfaction. head of affairs, for it was rumored that Coode and his confederates called a there was a plot on foot, and a scheme Convention, which met in August, to murder all who favored the new and proceeded to depose Lord Balti- king's accession. A provisional govmore and proclaim the new king and ernment was fixed upon, and Leisler, queen in Maryland. An address was charged with all authority till orders also transmitted to convey their con- should come from the king, proceeded gratulations on the accession of William to proclaim their majesties by sound of and Mary; and for some three years trumpet. The “loyal and noble Captain the people of Maryland, by the ill ad- Leisler” next addressed a letter to the vised assent of William to the insur- king, giving an account of his proceedrection, were subjected to the tyran- ings and the reasons moving him therenous exaction of those who had seized to. Bayard, finding his authority gone, upon the reins of government. Truly, and Nicholson the lieutenant-governor it would seem, as Chalmers surmises, being in the same predicament, retired that William “ did not reflect, because to Albany, where they held out against his mind was occupied only with Leisler and his party. The calamitous schemes of influence and conquest; that, fall and ruin of Schenectady led to the in order to gain present power, he gave submission of the malcontents to their his assent to transactions, which, while hated opponent, and they called on him they deprived an individual of his rights for aid and support. The king did not contrary to law, engendered a spirit of answer Leisler's letter; but appointed, revolt, that, in after times, would shake in 1689, Colonel Henry Sloughter as the throne on which he then sat." *

governor of New York. Sloughter, howNew York was also, at this date, the ever, did not arrive till March, 1691, scene of great political excitement and when he was induced by Ingoldsby, commotion. The ardent spirit of Protes- captain of the troops which had tantism was aroused by the news that reached New York before the William of Orange was now king of new governor, to arrest Leisler and put

him upon trial before his bitter enethe noblest sense, in that province, was not published mies. By an insolent mockery of jusuntil after we had prepared the former pages of our tice, Leisler and Milbourne his son-in

law and principal associate, were con* “ Introduction to the History of the Revolt of demned to death as rebels and traitors. the American Colonies," vol. i., p. 205.

Sloughter hesitated to order the execu

of Maryland to the having established toleration, in

history, wherein we should have been glad to have eno joyed Mr. Davis's assistance.

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tion of a man who had distinguished affected by the untimely fate of his sonhimself by his zeal in the cause of king in-law, died protesting his loyalty and William and the Protestant succession; integrity. Some years later, the bill of but they who were bent upon Leisler's attainder was reversed and the estates death, sought and obtained the signa- restored to the rightful heirs; and it is ture of the fatal warrant when Sloughter now generally conceded, that whatever was in his cups after dinner. Leisler's of error, haste, or ignorance Leisler disenemies plied the licentious and needy played, he himself was judicially murSloughter with wine. 6 The carouse | dered. went on; a cold storm of sleet and The king of England presuming that rain, such as often makes a May day the northern colonies were more than miserable. in our climate, raged with a match for their French neighbors, out. But, though those charged with rejected at once a proposition on the the fatal missive had slipped away part of Louis XIV. for a neutrality befrom the revel, and conveyed it, as tween their respective colonies. There quietly as possible to the sheriff, yet was no alternative consequently, and the soldiers of Ingoldsby, who were the war broke out with fury on both drawn up to overawe the populace, sides. gave note to them of the dreadful act Immediately upon the declaration of that was about to be consummated. war between England and France beThey thronged around the place of ex- coming known in America, the Baron ecution, which, I may mention—for the Castin found it an easy task to urge benefit of New Yorkers-was at the the eastern Indians to hostilities. At lower end of what has been since called the close of the war with Philip of Pothe Park, where the spray of the Foun- kanoket some thirteen years before, a tain has succeeded the blood-stain of the body of three hundred Indians had martyr. Leisler and Milbourne stood been treacherously seized and sold into there upon the scaffold together; and slavery, after they had agreed to peace. there too, within hearing of their voices, This transaction took place at stood more than one of those who had the house of Major Waldron, at brought them to this pass. The high Dover, and a deep scheme was now laid spirit of Milbourne could hardly brook by the Indians to avenge it. Suspicions the insulting presence of men to whom of some sinister proceeding on the part he owed this fate of ignominy; and, of the Indians had been thrown out to turning to one gentleman, whom he Waldron, which however he only dedeemed personally most hostile to rided, merely telling those who sughimself; he exclaimed, 'Robert Living- gested them “to go and plant their ston, I will implead thee at the bar of pumpkins, for he would tell them when heaven for this deed !" "* Leisler, deeply the Indians would break out."

very eve of the attack, being told with

uneasiness that the town was full of See C. F. Hoffman's “ Administration of Jacob Leisler," Sparks's American Biography, vol. iii., p. 227. them, he replied, “ that he knew the


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save one.


Indians very well, and there was no About the middle of October, Count danger whatever.” According to the Frontenac arrived in Canada, having common practice, during times of peace, been reappointed governor, and bringthe Indians, who traded with the inhab- ing with him the Indians who had been itants, used to seek for and obtain a carried to France as prisoners, and also night's lodging. On this evening two abundant supplies of galleys and troops. squaws applied for leave to sleep by Though a man now sixty-eight years the hearth, which was readily granted old, Count Frontenac was full of vigor at Waldron's and all the other houses and energy, and he determined to

When the household was invade New York by land and sea; sunk in sleep, they arose, opened the and accordingly he fitted out three doors, and giving an appointed signal, war parties to visit upon the English the Indians quietly stole in, set a guard the same misery and suffering which at the door, and rushed into an inner Canada had recently experienced at room in which the major slept. The the hands of the Iroquois, those firm old man, now aged eighty, aroused by allies of the Frenchman's enemies. the noise, started up, and seizing his Schenectady was the point first desword bravely drove his assailants back voted to destruction. An expedition, through one or two apartments, until consisting of a hundred and ten men, stunned by a blow from a hatchet, he set out in the bitter month was secured and dragged out, and seated of January, from Cagnawaga, in an arm chair upon the hall table. nearly opposite Montreal on the St.

Judge Indians now!" insultingly ex- Lawrence: they were mostly converted claimed his captors; and then each man Mohawks, under the command of drawing his knife, and scoring deep French officers. For twenty-two days gashes across his naked breast, exclaim- they toiled through the heavy snows, ed—“ Thus I cross out my account.” | enduring every species of hardship, Cruelly mangled, and spent with loss of intent only on blood, until, on the 8th blood, he rolled heavily from the table, of February, they reached the neighand one of his tormentors held his own borhood of Schenectady.

This was sword under him as he fell which ter- a small Dutch village on the Mohawk, minated his bitter agony. Twenty consisting of some forty houses, and others were killed ; twenty-nine were though protected by a palisade the carried off prisoners; and the village gates were unguarded, and at midnight was burned.

This was in the latter the people slept profoundly. Distance part of June, 1689. In August and from the French frontier and the September, several attacks were made severity of the winter had rendered on different points, as Pemaquid and them, as they thought, secure from Casco, which latter was repulsed by attack; but they were most fearfully Church, the famous partisan in King roused to a sense of their fatal neglect. Philip's war. All the settlements fur- The savage war-whoop thrilled every ther east were broken up.


heart. There was no time to think of

A Tour 41




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concerted resistance. The French and oldest boy, a lad of about five years of Indians had stolen into the town in age, along with them, for he was still several bodies, the door of every dwell at the door by my side. My middle ing was instantly beset and burst open, little boy, who was about three years and amidst the shrieks of women and of age, had by this time obtained a children every atrocity was perpetrated situation by the fire in the house, and that the vengeful cruelty of the Indian was crying bitterly to me not to go, savage could suggest. Men, women, and making bitter complaints of the and children fell under the tomahawk depredations of the savages. in a promiscuous massacre; sixty were “But these monsters were not willing killed on the spot; twenty-seven were to let the child remain behind them; taken prisoners; the village was set on they took him by the hand to drag him fire; and by the flames of their own along with them, but he was so very homes, the remnant, a small body of unwilling to go, and made such a noise miserable half-naked fugitives, hurried by crying, that they took him up by away, in the midst of a driving the feet, and dashed his brains out snow-storm, towards Albany, spreading against the threshold of the door. terror and confusion among the people They then scalped and stabbed him, by their account of the savage fury and left him for dead. When I witwhich had fallen upon their ruined nessed this inhuman butchery of my homes.

own child, I gave a most indescribable The second war party sent out by and terrific scream, and felt a dimness Frontenac consisted of only fifty-two come over my eyes next to blindness, persons. They set out from Three and my senses were nearly gone. The Rivers, a village about half way from savage then gave me a blow across my Montreal to Quebec, and made their head and face, and brought me to my way by the St. Francis, and the val- sight and recollection again. During ley of the upper Connecticut to Salmon the whole of this agonizing scene, I Falls, a village on the main branch of the kept my infant in my arms. Piscataqua. Falling suddenly upon it “As soon as their murder was effect(March 27th) they killed most of the ed, they marched me along to the top male inhabitants, burned their houses, of the bank. Here I beheld another and carried off fifty-four prisoners, hard scene, for as soon as we had chiefly women and children. These landed, my little boy, who was still they drove before them into the wilder- mourning and lamenting about his ness, intending to sell them as slaves in little brother, and who complained that Canada. The reader will understand he was injured by the fall in descendsomething of the horrors of early war- ing the bank, was murdered. fare by the following extract from the "One of the Indians ordered me narrative of a captive sufferer :- along, probably that I should not see “ The Indians, when they had flogged the horrid deed about to be

perme away along with them, took my petrated. The other then took his

VOL. I.—22

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