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CH. X.]

THE STAMP ACT.

275

of four pence.

presentation, collation, or institution, of or to any ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall benefice, or any writ or instrument for the like be engrossed, written, or printed, any affidavit, purpose, any register, entry, testimonial, or cer- common bail, or appearance, interrogatory, depotificate of any degree taken in any university, sition, rule, order or warrant of any court, or any academy, college, or seminary of learning, within dedimus potestatem, capias, subpoena, summons, the said colonies and plantations, a stamp duty of compulsory citation, commission, recognizance, or two pounds.

any other writ, process, or mandate, issuing out 8. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch-of, or returnable into, any court, or any office bement, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall longing thereto, or any other proceedings therein be engrossed, written, or printed, any monition, whatsoever, or any copy thereof, or of any record libel, claim, answer, allegation, information, letter not herein before charged, within the said colonies of request, execution, renunciation, inventory, or and plantations, (except warrants relating to other pleading in any admiralty court within the criminal matters, and proceedings thereon, or resaid colonies and plantations, a stamp duty of one lating thereto,) a stamp duty of one shilling. shilling

14. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch9. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which any be engrossed, written, or printed, any note or bill copy of any such monition, libel, claim, answer, of lading, which shall be signed for any kind of allegation, information, letter of request, execu- goods, wares, or merchandise, to be exported tion, renunciation, inventory, or other pleading from, or any cocket or clearance granted within shall be engrossed, written, or printed, a stamp the said colonies and plantations, a stamp duty duty of sixpence.

10. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- 15. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shallment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall be engrossed, written, or printed, any appeal, be engrossed, written, or printed, letters of mark writ of error, writ of dower, ad quod damnum, or commission for private ships of war, within the certiorari, statute merchant, statute staple, attest- said colonies and plantations, a stamp duty of ation, or certificate, by any officer, or exemplifi- twenty shillings. cation of any record or proceeding, in any court 16. For every skin or piece of vellum, or parchwhatsoever, within the said colonies and planta- ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall tions, (except appeals, writs of error, certiorari, be engrossed, written, or printed, any grant, apattestations, certificates, and exemplifications, for, pointment, or admission of or to any public beneor relating to, the removal of any proceedings from ficial office or employment, for the space of one before a single justice of the peace,) a stamp duty year, or any lesser time, or of above twenty pounds of ten shillings.

per annum, sterling money, in salary, fees, and 11. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch-perquisites within the said colonies and plantament, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall tions, (except commissions and appointments of be engrossed, written, or printed, any writ of officers of the army, navy, ordnance, or militia, covenant, for levying fines, writ of entry for suf- of judges, and of justices of the peace,) a stamp fering a common recovery, or attachment issuing duty of ten shillings. out of or returnable into any court within the said 17. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchcolonies and plantations, a stamp duty of five ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which any shillings.

grant of any liberty, privilege, or franchise, under 12. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- the seal or sign manual of any governor, proment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall prietor, or public officer, alone, or in conjunction be engrossed, written, or printed, any judgment, with any other person or persons, or with any decree, or sentence, or dimission, or any record council, or any council and assembly, or any exof nisi prius or postea, in any court within the emplification of the same, shall be engrossed, said colonies and plantations, a stamp duty of written, or printed, within the said colonies and four shillings.

plantations, a stamp duty of six pounds. 13. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- 18. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch

ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall 25. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch be engrossed, written, or printed, any license for ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall retailing of spirituous liquors, to be granted to be engrossed, written, or printed, any bond for any person who shall take out the same, within securing the payment of any sum of money above the said colonies and plantations, a stamp duty twenty pounds, and not exceeding forty pounds, of twenty shillings.

sterling money, within such colonies, plantations, 19. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- and islands, a stamp duty of one shilling and sixment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall pence. be engrossed, written, or printed, any license for 26. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchretailing of wine, to be granted to any person who ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall shall not take out a license for retailing of spiritu- be engrossed, written, or printed, any order or ous liquors, within the said colonies and planta- warrant for surveying or setting out any quantity tions, a stamp duty of four pounds.

of land, not exceeding one hundred acres, issued 20. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- by any governor, proprietor, or any public officer, ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall alone, or in conjunction with any other person or be engrossed, written, or printed, any license for persons, or with any council, or any council and retailing of wine, to be granted to any person who assembly, within the British colonies and plantashall take out a license for retailing of spirituous tions in America, a stamp duty of sixpence. liquors, within the said colonies and plantations, a 27. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchsta:np duty of three pounds.

ment, or shieet or piece of paper, on which shall 21. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch-be engrossed, written or printed, any such order ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall or warrant for surveying or setting out any quan be engrossed, written, or printed, any probate of tity of land above one hundred and not exceeding will, letters of administration or of guardianship two hundred acres, within the said colonies and for any estate above the value of twenty pounds plantations, a stamp duty of one shilling. sterling money, within the British colonies and 28. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchplantations upon the continent of America, the ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall islands belonging thereto, and the Bermuda and be engrossed, written, or printed, any such order Bahama islands, a stamp duty of five shillings. or warrant for surveying or setting out any quan

22. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch-tity of land above two hundred and not exceeding ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall three hundred and twenty acres, and in proporbe engrossed, written, or printed, any such pro- tion for every such order or warrant for surveybate, letters of administration or of guardianship, ing or setting out every other three hundred and within all other parts of the British dominions in twenty acres, within the said colonies and plantaAmerica, a stamp duty of ten shillings.

tions, a stamp duty of one shilling and sixpence. 23. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- 29. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall be engrossed, written, or printed, any bond for be engrossed, written, or printed, any original securing the payment of any sum of money, not grant or any deed, mesne conveyance, or other exceeding the sum of ten pounds, sterling money, instrument whatsoever, by which any quantity of within the British colonies and plantations upon land, not exceeding one hundred acres, shall be the continent of America, the islands belonging granted, conveyed, or assigned, within the British thereto, and the Bermuda and Bahama islands, a colonies and plantations upon the continent of stamp duty of sixpence.

America, the islands belonging thereto, and the 24. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch: Bermuda and Bahama islands, (except leases for ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall any term not exceeding the term of twenty-one be engrossed, written, or printed, any bond for years) a stamp duty of one shilling and sixpence. securing the payment of any sum of money above 30. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchten pounds, and not exceeding twenty pounds, ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall sterling money, within such colonies, plantations, be engrossed, written, or printed, any such original and islands, a stamp duty of one shilling.

grant, or any such deed, mesne conveyance, or CH. X.]

THE STAMP ACT.

2719

other instrument whatsoever, by which any quan- be engrossed, written, or printed, any grant, aptity of land, above one hundred and not exceeding pointment, or admission, of or to any beneficial two hundred acres, shall be granted, conveyed, or office or employment, not herein before charged, assigned, within such colonies, plantations and above the value of twenty pounds per annum islands, a stamp duty of two shillings.

sterling money, in salary, fees, and perquisites, 31. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- or any exemplification of the same, within the ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall be British colonies, and plantations upon the conengrossed, written, or printed, any such original tinent of America, the islands belonging thereto, grant, or any such deed, mesne conveyance, or and the Bermuda and Bahama islands, (except other instrument whatsoever, by which any quan- commissions of officers of the army, navy, ordtity of land, above two hundred, and not exceeding nance, or militia, and of justices of the peace,) a three hundred and twenty acres, shall be granted, stamp duty of four pounds. conveyed, or assigned, and in proportion for every 36. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchsuch grant, deed, mesne conveyance, or other in- ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall strument, granting, conveying, or assigning, every be engrossed, written, or printed, any such grant, other three hundred and twenty acres, within such appointment, or admission, of or to any such colonies, plantations, and islands, a stamp duty of public beneficial office or employment, or any extwo shillings and sixpence.

emplification of the same, within all other parts 32. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- | of the British dominions in America, a stamp ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall duty of six pounds. be engrossed, written, or printed, any such original 37. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchgrant, or any such deed, mesne conveyance, or ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall other instrument whatsoever, by which any quan- be engrossed, written, or printed, any indenture, tity of land, not exceeding one hundred acres, lease, conveyance, contract, stipulation, bill of shall be granted, conveyed, or assigned, within sale, charter party, protest, articles of apprenticeall other parts of the British dominions in Amer- ship, or covenant, (except for the lire of servants ica, a stamp duty of three shillings.

not apprentices, and also except such other matters 33. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- as herein before charged,) within the British coloment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall nies and plantations in America, a stamp duty of be engrossed, written, or printed, any such origi- two shillings and sixpence. nal grant, or any such deed, mesne conveyance, 38. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchor other instrument whatsoever, by which any ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which any quantity of land, above one hundred and not ex- warrant or order for auditing any public accounts, ceeding two hundred acres, shall be granted, con- beneficial warrant, order, grant, or certificate, veyed, or assigned, within the same parts of the under any public seal, or under the seal or sign said dominions, a stamp duty of four shillings. manual of any governor, proprietor, or public

34. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- officer, alone, or in conjunction with any other ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall person or persons, or with any council, or any be engrossed, written, or printed, any such origi-council and assembly, not herein before charged, nal grant, or any such deed, mesne conveyance, or any passport or letpass, surrender of office, or or other instrument whatsoever, by which any policy of assurance, shall be engrossed, written, quantity of land, above two hundred and not ex- or printed, within the said colonies and plantaceeding three hundred and twenty acres, shall be tions, (except warrants or orders for the service granted, conveyed, or assigned, and in proportion of the army, navy, ordnance, or militia, and grants for every such grant, deed, mesne conveyance, or

of offices under twenty pounds per annum, in salother instrument, granting, conveying, or assigning ary, fees, and perquisites,) a stamp duty of five every other three hundred and twenty acres, within shillings. the same parts of the said dominions, a stamp duty 39. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchof five shillings.

ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall 35. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- | be engrossed, written, or printed, any notarial ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall | act, bond, deed, letter of attorney, procuration,

mortgage, release, or other obligatory instru- 49. For every advertisement to be contained ment, not herein before charged, within the said in any gazette, newspaper, or other paper, or colonies and plantations, a stamp duty of two any pamphlet which shall be so printed, a duty of shillings and three pence.

two shillings. 40. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- 50. For every almanac or calendar for any one ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall particular year, or for any time less than a year, be engrossed, written, or printed, any register, which shall be written or printed on one side only entry, or enrollment of any grant, deed, or other of any one sheet, skin or piece of paper, parchinstrument whatsoever, herein before charged, ment, or vellum, within the said colonies and within the said colonies and plantations, a stamp plantations, a stamp duty of two pence. duty of three pence.

51. For every other almanac, or calendar, for 41. For every skin or piece of vellum or parch- | any one particular year, which shall be written or ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall printed within the said colonies and plantations, be engrossed, written, or printed, any register, a stamp duty of four pence. entry, or enrollment of any grant, deed, or other 52. And for every almanac or calendar, written instrument whatsoever, not herein before charged, or printed in the said colonies and plantations, to within the said colonies and plantations, a stamp serve for several years, duties to the same amount duty of two shillings.

respectively shall be paid for every such year. 42. And for and upon every pack of playing 53. For every skin or piece of vellum or parchcards, and all dice, which shall be sold or used ment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which any within the said colonies and plantations, the se- instrument, proceeding, or other matter or thing veral stamp duties following ; (that is to say;) ) aforesaid, shall be engrossed, written, or printed,

43. For every pack of such cards, one shilling within the said colonies and plantations, in any 44. And for every pair of such dice, ten shillings. other than the English language, a stamp duty

45. And for and upon every paper called a of double the amount of the respective duties bepamphlet, and upon every newspaper, containing fore charged thereon. public news, or occurrences, which shall be printed, 54. And there shall be also paid, in the said dispersed, and made public, within any of the said colonies and plantations, a duty of sixpence for colonies and plantations, and for and upon such every twenty shillings, in any sum not exceeding advertisements as are hereinafter mentioned, the fifty pounds sterling money, which shall be given, respective duties following ; (that is to say;) paid, contracted, or agreed for, with or in relation

46. For every such pamphlet and paper, con- to any clerk, or apprentice, which shall be put or tained in a half sheet, or any lesser piece of paper, placed to or with any master or mistress, to learn which shall be so printed, a stamp duty of one any profession, trade, or employment. II. And half-penny for every printed copy thereof.

also a duty of one shilling for every twenty shil47. For every such pamphlet and paper, (being lings, in any.sum exceeding fifty pounds which larger than half a sheet, and not exceeding one shall be given, paid, contracted, or agreed for, whole sheet,) which shall be so printed, a stamp with, or in relation to, any such clerk or apduty of one penny for every printed copy thereof. prentice.

48. For every pamphlet and paper, being larger 55. Finally the produce of all the aforementhan one whole sheet, and not exceeding six sheets tioned duties shall be paid into his majesty's in octavo, or in a lesser page, or not exceeding treasury ; and there held in reserve, to be used, twelve sheets in quarto, or twenty sheets in folio, from time to time, by the Parliament, for the purwhich shall be so printed, a duty after the rate pose of defraying the expenses necessary for the of one shilling for every sheet of any kind of paper defence, protection, and security of the said colowhich shall be contained in one printed copy thereof. nies and plantations.

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News of the repeal of the Stamp Act received in America with joy -- Conway's circular letter - Governor Bernard's offensive course

Change of feeling in America Grievances not redressed — Feeling on both sides — Eminent statesmen and orators of the day-Pendleton, Bland, Wythe, R. H. Lee, Jefferson, in Virginia ---S. Adams, Hancock, Cushing, Bowdoin, Quincy, Paine, in Massachusetts — Rutledge, Gadsden, Laurens, Ramsay, in South Carolina Change in the English ministry -- Townshend urged on by Grenville to tax America - His scheme

– M. Guizot's statements - Dickinson's "Letters of a Farmer" - General Court in Massachusetts - Petition to the king -— The ministry dread united action among Americans - Bernard's course --- Spirit of the Assembly - Similar spirit in the other colonies Case of the sloop Liberty - Excitement in Boston caused by impressment

- Public convention held — Its acts --- Arrival of the troops - Indignation of the Bostonians — Offensive action of Parliament resented in America - The General Court refuse to act in the midst of an armed force - Progress of the dispute with Bernard — Course pursued by other colonies — Proposal to take off the duty on certain articles — Right of taxation still maintained - Vacillating course of the English ministry - Reconciliation hardly possible -- The “Boston Massacre" -- Trial of Preston and the soldiers — Noble course of Quincy and Adams -- Action of the Assembly — Lord North’s proposal — Pownall's views — Salaries of the Governor and judges of Massachusetts to be paid by the crown -- Very offensive to the people Case of the Gaspé - Hutchinson's letters - Excitement caused by these — Franklin's share in the matter -- Action in Virginia - A crisis at hand - Determination that the tea should not be landed What was done in Boston --The famous “Boston Tea Party" — What was done elsewhere — Progress of settlement in the north-west Insurrection in North Carolina — Daniel Boone and his adventures — Emigration to America - War with the Ohio Indians - Speech of Logan - Religious sects and influence - Colleges in America.

1766.

The news of the repeal of the Stamp addressed a circular letter to the govAct was received in America with great ernors of the colonies. In this joy and satisfaction. All the usual letter he informed them that demonstrations of popular rejoicing the king and Parliament “seemed diswere indulged in ; thanksgivings were posed not only to forgive but to forget offered in the churches; the bells were those most unjustifiable marks of an rung; cannon were fired; and the ships undutiful disposition, too frequent in were decked out in gala costume.

in gala costume. | the late transactions of these colonies;" Statues were voted to the king in Vir- but at the same time required them ginia and New York; portraits of Cam- strongly to recommend to the Assemden, Barré and Conway, were placed blies to make full and ample compen in Faneuil Hall; and Pitt's name was sation to those who had suffered “for held in universal veneration and es- their deference to the act of the British teem. Whatever was obnoxious in his legislature.” The transactions referred views, as to restrictions on trade and to in the secretary's letter were those commerce, was forgotten, and he be which took place in Boston and New came the popular idol in America. York, in the summer of 1765.

Mr. Secretary Conway, in June, 1766, This letter of the secretary was laid

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