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D.-No, Miss, it is not: what became of this tower cannot be ascertained. About seventeen hundred years after its erection, Herodotus saw a structure at Babylon, consisting of eight towers, raised one above another, and each seventy feet high ; above the highest of which was built the temple of Belus, the way to which winded about on the outside, and was so broad that carts could have passed each other; but whether this was that mentioned by Moses, or one built on its foundation, is not known.
Mrs. Neville.—The city of Babylon was, I imagine, (as you have delineated it in your scene,) both splendid and
extensive; could you inform me what were its dimensions?
D.-Yes, Madam, it was; and its beauty, strength, and grandeur; its walls, temples, palaces, and hanging gardens; the banks of the river, and the artificial canals and lakes made for the draining of that river in the seasons of its overflowings, are described with such pomp and magnificence by heathen authors, that it might deservedly be reputed one of the wonders of the world. The city was square, one hundred and twenty furlongs every way, and the whole circuit of it four hundred and eighty furlongs, or twenty leagues. The walls were built with large bricks, cemented with bitumen,
a thick glutinous liquor, which issues out of the earth in the country thereabouts; it binds stronger than mortar, and becomes harder than the brick itself. These walls were eighty-seven feet thick, three hundred and fifty feet high, and four hundred furlongs in circumference. The whole was encompassed with a vast ditch, filled with water, and brick-work carried up on both sides. The earth which was dug out, was used in making the bricks for the walls of the city; so that one may judge of the depth and largeness of the ditch, by the extreme height and thickness of the walls. There were a hundred gates belonging to the city, twenty-five on each of the four sides : these gates, with their posts, were of brass. Between every two of these gates were three towers, raised ten feet higher than the walls, where they were necessary; for the city being encompassed in several places with marshes, which defended the approach to it, there was no need of towers on
A street answered to each gate; so that there were fifty streets in all, cutting one another at right angles, each fifteen miles in length, and one hundred and fifty-one feet wide. Four other streets, with houses only on one side, having the ramparts on the other, made the whole compass of the city; each was two hundred feet wide. As
the streets of Babylon crossed one another, they formed six hundred and seventy-six squares, each four furlongs and a half on every side, making two miles and a quarter in circuit. Of these squares the houses were three or four stories high, their fronts richly embellished, and the inner space was courts and gardens.
The Euphrates divided the city into parts, from north to south. A bridge of admirable structure, of about a furlong in length, and sixty feet wide, communicated over the river; at the two extremities of this bridge were two palaces, the old on the east of the river, the new on the west. The temple of Belus, near the old palace,