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solute gain in the older States has been no less remarkable. For example, the rate of increase in Iowa has been more than 900 per cent., while the absolute increase of wealth has been $247,000,000; while Pennsylvania has increased at the rate of 96 per cent., with an absolute gain in wealth of near $700,000,000, (£140,000,000).”

“COTTON.—The rapidity with which the cultivation of cotton has increased in the United States is truly wonderful. In the beginning of the present century the annual exportation was less than 5,000 bales; in 1489 1849 the quantity grown had reached 2,445,793 bales of ginned cotton of 400 pounds each; in 1859 had further increased to 5,196,944 bales, or more than 110 per cent. in ten years. The value of this crop was $200,000,000, (£40,000,000).” *

“ The figures which we have given make it appear that during the decade from 1850 to 1860 more than 50,000,000 of acres of land were brought into cultivation. The productions of agriculture multiplied in ratio greater than the population. The banking capital ran up from $227,469,074 in 1850 to $421,880,095 (£84,376,019) in 1860, while the circulating currency was augmented $52,089,560 (£10,417,912). The amount of insurances increased about $311,000,000. More than 22,000 miles of railroad were completed, and the capital involved increased from $296,640,148 in 1850, to $1,151.560,829,(£230,312,165) in 1860; while to indicate on the map of our country the lines of telegraph would be to represent the web of the spider over its entire surface. Our internal and foreign trade kept pace with our advance in production and increase of capital. Education, free to a great extent, has been made more accessible, and crime bas rather diminished,

I have the honor to be your obedient servant,

JOS. C.G. KENNEDY,

Superintendent, Census Department. Hon. CALEB B. SMITH,

Secretary of the Interior.
There are in the Federal navy 41 iron-clad ships, already built
or to be completed early in 1863. Their aggregate tonnage is
47,281 tons, or an average of 1,153 tons. They are mostly turret
ships, carrying in the aggregate 119 guns, as follows:-

1 carrying 10 guns (the Dunderburg)
2
6

(the Roanoke and Galena)
10
4

in 2 turrets
2

in 1
1
3

in 1
Of these guns 33 are l'1-inch bore, 24 are 13-inch and 62 are 15-inch
—the latter throwing shot of 640 lbs. weight. In addition to the
above are 9 iron-clad steamers for river service, carrying in the
aggregate 108 guns, an average of 12 guns each of smaller calibre.

The whole Federal naval force consists of 323 steamers and 104 sailing vessels, carrying in all 3268 guns.

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