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as is possible over a people so scattered about, at points very distant from each other.

New York agency.—The Indians under charge of this agency are, with the Oneidas in Wisconsin, Cayugas in the Indian country, and a few scattered members of different bands in Kansas, all that remain of the formerly powerful Six Nations of New York, which filled so large a space in the early history of this country. They are living upon a number of reservations of greater or less extent in western New York, have the advantage of the school system of that State, and are for the most part far advanced in civilization, many of them, indeed, being fully equal in every respect to the white race. An old unsettled question between them and the United States exists, arising out of a former treaty in which they proposed to remove to the west, and the Indians bare doubtless an equitable claim to a considerable amount. This matter should be settled, as the lapse of time makes it more difficult of adjustment.

Ove band of this people, not, however, connected with the agency, called the St. Regis band, lives in the northeast, near Plattsburg, partly in New York and partly in Canada. They draw some small annuity from the State. No accounts of them have reached this office of late. H. S. Cunningham, appointed October 25, 1866, is the special agent in charge. His duties are not very onerous, and his tribes require no very strict oversight, but what was to be done has thus far been done with good judgment.

Other Indians not in charge of any agency.—The only Indians not referred to in this sketch, save here and there a few families who remain in the vicinity of the ancient homes of their tribes, are the Cherokees of Georgia, the Seminoles of Florida, and the Miamies of Indiana.

When the Cherokee nation removed to the west, a portion declined to do so, and continued to reside in their old country, in northern Georgia and the adjoining portions of Tennessee and North Carolina. Many of these people have become mixed with the blacks, but many of the full bloods and mixed with whites remain. They have, in common with the rest of the population at the south, suffered greatly by the war, and it is stated that there are some two thousand who might be gathered together and removed to the west. A fund was set apart in one of the treaties for this purpose, but it has been returned to the general fund by the Treasury Department, and will have to be reappropriated.

The Seminoles of Florida are likewise a remnant who refused to remove to the west. Recent estimates reckon their numbers at five hundred to six hundred, but it is deemed very doubtful whether there are so many. We know little of them.

The Miamies of Indiana were left behind when their tribe removed to the west, and received their small annuities at their own homes. They give the government no trouble, and are never heard from except at payments.

I have thus gone over the whole field, and presented a brief notice, in response to the resolution of the Senate, in regard to each of the tribes under charge of the department.

In responding to the call for information under the fifth head of the resolution of the Senate, in which the remarks of the department in reference to the future policy towards, and treatment of, the Indian tribes were requested, I have assumed that the object of the Senate was to obtain the suggestions of the department in regard to individual tribes, and have accordingly so arranged this report

. If, however, it was intended that recommendations and suggestions should be furnished, covering the whole ground of the policy of the government towards the Indian tribes, no attempt has been made to this end. The brief time which has elapsed since I entered upon the duties of Commissioner of Indian Affairs not admitting of such deliberate consideration of the subject as its nature and importance demands.

Trusting that, in view of the brief time afforded for its preparation, this report may prove satisfactory, I have the honor to submit, it with the accompanying tables. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

N. G. TAYLOR,

Commissioner. Hon. 0. H. BROWNING,

Secretary of the Interior.

TABLE A.

Table showing the approximate number of persons belonging to each tribe of

Indians in the United States, arranged alphabetically.

(NOTE.- Where no statement of population is made opposite the name of the tribe, it is because the tribe is aggregated with others, as noted in table B, under the head of the proper superintendency and agency. ID cases where several tribes are thus aggregated, the population of the agency is set opposite the name of the agency rohere it first occurs in this table, and in italics.)

Name of tribe or band.

Superintendency.

Agency.

Population.

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New York
New York.

2, 000 1, 386

150

Alleghany, (Senecas)..
Alseas

Oregon...;
A paches

Arizona. Apaches, (Jicarilla)

New Mexico. Apaches, (Mescaleros).

....do.. Apaches, (Mimbres)..

....do.. Apaches, with Cheyennes of Upper Arka as. (See Arapahoes).

Central Arapahoes, (Upper Arkansas).

..do .. Arapahoes (Upper Platte)

Northern Arickarees.

Dakota Assinaboines..

..do Bannacks, of Nevada.

Nevada Blackfeet Sioux. (See Sioux).

Dakota Blackfeet.

Montana Bloods..

....do Boise Shoshones. (See Shoshones).

Idaho Bruneau Shoshones. (See Shoshones). .do Caddoes, with lonies.

Southern. Callapooias.

Oregon. Capote Utes. (See Utes).

New Mexico.
Captives, (of various tribes)

....do ..
Cattaraugus, (Senecas)
Cayugas, with Senecas
Cayuses, with Umatillas.

759 2,068

Umatilia .....

Oregon. Cbastas.

do Chasta Costas.

... do Chehallis

Washington Cherokees

Southern. Chetcoes..

Oregon. Cheyennes, (Upper Arkansas).

Central. Cheyennes, (Upper Platte)

Northern.
Chickasaws.

Southern.
Chippewas and Munsees, (Kansas). Central..
Chippewas, Mississippi bands
Chippewas, Pillagers, and Lake Winne-

bagoshish.
Chippewax, Red Lake, and Pembina
Chippewas of Lake Superior...
Chippewas, Bois Fort band, with last

named.
Chippewas of Lake Superior.
Chippewas and Ottawas
Chippewas of Saginaw, $wan Creek, &c.
Chippewas, Ottawas, and Pottawatomies.
Choctawy...

Southern.
Clackamas

Oregon.. Coahuillas and other bands..

California.. Cocopas

Arizona Cour d'Alenes, Kootenays, &c.

Idaho Colvilles, &c..

Washington Comanches, with Kiowas..

Central Cooneg.

Oregon.. Coquilles.

2,000 14,000

Silez..

.do.
Puyallup
Cherokee.
Siletz
Arapahoe and Cheyenne.
Upper Platte..
Choctaw and Chickasaw.
Sac and Fox of Mississippi.
Chippewas of Mississippi..

1,800
4,500

80 2, 166

....do.

...do...
Chippewas of Lake Superior...

1,899 2, 114 4,500

do Mackinac.

..do.

.....do.

1, 058 5, 207 1, 562

232 12,500

..do.
Choctaw and Chickasaw.
Grande Ronde.

River tribes..

4,400 9, 500 2,000 3, 400 2, 800

Fort Coloille.
Kiowas and Comanches.
Alsea.
Siletz.

.do ......

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TABLE A-Continued.

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Piedes

Utah. Piegans..

Montana...

Blackfeet..... Pillagers, (Chippewas.) (See Chippewas).

Chippewas of Mississippi Pimos......

Arizona .... Papagos...... Pi-Utes .......

Nevada

Carson City... Poncas..

Dakota...

Ponca ....... Pottawatomies, (Kansas) ..

Central...... Pottawatomies.. Pottawatomies of Huron.

Mackinac Pottawatomies of Wisconsin.

Pottawatomies and Winnebagoes Pueblos......

New Mexico. Pueblos. Quapawg ..

Southern ... Neosho. Quinaielt...

Washington ....

Quinaielt... Quillehute ..

.... do...

Quinaielt .... Rogue River ..

Oregon...

Siletz ....... D o ..............

.... do....

Grande Ronde .. Sacs and Foxes of Mississippi

Central

Sac and Fox of Mississippi. Sacs and Foxes of Missouri.

Northern .. Great Nemaha..... Salmon Rivers ....

Oregon.

Grande Ronde .... Santainas......

... do....

......do........ Scotons ....

... do...

Siletz...... Senecas ...

Southern ....

Neosho....
Senecas. (See Allegany, Cattaraugus,
Tonawanda) ........

New York
Senecas and Shawnees.

Southern .....

Neosho ... Seminole........

.... do....

Seminole .. Shawnees of Kansas ...

Central ..

Shawnee .... Shawnees of Indian country...

Southern

Witchita
Shoshones, eastern bands, and Bannacks.. Utah ...

Fort Bridger.
Shoshones, northwestern bands ..... .... do...
Shoshones, western bands.

.... do.... Shoshones, (Boise and Bruneau)

Idaho .... Shoshones, (Kammas Prairie)..

1.... do.... Shoshones, (Nevada) ...........

Nevada ... Siletz .........

Oregon..

Siletz ... Sioux, (Santees)...

Northern

Niobrara .... Sioux, (Yanetons.) (See Yanctons)

Dakota

Yancton..... Sioux, (Lower Brulés).....

.... do....

Upper Missouri. Sioux, (Lower Yanctonais).

....do....

..do. Sioux, Two Kettles).....

.. do...

......do..... Sioux, (Blackfeet) ......

.do..... Sioux, (Minneconjoux

.do.. Sioux, (Oncpapas)...

do..

...do... Sioux, (Ogallallas)

do...

....do.... Sioux, (Upper Yanctonnais)...

.... do...

..... do ... Sioux, (Sans Arcs) ........

.... do....

....do.... Sioux, (Brules and Ogallallas)..

Northern

Upper Platte.. Sioux, (Ogallallas.) (See above).

.... do....

.do....... Sioux, (Sissetons and others.) (See note).. Dakota Sinselaw)....

Oregon..

Alsea .... Sixes ..............

..... do.....

Siletz..... S'Klallams.

Washington. S'Kokomish... S'Kokomish, with S'Klallams...

.... do.....

......do....... Smith River......

California .... Smith River..
Snakes, (Yahooskin.) (See Klamath).... Oregon ....... Klamath and Modoc ..
Snakes, (Wohlpapee, Wabtatkin, l-uke.
spiule, and Hoolebooly).....

..... do.....

......do..... Spokanes, with Colville....

Washington .....

Fort Colville Stockbridges and Munsees...

Green Bay .. Tawacarroes ..

Southern ..

Witchita ..... Tennis band of Wascoes...

Oregon...

Warm Springs.... Tilamucks....

....do...

Grande Ronde
Tonawanda, (Senecas)

New York
Tonkaways...
Tualatims.....

Oregon

Grande Ronde .. Tulalips ....

Washington

Tulalip....... Tule River...

California ... Tule River .. Tumwaters ...

Oregon .....

Grande Ronde Tuscaroras.

New York Two-took-e-ways....

Oregon.

Siletz .. Tyghs.....

.... do....

Warm Springs...... Uintahs, (band of Utes.) (See Utes).. Colorado ..

Grand River and Uintah Utes.. Ukies ...........

California

Round Valley..... Umatillas .....

Oregon.

Umatilla ... Umpquas, (Grave Creek)..

Siletz ... Umpquas, (Cow Creek).

Grande Ronde. Umpquas and Calapooias..

.. do.. Utahs.............

Utah ....

Uintah Valley. Utes, (Weber)..

... do... Utes, Pah-Utes)

.... do.. Utes, (Piedes) ....

. do.... Utes, (Capote) .......

. New Mexico...... Abiquiu ..........

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TABLE B. Table showing the population of the various Indian tribes, by superintendencies

corrected by the reports of 1866.

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