Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy

Přední strana obálky
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1993 - Počet stran: 258
Why do some democratic governments succeed and others fail? In a world full of hope for democratization but wary of government failure, this book offers empirical evidence for the importance of civic community in developing successful institutions. As part of a unique experiment begun in 1970 when Italy created new governments for each of its regions - regions that vary greatly from the standpoint of wealth, social structure, and political leanings - Robert Putnam and his collaborators spent two decades evaluating the performance of these governments in such fields as agriculture, housing, and health services. Their findings were surprising: regions that enjoy effective government in the 1990s have inherited a legacy of civic engagement that can be traced back to the early Middle Ages. Just as Tocqueville traveled to America to try to understand democracy, Putnam and his colleagues draw broad lessons for democratic theory from their twenty-year journey through Italy. Their conclusions challenge the simple-minded thesis of the primacy of economics and the easy optimism of social engineers. Based on dozens of case studies and thousands of interviews with politicians, community leaders, and ordinary citizens, this book illuminates patterns of associationism, trust, and cooperation that facilitate good governance and economic prosperity. It also contributes to the discussion of democracy in the newly freed lands of Eurasia and the developing world and to the gathering debate about how to revitalize democracy in America.
 

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A facinating look at Italy, when they set up their regional governments in the 1970s, and the differences between the north and south and how the institutions fared. Přečíst celou recenzi

Obsah

Introduction Studying Institutional Performance
3
Changing the Rules Two Decades of Institutional Development
17
Measuring Institutional Performance
63
Explaining Institutional Performance
83
Tracing the Roots of the Civic Community
121
Social Capital and Institutional Success
163
Research Methods
187
Statistical Evidence on Attitude Change among Regional Councilors
193
Institutional Performance 19781985
198
Regional Abbreviations Used in Scattergrams
200
Local Government Performance 19821986 and Regional Government Performance 19781985
201
Traditions of Civic Involvement 18601920
205
Notes
207
Index
249
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O autorovi (1993)

Robert D. Putnam is Dillon Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Center for International Affairs at Harvard University. His many books include Hanging Together: The Seven-Power Summits (Harvard). Robert Leonardi is Jean Monnet Lecturer in European Community Politics at the London School of Economics, and Raffaella Y. Nanetti is Professor of Urban Planning and Policy Analysis at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

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