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To see you ta’en from liberty, to look on
The business present. 'Tis his Highness pleasure
You thall to th' Tower.

Buck. It will help me nothing
To plead mine innocence ; for that dye is on me,
Which makes my whit'st part black. The will of heav'n
Be done in this and all things. I obey.
O my Lord Aberga'ny, fare ye well.
Bran. Nay, he must bear you company.

The King

[To Aberg. Is pleas’d you shall to th' Tower, till

you

know How he determines further.

Aber. As the Duke faid, The will of heav'n be done, and the King's pleasure By me obey'd.

Bran. Here is a warrant from
The King, t'attach Lord Montague; and the bodies
Of the Duke's Confeffor, John de la Couri,
* And Gilbert Peck his chancellor.

Buck. So, fo;
These are the limbs o'th' plot. No more, I hope ?

Bran. A monk o'th'Chartreux.
Buck. 2 Nicholas Hopkins.
Bran. He.

Buck. My surveyor is false, the o'er great Cardinal Hath shew'd him gold; * my life is spann'd already:

"One Gilbert Peck, bis Coun- Mr. Rowe and Mr. Pope from sellor.] So the old Copies have them. But here again by the it, but I, from the Authorities help of the Chronicles, I have of Hall and Holing head, chang'd given the true Reading, 'Tuzo. it to Chancellor. And out Poet

my life is spanned alhimself, in the Beginning of the ready.] To span is to gripe fecond Act, vouches for this Cor or inclose in the hand; to span is rection.

also to measure by the palm and At which; appear'd against him the fingers. The meaning, therehis Surveyor,

fore, may either be, that hold is Sir Gilberi Peck his Chancel. taken of my life, my life is in the lor.

THEOBALD. gripe of my enemies ; or, that my i Michael Hopkins? ] So all time is measured, the length of my the old Copies had it; and fo life is now determined. Vol. V.

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3 I am the shadow of poor Buckingham,
Whose figure ev’n this instant cloud puts on,
By dark’ning my clear sun.--My Lord, farewel.

(Exeunt.

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Cornet. Enter King Henry, leaning on the Cardinal's

joulder ; the Nobles, and Sir Thomas Lovell; the Cardinal places bimself under the King's feet, on bis

right-side. King. Y life itself, 4 and the best heart of it,

Thanks you for this great care. s I stood

i'th' level Of a full-charg'd confed'racy, and give thanks To you that choak'd it. Let be cali'd before us

cloud puts on,

3 I am the shadow of poor them, a heart, he says, his beft Buckingham,

heart. A way of speaking that Il linje figure ev’n this instant would have become a cat rather

than a King. WARBURTON. By dark'ning my clear fun.] This expression is not more These lines have paffed all the monitrous than many others. Editors. Does the reader under- Heart is not here taken for the stand them? By me they are great organ of circulation andinexplicable, and must be left, I life, but, in a common and pofear, to fome happier fagacity. pular sense, for the most valuable If the usage of our authour's or precious part. Our authour, time could allow figure to be tak- in Hamlet, mentions the heart of en, as now, for dignity or impor- beart. Exhausted and effete tance, we might read,

ground is said by the farmer to Whole figure ev’n this infant be out of heart. The hard and cloud puts out.

inner part of the oak is called But I cannot please myself with beart of oak. any conjectuie.

Stood i' tb' leruel and the best heart of Of a full-charg'd confid'racy, ir,] The expresion is mon- To itand in the level of a gun strous. The heart is supposed is to stand in a line with its. the seat of life : But, as if he mouth, so as to be hit by the shot. had many lives, and to each of

That

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That gentleman of Buckingham's; in person
I'll heat him his confessions justify,
And point by point the treasons of his master
He shall again relate.

A noise within, crying, Room for the Queen. Eriter

the Queen, ushered by the Dukes of Norfolk and,
Suffolk : she kneels. The King riseth from his state,
takes her up, kisses and placeth her by him.
Queen. Nay, we must longer kneel; I am a suitor.
King. Arise, and take your place by us; half your

fuit
Never name to us, you have half our power,
The other moiety, ere you ask, is given ;
Repeat your will, and take it.
Queen. Thank your Majesty.

That you would love yourself, and in that love
Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor
The dignity of your office, is the point
Of my petition.
King. Lady mine, proceed.

Queen. I am sollicited, not by a few,
And those of true condition, that your subjects
Are in great grievance. There have been commissions
Sent down among 'em, which have flaw'd the heart
Of all their loyalties; wherein although, (To Wolsey.
My good Lord Cardinal, they vent reproaches
Moft bitterly on you, as putter on
Of these exactions; yet the King our master,
Whose honour heav'n shield from soil, ey'n he 'scapes
Language unmannerly; yea such, which breaks
The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
In loud rebellion.

Nor. Not almost appears,
It doth appear; for, upon these taxations,
The clothiers all, not able to maintain

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6 The many to them 'longing, have put off
The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers ; who,
Unfit for other life, compeli’d by hunger
? And lack of other means, in desp'rate manner
I aring th’event to th’teeth, are all in uproar,
And danger serves among them.

King. Taxation ?
Wherein? and what taxation? My Lord Cardinal,
You, that are blam’d for it alike with us,
Know you of this taxation ?

Pol. Please you, Sir,
I know but of a single part in aught
Pertains to thi'state, and front but in that file
Where others tell steps with me.

Queen. No, my Lord.
You know no more than others, but you

frame

6 The many to them 'longinç.]

I have inserted this note ra. The many is the meiny,

the train, ther because it seems to have the people. Dryden is, perhaps, been the writer's favourite, than the last that used this word. because it is of much value. It The Kings before their many explains what no reader has rode.

found difficult, and, I think, ex7 And lack of other means, - ) plains it wrong. Means does not signify methods of livelihood, for that was said & And Danger serves among immediately before anfit for o them.] Could one easily beaher lije; but it fignifies, nece, lieve, that a writer, who had, Jaries-compeliet, says the speak. but immediately before, funk fo er, for want of bread and other low in his expression, should here necraries. But the poet asing, rise again to a height lo truly for the thing, (want of bread) sublime? where, by the nobleft the effect of it, burger] the stretch of fancy, Dünger is perpastage is become docbiy ob- fonalized as serving in the rebel kure; firit, by using a term in a army', and thaking the estalicentious fente, and then by put

blinied government, ting it to a vicious construction.

WARBURTON The net apprehending that this is one of the difinguithing re

-- front but in that file.] culiarities in Stakespear's Rile, I am but primus inter paces. has been the occasion of so much am but firit in the row of counridiculous correction of him. fellors. WARBUATON,

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Things that are known alike, which are not wholsome
To those which would not know them, and yet must
Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions,
Whereof my Sovereign would have note, they are
Most pestilent to th’hearing; and, to bear 'em,
The back is sacrifice to th' load. They say,
They are devis’d by you, or else you suffer
Too hard an exclamation.

King. Still, exaction!
The nature of it? In what kind let's know
Is this exaction ?

Queen. I am much too vent'rous
In tempting of your patience, but am bolden'd
Under your promis’d pardon. The subjects' grief
Comes through commissions, which compel from each
The sixth part of his substance, to be levy'd
Without delay; and the pretence for this
Is nam'd, your wars in France. : This makes bold

mouths;
Tongues 1pit their duties out, and cold hearts freeze
Allegiance in them; all their curses now
Live where their pray’rs did ; and its come to pass,
That tractable obedience is a slave
To each incensed will. I would, your Highness
Would give it quick consideration, for
There is no primer business.

King. By my life,
This is against our pleasure,

! In the old edition :

call it the highest baseness ; but There is no primer BASENESS.] rather made use of a word that The Queen is here complaining could not offend the Cardinal, of the suffering of the Com- and yet would incline the King mons; which, the suspects, a- to give it a speedy hearing. I rose from the abuse of power in read therefore, fome great men. But ihe is ve There is no primer BUSINESS. ry relerved in speaking her i. e. no matter of state that more thoughts concerning the quality earnestly presses a dispatch. of it. We may be affured then,

WARBURTON. that the did not, in conclufion

Wol

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