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Enter Timon. Tim.

Blessed, breeding Sun, draw from the

Rotten humidity ; below sthy sister's orb
Infect the air. Twinn'd brothers of one womb,
Whose procreation, residence, and birth
Scarce is dividant, touch with several fortunes ;
The greater scorns the lesser. Not ev'n nature,



4 O BLESSED, breeding fun,-) whose uninterrupted course of The sense, as well as elegance successes, as we learn from hiftoof the expression, requires that ry, turned his head, and made we should read,

him fancy himself a God, and O BLESSING BREEDING fun, contemn his human origin. The i.e. Thou that before used it to Poet fays, ev’n nature, meaning breed blessings, now breed cur nature in its greatest perfection : ses and contagion; as afterwards And Alexander is represented by he says,

the ancients as the most accomThou fun, that comfori's, burn. plish'd person that ever was, both

WARBURTON. for his qualities of mind and I do not see that this emenda- body, a kind of masterpiece of tion much strengthens the sense.

He adds, s-thy hiter's orb] That is, To whom ali jores lav fiege, the moon's, this sublunary world. i. c. Although the imbecility of Not ev'n nature,

the human condition might easily To whom all fores lay fieze,-) have informed him of his error. He had said the brother could Here Shakespear seems to have not bear great fortune without had an eye to Plutarch, who, in despising his brother. He now his life of Alexander, tells us, goes further, and asserts that that it was thai which stagger'd even human nature cannot bear him in his sober moments conit, but with contempt of its com- cerning the belief of his Divinimon nature. The sentence is ty. "Exeyev de uorosa cunaven Jone ambiguous, and, besides that, tos wv ér recebisedeo nai cureciaotherwife obfcure. I am per- ζει» ως από μιας έγινόμενον ασθενείας fuaded that our author had Alex- τη φύσει και το σονυν και το ηδο. . ander here principally in mind; devolle



To whom all sores lay siege, can bear great fortune But by contempt of nature. > Raise me this beggar, and denude that Lord, The senator shall bear contempt hereditary, The beggar native honour. * It is the Pastour lards the brother's sides,


I have preserved this note ra- says, Denude ourselves of all. ther for the sake of the commen- Clar. Vol. 3. p. 15. Octavo Edil. tator than of the authour. How

WARBURTON. nature, to whom oil jores lay fieze, 8 It is the Pasture lards the can so emphatically express na Beggar's fids, ) This, as ture in its greatest ferfection, I the editors have order'd it, is an Shall not endeavour to explain. idle repetition at the best ; fupThe meaning i take to be this: posing it did, indeed, contain Bro ber uhen bis fortune is ii- the fame sentiment as the fore. burged will fcorn brother; for this going lines. But Shakespear meant as the general depravity of hu a quite different thing : and havman nature, which besieged as it ing, like a sensible writer, made is by mifery, admonished as it is a smart observation, he illustrates of want and imperfection, when it by a similitude thus : elevated by fortune, will dispise It is the Pajiure lards the Weabeings of nature like its own.

ther's fines, 7 Raisi me this Beggar, and The Wunt that makes him liar.

dony't that Lord, Where And the fimilitude is extremely is the sense and Engin of den,'t beautiful, as conveying this fathat Lord? Deny him what? tirical reflexion; there is no more What preceding Noun is there difference between man and man to which the pronoun It is to be in the esteem of superficial or seferr'd? And it would be absurd corrupt judgments, than between to think the Poet meant, deny a fat heep and a lean one. to raise that Lord. The Anti

WARBURTON. thefis must be, let fortune raise This passage is very obscure, this beggar, and let her Arip and nor do I discover any clear fense dil;oil that lord of all his pomp

even though we hould admit and ornaments, &c. which fenfe the emendation. Let us inspect is compleated by this slight al- the text as I have given it from teration,

the original edition. -and denude that lord. It is the Paftour lards the BroSo lord Rea in his relation of M. Hamilton's plot, written in 1630, The want that makes him leare. All thife Hamiltons hud denuded Dr. Warburton found the passage themselves of their fortunes and already changed thus, eftates. And Charles the First, It is the Pasture lards the Bego in his message to the parliament, gar's fides,


ther's fides,

The Want that makes him leave. Who dares, who dares,
In purity of manhood stand upright,
And say, this man’s a flatterer if one be,
So are they all, 'for every greeze of fortune
Is fmooth'd by that below. The learned pate
Ducks to the golden fool. All is oblique;
There's nothing level in our cursed natures,
But direct villany. Then be abhorr’d,
All fcafts, societies, and throngs of men !
His Semblable, yea, himself, Timon disdains.
Destruction fang mankind !--Earth, yield me roots!

[Digging the earth.
Who seeks for better of thee, fawce his palate
With thy most operant poison !
What's here? Gold ? yellow, glittering, precious gold?
No, Gods, I am no idle votarist.
Roots, you clear heav'ns !
Thus much
Of this will make black, white; fair, foul; wrong, right;

The want that makes him lean the learned pate, with allusion to And upon this reading, of no the Paftour, ducks to the golden authority, raised another equally fool. If it be objected, as it may uncertain.

justly be, that the mention of Alterations are never to be Pastour is unsuitable, we must made without necefsity. Let us remember the mention of grace see what sense the genuine read- and cherubims in this play, and ing will afford. Poverty, says many such anachronisms in mathe Poet, bears contempt beredi- ny others. tary, and wealth native honour. I would therefore read thus : To illuftrate this position, hav It is the Pastour lards the broing already mentioned the case

ther's fides, of a poor and rich brother, he 'Tis want that makes him leave. remarks, that this preference is The obscurity is still great. Pergiven to wealth by those whom haps a line is loft. I have at it least becomes ; it is the Pas- least given the original reading. tour that greafis or flatters the 9-for every greeze of forrich brother, and will grease him tune] Greeze, for step or deon till vant makes him leave. gree.

Pope. The Poet then goes on to ask, Who I-noidle vetarif.) No indares to say, this man, this Paf- fincere or inconstant supplicant. tour, is a flatterer ; the crime is Gold will not serve me initead of universal , through all the world roots.


Base, noble ; old, young; coward, valiant.
You Gods! why this? What? This you Gods? 'Why,

this Will lug your priests and servants from your fides: 3 Pluck stout mens' pillows from below their heads. This yellow save Will knit and break religions ; bless th' accurs’d; Make the hoar leprosy ador'd ; place thieves, And give them title, knee, and approbation, With lenators on the bench; this is it, 4 That makes the wappen'd widow wed again ; She whom the spictle-house, and ulcerous fores Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices s To thApril day again. Come, damned earth, Thou common whore of mankind, that pute'st odds Among the rout of nations, I will make thee “Do thy right nature.—[ March afar off.] Ha, a drum?

-> Thou’rt quick, But yet I'll bury thee. Thou’lt go, strong thief, -why, this

and terrified, either for the loss Will 'ug your pri Ats and fer- of a god husband, or by the

vants from your fides :) A treatment of a bad. But gold, ripophanes in his Piutus, Act 5. he says, can overcome both her Scene 2. makes the priest of Jú- affection and her fears. WARB. piter desert his service to live with Of wappened I have found no Plutus.

WARBURTON, example, nor know any mean3 Plick fout mens' pillows from ing. To a'whape is used by Spex

b:low their heads. ] 1. e. men ser in his Hubberd's tale, but I who have strength yet remain think not in either of the senses ing to struggle with their distem- mentioned. I would read wairper: This alludes to an old cuf- ed, for dec .yed by time. So our tom of drawing away the pillow authour in Richard the third, from under the heads of men A beauty-waining and distrifed in their last agonies, to make their departure the easier. But 5 To th’April day az ain.] That the Oxford Editor, supposing is, to the wedding-day, cailed by fout to fignify healby, alters it the poet, satirically, April cay, to fick; and this he calls emend- or fool's da . ing IVARBURTON.

Do thy right nature.] Lie in 4 That makes the warper'd wi. the earth where nature laid thee.

do-w wed egain ;) Waped or 7 Thou’rt quick, ] Thou had wappen'd fignifies both forrowful life and motion in thee.


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When gouty keepers of thee cannot stand.
-Nay, stay thou out for earnest. [Keeping some gold.

S CE N E iv.
Enter Alcibiades with drum and fife in warlike manner,

and Phrynia and Timandra. Alc. What art thou there ? speak.

Tim. A beast, as thou art. Cankers gnaw thy heart, For shewing me again the eyes of man.

Alc. What is thy name ? Is man so hateful to thee, That art thyself a man?

Tim. I am Misanthropos, and hate mankind.
For thy part, I do with thou wert a dog,
That I might love thee something.

Alc. I know thee well;
But in thy fortunes am unlearn’d, and strange.

Tim. I know thee too, and more than that I know thee,
I not desire to know. Follow thy drum,
With man's blood paint the ground. Gules ! gules!
Religious Canons, civil Laws are cruel ;
Then what should war be? this fell whore of thine
Hath in her more destruction than thy sword,
For all her cherubin look.

Pbry. Thy lips rot off!

Tim. * I will not kiss thee, then the Rot returns To thine own lips again.

Alc. How came the noble Timon to this change?

Tim. As the moon does, by wanting light to give; But then renew I could not, like the moon, There were no funs to borrow of. Alc

. Noble Timon, what friendship may I do thee? Tim. None, but to maintain my opinion. Alc. What is it, Timon? Tim. Promise me friendship, but perform none.

If I will no: kif th:en] This al- to another, left the infecter free. ludes to an opinion in former I will not, says Timon, take the times, generally prevalent, that rot from thy lips by killing thce. the venereal infection transmitted


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