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VINCENTIO, Duke of Vienna.
Angelo, Lord-deputy in the Duke's absence.
Escalus, an antient Lord, joint Deputy with Angelo,
Claudio, a young Gentleman.
Lucio, a Fantastick,
Two Gentlemen.
Varrius, a Gentleman, Servant to the Duke.

two Friars.
Elbow, a simple Constable.
Froth, a foolis Gentleman.
Clown, Servant to Mrs. Over-don.
Abhorson, an Executioner.
Barnardine, a dissolute Prisoner.



Isabella, Sister to Claudio.
Mariana, betrotbed to Angelo.
Juliet, beloved of Claudio.
Francisca, a Nun.
Mrs. Over-don, a Bawd.

Guards, Officers, and other Attendants,

SCENE Vienna,


The Story is taken from Cinthio's Novels. Dec. 8. Nov. 5.




A C T I. S CE N E I.


Enter Duke, Escalus, and Lords.



Escal. My lord.

Duke.Of Government the propertiest'unfold Would seem in me t' affect speech and discourse;

Since I am not to know, that your own science Exceeds, in that, the lists of all advice My strength can give you: then no more remains, "But that to your sufficiency you joyn A will to serve us as your worth is able, And let them work.'' The nature of our people, Our city's institutions, and the terms Of common justice, y'are as pregnant in, As art and practice hath enriched any That we remember. There is our commission,

From 1 But that to your sufficiency you add

Due diligency, as your worth is able;
And let them work.

From which we would not have you warp. Call hither,

[To the Attendants.
I say, bid come before us Angelo:
What figure of us think you he will bear?
For you must know, we have with special soul
Elected him our absence to supply ;
Lent him our terror, drest him with our love ;
And giv'n his deputation all the organs
Of our own power: say, what think you of it?

Escal. If any in Vienna be of worth
To undergo fuch ample grace and honour,
It is lord Angelo.


Enter Angelo. Duke. Look where he comes.

Ang. Always obedient to your Grace's will, I come to know your pleasure.

Duke. Angelo, There is a kind of character in thy life, That, to th' observer, doth thy history Fully unfold: thy self and thy belongings Are not thine own so proper, as to waste Thy self upon thy virtues, 2 /them on thee: Heav'n doth with us, as we with torches do, Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues Did not go forth of us, 'twere 3/all as if We had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd, But to fine issues; nature never lends The smallest scruple of her excellence, But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines Her felf the glory of a creditor, Both thanks, and use. But I do bend my speech To one that can + 'in my part me advertise; Hold therefore, Angelo : [Giving him his commission, In our remove, be thou at full our self.

Mor2 they 3 alike as if

4 my part in him advertise ;

Mortality and mercy in Vienna
Live in thy tongue and heart: old Escales,
Though first in question, is thy secondary.
Take thy commission.

Ang. Now, good my lord,
Let there be some more test made of my metal,
Before fo noble and so great a figure
Be stampt upon it.

Duke. Come, no more evasion :
We have with a prepar'd and leaven'd choice
Proceeded to you; therefore take your honours.

Our haste from hence is of so quick condition,
That it prefers it self, and leaves unquestion'd
Matters of needful value. We shall s'write,'
As time and our concernings shall importune,
How it goes with us, and do look to know
What doth befal you here. So fare you well.
To th' hopeful execution do I leave you
Of our commiffion.

Ang. Yet give leave, my lord,
That we may bring you something on the way.

Duke. My haste may not admit it;
Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do
With any scruple; your scope is as mine own,
So to inforce, or qualifie the law,
As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand;
I'll privily away. I love the people,
But do not like to stage me to their eyes:
Though it do well, I do not relish well

Their loud applause, and Ave's vehement:
Nor do I think the man of safe discretion
That does affect it. Once more fare you well.

Ang. The heav'ns give safety to your purposes !
Escal. Lead forth and bring you back in happiness!
Duke. I thank

[Exit. Escal. I shall desire you, Sir, to give me leave To have free speech with you; and it concerns me

Το 3 write to you,

fare you

To look into the bottom of my place:
A pow'r I have, but of what strength and nature
I am not yet initructed.

Ang. 'Tis so with me: let us withdraw together,
And we may soon our satisfaction have
Touching that point.
Escai. I'll wait upon your honour.



The Street. Enter Lucio, and two Gentlemen. Lucio. TF the Duke, with the other Dukes, come not to

composition with the King of Hungary, why then all the Dukes fall


the King. 1 Gent. Heav'n grant us its peace, but not the King of Hungary's!

2 Gent. Amen!

Lucio. Thou conclud't like the sanctimonious pyrate, that went to sea with the ten commandments, but scrap'd one out of the table.

2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal ? Lucio. Ay, that he raz'd.

1 Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to command the captain and all the rest from their functions; they put forth to steal: there's not a soldier of us all, that in the thankfgiving 'after' meat * doth' relish the petition well that prays

for Peace.
2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dinike it.

Lucio. I believe thee: for I think thou never wast where graće was said.

2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least. i Gent. What? in meeter ? Lucio. Not in any profession, or in any language, 911 think, or in any religion.'

''2 Gent. 6 before 8 In any proportion, 9 1 Genl. I think, or in any religion.

7 do

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