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4. Original Daily Issue. B. I.=Biographical Index.

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Horace, Ars Poet. 110.

PAGE 3. Motto. No. 322. PAGE 6. Motto. Ovid, Metam. iv. 280. It is said in the folio and No, 323, octavo to be from Virgil; and Chalmers, who could not find it, endeavoured to explain it as a misquotation of Æneid vi. 448.

Mohock. See next paper.

PAGE 7. A new Head. See vol. ii. p. 328, and vol. iv. p. 291.
PAGE 8. Fontange. See vol. ii. p. 328.


Not at home. Probably a very early use of the phrase in this

PAGE 9. Indamora, the 'Captive Queen' in Dryden's Aureng-Zebe.
A Lady in the Front Box. See vol. ii. p. 323.

Nicolini. See vol. i. p. 20; vol. iv. p. 249: and B. I.

· Ancora. Cf. Toby Rentfree's Letter, vol. iv. pp. 249-50.
The dumb Man was a Duncan Campbell, much in repute as a
fortune-teller. He is alluded to in No. 31 (vol. i. p. 326) and
again, at greater length, in No. 474 (q. v.).

PAGE IO. An uncertain Author. Generally ascribed to Ben
Jonson, but claimed for William Browne, author of Britannia's

Motto. Persius, Sat. ii. 61. The motto in A is 'Saevis No. 324, inter se convenit ursis-Juv.'

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PAGE II. Mohocks. Contemporary literature, and especially the epistolary literature of this month, is full of references to this " race of rakes" (as Swift called them), "that play the devil about this town every night.' They carried on the traditions of the Muns, the Tityre Tus, the Hectors, and the more famous Scowrers of the Seventeenth Century (ante, vol. i. p. 328: see also Shadwell's Scowrers, i.), and in their reputation for brutality had quite eclipsed their immediate predecessors the Nickers and Hawcubites. Their name and that of their leader ('Emperor of the Mohocks') seem to have been suggested by the title of one of the four Indian Kings who had been on a visit to England (ante, vol. i. p. 336). They are further discussed in subsequent numbers of the Spectator (see by index). Cf. also Swift's Journal to Stella, March 8, 12, 16, 18, 22, and 26, 1712; Gay's Trivia iii. 326, etc. Mr. Austin Dobson quotes an interesting passage from a letter of Lady Wentworth, of 14th March 1712-"I am very much frighted with the fyer, but much more with a gang of Devils that call themselves Mohocks; they put an old woman into a hogshead, and rooled her down a hill, they cut of soms nosis, others hands, and several barbarass tricks, without any provocation. They are said to be young gentlemen, they never take any mony from any; insteed of setting fifty pound upon the head of a highwayman, sure they would doe much better to sett a hundred upon thear heads." (Wentworth Papers 1883, 277-8.) Gay, in the passage referred to above, describes


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"How matrons, hoop'd within the hogshead's womb,
Were tumbled furious thence."

[Cf. the name of Tumblers, in this essay and in No. 347.] These
miscreants were afterwards found to be but common thieves. Lord
Chesterfield has said, "The Society of Mohocks never existed." In
No. 349 (A) is advertised-The Mohocks. A Tragi-Comical Farce.
As it was Acted near the Watch-house in Covent-Garden. By Her
Majesty's Servants. Printed for Bernard Lintott.
PAGE 13. The rest is torn off. The continuation will be found in the
original paper No. 328 (A) printed at the foot of this page.

This letter," says Percy, was really conveyed in the manner here mentioned to a Mrs. Cole, the wife of a churlish attorney in or near Northampton, who would not suffer her to correspond with any body. It was written by a substantial freeholder in Northamptonshire, whose name was Gabriel Bullock, and given to Steele by his friend, the ingenious antiquary, Mr. Browne Willis." (Quoted by Chalmers).

PAGE 14. Motto. Ovid, Metam. iii. 432-6.
PAGE 15. Mr. Dryden in his Ovid.

"The Story of Acis, Polyphemus and Galatea, from the Thirteenth Book of Ovid's Metamorphoses," line 30.

PAGE 17. Motto. Horace, Odes, III. xvi. 1-5.

Your subsequent Discourse. See No. 311 (vol. iv. p. 236). Reconnoitring (as I think you call it). See vol. ii. p. 305; and iv. p. 297 (note).

PAGE 20. Motto. Virgil, Æn. vii. 44.
PAGES 24, 26. Addison does not
chooses to disagree with him.
PAGE 26. Line 26. Imagination.


hesitate to name Le Bossu when he See the note in vol. iv. p. 292-3. So in A; but Indignation in the

PAGE 27. Motto. Horace, Epod. xvii. 24.
This paper

takes the place in the octavo edition of the following, which was published as No. 328 in A :—

"Delectata illa urbanitate tam stulta.-Petron. Arb. That useful Part of Learning which consists in Emendations, Knowledge of different Readings, and the like, is what in all Ages Persons extremely wise and learned have had in great Veneration. For this reason I cannot but rejoyce at the following Epistle, which lets us into the true Author of the Letter to Mrs. Margaret Clark, part of which I did myself the Honour to publish in a former Paper. I must confess I do not naturally affect critical Learning; but finding my self not so much regarded as I am apt to flatter my self I may deserve from some professed Patrons of Learning, I could not but do my self the Justice to shew I am not a Stranger to such Erudition as they smile upon, if I were duly encouraged. However this only to let the World see what I could do; and shall not give my Reader any more of this kind, if he will forgive the Ostentation I shew at present.

March 13, 1712.

'Sir, Upon reading your Paper of Yesterday, I took the Pains to look out a Copy I had formerly taken, and remembered to be very like your last Letter: Comparing them, I found they were the

very same, and have underwritten sent you that Part of it which No. 328. you say was torn off. I hope you will insert it, that Posterity may know 'twas Gabriel Bullock that made Love in that natural Stile of which you seem to be fond. But, to let you see I have other Manuscripts in the same way, I have sent you enclosed three Copies, faithfully taken by my own Hand from the Originals, which were writ by a Yorkshire gentleman of a good estate to Madam Mary, and an Uncle of her's, a Knight very well known by the most ancient Gentry in that and several other Counties of Great Britain. I have exactly followed the Form and Spelling. I have been credibly informed that Mr. William Bullock, the famous Comedian, is the descendant of this Gabriel, who begot Mr. William Bullock's great grandfather on the Body of the abovemention'd Mrs. Margaret Clark. But neither Speed, nor Baker, nor Selden, taking notice of it, I will not pretend to be positive; but desire that the letter may be reprinted, and what is here recovered may be in Italick.

I am, Sir,

Your daily Reader.

To her I very much respect, Mrs. Margaret Clark. Lovely, and oh that I could write loving Mrs. Margaret Clark, I pray you let Affection excuse Presumption. Having been so happy as to enjoy the Sight of your sweet Countenance and comely Body, sometimes when I had Occasion to buy Treacle or Liquorish Powder at the Apothecary's Shop, I am so enamoured with you, that I can no more keep close my flaming Desire to become your Servant. And I am the more bold now to write to your sweet self, because I am now my own Man, and may match were I please; for my Father is taken away; and now I am come to my Living, which is Ten Yard Land, and a House; and there is never a Yard of Land in our Field but is as well worth ten Pound a Year, as a Thief's worth a Halter; and all my Brothers and Sisters are provided for: Besides I have good Household-stuff, though say it, both Brass and Pewter, Linnens and Woollens; and though my House be thatched, yet if you and I match, it shall go hard but I will have one half of it slated. If you shall think well of this Motion, I will wait upon you as soon as my new Cloaths is made and HayHarvest is in. I could, though I say it, have good Matches in our Town; but my Mother (God's Peace be with her) charged me upon her Death-Bed to marry a Gentlewoman, one who had been well trained up in Sowing and Cookery. I do not think but that if you and I can agree to marry, and lay our Means together, I shall be made Grand-Jury-man e'er two or three Years come about, and that will be a great Credit to us. If I could have got a Messenger for Sixpence, I wou'd have sent one on purpose, and some Trifle or other for a Token of my Love; but I hope there is nothing lost for that neither. So hoping you will take this Letter in good part, and answer it with what care and speed you can, I rest and remain, Yours, if my own,

Swepson, Leistershire.

Mr. Gabriel Bullock,

now my father is dead.

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