The Elections in Israel 1999
Considers the impact of the 1999 Israeli elections.
This volume highlights Israel’s 1999 elections, in which the prime-ministerial race between incumbent Benjamin Netanyahu and Ehud Barak ended with Barak winning by the biggest landslide ever in Israel. Although some observers interpreted these results as a fundamental shift in public opinion, there is little evidence to support this. The book shows how old patterns funneled into a new system of voting produced the 1999 results, where a weak candidate (Barak) bested a wounded prime minister (Netanyahu) abandoned by most of his political allies. Leading social scientists from Israeli and American universities, using a variety of approaches and coming from diverse intellectual traditions, address topics including the emergence of political blocs, strategic voting, and split ticket voting. In addition to major party performance, special interest parties—who did better than ever in 1999—are also discussed, such as the haredi, ultra-orthodox, non-Zionist Shas, the anti-haredi secular Shinui, two parties appealing to former Soviet émigrés and Arab parties.
Asher Arian is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, a Senior Research Fellow at the Israel Democracy Institute, and Professor of Political Science at the University of Haifa. Michal Shamir is Professor of Political Science at Tel Aviv University.
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1999 elections agenda analysis Arab parties Arab votes Arian Arian and Michal Asher Arian Ashkenazim Aviv ballots behavior bloc candidacy candidate for prime candidate selection methods Center Party centrist cleavages coalition contest decline Democracy Democratic DFPE direct election dominant economic Ehud Barak elec election campaign Elections in Israel electoral ethnic exit poll Gesher groups Ha’aretz Haredi Hebrew identity ideological immigrants Israel b’Aliya Israeli Israeli politics Israeli society issue Jerusalem Jewish Jews Knesset elections Knesset list Labor Party leaders Likud major Meimad ment Meretz Meridor Mizrahim Mordechai National Netanyahu Palestinians party system party’s peace process percent Peres polarization political parties Political Science position prime minister prime ministerial Rabin right-wing Russian Shas Shinui social socioeconomic Soviet split-ticket voting strategy survey Tel Aviv University territories ticket splitting tion Tzomet ultra-Orthodox variables voters Yediot Yediot Aharonot Yitzhak Zionist