Incentives for Environmental Protection
This book explores the extent to which pricing incentives such as charges on emissions; in contrast to regulatory standards, can be shaped into a practical policy that is technically effective, politically enactable, administratively enforceable, and equitable. It also compares he advantages and disadvantages of this approach to those that characterize the policy of compliance to regulatory standards. And it identifies the criteria on which either pricing mechanisms or regulatory standards should be based. Three case studies comprise the heart of the book. One investigates carcinogenic chemical emissions, another audits the tradeoffs in controlling aircraft noise near major airports, and the third treats the protection of air quality from pollution by primarily stationary sources. The case studies are introduced by a chapter that gives numerous examples of possible pricing approaches and identifies common lessons that the three diverse studies reinforce.: The studies are followed by a chapter which is based on interviews with Congressional staff, environmentalists, and industrial lobbyists and other interest groups in Washington, revealing their assessments of pricing mechanisms in environmental protection. Thomas C. Schelling and his co-authors - David Harrison, Jr., Albert L. Nichols, Robert Repetto, and Steven J. Kelman - are all affiliated with the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. The book is fifth in the series, Regulation of Economic Activity.
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The Problem of Aircraft Noise
Federal NoiseControl Strategies
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abatement achieve activities additional Agency aircraft aircraft noise airlines airport allow alternative ambient amount approach areas argument assume average benefits benzene chapter chemical concentrations cost-effectiveness costs damage decisions depend determine discussed dollars economic effects efficiency emissions entitlements environmental Environmental Protection estimates example existing sources expected exposure factor federal figure firms flights function given greater higher impact important incentives increase increments individual industry issue landing less limits lower major marginal measure million noise charge offset operations option percent permits plants pollution population possible potential present probably problems production proposed question range reasons reduce region regulations regulatory relatively require respondents retrofit risk saved scheme sources standards strategies suggest Table uniform unit vary visibility
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