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Judgment in impeachment cases to extend only to removal from office, Art. 1. Sec. 3, ¶ 7.

not a bar to indictment and trial at law, 1, 3, 7.

Judicial power-Congress may constitute inferior tribunals, 1, 8, 9. lodged in Supreme and inferior courts, 3, 1. judges to hold office during good behavior, 3, 1. compensation not to be diminished during continuance in office,

3, 1.

to extend to cases in law and equity, 3, 2, 1.

to cases arising under Constitution, laws, and treaties, 3, 2, 1.

to all cases affecting ambassadors, ministers, and consuls, 3, 2, 1. to all admiralty and maritime cases, 3, 2, 1.

to controversies to which United States is a party, 3, 2, 1.

to controversies between States, 3, 2, 1.

to controversies between a State and citizens of another State, 3, 2, 1.

or between a State or its citizens and foreign States or citizens, 3, 2, 1.

in cases affecting ambassadors, etc., Supreme Court to have original jurisdiction, 3, 2, 2.

in all other cases to have appellate jurisdiction, 3, 2, 2.

trial of crimes, except in cases of impeachment, to be by jury,3, 2, 3.
trial to be held in State where crime committed, 3, 2, 3.
when not committed within State Congress may direct, 3, 2, 3. -
not to extend to cases against a State by citizens of another State

or a foreign State, Am. 11.

Judicial proceedings-of States, full faith and credit to be given to, 4, 1.
manner of proving may be prescribed by Congress, 4, 1.
Judicial officers-to be bound by oath to support Constitution, 6, 3.
Jurisdiction-of Supreme Court, appellate and original, 3, 2, 2.

of inferior tribunals, 1, 8, 9.

Jury-trial of crimes cxcept on impeachment to be by jury, 3, 2, 3. accused to have speedy and public trial by, Am. 6.

suits at law where value over twenty dollars shall be tried by,

Am. 7.

fact not to be re-examined except by rules of common law, Am. 7. Just compensation-property not to be taken for public use without,

Am. 5.
Justice-purpose of Constitution to establish, Preamble.

Labor-fugitives from, to be delivered up, 4, 2, 3.

Land and naval forces-Congress may govern and regulate, 1, 8, 14. Law of the land-Constitution, laws, and treaties constitute, 6, 2. judges in every State bound by, 6, 2.

Law of nations-offenses against, Congress may provide punishment

for, 1, 8, 10.

Laws-Congress may provide for execution of, 1. 8, 15.

and of powers vested in Government or any department or

officer, 1, 8, 18.

judicial power to extend to all cases arising under, 3, 2, 1.

Legal tender-State shall not make anything but gold and silver coin

a, 1, 10, 1.

Legislation-exclusive in Congress over District of Columbia, 1, 8, 17. and over places purchased for forts, arsenals, etc., 1, 8, 17. Congress to make laws necessary for operation of powers of Gov.

ernment, 1, 8, 18.

may enforce article prohibiting slavery, Am. 13, 2.

Legislation-Continued.

may enforce Fourteenth Amendment, Am. 14, 5.
may enforce Fifteenth Amendment, Am. 15, 2.
Legislative power-to be vested in Congress, 1, 1.
Letters of marque and reprisal-Congress may grant, 1, 8, 11.
State prohibited from granting, 1, 10, 1.

Liberty-purpose of Constitution to secure, Preamble.

person not to be deprived of without due process of law, Am. 5.
Life--no person to be deprived of without due process of law, Am. 5.
no person to be twice put in jeopardy of, Am. 5.
same restriction on powers of States, Am. 14, 1.
Loss of slave-claim for illegal and void, Am. 14, 4.

Magazines, arsenals, etc.-Congress to have special legislation, 1,

8, 17.

Majority of each House to constitute a quorum, 1, 5, 1.

smaller number may adjourn, and compel attendance, 1, 5, 1.
quorum of House in case of election of President, Am. 12.
of Senate in case of election of Vice-President, Am. 12.
two-thirds of Senate, on trial of impeachment, 1, 3, 6.
Maritime jurisdiction-judicial power to extend to, 3, 2, 1.
Marque and reprisal-Congress may grant letters of, 1, 8, 11.
no State shall grant letters of, 1, 10, 1.
Maryland-Representatives in first Congresss, 1, 2, 3.
Massachusetts-Representatives in first Congress, 1, 2, 3.
Measures-Congress shall fix standard of, 1, 8, 5.
Meeting of Congress-at least once a year, 1, 4, 2.

Members of Congress-and of State legislatures to be bound by

oath, 6, 3.

Militia-Congress shall provide for calling forth, 1, 8, 15.

shall provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, 1, 8, 16.
shall provide for governing, 1, 8, 16.

to execute laws, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions,
1, 8, 16.

appointment of officers and training reserved to States, 1, 8, 16.
discipline to be preserved by Congress, 1, 8, 16.

right of people to bear arms not to be infringed, Am. 2.
Misdemeanors-impeachment and removal for, 2, 4.
Money-Congress may borrow on credit of United States, 1, 8, 2.

shall have power to coin, 1, 8, 5.

to be drawn from treasury only in consequence of appropriations,

1, 9, 7.

statement of receipts and expenditures to be published, 1, 9,7.
no appropriation for armies to be for more than two years, 1, 8, 12.

Nations-power to regulate commerce with, 1, 8, 3.

power to punish offenses against law of, 1, 8, 10.

Naturalization-Congress to establish uniform rule of, 1, 8, 4.

citizens by, to be citizens of United States and States where

reside, Am. 14, 1.

Naval forces-Congress shall make rules and regulations for, 1, 8, 14.
Navy-Congress to provide and maintain, 1, 8, 13.
New Hampshire-Representatives in first Congress, 1, 2, 3.
New Jersey-Representatives in first Congress, 1, 2, 3.

New States-may be admitted by Congress, 4, 3, 1. Art. 4 Sec. 3, ¶ 1.
not to be formed within jurisdiction of another without cousent
of Congress, 4, 3, 1.

nor be formed by junction of two States without consent, 4, 3, 1.
New York-Representatives in first Congress, 1, 2, 3.
Nobility-titles of not to be granted by United States, 1, 9, 8.

no State to grant title of, 1, 10, 1.

North Carolina-Representatives in first Congress, 1, 2, 3.
Number of electors-for President and Vice President, 2, 1, 2.

Oath of office of President-form of, 2, 1, 7.

Oath or a firmation-warrants to be supported by, Am. 4.
to support the Constitution, 6, 3.

religious test not to be required as a qualification for office, 6, 3.
Senator on trial of impeachment to be on, 1, 3, 6.
Objections by President-on return of bill, 1, 7, 2.
Obligation of contracts-no State shall pass laws impairing, 1, 10, 1.
Obligations incurred in aid of rebellion void-Am. 14, 4.

Ofenses against law of nations, Congress may provide punishment

for, 1, 8, 10.

President may grant reprieves or pardons, 2, 2, 1.
no person to be put twice in jeopardy, Am. 5.

Office-who ineligible for member of Congress, 1, 6, 2.

Senator or Representative not eligible for other office, 1, 6, 2.
if created during his term, 1, 6, 2.

holder of not to accept present or emolument from foreign king,

etc., 1, 9, 8.

term of, of President and Vice-President, 2, 1, 1.

of President, when to devolve on Vice-President, 2, 1, 5.
who precluded from office of elector, 2, 1, 2.

vacancy in, when may be filled by President, 2, 2, 3.
commissions to expire at end of next session, 2, 2, 3.

who ineligible as Senator, representative, or Presidential elector,

Am. 14, 3.

Officers-Congress may vest appointment of inferior officers where it

thinks proper, 2, 2, 2.

removal on impeachment for certain crimes, 2, 4.

of House of Representatives to be chosen by itself, 1, 2, 5.
Senate to choose its own, 1, 3, 5.

Opinion of officers-of Executive departments, may be required by

President, 2, 2, 1.

Orders-resolutions and vote to be presented to President, 1, 7, 3.
Original jurisdiction-of Supreme Court, 3, 2, 2.

Pardons-President may grant except in cases of impeachment, 2, 2, 1.
Patent rights-Congress may pass laws securing, 2, 2, 1.

Pensions and bounties-debts for not to be questioned, Am. 14, 4.
Pennsylvania-Representatives at first Congress, 1, 2, 3.
People-Constitution formed by, Preamble.

right of peaceable assemblage shall not be abridged, Am. 1.
right to bear arms not to be infringed, Am. 2.

to be secure in person and property from unreasonable seizures
and search, Am. 4.

People-Continued.

enumeration of rights not to disparage others retained, Am. 9.
powers not delegated to United States or prohibited to States are
reserved, Am. 10.

Petition for redress-right not to be abridged, Am. 1.
Piracies-Congress may define and punish, 1, 8, 10.
Ports-preference not to be given by any regulation of commerce or

revenue, 1, 9, 6.

vessels clearing not to pay duties, 1, 9, 6.

Post-offices and post-roads-Congress shall establish, 1, 8, 7.
Powers-of Government department or officer, Congress may enforce

by law, 1, 8, 18.

of President, when to devolve on Vice-President, 2, 1, 5.
not delegated to United States nor prohibited to States are re-
served to people, Am. 10.

enumeration of rights not to deny or disparage others retained,
Am. 9.

Preference-not to be given to one port over another, 1, 9, 6.
Presentment or indictment-necessary to put party on trial, Am. 5.
except in cases in land and naval forces and militia, Am. 5.
President-Chief Justice to preside on impeachment of, 1, 3, 6.

shall approve and sign all bills, 1, 7, 2.

or return any bill with his objections, 1, 7, 2.

if not returned within ten days to become a law, 1, 7, 2.
proceedings of two Houses in case of a veto, 1, 7, 2.

orders, resolutions, or votes, when to be presented to, 1, 7, 3.
proceedings on return the same as on a bill, 1, 7, 3.
executive power to be vested in, 2, 1, 1.

term of office four years, 2, 1, 1.

Vice-President, when to perform duties of, 2, 1, 5.
when Congress may designate officer to act as, 2, 1, 5.
compensation not to be increased or diminished during term of

office, 2, 1, 6.

to take oath of office, 2, 1, 7.

commander-in-chief of army, navy, and militia, when called out,

2, 2, 1.

may require opinion of principal officer of departments, 2, 2, 1.
may grant reprieves or pardons, except in cases of impeachment,
2,2, 1.

may make treaties by and with consent of Senate, 2, 2, 2.
may appoint officers by and with consent of Senate, 2, 2, 2.
may fill vacancies that happen in recess of Senate, 2, 2, 3.
commissions to fill vacancies, when to expire, 2, 2, 2.

to give information and recommend measures to Congress, 2, 3.
when may convene both or either House, 2, 3.

when may adjourn Congress, 2, 3.

shall receive ambassadors and public ministers, 2, 3.
shall take care that laws be faithfully executed, 2, 3.
shall commission all officers, 2, 3.

shall be removed on conviction on impeachment, 2, 4.
who eligible for office of, 2, 1, 4.

eligibility as to age and residence, 2, 1, 4.

President and Vice-President-manner of choosing, 2, 1, 2.

who disqualified to be elector, 2, 1, 2.

Congress may determine time of choosing electors, 2, 1, 3.
electors to meet and vote by ballot, Am. 12.

one at least not to be an inhabitant of State, Am. 12.

electors to name in distinct ballots persons voted for, Am. 12.
distinct lists of votes to be made, Am. 12.

DESTY'S FED. CON.-5.

President and Vice-President-Continued.

to be signed, certified, and transmitted to President of Senate,

Am. 12.

duty of President of Senate on receipt of returns, Am. 12.
person having greatest number of votes to be, Am. 12.
if he have a majority of electoral vote, Am. 12.
proceedings, if no person has a majority, Am. 12.

in choosing President by the Legislature, each State to have one
vote, Am. 12.

quorum for this purpose to be two-thirds of States, Am. 12.
and a majority of States required to elect, Am. 12.

in case of no choice being made, Vice-President to act, Am. 12.
President of Senate-Vice-President shall be, 1, 3, 4.

when Senate may choose pro tempore, 1, 3, 5.

shall have no vote except on equal division, 1, 3, 4.
duty on return of votes of Presidential electors, Am. 12.
Press-freedom of not to be abridged, 1.

Private property-not to be taken for public use without compensa-

tion, Am. 5.

Privilege of members of Congress from arrest, except, 1, 6, 1.
members not to be questioned for speech or debate, 1, 6, 1.
Privileges and immunities-of citizens of States, 4, 2, 1.

soldiers not to be quartered without consent of owner, Am. 3.
persons not to be put twice in in jeopardy for same offense, Am. 5.
citizens of United States are citizens of State where they reside,

Am. 14, 1.

not to be abridged by State laws, Am. 14, 1.

State not to deprive of life, etc., without due process of law,
Am. 14, 1.

nor deny to any person equal protection the laws, Am. 14, 1.
Prizes-Congress may make rules concerning, 1, 8, 11.

Process of law-person not to be deprived of life, etc., without, Am. 5.
provision made applicable to States, Am. 14, 1.
for obtaining witnesses, rights of accused, Am. 6.

Progress of science and art-Congress to have power to promote, 1, 8, 8.
Property of United States-Congress may dispose of and make rules
and regulations for, 4, 3, 2.

Prosecutions-accused to have speedy and public trial, Am. 6.

to be tried by jury in State or district where crime was commit-
ted, Am. 6.

to be informed of nature and cause of accusation, Am. 6.

to be confronted with witnesses, Am. 6.

to have compulsory process for witnesses, Am. 6.
to have counsel for his defense Am. 6.

Public debt-of United State; not to be questioned, Am. 14, 1.
Public use-property not to be taken for without just compensation,

Am. 5.

Punishment-judgment on impe chment not to bar trial, etc., 1, 3, 7.
cruel and unusual prohibited, Am. 8.

Qualification for office-no religious test shall be required as, 6, 3.
of electors and mem ers of House of Representatives, 1, 2, 1.

of members of House as to age and inhabitancy, 1, 2, 2.

of Senators as to age and inhabitancy, 1, 3, 3.

each House to judge of, 1, 5, 1.

of President of United States, 2, 1, 4.

as to age and residen y, 2, 1, 4.
of Vice-President, Am 12.

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