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extinguish his fear, and consequently overturn in Besides poverty and want, there are other reasons him one of the great pillars of morality. This too that debase the minds of men who live under slawe find confirmed by matter of fact. How many very, though I look on this as the princ: pal. This bopeful heirs apparent to grand empires, when in natural tendency of despotic power to ignorance the possession of them, have become such monsters and barbarity, though not insisied upon by others. of lust and cruelty as are a reproach to human is, I think, an unanswerable argument against that

form of government, as it shows how repugnant it Some tell us we ought to make our governments is to the good of mankind, and the perfection of on earth like that in heaven, which, say they, is al human nature, which ought to be the great ends of together monarchical and unlimited. Was man all civil institutions.-L. like his Creator in goodness and justice, I should be for allowing this great model ; but where goodness and justice are not essential to the ruler, I would by No. 288.1 WEDNESDAY, JAN. 30, 1711-12 no means put myself into his hands to be disposed

-Pavor est utrique molestus.-HoR. 1 Ep. vi. 10. of according to his particular will and pleasure,

Both fear alike. It is odd to coosider the connexion between des. potic government and barbarity, and how the making

“ Mr. Spectator, of one person more than man, makes the rest less. “ When you spoke of the jilts and coquettes, you Above nine parts of the world in ten are in the then promised to be very impartial

, and not to spare lowest state of slavery, and consequently sunk in even your own sex, should any of their secret or open the most gross and brutal ignorance. European faults come under your coguisance: which has given slavery is indeed a state of liberty, if compared with me encouragement to describe a certain species of that which prevails in the other three divisions of mankind under the denomination of male jilts. They the world : and therefore it is no wonder that those are gentlemen who do not design to marry, yet, that who grovel under it, have many tracks of light they may appear to have some sense of gallantry, among them, of which the others are wholly destitute. think they must pay their devoirs to one particular

Riches and plenty are the natural fruits of liberty, fair; in order to which, they single out from amongst and where these abound, learning and all the liberal the herd of females her to whom they design to arts will immediately lift up their heads and flourish. make their fruitless addresses. This done, they As a man must have no slavish fears and apprehen- first take every opportunity of being in her coin. sions hanging upon his mind, who will indulge the pany, and they never faii upon all occasions to be Aights of fancy or speculation, and push his re- particular to her, laying themselves at her feet, prosearches into all the abstruse corners of truth, so it testing the reality of their passion with a thousand is necessary for him to have about him a compe- oaths, soliciting a return, and saying as many fino tency of all the conveniences of life.

things as their stock of wit will allow: and if they The first thing every one looks after, is to provide are not deficient that way, generally speak so as to himself with necessaries. This point will engross admit of a double interpretation; which the credu. our thoughts until it be satisfied. If this is taken lous fair is too apt to turn to her own advantage, care of to our hands, we look out for pleasures and since it frequently happens to be a raw, innocent amusements; and among a great number of idle young creature, who thinks all the world as sincere people, there will be many whose pleasures will lie as herself, and so her unwary heart becomes an easy in reading and contemplation. These are the two prey to those deceitful monsters, who no sooner great sources of knowledge, and as men grow wise perceive it, but immediately they grow cool, and they naturally love to communicate their disco- shun her whom they before seemed so much to adveries; and others seeing the happiness of such a mire, and proceed to act the same common-place learned life, and improving by their conversation, llany towards another. A coxcomb flushed with emulate, imitate, and surpass one another, until a many of these infamous victories shall say he is nation is filled with races of wise and understand- sorry for the poor fools, protest and vow he never ing persons. Ease and plenty are therefore the great thought of matrimony, and wonder talking civilly cherishers of knowledge : and as most of the despotic can be so strangely misinterpreted. Now, Mr. governments of the world have neither of them, Spectator, you that are a professed friend to love, they are naturally overrun with ignorance and bar- will, I hope, observe upon those who abuse that barity. In Europe, indeed, notwithstanding several noble passion, and raise it in innocent minds by a of its princes are absolute, there are men famous deceitful affectation of it, after which they desert for knowledge and learning ; but the reason is, the enamoured. Pray bestow a little of your counbecause the subjects are many of them rich and sel on those fond believing females who already wealthy, the prince not thinking fit to exert himself have, or are in danger of having, broken hearts; in his full tyranny like the princes of the eastern in which you will oblige a great part of this town, nations, lest his subjects should be invited to new- but in a particular manner, mould their constit on, having so many prospects

Sir, of liberty within their view. But in all despotic “ Your (yet heart-whole) Admirer, governments, though a particular prince may favour

and devoted humble Servant, arts and letters, there is a natural degeneracy of mankind, as you may observe from Augustus's reign,

MELAINIA.” how the Romans lost themselves by degrees until Melainia's complaint is occasioned by so general they fell to an equality with the most barbarous a folly, that it is wonderful one could so long overnations that surrounded them. Look upon Greece look it. But this false gallantry proceeds from an under its free states, and you would think its in- impotence of mind, which makes those who are habitants lived in different climates, and under dif- guilty of it incapable of pursuing what they themferent heavens, from those at present, so different selves approve. Many a man wishes a woman bis are the geniuses which are formed under Turkish wife whom he dare not take for such. Though no slarery, and Grecian liberty.

one has power over his inclinations or fortynes, be

men.

is a slave to common fame. For this reason, I beg it, will be the greater favour, as I have lately think Melainia gives them too soft a name in that received rich silks and fine lace to a considerable of male coquets. I know not why irresolution of value, which will be sold cheap for a quick return, mind should not be more contemptible than impo. and as I have also a large stock of other goods. tence of borly; and these frivolous adınirers would | Indian silks were formerly a great branch of our be too tenderly used, in being only included in the trade; and since we must not sell them, we must seek same term with the insufficient another way. They amends by dealing in others. This I hope will whom my correspondent calls male coquets, should plead for one who would lessen the number of hereafter be called fribblers. A fribbler is one who teasers of the Muses, and who, suiting his spirit to professes rapture and admiration for the woman his circumstances, humbles the poet to exalt the whom he addresses, and dreads nothing so much as citizen. Like a true tradesman, I hardly ever look her consent. His heart can futter by the force of into any books, but those of accounts. To say the imagination, but cannot fix from the force of judg- truth, I cannot, I think, give you a better idea of ment. It is not uncommon for the parents of my being a downright man of traffic, than by acyoung women of moderate fortune to wink at the knowledging I oftener read the advertisements, than addresses of fribblers, and expose their children to the matter of even your paper. I am under a great the ambiguous behaviour which Melaivia complains temptation to take this opportunity of admonishing of, until by the fondness to one they are to lose, other writers to follow my example, and trouble the they become incapable of love towards others, and, town no more; but as it is my present business to by consequence, in their future marriage lead a increase the number of buyers rather than sellers, joyless or a miserable life. As therefore I shall, in 1 hasten to tell you that I am, Sir, ihe speculations which regard love, be as severe as

“'Your most humble, I ought on jilts and libertine women, so will I be

and most obedient Serrant, as little merciful to insignificant and mischievous T.

“ Peter MOTTEUX." In order to this, all visitants who frequent families wherein there are young females, are forthwith required to declare themselves, or absent from No. 289.) THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 1711.12. places where their presence banishes such as would Vitae summa brevis spem nos vetat inchoare longam. pass their time more to the advantage of those whom

Hor. I Od. iv. 15 they visit. It is a matter of too great moment to be Life's span forbids us to extend our cares, dallied with: and I shall expect from all my young

And stretch our hopes beyond our years.-CREECH. people a satisfactory account of appearances. Stre- Upon taking my seat in a coffee-house I often phon has from the publication hereof seven days to draw the eyes of the whole room upon me, when in explain the riddle he presented to Eudamia; and the hottest seasons of news, and at a time perhaps Chloris an hour after this comes to her hand, to that the Dutch mail is just come in, they hear me declare whether she will have Philotas, whom a ask the coffee-man for his last week's bill of morwoman of no less merit than herself, and of supe- tality. I find that I have been sometimes taken rior fortune, languishes to call her own.

on this occasion for a parish sexton, sometimes for

an undertaker, and sometimes for a doctor of phy"TO THE SPECTATOR.

sic. In this, however, I am guided by the spirit

of a philosopher, as I take occasion from thence to “Since so many dealers turn authors, and write reflect upon the regular increase and diminution of quaint advertisements in praise of their wares, one mankind, and consider the several various ways who from an author turned dealer may be allowed through which we pass from life to eternity. I ain for the advancement of trade to turn author again. very well pleased with these weekly admonitions, I will not however set up, like some of them, for that bring into my mind such thoughts as ought to selling cheaper than the most able honest tradesman be the daily entertainment of every reasonable can; nor do I send this to be bettter known for creature; and consider with pleasure to myself, by choice and cheapness of China and Japan wares, which of those deliverances, or, as we commonly tea, fans, muslins, pictures, arrack, and other Indian call them, distempers, I may possibly make my goods. Placed as I am in Leadenhall-street, near escape out of this world of sorrows, into that condiThe India company, and the centre of that trade, tion of existence, wherein I hope to be happier and thanks to my fair customers, my warehouse is graced better than it is possible for me at present to as well as the benefit days of my plays and operas; conceive. and the foreign goods I sell, seem no less acceptable But this is not all the use I make of the abovethan the foreign books I translated, Rabelais, and mentioned weekly paper. A bill of mortality is, in Don Quixote. This the critics allow me, and while my opinion, an unanswerable argument for a Prothey like my wares they may dispraise my writings. vidence. How can we, without supposing ourselves But as it is not so well known yet, that I frequently under the constant care of a Supreme Being, give cross the seas of late, and speak in Dutch and any possible account for that nice proportion, which French, besides other languages, I have the con- we find in every great city, between the deaths and veniency of buying and importing rich brocades, births of its inhabitants, and between the number Dutch atlases, with gold and silver, or without, and of males and that or females brought into the world? other foreign silks of the newest modes and best What else could adjust in 30 exact a manner the fabrics, fine Flanders lace, linens, and pictures, at recruits of every nation to its losses, and divide the best hand; this my new way of true I have these new supplies of people into such equal bodies fallen into, I cannot better publish than by an ap- of both sexes ? Chance could never hold the balance plication to you. My wares are fit only for such as with so steady a hand. Were we not counted out

your readers'; and I would bey of you to print this by an intelligent supervisor, we should sometimes i aldress in your paper, that those whose minds you be overcharged with multitudes, and at others waste

adorn may take the ornaments for their persons and away into a desert: we should be sometimes a houses from me. This, Sir, if I may presume to populus virorum, as Florus elegantly expresses it, &

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goderation of males, and at others a species of slated it word for word. “ Be not grieved," says

We may extend this consideration to he, “ above measure for thy deceased friends. every species of living creatures, and consider the They are not dead, but have only finished that whole animal world as a huge army made up of in- journey which it is necessary for every one of us to numerable corps, if I may use that term, whose take. We ourselves must go to that great place of quotas have been kept entire near tive thousand reception in which they are all of them assembled, years, in so wouderful a manner, that there is not and in this general rendezvous of mankind, live probably a single species lost during this long tract together in another state of being." of time. Could we have general litis of mortality I think I have, ip a former paper, ,

taken notice of every kind of animals, or particular ones of every of those beautiful metaphors in Scripture, where species in each continent or island, I could almost life is termed a pilgrimage, and those who pass say in every wood, marsh, or mountain, what as-through it are called strangers and sojourners upon tonishing instances would they be of that Provi- earth. I shall conclude this with a story which I dence which watches over all his works?

have somewhere read in the travels of Sir John I have beard of a great man in the Romish church, Chardin. That gentleman, after having told us who upon reading those words in the fifth chapter that the ions which receive the caravans in Persia, of Genesis, “And all the days that Adam lived were and the eastern countries, are called by the name nine hundred and thirty years, and he died; and of caravansaries, gives us a relation to the following all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve purpose :years, and he died; and all the days of Methuselah * A dervise travelling through Tartary, being were nine hundred and sixty-nine years, and he arrived at the town of Balk, went into the king's died;" immediately shut himself up in a convent, palace by mistake, as thinking it to be a public inn and retired from the world, as not thinking any or caravansary. Having looked about him for thing in this life worth pursuing, which had not re- some time, he entered into a long gallery, where gard to another.

he laid down his wallet, and spread his carpet, in The truth of it is, there is nothing in history order to repose himself upou it, after the manner which is so improving to the reader as those ac- of the castern nations. He had not been long in counts which we meet with of the deaths of eminent this posture before he was discovered by some of persons, and of their behaviour in that dreadful the guards, who asked him what was his business

I may also add, that there are no parts in in that place? The dervise told them he intended history which affect and please the reader in so to take up his night's lodging in that caravansary. sensible a manner. The reason I take to be this, The guards let him know, in a very angry manner, there is no other single circumstance in the story of that the house he was in was not a caravansary, any person, which can possibly be the case of every but the king's palace. It happened that the king one who reads it. A battle or a triuirph are con- himself passed through the gallery during this dejectures in which not one man in a million is likely bate, and smiling at the mistake of the dervise, to be engaged: but when we see a person at the asked him how he could possibly be so dull as not point of death, we cannot forbear being attentive to distinguish a palace from a caravansary; 'Sir,' to every thing he says or does, because we are sure says the dervise, give me leave to ask your mathat some time or other we shall ourselves be in the jesty a question or two. Who were the persons that saine melancholy circumstances. The general, the lodged in this house when it was first built ?' The statesman, or the philosopher, are perhaps charac- king replied, “His ancestors.'

· And who,' says ters which we may never act in, but the dying man the dervise, ' was the !ast person that lodged here? is one whom, sooner or later, we shall certainly re- The king replied, His father.' . And who is it,' semble.

says the dervise, 'that lodges here at present?' It is, perhaps, for the same kind of reason, that the king told him, that it was he himsell. * And few books written in Euglish have been so much who,' says the dervise, 'will be here after you ?' perused as Dr. Sherlock's Discourse upon Deatb; The king answered, The young prince his son.' though at the same time I must own, that he who . Ah, Sir, said the dervise, a house that changes bas not perused this excellent piece, has not per- its inhabitants so often, and receives such a perhaps read one of the strongest persuasives to a re- petual succession of guests, is not a palace, but a ligious life that ever was written in any language.

caravansary.'".

:'"-L, The consideration with which I shall close this essay upon death, is one of the most ancient and most beaten morals that has been recommended

No. 290.) FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1711-12. to mankind. But its being so very common, and so

Projicit ampullas et sesquipedalia verba. universally received, though it takes away from

HOR, Ars Poet. ver. 97. it the grace of novelty, adds very much to the

Forgets his swelling and gigantic words.

RoscomMON. weight of it, as it shows that it falls in with the general sense of mankind. In short, I would have

The players, who know I am very much their every one consider that he is in this life nothing friend, take all opportunities to express a gratitude more than a passenger, and that he is not to set up

to me for being so. They could not have a better bis rest here, but to keep an attentive eye upon that occasion of obliging me, than one which they lately slate of being to which he approaches every mo- took hold of. They desired any friend Will Honeyment, and which will be for ever fixed and perma-comb to bring me to the reading of a new tragedy; neut. This single consideration would be sufficient it is called The Distrest Mother. I must confess, to extinguish the bitterness of hatred, the thirst of though some days are passed since I enjoyed thui avarice, and the cruelty of ambition.

entertainment, the passions of the scveral charac I am very much pleased with the passage of ters dwell strongly upon my imagination; and I Antiphanes, a very ancient poet, who lived near a

congratulate the age, that they are at last to see fundred years before Socrates, which represents the

* The motto in the original paper in folio was from florace lue of man under this vie, as I have here tran- likewise -—" Spiral tragicum satis, et feliciter audet "

truth and human life represented in the incidents the upper end of the world pass as they would. which concern heroes and heroines. The style of What is further very extraordinary in this work, is, the play is such as becomes those of the first edu a- that the persons are all of them laudable, and their tion, and the sentiments worthy those of the highest misfortunes arise rather from unguarded virtue, than figure. It was a most exquisite pleasure to me, to propensity to vice. The town has an opportunity observe real tears drop from the eyes of those who of doing itself justice in supporting the representabad long made it their profession to dissemble afllic- tions of passion, sorrow, indignation, even despair tion; and the player who read frequently threw itself, within the rules of decency, honour, and good. down the book, until he had given vent to the hu- breeding; and since there is none can flatter himselt manity which rose in him at some irresistible touches his life will be always fortunate, they may here see of the imagined sorrow We have seldom had any sorrow, as they would wish to bear it whenever it female distress on the stage, which did not, upon arrives. cool examination, appear to flow from the weakness “ MR. SPECTATOR, rather than the mistortune of the person repre. sented: but in this tragedy you are not entertained called The Distrest Mother. It is the celebrated grief

“ I am appointed to act a part in the new tragedy with the ungoverned passions of such as are enamoured of each other, merely as they are men and act as I ought, for I shall feel it too intimately to

of Orestes which I am to personate; but I shall not women, but their regards are founded upon high be able to utter it. I was last night repeating a paconcrptions of each other's virtue and merit; and ragraph to myself, which I took to be an expression who has behaved herself with heroic virtue in the of rage, and in the middle of the sentence there most important circumstances of a female lite, those Be pleased, Sir, to print this letter, that when I am

was a stroke of self-pity which quite unmanned me. those whose minds have been too attentive upon the oppressed in this manner at such an interval, a cer

of the audience may not think I am out; affairs of life, to have any notion of the passion of and I hope, with this allowance, to do it with satislove in such extremes as are known only to parti. faction.

“ I am, Sir, cular tempers, yet in the above-mentioned consi

“ Your most humble Servant, derations, the sorrow of the heroine will move even

“ GEORGE POWELL." the generality of mankind. Domestic virtues con

“MR. SPECTATOR, cern all the world, and there is no one living who is not interested that Andromache should be an ini.

“As I was walking the other day in the Park, I mitable character. The generous affection to the saw a gentleman with a very short face; I desire to memory of her deceased husband, that tender care

know whether it was you. Pray inform me as soon for her son, which is ever heightened with the con

as you ran, lest I become the most heroic Hecasideration of his father, and these regards preserved

tissa's rical. in spite of being tempted with the possession of the

“ Your humble Servant to command,

SOPHIA." nighest greatness, are what cannot but be venerable

“ DEAR MADAM, even to such an audience as at present frequents the English theatre. My friend Will Honeycomb

“ It is not me you are in love with, for I was commended several tender things that were said, very ill, and kept my chamber all that day.

“ Your most humble Servant, and told me they were very genteel; but whispered

T.

“ Tue SpecTATOR." me, that he feared the piece was not busy enough for the present taste. To supply this, he recommended to the players to be very careful in their No. 291.) SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1711-12. scenes; and, above all things, that every part should

Ubi plura nitent in carmine, non ego paucis be perfectly new dressed. I was very glad to find that Offendar maculis, quas aut incuria fudit, they did not neglect my friend's admonition, because

Aut humana parum cavet natura.there are a great many in this class of criticism who

But in a poem elegantly writ, may be gained by it; but indeed the truth is, that

I will not quarrel with a slight mistake, as to the work itself, it is every where Nature. The Such as our nature's frailty may excuse.— Roscom ON persons are of the highest quality in life, even that I have now considered Milton's Paradise Lost of princes; but their quality is not represented by under those four great heads of the fable, the cha. the poet, with directions that guards and waiters racters, the sentiments, and the language; and should follow them in every scene, but their grandeur í have shown that he excels in general, under each appears in greatness of sentiment, flowing from of these heads. I hope that I have made several minds worthy their condition. To make a charac- discoveries which 'may appear new, even to those ter truly great, this author understands, that it who are versed in critical learning. Were I indeed should have its foundation in superior thoughts and to choose my readers, by whose judgment I would maxims of conduct. It is very certain, that many stand or fali, they should not be such as are acan honest woman would make no difficulty, though quainted only with the French and Italian critics, she had been the wife of Hector, for the sake of a but also with the ancient and modern who have kingdom, to marry the enemy of her husband's written in either of the learned languages. Above family and country; and indeed who can deny but all, I would bave them well versed in the Greek and she might be still an honest woman, but no he- Latin poets, without which a man very often fancies roine ? That may be defensible, nay laudable, in that he understands a critic, when in reality he one character, which would be in the highest degree does not comprehend his meaning. exceptionable in another. When Cato Uticensis It is in criticism as in all other sciences and spekilled himself, Cottius, a Koman of ordinary quality culations; one who brings with him any implicit and character, did the same thing; upon which one notions and observations, which he has made in his said, smiling, “Cottius might have lived, though reading of the poets, will find his own reflections Cæsar bas seized the Roman liberty." Cotrius's methodized and explained, and perhaps several little condition might have been the same, let things at biuts that had passed in his mind, perfected aud

Hor. Ars Poet. ver. 351.

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improved in the works of a good critic; whereas aggravating a fault; and though such a treatment one who has not these previous lights is very often of an author naturally produces indignation in the an utter stranger to what he reads, and apt to put mind of an understanding reader, it has however a wrong interpretation upon it.

its effect among the generality of those whose Nor is it sufficient that a man, who sets up for a hands it falls into, the rabble of mankind being very jurige in criticism, should have perused the authors apt to think that every thing which is laughed at, above mentioned, unless he has also a clear and with any mixture of wit, is ridiculous in itself. logical head. Without this talent he is perpetually Such a mirth as this is always unseasonable in a puzz'ed and perplexed amidst his own blunders, critic, as it rather prejudices the reader than conmistakes the sense of those he would confute, or, if vinces him, and is capable of making a beauty, as he chances to think right, does not know how to well as a blemish, the subject of derision. A man convey his thoughts to another with clearness and who cannot write with wit on a proper subject, is perspicuity. Aristotle, who was the best critic, was dull and stupid; but one who shows it in an improalso one of the best logicians that ever appeared per place, is as impertinent and absurd. Besides, in the world.

a man who has the gilt of ridicule is apt to find Mr. Locke's Essay on Human Understanding fault with any thing that gives him an opportunity would be thought a very odd book for a man to of exerting his beloved talent, and very often cenmake himself master of, who would get a reputation sures a passage, not because there is any fault in by critical writings; though at the same time it is it, but because he can be merry upon it. Such very certain, that an author who has not learned | kinds of pleasantry are very unfair and disingenuthe art of distinguishing between words and things, ous in works of criticism, in which the greatest and of ranging his thoughts and setting them in masters, both ancient and modern, have always approper lights, whatever notions he may have, will peared with a serious and instructive air. luse himself in confusion and obscurity. I might As I intend in my next paper to show the defects further observe that there is not a Greek or Latin in Milton's Paradise Lost, I thought fit to premise critic, who has not shown, even in the style of bis these few particulars, to the end that the reader criticisms, that he was a master of all the elegance may know I enter upon it as on a very ungrateful and delicacy of his native tongue.

work, and that I shall just point at the imperfecThe truth of it is, there is nothing more absurd, tions without endeavouring to inflame them with than for a man to set up for a critic, without a good ridicule. I must also observe with Longinus, that insight into all the parts of learning; whereas many the productions of a great genius, with many lapses of those, who have endeavoured to signalize them and inadvertencies, are infinitely preferable to the selves by works of this nature, among our English works of an inferior kind of author, which are scruwriters, are not only defective in the above-men- pulously exact, and conformable to all the rules of tioned particulars, but plainly discover, by the correct writing, phrases wbich they make use of, and by their con- I shall conclude my paper with a story out of i'used way of thinking, that they are not acquainted Boccalini, which sufficiently shows us the opinion with the most common and ordinary systems of arts that judicious author entertained of the sort of and sciences. A few general rules extracted out of critics I have been here mentioning. A famous the French authors, with a certain cant of words, critic, says he, having gathered together all the has sometimes set up an illiterate heavy writer for faults of an eminent poet, made a present of them a most judicious and forinidable critic.

to Apollo, who received them very graciously, and One great mark, by which you may discover a resolved to make the author a suitable return for critic who has neither taste nor learning, is this, the trouble he had been at in collecting them. In that he seldom ventures to praise any passage in order to this, he set before him a sack of wheat, as an author which has not been before received and it had been just thrashed out of the sheaf. He then applauded by the public, and that his criticism turns bid him pick out the chaff from among the corn, wholly upon little faults and errors. This part of a and lay it aside by itself. The critic applied himcritic is so very easy to succeed in, that we find self to the task with great industry and pleasure, every ordinary reader, upon the publishing of a and, after having made the due separation, was prenew poem, has wit and ill-nature enough to turn sented by Apollo with the chaff for his pains.-L. several passages of it into ridicule, and very often in the right place. This Mr. Dryden has very agreeably remarked in these two celebrated lines: No. 292.] MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1711-12. Errors, like straws, upon the surface flow;

Illam, quicquid agit, quoquo vestigia flectit,
He who would search for pearls, must dive below.

Componit furtim, subsequiturque decor.

TIBUI., 4 Eleg. il. 8. A true critic ought to dwell rather upon excel

Whate'er she does, where'er her steps she bends, lences than imperfections, to discover the concealed

Grace on each action silently attends beauties of a writer, and communicate to the world As no one can be said to enjoy health, who is such things as are worth their observation. The only not sick, without he feel within himself a lightmost exquisite words, and finest strokes of an au- some and invigorating principle, which will not thor, are those which very often appear the most suffer hir to remain idle, but still spurs him on to doubtful and exceptionable to a man who wants a action; so in the practice of every virtue, there is relish for polite learning; and they are these, which some additional grace required, to give a claim of a sour undistinguishing critic generally attacks with excelling in this or that particular action. A dia. the greatest violence. Tully observes, that it is mond may want polishing, though the value may be very easy to brand or fix a mark upon what he calls intrinsically the same; and the same good may be verbum ardens, or as it may be rendered into Eng. done with different degrees of lustre. No man

a glowing bold expression,” and to turn it should be contented with himself that he barely into ridicule by a cold ill-naired criticism. A little does well, but he should perform every thing in the wit is equally capable of exposing a beauty and of | best and most becoming manner that he is alle.

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