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lawful for the father himself to bring up his children but her temper is somewhat different from ebat of after his own faucy. As soon as they were seven Lady Anvil. My lady's whole time and thoughts years old, they were all listed in several companies, are spent in keeping up to the mode both in apand disciplined by the public. The old men were parel and furniture. Allibe goods in my house have spectators of their performances, who often raised been changed three times in seven years. I have quarrels among them, and set them at strife with had seven children by her: and by our marriage. one another, that by those early discoveries they articles she was to have her apartment new furnished might see how their several talents lay, and, without as often as she lay in. Nothing in our house is any regard to their quality, disposed of them ac- useful but that which is fashionable; my pewter cordingly, for the service of the commonwealth. holds out generally half a year, my plate a full By this means, Sparta soon became ihe mistress of twelvemonth; chairs are not fit to sit in that were Greece, and famous through the whole world for her made two years since, nor beds fit for any thing but civil and military discipline,

to sleep in, that have stood up above that time. My If you think this letter deserves a place among dear is of opinion that an old fashioned grate conyour speculations, I may perhaps trouble you with sumes coals, but gives no heat. If she drinks out some other thoughts on the same subject.

of glasses of last year she cannot distinguish wine X.

from small-beer. “ I am," &c.

Oh, dear Sir, you may guess all the rest.

“ Yours.

“ P.S. I could bear even all this, if I were not No. 308.) FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1711-12.

obliged also to eat fashionably. I have a plain Jam proterva

stomach, and have a constant loathing of whatever Fronte pelet Lalage maritum.-Hor. Od. 5. lib. ii. ver. 15

comes to my own table; for which reason I dine at Lalage will soon proclaim

the chop-house three days in a week; where the Her love, nor blush to own her flame.-CREECR.

good company wonders they never see you of late. “Mr. SPECTATOR,

I am sure, by your unprejudiced discourses, you love I give you this trouble in order to propose my

broth better than soup." sel? to you as an assistant in the weighty cares which “ MR. SPECTATOR, Will's, Feb. 19. you have thought fit to undergo for the public good. I am a very great lover of women, that is to say, talked of as any man in town. I am one of your

You may believe you are a person as much honestly; and as it is natural to study what one best friends in this house, and have laid a wager, likes, I have industriously applied myself to understand them. The present circumstance relating to you are so candid a man, and so honest a fellow, that them is, that I think there wants under you, as you will print this letter, though it is in recommenSpectator, a person to be distinguished and vested dation of a newspaper called The Historian. I have in the power and quality of a censor on marriages. read it carefully, and tind it written with skill, good I lodge at the Temple, and know, by seeing women sense, modesty, and fire. You must allow the town come hither, and afterward observing them con. but you have so much sense of the world's change

is kinder to you than you deserve; and I doubt not ducted by their counsel to judges' chambers, that of humour, and instability of all human things, as there is a custom in case of making conveyance of a wife's estate, that she is carried to a judge’s apart. is to communicate it to others with good-nature and

to understand, that the only way to preserve favour ment, and left alone with him, to be examined in private, whether she has not been frightened or

judgment. You are so generally rear, that what | sweetened by her spouse into the act she is going to you speak of will be read. This with men of sense do, or whether it is of her own free will. Now, if and taste, is all that is wanting to recommend The

Historian. this be a method founded upon reason and equity, why should there not be also a proper officer for

“ I am, Sir, yout daily Advocate,

“ READER Gentle." examining such as are entering into the state of matrimony, whether they are forced by parents on I was very much surprised this morning that any one side, or moved by interest only on the other, to one should find out my lodging, and know it so well come together, and bring forth such awkward heirs as to come directly to my closet-door, and knock at as are the product of half love and constrained com- it, to give me the following letter. When I came pliances ? There is nobody, though I say it myself, out I opened it, and saw, by a very strong pair of would be fitter for this office than I am: for I am shoes and a warm coat the bearer had on, that he an ugly fellow, of great wit and sagacity. My father walked all the way to bring it me, though dated from was a hale country 'squire, my mother a witty York. My misfortune is that I cannot talk, and I beauty of no fortune. The match was made by con- found the messenger had so much of me, that he sent of my mother's parents against her own, and I could think better than speak. He had, I observed, am the child of the rape on the wedding night; so a polite discerning, hid under a shrewd rusticity. that I am as bealthy and as homely as my father, He delivered the paper with a Yorkshire tone and but as sprightly and agreeable as my mother. It a town leer. would be of great ease to you, if you would use me under you, that matches might be better regulated

“MR. SPECTATOR, for the future, and we might have no more children “ The privilege you have indulged John Trot has of squabbles. I shall not reveal all my pretensions proved of very bad consequence to our illustrious asuntil I receive your answer : and am, Sir, sembly, which, besides the many excellent maxims

“ Your most humble Servant, it is founded upon, is remarkable for the extraordi. “ MULES PALFREY."

nary decorum observed in it. One instance of which

is, that the carders (who are always of the firs: “MR. SPECTATOR, 1

quality) never begin to play until the French dances “ I am one of those unfortunate men within the are finished, and the country dances begin; but city-walls, who am married to a woman of quality, John Trot having now got your commission in his

His own invented torments,

pocket (which everyone here has a profound respect described in the first book as besmeared with the for) has the assurance to set up for a minuer-dancer. blood of buman sacrifices, and delighted with the Not only so, but he has brought down upon us the tears of parents, and the cries of children. In the whole body of the Trots, which are very numerous, second book he is marked out as the fiercest spirit with their auxiliaries the hobblers and the skippers, that fought in heaven; and if we consider the figure by which means the time is so much wasted, that, which he makes in the sixth book, where the battle unless we break all rules of government, it must re- of the angels is described, we find it every way dound to the utter subversion of the brag-table, the answerable to the same furious, enraged character: discreet members of which value time, as Fribble's

Where the might of Gabriel fought, wife does her pin-money. We are pretty well as- And with fierce eusigns pierc'd the deep array sured that your indulgence to Trut was only in re- Of Moloch, furious king, who him defy'd, lation to country dances; however, we have deferred

And at his chariot-wheels to drag him bound

Threatend, nor from the Holy One of heav'n issuing an order of council upon the premises,

Refrain d his tongue blasphemous: but anon, hoping to get you to join with us, that Trot, nor any. Down cloven to the waist, with shatter d arms of his clan, presume for the future to dance any but And uncouth pain fled bellowing. country dances, unless a hornpipe upon a festival

It may be worth while to observe, that Milton has day. If you will do this, you will oblige a great represented this violent impetuous spirit, who is many ladies, and particularly your most humble hurried on by such precipitate passions, as the first Servant,

that rises in the assembly to give his opinion upon “ York, Feb. 16. “ Eliz. SWEEPSTAKES.” their present posture of affairs. Accordingly he de.

“ I never meant any other than that Mr. Trot clares himself abruptly for war, and appears inshould confine himself to country dances. And I censed at his companions for losing so much time further direct, that he shall take out none but his as even to deliberate upon it. All his sentiments own relations according to their nearness of blood, are rash, audacious and desperate. Such as that but any gentlewoman ajay take out him.

of arming themselves with their tortures, and turn“ London, Feb. 21.

“ THE SPECTATOR.” ing their punishments upon bim who inflicted them T.

No, let us rather choose,
Arm'd with hell Names and fury, all at once

O'er heaven's high tow'rs to force resistless way, No. 309.) SATURDAY, FEB. 23, 1711-12.

Turning our tortures into horrid arms

Against the tort'rer; when to meet the noise Di, quibus imperium est Animarum, Umbræque silentes,

or his almighty engine he shall hear Et Chaos, et Phlegethon, loca nocte silentia late:

Infernal thunder, and for lightning see Sit mihi fas audita loqui! sit numine vestro

Black fire and horror shot with equal rage
Pandere res alta terra et caligine mersas.

Among his angels; and his throne itself
VIRG. Æn. vi. ver. 264.

Mix'd with Tartarian sulphur, and strange fire,
Ye realms. yet unreveal’d to human sight,
Ye gods, who rule the regions of the night,
Yegliding ghosts, permit me to relate

His preferring annihilation to shame or misery is The mystic wonders of your silent state.-DRYDEX. also highly suitable to his character; as the comfort

I have before observed in general, that the per. he draws from their disturbing the peace of heaven, sons whom Milton introduces into his poem always that if it be not victory it is revenge, is a sentidiscover such sentiments and behaviour as are in a ment truly diabolical, and becoming the bitterness peculiar manner conformable to their respective cha- of this implacable spirit. racters. Every circumstance in their speeches and

Belial is described in the first book as the idol of actions is with great justice and delicacy adapted the lewd and luxurious. He is in the second book, to the persons who speak and act. As the poet very pursuant to that description, characterized as timomuch excels in this consistency of his characters, I rous and slothful; and if we look into the sixth shall beg leave to consider several passages of the book, we find him celebrated in the battle of angels second book in this light. That superior greatness for nothing but that scoiling speech which he makes and mock-majesty which is ascribed to the prince to Satan, on their supposed advantage over the of the fallen angels, is admirably preserved in the enemy. As his appearance is uniforin, and of abeginning of this book. His opening and closing piece, in these three several views, we find his sen. the debate ; his taking on himself that great enter. timents in the infernal assembly every way conform. prise, at the thought of which the whole iniernal as able to his character. Such are his apprehensions sembly trembled ; his encountering the hideous of a second battle, his horrors of annihilation, this phantom who guarded the gates of hell, and ap- i preferring to be miserable, rather than “not to be.” peared to him in all his terrors; are instances of I need not observe, that the contrast of thought in that proud and daring mind which could not brook this speech, and that which precedes it, gives an submission, even to Omnipotence!

agreeable variety to the debate.

Mammon's character is so fully drawn in the firsi Satan was now at hand, and from his seat The monster, moving onward, came as fast

book, that the poet adds nothing to it in the second. With horrid strides : hell treinbled as he sirode. We were before told, that he was the first who Th' undaunted hend what this might be admir'd, taught mankind to ransack the earth for gold and Admir'd, not fear'd

silver, and that he was the architect of Pandæmo. The same boldness and intrepidity of behaviour nium, or the infernal palace, where the evil spirits discovers itself in the several adventures which he were to meet in council. His speech in this book meets with, during his passage through the regions is every way suitable to so depraved a character. of unformed matter, and particularly in his address How proper is that reflection of their being unable to those tremendous powers who are described as to taste the happiness of heaven, were they actually presiding over it.

there, in the mouth of one, who, while he was in The part of Moloch is likewise, in all its circum. heaven, is said to have had bis mind dazzled with stances, full of that fire and fury which distinguish the vutward pomps and glories of the place, and to this spirit from the rest of the falleu angels. He is have been more intent on the riches of the pavement than on the beatific vision. I shall also leave the scribed with great pregnancy of thought, and copi. reader to judge how agreeable the following sentiousness of invention. The diversions are every ments are to the same character:

way suitable to beings who had nothing left them

but strength and koowledge misapplied. Such arc
This deep world
of darkness do we dread? How oft amidst

their contentions at the race, and in feats of arms,
Thick clouds and dark doth heav'n's all ruling sire with their entertainment in the following lines :
Choose to reside, his glory unobscurd,
And with the majesty of darkness round

Others with vast Typhæan rage more fell
Covers his throne; from whence deep thunders roar,

Reut up both rocks and bills, and ride the air
Mustering their rage, and henven resembles hell!

In whirlwind; bell searce holds the wild uproar
As he our darkness, cannot we his light

Their inusic is employed in celebrating their own
Imitate when we please? This desert soil
Wants not her hidden lustre, gems and gold;

criminal exploits, and their discourse in sounding Nor want we skill or art, from whence to raise

the unfathomable depths of faie, free-will, and foreMagnificence; and what can heav'u shew more?

knowledge. Beelzebub, who is reckoned the second in dignity The several circumstances in the description of that fell, and is, in the first book, the second that hell are finely imagined; as the four rivers which awakens out of the trance, and confers with Satan disgorge themselves into the sea of fire, the ex. upon the situation of their affairs, maintains his rank tremes of cold and heat, and the river of oblivion. in the book now before us. There is a wonderful The monstrous animals produced in that internal majesty described in his rising up to speak. He world are represented by a single line, which gives acts as a kind of moderator between the two opposite us a more horrid idea of them, than a much longer parties, and proposes a third undertaking, which description would have done: the whole assembly gives into. The motion he makes

Nature breeds, of detaching one of their body in search of a new Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things, world, is grounded upon a project devised by Satan, Abominable, mutterable, and worse and cursorily proposed by him in the following lines Than fables yet have feign'd, or fear conceiv'd, of the first book:

Gorgons and bydras, and chuimeras dire.

This episode of the fallen spirits, and their place
Space may produce new worlds, whereof so rife
There went a fame in heav'n, that he ere long

of habitation, comes in very happily to unbend the Intended to create, and therein plant

mind of the reader from its attention to the debate. A generation, whom his choice regard

An ordinary poet would indeed have spun out so
Should favour equal to the sons of heav'n;
Thither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps

many circumstances to a great lengi, and by that Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere :

means have weakened, instead of illustrated, the For this infernal pit shall never hold

principal fable.
Celestial spirits in bondage, nor th' abyss

The flight of Satan to the gates of hell is finely
Long under darkness cover. But these thoughts
Full counsel must mature :-

imagined.

I have already declared my opinion of the alleIt is on this project that Beelzebub grounds his

gory concerning sin and death, which is, however, proposal:

a very finished piece in its kind, when it is not What if we find

considered as a part of an epic poem. The geneaSome easier enterprise ? There is a place

logy of the several persons is contrived with great (If ancient and prophetic fame in heav'n Err not), another world, the happy seat

delicacy. Sin is the daughter of Satan, and Of some new race calld man, about this time

Death ihe offspring of Sin. The incestuous mixTo be created like to us, though less

ture between Sin and Death produces those monsters In pow'r and excellence, but favour'd more

and hell-hounds which from time to time enter into of him who rules above; so was his will Pronounc'd among the gods, and by an oath,

their mother, and tear the bowels of her who gave That shook heav'u's whole circumference, confirm'd. them birth. The reader may observe how just it was, not to

These are the terrors of an evil conscience, and onuit in the first book the project upon which the the proper fruits of sin, which naturally rise from

This last beautiful whole poem turns; as also that the prince of the the apprehensions of death. follen angels was the only proper person to give it moral is, I think, clearly intimated in the speech of birth, and that the next to him in dignity was the Sin, where, complaining of this her dreadful issue, fittest to second and support it.

she adds, There is besides, I think, something wonderfully Before mine eyes in opposition sits beautiful, and very apt to affect the reader's imagi

Grim Death, my son and foe, who sets them ca,

And me his parent would full soon devour nation, in this ancient prophecy or report in

For want of other prey, but that be knows heaven, concerning the creation of man. Nothing His end with mine involv'dcould show more the dignity of the species, thau this tradition which ran of them before their exis: circumstance in the last part of this quotation. He

I need not mention to the reader the beautiful tence. They are represented to have been the talk will likewise observe how naturally the three pes. of heaven before they were created. Virgil, in compliment to the Roman commonwealth, makes sons concerned in this allegory are tempted by one the heroes of it appear in their state of pre-exis- ther, and how properly Sin is made the portress of

common interest to enter into a confederacy togetence; but Milton does a far greater honour to mankind in general, as he gives us a glimpse of them well

, and the only being that can open the gates to

that world of tortures. even before they are in being. The rising of this great assembly is described in

The descriptive part of this allegory is likewise a very sublime and poetical manner.

very strong, and full of sublime ideas. The figure

of Death, the regal crown upon his head, his menace Their rising all at once was as the sound

of Satan, his advancing to the combat, the outery or thunder heard reinote

at his birth, are circumstances too Doble to be past The diversions of the fallen angels, with the par- over in silence, and extremely suitable to this king iar avcount of their place of habitation, are de- of terrors. I need not meution the justness of

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thought which is observed in the generation of these several symbolical persons; that Sin was produced “Sir, if I marry this lady by the assistance of upun the first revolt of Satan, that Death appeared your opinion, you may expect a favour for it.” soon after he was cast into hell, and that the terrors

“ MR. SPECTATOR, of conscience were conceived at the gate of this place of torments. The description of the gates is “I have the misfortune to be one of those un. very poetical, as the opening of them is full of Mil. happy men who are distinguished by the name of ton's spirit:

discarded lovers; but I am the less mortified at my On a sudden open fly

disgrace, because the young lady is one of those With impetuous recoil and jarring sound

creatures who set up for negligence of men, are forTh' infernal doors, and on their higes grate

sooth the most rigidly virtuous in the world, and Harsh thunder, that the lowest boltom shook

yet their nicety will permit them at the command or Erebus. She open'd, but to shut Excell'd her pow'r; the gates wide open stood,

of parents to go to bed to the most utter stranger That with extended wings a banner'd host

that can be proposed to them. As to me myself, I Uuder spread ensigns marching might pass through was introduced by the father of my mistress; but With horse and chariots rank'd in loose array;

find I owe my being at first received to a compariSo wide they stood, and like a furnace mouth Cast forth redounding smoke and ruddy flame.

son of my estate with that of a former lover, and

that I am now in like manner turned off to give In Satan's voyage through the chaos there are way to a humble servant still richer than I am, several imaginary persons described, as residing in what makes this treatinent the more extravagant that immense waste of matter. This may perhaps is, that the young lady is in the management of be conformable to the taste of those critics who are this way of 'fraud, and obeys her father's orders pleased with nothing in a poet which has not life on these occasions without any manner of relucand manners ascribed to it; but for my own part, I tance, but does it with the same air that one of am pleased most with those passages in this descrip- your men of the world would signify the necessity tion which carry in them a greater measure of pro- of affairs for turning another out of office. When bability, and are such as might possibly have hap. I came home last night, I found this letter from my pened. Of this kind is his first mounting in the

mistress :smoke that rises from the infernal pit, his falling into a cloud of nitre, and the like combustible materials, that by their explosion still hurried him I hope you will not think it any manner of disforward in his voyage: his springing upward like respect to your person or merit, that the intended a pyramid of fire, with bis laborious passage through nuptials between us are interrupted. My father that confusion of elements which the poet calls says he has a much better offer for me than you can The womb of nature, and perhaps her grave.

make, and has ordered me to break off the treaty

between us. If it had proceeded, I should have beThe glimmering light which shot into the chaos haved myself with all suitable regard to you, but as from the utmost verge of the creation, with the dis- it is, I'beg we may be strangers for the future. tant discovery of the earth that hung close by the Adieu.

“ LYDIA. moon, are wonderfully beautiful and poetical.-L.

“ This great indifference on this subject, and the

mercenary motives for making alliances, is what I No. 310.) MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1711-12. think lies naturally before you, and I beg of you to

give me your thoughts upon it. My answer to Lydia Connubio jungam stabili

VIRG. Æn. i. 77.

was as follows, which I hope you will approve : for I'll tie, the indissoluble marriage-knot

you are to know the wounan's family affect a won. “ MR. SPECTATOR,

derful ease on these occasions, though they expect “I am a certain young woman that love a cer- it should be painfully received on the man's side :tain young man very heartily; and my father and

“ MADAM, mother were for it a great while, but now they say

“ I have received yours, and knew the prudence I can do better, but I think I cannot. They bid me of your bouse so well, that I always took care to be not love him, and I cannot unlove him. What ready to obey your commands, though they should must I do? Speak quickly. * Budy Dow-BAKE."

be to see you no more. Pray give my service to

all the good family. Adieu. “ DEAR SPEC., Feb. 19, 1712.

"CLITOPHON. “ I have loved a lady entirely for this year and a

" The opera subscription is full.” hall, though for a great part of the time (which has

MEMORANDUM, contributed not a little to my pain) I have been debarred the liberty of conversing with her. The and report the common usages on such treaties, with

The censor of marriage to consider this letter, ground of our différence was this; that when we how many pounds or acres are generally esteemed had inquired into each other's circumstances, we sufficient reason for preferring a new to an old prefound that at our first setting out in the world, we tender; with his opinion what is proper to be detershould owe five hundred pounds more than her miurd in such cases for the îuture. See No. 308. fortune would pay off. My estate is seven hundred let. 1. pounds a-year, besides the benefit of tin inines. Now, dear Spec., upon this state of the case, ard

“MR. SPECTATOR, the lady's positive declaration that ihere is still no " There is an elderly person lately left off busiother objection, I beg you will not fail to insert wess and settled in our town, in order, as he thinks, this, with your opinion as soon as possible, whether to retire from the world; but he has brought with this ought to be esteemed a just cause or impediment him such an inclination for tule-bearing, that he why we sbould not be joined, and you will for ever i disturbs bot self and our neighbourhood. oblige yours sincerely, Dick LOVESICK. Notwithstanding this frailiy, the honest gentlemar is so happy as to have no enemy: at the same time I are cross-barred; she is not permitted to go out of he has not one friend who will venture to acquaint house but with her keeper, who is a staid relalion of him with his weakness. It is not to be doubted, but my own; I have likewise forbid her the use of pen if this failing were set in a proper light, he would and ink, for this twelvemonth last past, and do not quickly perceive the indecency and evil conse suffer a band-box to be carried into her room beforo quences of it. Now, Sir, this being an infirmity it has been searched. Notwithstanding these prewhich I hope may be corrected, and knowing that cautions, I am at my wit's end for fear of any sud. he pays much deference to you, I beg that when den surprise. There were, two or three nights ago, you are at leisure to give us a speculation on gos- some fiddles heard in the street, which I am afraid siping, you would think of my neighbour. You portend me no good; not to mention a tall Irishwill hereby oblige several who will be glad to find a man, tbat has been seen walking before my house reformation in their gray-haired friend : and how more than once this winter. My kinswoman like. becoming will it be for him, instead of pouring forth wise informs me, that the girl bas talked to her twice words at all adventures, to set a watch before the or thrice of a gentleman in a fair wig, and that she door of his mouth, to refrain his tongue, to check loves to go to church more than ever she did in her its impetuosity, and guard against the sallies of that life. She gave me the slip about a week ago, upon litile pert, forward, busy person; which, under a which my whole house was in alarm. I immesober conduct, might prove a useful member of so- diately dispatched a hue and cry after her to the ciety! In compliance with those intimations, I have Change, to her mantua-maker, and to the young taken the liberty to make this address to you. ladies that visit her; but after above an hour's “I am, Sir, your most obscure Servant, search she returned of herself, baving been taking

“ PHILANTHROPos.” a walk, as she told me, by Rosamond's pond. I “ Mr. SPECTATOR,

have hereupon turned off her woman, doubled ber “ This is to petition you in behalf of myself and guards, and given new instructions to my relation, many more of your gentle readers, that at any time who, to give her her due, keeps a watchful eye over when you may have private reasons against letting all her motions. This, Sir, keeps me in a perpeus know what you think yourself, you would be tual anxiety, and makes me very often watch when pleased to pardon us such letters of your correspon- my daughter sleeps, as I am afraid she is even with dent as seem to be of no use but to the printer. me in her turn. Now, Sir, what I would desire of

“ It is further our humble request, that you would you is, to represent to this fluttering tribe of young substitute advertisements in the place of such fellows, who are for making their fortunes by these epistles; and that in order hereunto Mr. Buckley indirect mcaus, that stealing a man's daughter for may be authorized to take up of your zealous friend the sake of her portion is but a kind of a tolerated Mr. Charles Lillie, any quantity of words he shall robbery; and that they make but a poor amends to from time to time have occasion for.

the faiher, whom they plunder after this manner, “ The many useful parts of knowledge which may by going to bed with his child. Dear Sir, be speedy be communicated to the public this way will, we in your thoughts upon this subject, that, if poshope, be a consideration in favour of your petitioners. sible, they may appear before ihe disbanding of

“And your Petitioners,” &c. Note. That particular regard be had to this peti.

I am, Sir, tion; and the papers marked letter R. may be

" Your most humble Servant, carefully examined for the future.-T.

“ Tim. WATCH WELL." Themistocles, the great Athenian general, being

asked whether he would rather choose to marry his No. 298.] TUESDAY, FEB. 26, 1711-12.

daughter to an indivent man of merit, or to a worthNec Veneris pharetrig macer est, aut lampade fervet; less man of an estate, replied, that he should prefer inde faces ardent, veniunt a dote sagitiæ.

a man without an estate to an estate without a man.

The worst of it is, our modern fortune-bunters are lle sighs, adores, and courts her ev'ry hour : Who wou'd not do as much for such a dower ?–Dryden. those who turn their heads that way, because they

are good for nothing else. If a young fellow finds “MR. SPECTATOR,

he can make nothing of Coke and Littleton, he "I am amazed that, among all the variety of provides himself with a ladder of ropes, and by characters with which you have enriched your spe- that means very often enters upon the premises. culations, you have never given us a picture of The same art of scaling has been likewise practhose audacious young fellows among us who com- tised with good success by many military engineers. monly go by the name of the fortune-stealers. You Stratagems of this nature make parts and industry must know, Sir, I am one who live in a continual superfluous, and cut short the way to riches. apprehension of this sort of people, that lie in wait, Nor is vanity a less motive than idleness to this day and night, for our children, and may be con- kind of mercenary pursuit. A fop, who admires sidered as a kind of kidnappers within the law. I his person in a glass, soon enters into a resolution am the father of a young heiress, whom I begin to of making his fortune by it, not questioning but that look upon as marriageable, and who has looked upon every woman that falls in his way will do him as herseli as such for above these six years. She is much justice as he does himself. When an heiress now in the eighteenth year of her age. The fortune- sees a man throwing particular graces into his ogle, hunters have already cast their eyes upon her, and or talking loud within her hearing, she ought to take care to plant themselves in her view whenever look to herself; but if withal she observes a pair of she appears in any public assembly. I have myself red heels, a pateh, or any other particularity in his caught a young jackanapes, with a pair of silver- dress, she cannot take too much care of her person. fringed gloves the very fact. You must know, I These are baits not to be trifled with, charms thao Sir, I have kept as a prisoner of state ever done a world of execution, and made their since she was in her teens.

Her cbamber-windows way into hearts which have been thought inspreg.

the army.

Juv. Sat. vi. 137.

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