« PředchozíPokračovat »
2O. THE FOG-MAN.l
A man and his wife were out hunting. They had two daughters who staid in camp. There was little to eat; and the girls, being hungry, ate about half of the back-fat that remained in the camp. Their mother was angry when she returned and found that they had eaten so much fat. She said to them, "Go up in the mountains and marry Fog-Man. He is a good hunter, and always has plenty of fat." The girls ran away from home, and, going up in the mountains, came to the place where the Fog people draw water. They met a woman there who was the mother of Fog-Man. The girls told her their story, and she said she would tell her son.
Fog-Man had two wives, Porcupine and Beaver. They were bad women. They ate people, and they were always angry and cross. As soon as Fog-Man learned of the girls from his mother, without saying anything, he arose and hit Porcupine with his axe, and drove her from the house. He said, "Go up to the timber-line among the balsam and become a porcupine. People will eat you." Then he hit Beaver with a stick, and drove her, too, from the house. He said, "Go down to the river and become a beaver. People will eat you also." He brought the girls in, and now had two good wives. He hunted and put up a great quantity of meat of caribou, sheep, etc., and fat groundhog. He made a very big cache of meat in the mountains. Then he went to visit his parents-in-law, taking his wives with him, and plenty of meat. He staid a long time with his wives' people; and while he remained there, the people always had plenty to eat, for Fog-Man was a good hunter. His chief food was sheep's horns, which he called fat, and cut just like back-fat.
Each of his wives bore him a son. One day some of the people quarrelled with him, and he left them. On his way home he put a mountain on the top of his meat-cache, so that the people could not get at it. They could find no game, and were starving. They went to the cache to get meat, but were unable to remove the mountain which covered it. The woman (viz., mother-in-law) sent Fog-Man's sons to look for their father. She said to them, "When you see your father's tracks and follow them, paint the soles of your feet with red paint, and never look back." They did as directed, and found their father. Many Fog people were living there. When they went in, they gave the lads sheep's horns to eat.
When Fog-Man heard that the people were starving, he was sorry. He went to the cache and took the mountain off the top. The people now had plenty to eat. Fog-Man's mother-in-law ate so much fat, that she became too full, and, when reaching over to take some more, she broke in two.1 After this, people used caches and put up meat in caches. Fog-Man taught them. This is why the Indians now cache their meat and make caches.
i The Tahltan have a similar story ("Ca'kina"). See Tlingit (Swanton. BBAE 39: 322. 280).
21. RABBIT-MAN (GA'.TCOEZE').
Rabbit-Man was very clever. He was a shaman and next in power to Beaver. He had two brothers and a sister. The latter was married to Bear-Man, and the two brothers lived with them. Rabbit lived alone in another place.
Bear became angry because his young brothers-in-law were lazy, and he made up his mind to starve them. He made them always camp behind himself and his wife, in a different place, and gave them raw liver. Rabbit-Man knew that his brothers were badly treated, and went to see them. He saw that his brothers had no fire and no good food to eat. After making a big fire for them, he asked where Bear-Man was camped. They said, "On ahead," and indicated the spot. Rabbit went to Bear's camp, and found only his sister (Bear's wife) there. He saw much fat meat there. Without saying a word, he helped himself to the meat, and went back and fed his brothers.
When Bear came home, he missed the meat, but said nothing. As he changed his moccasins, he thought of Rabbit. He knew that he had come, and he knew that he was a very clever man. Soon afterwards Rabbit appeared, and asked Bear if he had seen any moose or buffalo when hunting, and Bear replied that he had seen three. Rabbit proposed that they should go after them at once; but Bear said that he was too tired, and could not go until morning. At last Rabbit persuaded him to go that night. They chased the moose (or buffalo) and killed two. One ran off, and Rabbit went after it. He ran it down, killed it, and cached the meat in the snow.
On returning to Bear, he told him that he had failed to catch the runaway. Bear prepared to pack the two animals they had killed by tying them together, while Rabbit was to go ahead and break a trail for him to follow. Bear said, "My load is very heavy; break a good trail for me, and pick good easy ground." Rabbit made a trail through bad places and straight up steep places. At last he went up a very steep place, and Bear became angry. He said to himself, "I will fix him when I get to camp!" When Bear reached the top of the declivity with his heavy load, his head was bent down, and he was out of breath. Rabbit hit him on the head with a club and killed him. He rolled over backwards with his heavy pack. Rabbit then returned to camp, and told his sister, "Your husband wants you to meet him. He is tired." She answered, "No, my husband never yet asked me to meet him." Rabbit persisted in the truth of his statement, and at last she went. He killed her at the same spot where he had killed her husband.
1 Tsimshian (Boas, RBAE 31 : 825).
Rabbit now returned to his brothers, and took them to the place where he had cached the meat. There they camped, and cooked and ate much. Now, Bear-Man had many friends, and they came to take revenge. Rabbit gave each of his brothers a feather. He told them, if they were attacked, never to move or to say anything, but just to watch his eyes. He said, "While I sit, you sit; and when I get up, you get up." The Bear people came and attacked the camp. Rabbit got up; his brothers did the same, and all changed into feathers.1 They blew away on the wind, and came down a long ways off, where they changed back to their natural forms and camped. Rabbit hunted and killed many moose, so they had plenty to eat. He said to his brothers, "Live here until I return. I am going to kill our enemies."
Rabbit arrived at the camp of an old Bear-Man, who was sharpening sticks.* He said to him, "Why are you making these sharp sticks?" and Bear answered, "To kill Rabbit-Man." (Bear did not recognize Rabbit, for he had changed his appearance.) Rabbit asked old BearMan how he used the sticks, and the latter showed him. Rabbit took up the stick, and, pointing it at Bear's head, said, "Oh, this way!" and then pierced him with it, killing him.
Rabbit went on to a camp of many people near a lake.* Changing himself into a young rabbit, he sat down near the hole in the ice where the people got water. Some women carrying water saw him and caught him. They took him to camp and showed him to the other people, who thought it strange that there should be a young rabbit in the middle of winter. They all examined him, passing him from hand to hand. Wolverene was the last one to examine him. After looking at him very closely, he said, "Perhaps this is Rabbit-Man," and threw him into the fire. Rabbit jumped out of the fire, and ran away as if lame. The people followed him, trying to catch him. He ran out in the middle of the lake, chased by the people. He made a gale of wind come and blow all the snow off the ice, which became so smooth and slippery that the people could not stand up. He then took a stick and killed one after another.
Wolverene had not followed him. He thought himself smart, and sat in the camp smiling to himself. Rabbit entered, and, striking him across the arms and legs, broke them. He put his body on a spit and set it up before the fire to bake. He then gathered all the children together, chinked up the brush lodge, and set fire to it. When all were burned up, he went home. This is how wars started among the Indians. At one time war was unknown. Rabbit introduced war, and the Indians imitated him. Since then there has been war among tribes and families. Had Rabbit not introduced war, people would know nothing of war now.
1 See Chilcotin (Farrand, JE 2 : 24, 25), Thompson (Teit, MAFLS 6 : 74. 7S; JE 8:265). — J. T.
1 See Lillooet (Teit, JAFL 25 : 295), Thompson (JE 8 : 226, 227). —J. T. * Also known to the Tahltan ("Raven and QExts&'za")- —!• T.
Wolverene had two wives and several children. His wives' mother, and two brothers of his wives who were yet boys, lived with them. He always caught many beavers, and gave plenty of meat to his motherin-law and brothers-in-law as well as to his own family. He was very quick at setting beaver-nets, for he used his penis as an ice-chisel. The boys tried to find out how he managed to set the nets so quickly, but he always managed to conceal himself when making holes in the ice. One day, however, they happened to see him, and made remarks about the shape of his ice-chisel. One of his own sons told him of these remarks. He became angry, and said he would starve them. After that he fed his own wives and children, as usual, but gave nothing to his mother-in-law and brothers-in-law. He allowed them a fire, however, but he gave orders to his wives not to give them any food.
When Wolverene's daughter saw that her grandmother was starving, she went to her mother, saying she was very hungry, and asked her for some beaver-meat. Pretending to eat the meat, she passed it down her dress, and carried it.to her grandmother and the boys. The latter now began to hunt, for they were very hungry. One day they chased a moose by the place where Wolverene was working beaver on the ice. They asked him if the moose was far ahead; and he answered, "Just a little ways." The lads chased the moose a very long way before they caught up with it and killed it. They brought back some meat and fat to their camp. That night they broke some bones to extract the marrow, and Wolverene heard them. He called out, "Oh, you have some meat! You are eating marrow-bones." The old woman was angry, and answered back, "No, you are mistaken. We are breaking old bones. Where should we get meat? We are starving."
That night, when Wolverene was asleep, the old woman and boys shifted camp to where the moose was. Next morning Wolverene noticed that there was no fire at their camp, and sent one of his sons over to find out the reason. He came back and told his father that there were no people there. Wolverene knew now that the lads had killed the moose. He made up his mind to follow them, and told his wives to go ahead. He would stay behind and finish catching beavers, and then overtake them. He killed a number of beavers, and, taking one of them on his back, he set out. Before long he passed his wife, who was pregnant, and therefore walking very slowly. 1 Also known to the Tahltan ("Wolverene and the Brothers")
When he reached the people's camp, he said, "I have brought you some good meat;" and he gave the beaver to his mother-in-law. He had defecated inside the beaver. The old woman threw it away, saying, "We do not eat your dirt." Wolverene said, "How nice the moose-fat smells!" The people said, "We will feed you fat; sit down and close your eyes." He was not particular now about concealing his privates, but sat down before the fire and lifted up his apron (or shirt?), exposing himself to view. When he shut his eyes, the people poured hot grease on his privates. He began to scratch at the burnt place; and while he was doing this, they clubbed and killed him. They then went out and met the wife who had the children and was pregnant, killed her, and cut open her belly. They also killed all the children excepting the youngest, who managed to escape and climbed a tree. Here he became a wolverene, and said, "Henceforth I shall break into people's caches, and steal out of their marten-traps."
23. WOLVERENE AND HIS WIVES.1
Wolverene married the eldest of many sisters, and took her to his house. He hunted all the time, and always had plenty of meat and fat. He had a hole in the ground under his house, into which he put his wife. He kept her there, and fed her just fat meat and fat. He never gave her any water to drink. When she was very fat, he killed her and ate her (or cached her meat). He then went crying to his mother-in-law's house, saying that his wife was dead. He cried so much, that they took pity on him, and he got the next oldest sister for a wife. He did the same with her. Thus he married and killed all the sisters excepting the youngest two.
At last the youngest sister of age was given to him. She thought something was wrong, and was on her guard. He treated her the same way. When she had been some time in the hole, she asked him why he had never slept with her; and he answered, "I don't want to spoil my food." She then told him to give her something to kill mice with, for they were annoying her terribly. He gave her a long, sharp piece of antler. While he was absent hunting, she dug a tunnel with the tool, until she got out to the bank of the creek. She was too fat to walk, so she rolled to the creek and drank. She then rolled onto a log, and floated downstream to the place where her mother drew water. Her sister, a little girl, came for water, and saw her. She went back and told her mother, who said, "Don't say that you saw your sister! She is dead." However, she went and brought her daughter up to the camp. She fed her nothing but water, so that she might get thin.
Wolverene thought she had died, and shortly afterwards appeared,
1 See Eskimo (Boas. RBAE 6 : 633; Rink, Tales and Traditions of the Eskimo, 106; Holm, Meddelelser om GrOnland 39 : 235), Shuswap (Tcit, JE 2 : 702).