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gratify those who either never read, or may have forgotten them; together with some of the parodies and allufions to the most excellent of the Moderns. If, from the frequency of the former, any man think the poem too much a Cento, our poet will but appear to have done the same thing in jeft which Boileau did in earnest; and

upon

which Vida, Fracaftorius, and

many

of the most eminent Latin poets, profeffedly valued themselves:

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IV: ADVERTISEMENT

To the FIRST EDITION of The Fourth Book of the DUNCIAD, when printed separately in the Year 1742.

W

E apprehend it cản be deemed no injury to

the author of the three first books of the Danciad, that we publish this Fourth. It was found meerly by accident, in taking a survey of the Library of a late eminent nobleman; but in so blotted a condition, and in so many detached pieces, as plainly shewed it to be not only incorrect, but unfinished. That the author of the three first books had a design

to extend and complete his poem in this manner, appears from the dissertation prefixed to it, where it is said, that the design is more extenfive, and that we may expect other episodes to complete it: And from the declaration in the argument to the third book, that the accomplishment of the prophecies therein would be the theme hereafter of a greater Duncid. But whether or no he be the author of this, we declare ourselves ignorant. If he be, we are no more to be blamed for the publication of it, than Tucca and Varius for that of the laft fix books of the Æneid, tho' perhaps inferior to the former.

If any person be possessed of a more perfect copy of this work, or of any other fragments of it, and will communicate them to the publisher, we shall make the next edition more complete: In which we also promise to insert any Criticisms that shall be published (if at all to the purpose) with the Names of the Authors; or any letters sent us (tho' not to the pur. pose) shall yet be printed under the title of Epiftola Obfcurorum Virorum; which, together with some others of the same kind formerly laid by for that end, may make no unpleasant addition to the future impresions

of this poem.

V.

ADVERTISEMENT

To the complete EDITION of 1743.

I

HAVE long had a design of giving some sort

of Notes on the works of this poet. Before I had the happiness of his acquaintance, I had written a commentary on his Efay on Man, and have fince finished another on the Esay on Criticism. There was one already on the Dunciad, which had met with

general approbation : but I fill thought fome additions were wanting (of a more serious kind) to the hu. merous notes of Scriblerus, and even to those written by Mr. Cleland, Dr. Arbuthnot, and others, I had lately the pleasure to pass Come months with the author in the country, where I prevailed upon him to do what I had long desired, and favour me with his explanation of several passages in his works. It happened, that just at that juncture was published a ridiculous book against him, full of Personal Reflections, which furnished him with a lucky opportunity of improving This Poem, by giving it the only thing it wanted, a more confiderable Hero. He was always sensible of its defect in that partieular, and

VII.

A

PARALLEL

OF THE

CHARACTERS

OF

Mr. DRY DEN and Mr. POPE.

As drawn by certain of their Contemporaries.

Mr. DRYDEN,

His POLITICS, RELIGION, MORALS.

R. Dryden is a mere renegado from monar.

chy, poetry, and good senses. A true republican son of monarchical Church. A republi. can Atheist. Dryden was from the beginning

M

a Milbourn on Dryden's Virgil, 8vo. 1698. p: 6. + • pag. 38 pag. 192,

VII.

A

PARALL EL

OF THE

CHARACTERS

OF

Mr. POPE and Mr. DRYDEN.

As drawn by certain of their Contemporaries.

Mr. POPE,

His POLITIGs, RELIGION, MORAL S.,

R. Pope is an open and mortal enemy to

his country, and the commonwealth of learning. Some call him a popish whig, which is dire&tly inconfiftent. Pope, as a papist, muk

M

a Dennis's Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, Pref. p. xii,

Dunciad diffectedo

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