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In 1810 this territory was divided into five runs into the Missouri 1690 miles from the Mis. districts, and contained 20,895 inhabitants, of sissippi. Length about 500 miles. whom 3618 were blacks.

MISSPEAK, v. a. & v. n.' Mis and speak. In 1818 it comprised nine counties, which, To speak wrong ; blunder in speech. together with their chief towns, are exbibited in It is not so ; thou hast mispoke, misheard , the following table.

Tell o'er thy tale again. Shukspeare. King Lear.
Chief Towns.

A mother delights to hear
Her early child misspeak half-uttered words.

Donne. Cape Girardeau Jackson Howard Franklin

MISSUS, in the Circensian games, were the Lawrence

matches in horse or chariot races. The usual

Lawrence New Madrid


number of missus or matches in one day was St. Charles

St. Charles

twenty-four; though Domitian presented the St. Genevieve

St. Genevieve

people with 100. The last match was generally St. Louis

St. Louis

made at the expense of the people, who made a Washington


collection for the purpose; hence it was called,

Missus Ævarius, a subscription plate. The present population is estimated at about MIST, n. s. & v. a. Sax. mist; Belg. and 80,000. St. Louis is the chief town. The other MIS'TINESS, n. s. Teut. mist. Vapor; a low most considerable towns are St. Charles, St. Mıs'ty, adj. thin cloud ; small thin Genevieve, Jackson, and Franklin. There are rain : hence metaphorically any thing that betwo banks at St. Louis. The principal rivers dims or darkens : Shakspeare uses it as a verb are the Mississippi, Missouri, Osage, Grand, for to cover with a cloud or vapor: misty is Charlatan, Marameck, St. Francis, White, Ar- cloudy; vapory. kansaw, and Ouachitta.

The morrow fair with purple beams There are extensive alluvial tracts on all the Dispersed the shadows of the misty night. rivers. This land, where it is not subject to in

Faerie Quecte. undation, is of excellent quality. Howard

Loud howling wolves aro use the jades, county, sometimes called Boone's Lick, which That drag the tragick melancholy night ; lies on both sides of the Missouri, extending Clip dead men's graves, and from their misty jaws

Who with their drowsy, slow, and flagging wings south as far as Osage River, is represented as in- Breathe foul cor darkness in the air. cluding some of the most fertile tracts in America.

Shakspeare. The land produces abundant crops of wheat,

Good Romeo, hide thyself, Indian corn, rye, oats, barley, potatoes, white - Not I, unless the breath of heart-sick groans clover, timothy, and blue grass. 'Various kinds Mistlike infold me from the search of eyes. of garden vegetables and fruits are cultivated.

Lend me a looking-glass; The forest trees are walnut, hickory, various

If that her breath will mist or stain the stone, kinds of oak, locust, ash, cotton-wood, pawpaw,

Why then she lives.

Id. King Lear. coffee nut, sycamore, elm, maple, hackberry, box,

The speedy depredation of air upon watery moist&c. The climate is very pleasant and healthy.

ure, and version of the same into air, appeareth in The land in this territory on the Arkansaw is blade of a sword, such as doth not at all detain or

the sudden vanishing of vapovrs from glass, or the mostly alluvial, and, where not liable to inunda- imbibe the moisture, for the mistiness scattereth imtion, excellent. The region watered by White


Bacan. River has immense strata of limestone and mar

Parents overprize their children, while they behold ble, and a great portion of it is of a very produc- them through the vapours of affection, which alter tive soil. Here are some prairies, but they are the appearance, as things seem bigger in misty mornnot very fertile or extensive. The country wa- ings.

Wotton. tered by the St. Francis is less fertile than that My people's eyes once blinded with such mists of watered by White River. The country between suspicion, they are misled into the most desperate these two rivers, for more than 100 miles above actions.

King Charles. their junction, is overflowed; as is also the coun

Old Chaucer, like the morning star, try between the St. Francis and the Mississippi.

To us discovers day from far; The southern part of the territory is well adapted

His light those mists and clouds dissolved to the culture of cotton, and some cotton is raised

Which our dark nation long involved.

Denham. for domestic use north of Osage River.

And mists condensed to clouds obscure the sky, This territory has an abundance of salt springs, And clouds dissolved the thirsty ground supply. from which salt is manufactured. It also has

Roscommon. coal, iron, and lead mines. The famous lead His passion cast a mist before his sense, mines of this country include a district about And either made or magnified the offence. fifty miles in length, and twenty-five in breadth;

Druder. the whole of which abounds in .lead ore, so ex

A cloud is nothing but a mist flying high in the ceedingly rich that 100 lbs. of the ore will yield air, as a mist is nothing but a cloud here below.

Locke. eighty or ninety of fine lead. The mines are so extensive that it is supposed that lead enough bules, which therefore descend ; so a vapour, and

As a mist is a multitude of small but solid glomight be obtained from them to supply the therefore a watery cloud, is nothing else but a con: world. They are forty-five miles west of Her- geries of very small and concave globules, which culaneum, which is the present store-house of iherefore ascend to that height in which they are of the mines.

equal weight with the air, where they remain sus. Missouri, Little, a river of Louisiana, which pended, till by some motion in the air, being broken,



they descend in solid drops; either small, as in a Servants mistake, and sometimes occasion misunmist, or bigger, when many of them run together, as derstanding among friends.

Swift. in rain.

Grew. There are few, very few, that will own themselves Now smoaks with showers the misty mountain in a mistake, though all the world see them to be in ground, downright nonsense.

Id. And foated fields lie undistinguished round. Pope. Where men are the most sure and arrogant, they

Are mists begotten? who their Father knew?. are commonly the most mistaken, and have there given From whom descend the pearly drops of dew? reins to passion, without that proper deliberation and

Young suspense, which can alone secure them from the All in this mottie, misty clime,

grossest absurdities.

Hume. I backward mused on wasted time,

Mistaken Point, a point on the west of How I had spent my youthfu' prime, "An' done nae-thing.

Cape Race and east of Cape Pini, at the southBurns.

east point of the island of Newfoundland.

MISTATE, v.a. Mis and state. To state MISTAKE', v. A., v. n. & n. s.

Mis and

wrongly. MistaʼKABLE, adj.

take. To take

They mistate the question, when they talk of pressMistaʼKINGLY, adv. conceive ing ceremonies.

Bp. Saunderson. wrongfully; err: mistake is also put for the MISTEACH', v.a. Mis and teach. To teach misconception or error made : mistakable, is liable to be misconceived: mistakingly, errone

wrong, or wrongly.

Such guides shall be set over the several congreously ; foolishly or falsely.

gations as will be sure to misteach them. The towns, neither of the one side nor the other,

Saunderson. willingly opening their gates to strangers, nor stran- The extravagancies of the lewdest life are the gers willingly entering for fear of being mistaken. more consummate disorders of a mistaught or neSidney. glected youth.

L'Estrange. This dagger hath mistaken, for lo! the sheath MISTEM'PER, v.a. Mis and temper. To Lies empty on the back Montague,

temper ill; to disorder. The point missheathed in my daughter's bosom.

This inundation of mistempered humour

Rests by you only to be qualified. Shakspeare.
England is so idly kinged :

MISTER, adj. Fr. mestier, trade. What -You are too much mistaken in this king : Question, your grace, the late ambassadors, mister means what kind of. Johnson. Obsolete. How modest in exception, and withal

The redcross knight toward him crossed fast, How terrible in constant resolution.

Id. To weet what mister wight was so dismayed, Seeing God found folly in his angels; men's There him he finds all senseless and aghast. judgments, which inhabit these houses of clay, can

Spenser. Raleigh. not be without their mistakings.

MISTERM', v. a. Mis and term. To term The most general enmities and oppositions to erroneously. good arise from mistakings.

Bp. Hall.

Hence banished, is banished from the world ; He never shall find out fit maté ; but such

And world exiled is death. That banished
As some misfortune brings him, or mistake. Milton. Is death mistermed.
Look, nymphs, and shepherds, look,

Shakspeare. Romeo and Juliet. What sudden blaze of majesty,

MISTHINK', v. a. Mis and think. To think Too divine to be mistook.

Id. It is not strange to see the difference of a third

How will the country, for these woful chances, part in so large an account, if we consider how dif

Misthink the king, and not be satisfied! Shakspeare. ferently they are set forth in minor and less mistake

We, the greatest, are misthought able numbers.


For things that others do. Mistaken Brutus thought to break their yoke,

Id. Anthony and Cleopatra. But cut the bond of union with that stroke.

Thoughts! which how found they harbour in thy Waller.

breast, The error is not in the eye, but in the estimative Adam! Misthought of her to thee so dear! Milton. faculty, which mistakingly concludes that colour to

MISTION, n. s. Lat. mistus. The state of belong to the wall which does indeed belong to the

being mingled. object.

Boyle on Colours.

In animals many actions are mixt, and depend Infallibility is an absolute security of the understanding from all possibility of mistake in what it upon their living form as well as that of mistion, and believes,

though they wholly seem to retain unto the body,

Browne. These did apprehend a great affinity between their depart upon disunion.

Both bodies do, by the new texture resulting invocation of saints and the heathen idolatry, or else there was no danger one should be mistaken for the from their mistion, produce colour. Boyle on Colours.

Stilling fleet.

MISTLETOE, n. s. other.

Sax. mysreltan; Belg. This will make the reader very much mistake and mistel, bird-lime, and ran, a twig. A plant. See misunderstand his meaning.


below. Fancy passes for knowledge, and what is prettily If snowe do continue, sheepe hardly that fare said is mistaken for solid.

Crave mistle and ivie for them for to spare. Tusser. Those terrors are not to be charged upon religion,

A barren and detested vale, you see it is : which proceed either from the want of religion, or The trees, though Summer, yet forlorn and lean, superstitious mistakes about it.


Overcome with moss, and baleful misseltoe.
Fools into the notion fall,

Shakspeare. That vice or virtue there is none at all :

Misseltoe groweth chiefly upon crab trees, apple Ask your own heart, and nothing is so plain, trees, sometimes upon hazles, and rarely upon oaks ; 'Tis to mistake them costs the time and pain. the misseltoe whereof is counted very medicinal : it is


ever green Winter and Summer, and beareth a white


to think wrong.


glistering berry; and it is a plant utterly differing A letter desires all young wives to make themfrom the plant upon which it groweth. Bacor. selves mistresses of Wingate's Arithmetic. Addisor. All your temples strow

Those who assert the lunar orb presides With laurel green, and sacred misletoe.

Gay. O'er humid bodies, and the ocean guides; MISTLETOE. See Viscum. The flower of the Whose waves obsequious ebb, or swelling run mistletoe consists of one leaf, which is shaped With the declining or increasing moon ; like a basin, divided into four parts, and beset With reason seem her empire to maintain with warts; the ovary, which is produced in the As mistress of the rivers and the main.

Blackmore. female flowers, is placed in a remote part of the plant from the male flowers, and consists of four

What a miserable spectacle, for a nation that had

Arbuthnot on Coin. shorter leaves; this becomes a round berry full been mistress at sea so long!

Nice honour still engages to requite of a glutinous substance, enclosing a plain heartshaped seed. This plant is always produced

False mistresses and proud with slight for slight.

Grancille. from seed, and is not to be cultivated in the

Erect public schools, provided with the best and earth, but will always grow upon trees; whence ablest masters and mistresses.

Steift. the ancients, who thought it to be an excrescence Fame is a public mistress none enjoys on the tree without seed, accounted it a superplant. But, more or less, his rivals' peace destroys; The manner of its propagation is said to be as fol- With fame, in just proportion, envy grows; lows: the misletoe thrush, which feeds upon the The man that makes a character makes foes. berries of this plant in winter, when they are ripe,

Young opens the seed from tree to tree; for the viscous Sweet Poll ! his doting mistres cries,

Sweet Poll! the mimic bird replies, part of the berry, which immediately surrounds

And calls aloud for sack.

Cowper. the seed, sometimes fastens it to the outward part of the bird's beak, which to get disengaged MISTRETTA, a large inland town of Sicily, of, he strikes his beak at the branches of a in the Val di Demona, situated on a small river, neighbouring tree, and leaves the seed sticking about five miles from the great road from Palerby this viscous matter to the bark, which, if it mo to Messina. Population 6000. Fifty miles lights upon a smooth part of the tree, will fasten east by south of Palermo. itself, and the following winter put out and

MIŠTRUST', n. s. & v. a. Mis and trust. grow: the trees on which this plant grows most MISTRUSTFUL, n. S. Suspicion; want readily are the apple, the ash, and some other MISTRUST'FULNESS, n. s. of confidence;difsmooth rind trees.

MISTRUST'FULLY, adv. fidence: to misMISTRESS, n. s. Fr. maistresse. The fe- MISTRUST'LESS, adj. trust is to doubt; minine of master; .a woman who possesses, suspect; disbelieve : the other derivatives follow governs, or is skilled in something: a contemptu- these senses. ous cognomen; a concubine.

Without him I found a weakness, and a mistruk. There had she enjoyed herself while she was mis- fulness of myself, as one strayed from his best tress of herself, and had no other thoughts but such strength, when at any time I missed him. Sidney. as might arise out of quiet senses. Sidney.

Will any man allege those human infirmities, as Here stood he in the dark, his sharp sword out, reasons why these things should be mistrusted or Mumbling of wicked charms, conjuring the moon

doubted of?

Hooker. To stand 's auspicious mistress.

He needs not our mistruast, since he delivers
Shakspeare. King Lear.

Our offices, and what we have to do,
To the direction just.

Shakspeare. Mecieti. Some welcome for the mistress of the house.

By a divine instinct, men's minds mistruse Shakspeare.

Ensuing danger; as by proof we see, He'll make your Paris Louvre shake for it,

l'he waters swell before à boisterous storm. Were it the mistress court of mighty Europe. Id.

Shakspeers. I will not charm my tongue; I'm bound to speak;

I hold it cowardice My mistress here lies murthered in her bed.

To rest mistrustful, where a noble heart

Id. Othello. Hath pawned an open hand in sign of love. Id. Look you pale, mistress,

Where he doth in stream mistrustless play, Do you perceive the ghastness of her eyes? Veiled with night's robe, they stalk the shore abroad. Shakspeare.

Carer. Rome now is mistress of the whole world, sea, and How shall I depend on him, for raising my body land, to either pole.

Ben Jonson's Catiline. from dust, and saving my soul, if I missrust him They would not suffer the prince to confer with, for a crust of bread towards my preservation ? or very rarely to see, his mistress, whom they pre

Bp. Hall. tended he should forthwith marry. Clarendon. Fate her own book mistrusted at the sight, Wonder not, sovereign mistress! if perhaps

On that side war, on this a single fight. Couleg. Thou can’st, who art sole wonder; much less arm Not then mistrust, but tender love, injoins Thy looks, the heaven of mildness, with disdain. That I should mind thee oft; and mind thou me! Milton.

Milto. This is indeed the highest philosophy; the true The relation of a Spartan youth, that suffered culture and medicine of our soul; the true guide of a fox concealed under his robe to tear out his bowels, life, and mistress of action ; the mother of all virtues. is mistrusted by men of business.

Broune Barrow. Here the mistrustful fowl no harm suspects, Ages to come, that shall your bounty hear,

So safe are all things which our king protects. Will think you mistress of the Indies were ;

IFallet. Though straiter bounds your fortune did confine,

The generous train complies, In your large heart was found a wealthy mine.

Nor fraud mistrusts in virtue's fair disguise. Waller


Let us prepare

How aften didst thou pledge and vow, Every thing begun with reason,
Thou wad for aye be mine!

Will come by ready means unto his end :
And my fond heart, itsel sac true,

But things miscounselled must needs miswend.
It ne'er mistrusted thine.


In this maze still wandered and miswent, MISUND'ERSTAND, v.a. /


} derstand.

For heaven decreed to conceal the same,

To make the miscreant more to feel his shame. mistake; misinterpret; inisconceive; difference

Fairfar. of understanding : dissension; disagreeinent. MI'SY, n.s. Gr.


A kind of mineral. The words of Tertullian, as they are by them Misy contains no vitriol but that of iron : it is a alledged, are misunderstood.

Hooker. very beautiful mineral, of a fine bright yellow colour, He failed in distinguishing two regions, both called of friable structure, and resembles the golden marca

Hill. Eden, and altogether misunderstood two of the four sites. rivers.

Raleigh. MITCHELSTOWN, a post town of Ireland, Sever the construction of the injury from the in the county of Cork, 102 miles from Dublin. point of contempt, imputing it to misunderstanding or

It has a college for the support of twelve decayed fear.


gentlemen and twelve gentlewomen, who have There is a great misunderstanding betwixt the corpuscular philosophers and the chemists. Boyle.

£40 yearly, with handsome apartinents, and a This, if it be neglected, will make the reader very chaplain at £100 a year, with a house. Divine much mistake and misunderstand his meaning.

service is daily performed in a neat chapel be

Locke. longing to the college: the whole was founded In vain do men take sanctuary in such misunderstood by the late earl of Kingston. Here is also a most expressions as these ; and, from a false persuasion magnificent seat of lord Kingsborough. Near that they cannot reform their lives, never go about it. this town, at the foot of one of the Gattee moun

South. tains, is the cave of Skeheenrinky, which is deWere they only designed to instruct the three suc- scribed by Arthur Young in his Irish Tour, and ceeding generations, they are in no danger of being preferred by him to the famous cave in the peak misunderstood.

Addison The example of a good man is the best direction to the Grot d’Aucel in Burgundy. Fairs are

of Derbyshire, as it was by lord Kingsborough we can follow in the performance of our duty; the held on the 30th July and 12th November. most exact rules and precepts are subject to be misunderstood; some at least will mistake their meaning.

MITE, n. s. Fr. mite; Belg. migt, myte ; Rogers's Sermons.

Teut. meit, macte; all, perhaps, of Goth. mith, Servants mistake, and sometimes occasion misun- minute. A small insect; small coin or particle; derstandings among friends.

Swift. any thing very small.

And he saw a certain poor widow casting in thither MISUSE', v.a. 2 Fr. mesuser, mis and use. two mites: and he said, Of a truth I say unto you,

Misu'sace, n. s. Š To treat or use improperly; that this poor widow hath cast in more than they all. to abuse : misusage is ill usage; bad treatinent.

Luke xxi. 43. You misuse the reverence of your place,

Through any man's corn they do bite, As a false favorite doth his prince's name

They will not allow him a mite. Tusser. In deeds dishonourable. Shakspeure. Henry IV.

Virginity breeds mites, like a cheese consumes Upon whose dead corpse there was such misuse,

itself to the very paring, and dies with feeding its Such beastly, shameless transformation,

own stomach.

Shakspeare. By those Welshwomen done, as may not be

Are you defrauded, when he feeds the poor?

Our mite decreases nothing of your store. Dryden. Without much shame retold.


The idea of two is as distinct from the idea of It hath been their custom shamefully to misuse the three, as the magnitude of the earth from that of a fervent zeal of men to religious arms, by converting mite.

Locke. the monies that have been levied for such wars to Put blue-bottles into an ant-bill, they will be their own services.

Raleigh. stained with red, because the ants thrust in their Bacchus, that first from out the purple grape stings, and instil into them a small mite of their Crushed the sweet poison of misused wine. Milton.

stinging liquor, which hath the same effect as oil of How names taken for things mislead the under- vitriol.

Ray on the Creation. standing, the attentive reading of philosophical wri- The polished glass, whose small convex ters would discover, and that in words little sus- Enlarges to ten millions of degrees pected of any such misuse.

Locke. The mite invisible else, of nature's hand Machiavel makes it appear, that the weakness of Least animal.

Philips. Italy, once so strong, was caused by the corrupt The Seville piece of eight contains thirteen pennypractices of the papacy, in depraving and misusing weights twenty-one grains and fifteen mites, of which religion.


there are twenty in the grain, of sterling silver, and We have reason to humble ourselves before God is in value forty-three English pence and eleven by fasting and prayer, lest he should punish the mis- hundredths of a penny.

Arbuthnot. use of our mercies, by stopping the course of them.

Did I e'er my mite with-hold

From the impotent and old ? Swift. MISWEEN', 0.n. Mis and ween. To mis- Mite, in zoology. See Acarus. judge; to distrust. Obsolete.

Mite, in Jewish antiquity, a small piece of Latter times things more unknown shall show,

money mentioned in Luke xii. 59, and xxi. 2. Why then should witless man so much misween? In the Greek it is Aertov, and is one half of the

Faerie Qneene. Koopávrns, and therefore one-eighth of the RoMISWEND', 0. n.

Mis and Sax. pendan, man denarius, or of sevenpence-halfpenny of our to go. To go wrong. Obsolete.


MITELLA, bastard American sanicle, a ge. But the worship of Mithras was not known in nus of the digynia order and decandria class of Egypt and Syria in the time of Origen, who died plants; natural order thirteenth, succulentæ: about A. D. 263. The worship of Mithras was CAL. quinquefid: cor, pentapetalous, and in- proscribed at Rome in 378 by order of Gracchus serted into the calyx; petals pinnatifid : CAPS. prefect of the prætorium. According to M. unilocular and bivalved, with the valves equal. Freret, the feasts of Mithras were derived from There are four species, all natives of North Chaldea, where they had been instituted for America, rising with annual herbaceous stalks, lebrating the entrance of the sun into the sign from five or six to eight or nine inches, and pro- Taurus. ducing spikes of small whitish flowers, whose MITH'RIDATE, n. s. Fr. mithridate. petals are fringed on their edges. They are easily propagated, by parting their roots, in a shady shops, consisting of a great number of ingredients.

Mithridate is one of the capital medicines of the situation and soft loamy soil. MITHRA, or Mithras, a god of Persia and and has its name from its inventor Mithridates, king

Quincy. Chaldea, supposed to be the sun. He is generally

But you of learning and religion, represented as a young man, whose head is co- And virtue, and such ingredients, have made vered with a turban after the manner of the Per- A mithridate, whose operation sians. He supports his knee upon a bull that Keeps off, or cures, what can be done or said. lies on the ground, and one of whose horns he

Donne. holds in one hand, while with the other he MITHRIDATE is a composition, in form of an plynges a dagger into his neck. The grand festi- electuary, supposed to serve either as a remedy val of Mithras was celebrated six days in the or a preservative against poisons. See Paarmiddle of the month of Mihir, which began Sep- MACY. It takes its name from the inventor, Mitember 30th and ended October 30th. On these thridates VII. king of Pontus. The recipe was days only was it lawful for the kings of Persia to found in his cabinet, written with his own hand, get drunk and dance.

and was carried to Rome by Pompey. It was Mithras, Feasts of, in antiquity, feasts cele- translated into verse by Damocrates, a famous brated among the Romans in honor of Mithras. physician; and afterwards by Galen, from whom The most ancient instance of this worship among we have it; though it is supposed to have underthe Romans occurs in an inscription dated in gone considerable alterations since the time of its the third consulate of Trajan, or about A.D. royal prescriber. 101, on an altar thus inscribed, Deo Soli Mithræ. MITHRIDATE MUSTARD. See THLASPI.


J. fladdon, Printer, Finsbury

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