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Elder & Co., I am indebted for permission to print here the articles on "Mr Benson and Shakespearean Drama," and "Shakespeare and Patriotism," both of which originally appeared in The Cornhill Magazine. The paper on "Pepys and Shakespeare" was first printed in the Fortnightly Review; that on "Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Playgoer" in "An English Miscellany, presented to Dr Furnivall in honour of his seventy-fifth birthday" (1901); that on "The Municipal Theatre" in the New Liberal Review; and that on "A Peril of Shakespearean Research" in The Author. The proprietors of these publications have courteously given me permission to include the articles in this volume. The essay on "Aspects of Shakespeare's Philosophy" was prepared for the purposes of a popular lecture, and has not been in type before.
In a note at the foot of the opening page of each essay, I mention the date when it was originally published. An analytical list of contents and an index will, I hope, increase any utility which may attach to the volume.
1st October, 1906.
SHAKESPEARE AND THE MODERN STAGE
I. The Perils of the Spectacular Method of Production
II. The Need for Simplifying Scenic Appliances .
III. Consequences of Simplification. The Attitude of the
IV. The Pecuniary Experiences of Charles Kean and
VI. The Rightful Supremacy of the Actor
VII. The Example of the French and German Stage
VIII. Shakespeare's Reliance on the “Imaginary Forces
IX. The Patriotic Argument for the Production of
I. An Imaginary Discovery of Shakespeare's Journal.
II. Shakespeare in the Rôle of the Ghost on the First
VII. The Contrast between the Elizabethan and the Mod-
VIII. The Fitness of the Audience an Essential Element
I. The Reception of the News of Shakespeare's Death
IV. The Testimonies of Seventeenth-century Actors
V. Sir William D'Avenant's Devotion to Shakespeare's
VII. Shakespeare's Fame among Seventeenth-century
VIII. Nicholas Rowe's Place among Shakespeare's Biog-
raphers. The Present State of Knowledge re-
I. Pepys the Microcosm of the Average Playgoer
II. The London Theatres of Pepys's Diary.
IV. Pepys's Criticism of Shakespeare. His Admiration
VI. The Saving Grace of the Restoration Theatre.
MR BENSON AND SHAKESPEAREAN DRAMA
I. A Return to the Ancient Ways.
II. The Advantages of a Constant Change of Pro-
gramme. The Opportunities offered Actors by
Shakespeare's Minor Characters. John of Gaunt
III. The Benefit of Performing the Play of Hamlet with-
IV. Mr Benson as a Trainer of Actors. The Succession
I. The True Aim of the Municipal Theatre .
II. Private Theatrical Enterprise and Literary Drama.
The Advantages and Disadvantages of the Actor-
Manager System. The Control of the Capitalist.
III. Possibilities of the Artistic Improvement of Theat-
IV. Indications of a Demand for a Municipal Theatre .
VI. The Conditions of Success in England