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Ingham-Monday after Whit Monday, horses and petty chapmen.

Kenning Hall, near Harleston.-July 16, September 30, cattle and toys. Kipmash.-September 4, sheep.

Loddon.-Easter Monday, petty chapmen; Monday after Martinmas, November 22, horses and hogs. Lycham.-November 1, for toys.

Lynn Regis.-February 13, wearing apparel and all sorts of goods from London, lasts six days by charter; a week after Old Michaelmas, for cheese, lasts two days.

Magdalen Hill, near Norwich.-August 2, cheese. Martham, near Yarmouth.-First Tuesday and Wednesday in May, cattle.

Massingham.-Maundy Thursday, Nov. 8, horses. Mattishall-Tuesday before Holy Thursday, for toys; Wednesday in Whitsun week, August 9, a shew of horses.

Methwold.-April 23, cattle and toys.

New Buckenham. May 29, cheese and cattle; November 22, cheese and toys.

North Walsham.-Wednesday before Holy Thursday, cattle and petty chapmen.

Northwould.-November 30, cattle and toys.
Norwich.-Day before Good Friday, Saturday before
Whit Sunday, Saturday after ditto, horses, sheep,
lambs, and petty chapinen.

Oxborough.-Easter Tuesday, for horses and toys.
Pulham St. Mary Magdalen.-Fortnight before Whit-
Monday, cattle, sheep, and petty chapmen.
Reepham.--January 29, ordinary horses and petty

Redham-May 17, October 2, horses, &c.

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residence of the Northern Folk. In the time of the Romans it formed a part of that warlike kingdom of the ancient Britons" The Iceni." The Romans found in the aboriginal inhabitants of this county a race of heroes who spurned at the idea of captivity, and with the illustrious Queen Boadicea at their head defeated their proud invaders and made a horrible carnage of their troops. The unfortunate sequel is too well known to need narrating. The contiguity of Norfolk to Denmark laid its coast open to the barbarous incursions of the Danes, and Sweyn, king of Denmark, in consequence of the treacherous murder of the Danes by Ethelred the Second, landed on the coast, and marching his troops into the interior, burnt the cities of Norwich and Thetford.

In the reign of Edward VI. at the æra of the Reformation, a dangerous and alarming insurrection broke out in Norfolk, which was conducted by Ket a tanner of Norwich. The pretext for this rebellion was the dissolution of the monasteries and the alienation of the church lands. Ket acted as supreme administrator of affairs, and being seated under a stately oak in the vicinity of Norwich, since called the oak of reformation, he issued his decrees with all the authority of a sovereign dictator. John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, afterwards Duke of Northumberland, marched against the rebels with a small army, at the same time offering a pardon to all excepting the ringleaders. Robert Ket, the chief insurgent, was hung in chains on the walls of Norwich Castle.

The population of Norfolk, according to the returns made to parliament, in 1801, consisted of 273,371 persons: viz. 129,842 males, and 143,529 females, of whom 38,181 were employed in trade and manufactures, and 61,791 chiefly in agriculture. It returns twelve members to parliament, namely two for the county, two for Norwich, and two for each of the following towns, Thetford, Yarmouth, Lynn Regis, and Castle Rising.




Norfolk possesses many fine rivers, the principal of which are the Waveney, the Yare, the Greater and the Smaller Ouse, the Bure, the Wensum, and the Nar.

The Waveney rises at Lopham, in the southern part of this county; after which it joins the Yare, and falls into the sea at Yarmouth.

The Yare rises near Attleborough, and becomes navigable at Norwich; it continues its course to Yarmouth, where it falls into the sea.

The Greater Ouse rises near Brackley, in Northamptonshire, and, after passing through many counties, it divides Cambridge from Norwich, and falls into the sea at Lynn Regis.

The Lesser Ouse, or, as it has been denominated, Brandon River, rises near Lopham, divides Suffolk from Norfolk, and disembogues itself into the Greater Ouse.

The Bure rises in the north side of the county, becomes navigable at Aylsham, and joins the Yare. The Wensum has its source at West Rudham in this county, it evirons the city of Norwich, and falls into the Yare.

The Nar has its source at Nitcham, it is navigable as far as Narborough, and falls into the Greater Ouse. Most of these rivers are plentifully supplied with fish and water-fowl.


The inland navigation of this county is upon a very small scale. A canal has been formed from Wisbech, in Cambridgeshire, to Outwell Creek and Salters Load, in Norfolk, extending about six miles. In the year 1791 a plan was brought before parliament in which it was projected to cut a canal from the Lesser Ouse, at Brandon, to pass by Newmarket and Saffron Walden to the metropolis. This was a judicious and public-spirited design, but it failed for


want of due patronage: it is not every county can boast a Duke of Bridgewater. Another plan of great utility was also formed; namely, a canal which was to have formed a communication with the sea at Lynn, in Norfolk, and at Harwich, in Essex. Ia 1795, an act of parliament was obtained for cutting a navigable canal from the Eaw bank to Lynn Regis; and in 1805, another act was passed for amending the former one.


The county of Norfolk is governed by a Lord Lieutenant; he is the representative of the Sovereign, and has the power of embodying and of calling out the militia, in time of danger: he is also Custos Rotulorum, or keeper of the rolls and records, and has the power of appointing justices of the peace. The marine government of the county is vested in a naval officer of high jurisdiction, who is called "the Vice Admiral of Norfolk." Christianity was introduced into this part of East Anglia at a very early period. Felix was constituted bishop, and fixed his residence at Dunwich, in Suffolk. The diocese was afterward divided into two districts, Dunwich and North Elmham, in Norfolk. The episcopal see was afterward translated from Elmham to Thetford, and from thence to Norwich, where it now remains. The first bishop of Norwich was Herbert Lusinga, who died 1119. The present bishop is Dr. Henry Bathurst, who was elevated to the mitre under the administration of Mr. Addington, now Viscount Sidmouth, upon the translation of Dr. C. Manners Sutton to the archæpiscopal see of Canterbury. The bishop is a baron of the realm, and sits in the house of peers, also as titular abbot of St. Bennet's, in Holme, and is the only abbot at present in England. The diocese of Norwich is in the province of Canterbury, and the bishop is a suffragan to that metropolitan.



Journey from Great Yarmouth to Norwich. THE town of GREAT YARMOUTH is situated upon

the river Yare. About the middle of the 11th century the northern channel of this river being obstructed with sand, the inhabitants were induced to remove their dwellings towards the southern branch of the river. The name of this town is derived from its situation on the river Yare; hence it was called Yaremouth. The ancient name of this river was "Gare;" Camden says the Saxon name was "Gare-mouth," or "the mouth of the Gare." This illustrious antiquarian is of opinion that at Yarmouth, or near that town, was the ancient Garionegrum,where the Stablesian horse were quartered against the Barbarians. Previous to the establishment of the Saxon heptarchy, Cerdic, a Saxon chief, landed on this coast, at a place which, in Camden's time, was still known by the name "Cerdic's Sand." This prince waged a furious war with the Iceni (the aboriginal inhabitants of this county), and then set sail westward; where, being eminently successful, he founded the kingdom of the West Saxons. In the time of Edward the Confessor there were seventy burgesses belonging to Yarmouth. The walls were built about 1340, and the inhabitants became so populous as to attack the neighbouring inhabitants of Leostoffe, and the Cinque Ports, by sea; but the population was greatly decreased, and the warlike spirit of the people damped, by a dreadful pestilential disorder, which swept away seven thousand inhabitants of this town. After this great calamity the inhabitants applied themselves to the improvement of the herring fishery, for which Yarmouth has ever been celebrated.

In the civil wars between King Charles and the Britannia, vol. ii. p. 96, Gough.


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