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THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
CHARLES LORD HALLIFAX. .

MY LORD, SIM IMILITUDE of manners and studies is usually

mentioned as one of the stringest motives to affection and esteem; but the passionate veneration I have for your Lordship, I think, flows from an admiration of qualities in you, of which in the whole course of these papers I have acknowledged myself incapable. While I bufy myself as a stranger upon earth, and can pretend to no ther than being a looker-on, you are conspicuous in the busy and polite world, both in the world of men, and that of letters: while I am silent and unobserved in puba lic meetings, you are admired by all that approach you as the life and genius of the conversation. What an happy conjunction of different talents meets in him whose whole discourse is at once animated by the strength and force of reason, and adorned with all the graces and embellishments of wit? When learning irradiates common life, it is then in its highest use and perfection; and it is to such as your Lordship, that the sciences owe the esteem which they have with the active part of mankind. Knowa

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ledge

ledge of books in recluse men, is like that fort of lantern which hides him who carries it, and serves only to pass through secret and gloomy paths of his own; but in the possession of a man of business, it is as a torch in the hand of one who is willing and able to shew those, who were bewildesed, the way which leads to their prosperity and welfare. A generous concern for your country, and a passion for every thing which is truly great and noble, are what actuate all your life and actions; and I hope you will forgive me that I have an ambition this book

may be placed in the library of so good a judge of what is valuable, in that library where the choice is such, that it will not be a disparagement to be the meanef author in it. Forgive me, my Lord, for taking

, this occasion of telling all the world how ardently I love and honour you, and that I am, with the utmost gratitude for all your favours,

My LORD,
Your Lordship's
most obliged
moft obedient, and
moft humble servant,

THE SPECTATOR.

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THB THE

SPECT AT O R.

No. LXXXI. SATURDAY, JUNE 2, 1711.

Qualis ubi audito venantâm murmure tigris
Horruit in maculas

STATIUS,
As when the tigress hears the hunter's din,
A thousand angry spots defile her skin.

BOUT the middle of last winter I went to see an

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I could not but take notice of two parties of very fine women, that had placed their selves in the opposite fideboxes, and seemed drawn up in a kind of battle array one against another. After a short survey of them, I found they were patched differently; the faces on one hand being spotted on the right side of the fore-head, and those upon the other on the left. 'I quickly perceived that they caft hostile glances upon one another; and that their patches were placed in thote different situations, as partylignals to diftinguith friends from foes. In the middleboxes, betwecn thele two opposite bodies, were several ladies who patched indifferently on both sides of their faces, and seemed to fit there with no other intention but to see the opera. Upon inquiry I found, that the body of Amazons on my right hand, were Whigs, and those cn my left, Taries; and that those who had placed themfelves in the middle boxes were a neutral party, whose faces had not yet declared themselves. These last, however, as I afterwards found, diminished daily, and took their party with one side or the other; infomuch that I observed in several of them, the patches, which were before dispersed equally, are now all gone over to the Whig & Tory side of the face. The cenforious say, that the

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men, whose hearts are aimed at, are very often the occafions that one part of the face is thus dishonoured, and lies under a kind of disgrace, while the other is so much set off and a.lorned by the owner; and that the patches turn to the right or to the left, according to the principles of the man who is most in favour. But whatever may be the motives of a few fantastical coquettes, who do not patch for the public good so much as for their own private advantage, it is certain, that there are several women of honour who patch out of principle, and with an eye to the interest of their country. Nay, I am informed that foine of thein adhere so stedfastly to their party, and are so far froin facrificing their zeal for the public to their passion for any particular perfon, that in a late draught of marriage-articles, a lady has stipulated with her hulband, that, whatever his opinions are, the shall be at liberty to patch on which side the pleases.

I must here take notice, that Rosalinda, a famous Whig partisan, has most unfortunately a very beautiful mole on the Tory part of her forehead; which being very con picuous, has occasioned many mistakes, and given an handle to her enemies to inisrepresent her face, as though it had revolted from the Whig intereft. But, whatever this natural patch may seem to intimate, it is well known that her notions of government are still the same. This unlucky mole, however, has misled several coxcombs; and like the hanging out of false colours, made some of them converse with Rosalinda in what they thought the spirit of her party, when on a sudden the has given them an unexpected fire, that has sunk them all at once. If Rotalinda is unfortunate in her mole, Nigranilla is as unhappy in a pimple, which forces her, against her inclinations, to patch on the Whig tide.

I am told th : many virtuous matrons, who formerly have been taug. i to believe that this artificial spotting of the face was unlawful, are now reconciled by a zeal for their cause, to what they could not be prompted by a concern for their beauty. This way of declaring war upon one another, puts me in mind of what is reported of the tigress, that leveral spots rise in her skin when the is an

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