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vinegar, and anointed with garlic and SOME short time ago, previous to the honey, until all the disagreeable flavour general election, two candidates for a was subdued, after which it formed a ca- northern county met in a ball.room. pital fricassee. To be serious, I can “ Why do you sit still ?" said a friend assure my readers that the flesh of a well to one of them, “ whilst your opponent fed cat is extremely good ; it is indeed is tripping it so assiduously with

the elec(presuming her to be properly dressed) tors' wives and daughters ?” The aspi. not only agreeable in taste, but actually rant for parliamentary fame, replied, “I dainty, and it is imagination and preju. have no objection to his dancing for the dice alone which protects the feline race county, if I am allowed to sit for it." amongst us from the uses of the gastro. nomic art.

The same prejudice obtains 6 You horrid villain,” said one man to in Germany with respect to the raven, another, “ was not your father a thief, which is scarcely eaten by any one there and your mother a receiver of stolen without a feeling of disgust, while in goods ?” “ That may be," said the acFrance they can be purchased in every cused, “ but you can't say they were market. Thus also, in the ship wherein tailors." I voyaged from Spain to Sicily, the cook was in the practice of eating, almost every Paul WHITEHEAD, speaking of the day, roasted mice, certainly not from a different sentiments excited by different scarcity of other meat, but as a matter of modes of building, expressed himself in preference. - Goëthe's Rifleman's Com- these quaint words :- When I go into rade.

St. Paul's, I look round and admire it as A LOO-CHOOAN'S BUMPER.

a magnificent building ; but when I go

into Westminster Abbey, I'll be hanged ONE of the chief's having remarked on if I'm not all devotion." board, that whenever the king's health was drank, whether of England or of

TO CORRESPONDENTS. Loo-Choo, the cups were always fairly J. G. E. is received and accepted. emptied, took advantage of this loyalty of We beg to offer our sincere acknowledginents sentiment, and gave: The king of In to Jacobus for Lis late favour. jeree's health” three or four times over, to T.R-d is requested to accept our best thanks. which, of course, the officers were obliged We must decline giving an engraving from to reply by giving - The king of Loo the engraving offered us by F. A. Y. Choo” as often. Finding this manœuvre

The following are under consideration : to answer 30 well, he carried it rather far. Engelbert; M. H. S.; H ; Mr. Wilmot; W.

H. H.; and Senex. ther than is customary with us on similar occasions, for, observing the company

C. F-, will probably appear in our columns.

We heartily thank our well-wishers Guibert somewhat backward in discussing a mess

and Utopia. If we, consistently with our duty, of sweet rice-meal porridge, which had could publish their poetry, we would- but wo been placed hefore each of them, he stood cannot. up with his bowl in his hand, and, call. E. A.'s coarse narrative is of course rejected. ing out “ King of Injeree's health !” C. W.R.-try again. swallowed the whole, and invited the rest Sam's joke is no joke. of the company to follow his loyal ex.

W. D. is declined. ample.-Hall's Loo-Choo.

The engraving inquired after by M. H. is now, with many others, in the hands of our engraver,

and will very early appear in our columns. 'The Gatherer.

Hubert Yonge; Lines on the Death of an

Infant; and Lines suggested by the loss of a *I am but a Gatherer and disposer of other

Wife, &c. &c. do not suit us. men's stuff."- Wootton

A. S. T.'s claim shall be taken into consideration.

The communication signed F. B. W. is not

sufficiently correct for publication. A WOMAN in the country went for a

A correspondent informs us that the subject pound of candles, when to her astonish.

of the painting in the New Church, Chelsea, is ment and mortification, she was informed

the Entombing of Our Saviour, by West, and they had risen a penny in the pound since not the Ascension, as stated by the writer of her last purchase of them. “ Why,” says the article at page 106 of the MIRROR. she, “what can be the cause of such an Erratum.-In No 239 of the MIRROR, P. 120, exorbitant rise as a penny.” “ I can't col. 2, line 9, from the bottom, for "abundantly tell,” says the man, T6 but I believe it is

tired” tead

abundantly tased." principally owing to the war.” Why, curse them,” cried she, “ do they fight

Printed and Puolished by J. LIMBIRD, :43,

Strand, (near Somerset-House,) and sold by ali by candle-light.”

Newsm.en and Booksellers.

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WE this week resume our plan of pre When Wycherley was fifteen years or senting our readers with correct views of age, he was sent over to France for the the places that gave birth to our most improvement of his education. Here he celebrated poets. The above engraving continued some time, during which he represents the remain of a mansion at the was often admitted to the conversation of

Clive, about seven miles from Shrews. the most accomplished ladies of that court. bury, in which William Wycherley, Esq. A little before the restoration of Charles the Thalian bard, was born in 1640. The the Second, he returned to England, and house was a handsome structure, but became a gentleman commoner of Queen's much has been let go to decay, and the College, in Oxford ; and was entered in remainder repaired in a clumsy incon. the public library in July, 1660. After gruous manner for a farm-house. The some time he quitted the university, and large walnut-tree, shown in the view, is entered himself a student in the Middle said to have been planted by the poet; Temple; but, being much addicted to but we cannot vouch for its authenticity. pleasure, he forsook the study of the law The late Mr. Gardner, of Sansaw, whose before he was called to the bar, and enbeautiful grounds reach near Wycherley's gaged himself in pursuits more agreeable mansion, intended to have erected an urn, to his own genius and the gallant spirit and to have placed it in a rocky recess in of the times. his grounds, the walk to which was called Upon writing his first play, entitled, Wycherley's walk; but through the neg “ Love in a Wood, or St. James's Park,” ligence of the statuary in Shrewsbury it acted at the Theatre Royal in 1672, he was not erected. The following inscription became acquainted with several of the was to have been placed on the pedestal : most celebrated wits, both of the court

and town, and likewise with the Duchess WILLIAM WYCHERLEY, Esq. of Cleveland. the celebrated Dramatic Poet, In 1673, Mr. Wycherley wrote a cothis Urn is

medy, called “ The Gentleman Dancing dedicated.”

Master,” which was acted at the Duke's M


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VOL. ix.

Theatre, and received with universal ap- the walks, waited on her home, visited plause. In 1678, he wrote his “ Plain her daily at her lodgings, and in a little Dealer ;” and in 1683, the comedy of time obtained her consent to marry him. “ The Country Wife.” These plays This he did by the advice of his father, raised him high in the esteem of the without acquainting the king, who, when world, and recommended him to the fa- informed of it, was highly offended ; and vour of the nobility, among whom his Mr. Wycherley, from a consciousness of greatest friend was the Duke of Bucking- having acted imprudently, seldom going ham. King Charles likewise showed him to court, his absence was construed into more respect, perhaps, than was ever ingratitude. known to take place from a sovereign to This was the cause of Mr. Wycherley's a private gentleman. Mr. Wycherley disgrace with the king, whose favour and happened to be very ill at his lodgings affection he had before possessed in so for some time, during which the king did distinguished a degree. The countess him the honour of a visit, when, finding settled all her estates upon him ; but his his bouy weak and his spirits depressed, claims to them being disputed after her he commanded him to take a journey to death, the expense of the law and other the south of France, and to remain there incumbrances so far reduced him, that he during the winter season ; at the same was not able to satisfy the impatience of time ihe king assured him, that when he his creditors, who threw him at last into was able to undertake the journey, he prison ; so that he, who a few years bewould order 5001. to be paid him to de. fore was flourishing in all the gaiety of fray the expenses. Mr. Wycherley ac- life, flushed with prospects of court precordingly went to France, and returned ferment, and happy in the most extensive to England the latter end of the following reputation for wit and parts, was conspring, with his health perfectly restored. demned to suffer all the rigours of want. The king received him with the utmost In this severe extremity he fell upon an marks of esteem, and soon after told him expedient, which, no doubt, was dictated he had a son whom he would deliver to by his distress, of applying to his book. his care for education, and that for this seller, who had got considerably by his service he should have 1,500l. a year al. “ Plain Dealer,” in order to borrow 201.; lotted him; the king also added, that but he applied in vain ; the bookseller when the time came his office should refused to lend him a shilling ; and he cease, he would take care to make such remained in that distress for seven years, provision for him as would place him when he obtained his release at the insti. above the malice or contempt of the world. gation of King James, who, seeing his

These were golden prospects for Mr. • Plain Dealer” performed, was so Wycherley ; but they were soon, by a charmed with it, that he gave immediate singular accident, rendered abortive. Soon orders for the payment of the author's after his majesty's promise, Mr.Wycherley debts, adding to that bounty a pension of went to Tunbridge, to take either the be- 2001. per annum, while he continued in nefit of the waters, or the diversions of England. the place ; when, walking one day upon On the death of his father be became the Wells-walk with his friend Mr. Fair. possessed of a considerable estate ; but it bread, of Gray's-inn, just as he came to was clogged with so many limitations, the door of a bookseller's shop, the Coun- that he never enjoyed any great advantage tess of Drogheda, a young widow, rich, from it. In his advanced years he marnoble, and beautiful, came to the book. ried a young lady of fortune, but only seller, and inquired for “ The Plain survived his nuptials eleven days. He Dealer.”

“ Nsadam,” said Mr. Fair. died in the month of September, 1715, bread,“ since you are for the Plain Deal- and was interred in the vault of Coventer, there he is for you,” pushing Mr. Garden church. W'ycherley towards her. Mr. Wycherley, “ this lady can bear plain dealing'; for she appears to be so accom

SIR WALTER SCOTT, THE plished, that what would be a compliment

AVOWED AUTHOR OF THE to others, when said to her would be

WAVERLEY NOVELS. plain dealing.”—“ No, truly, sir,” said Our readers will remember that a few the lady, “ I am not without my faults; weeks back we stated our views of the I love plain dealing, and never am more matter in question on the authority of a fond of it than when it tells me of a fault.” letter from Paris, and subsequently in a -_- Then, madam,” said Mr. Fairbread, valuable anecdotical article by our es

you and the plain dealer seemed de- teemed correspondent, M. L. B., which signed by heaven for each other.” In in direct evidence traced the masked short, Mr. Wycherley accompanied her on Great Unknown to be in the person of

6 Yes,” says

Sir Walter Scott. At the celebration of long silence. Perhaps he might have the Annual Theatrical Edinburgh Fund acted from caprice. He had now to say, Dinner, on the 23rd of February, however, that the merits of these works, Sir Walter Scott presiding as chair- if they had any, and their faults, were enman, the Great Unknown rose and made tirely imputable to himself. (Long and himself known to the public as the highly loud cheering.) He was afraid to think gifted author of the whole of the series on what he had done.

“ Look on't again of the Waverley Novels. It was a most

I dare not." He had thus far unbo. interesting moment and we shall pre- somed himself, and he knew that it would serve the following brief notice of the be reported to the public. He meant important occurrence in the columns of when he said that he was the author, that the MIRROR.

he was the total and undivided author. Lord Meadowbank begged to propose With the exception of quotations, there a health, which he was sure, in an as was not a single word that was not desembly of Scotsmen, would be received, rived from himself, or suggested in the not with an ordinary feeling of delight, course of his reading. The wand was but with rapture and enthusiasm. He now broken, and the rod buried. They knew that it would be painful to his would allow him further to say, with feelings if he were to speak to him in Prospero, “ Your breath it is that has terms which his heart prompted ; and filled my sails,” and to crave one sinthat he had sheltered himself under his gle toast in the capacity of the author pative modesty from the applause which of those novels; and he would dedicate a he deserved. But it was gratifying at bumper to the health of one who had relast to know that these clouds were now presented some of those characters, of dispelled, and that the Great Unknown which he had endeavoured to give the --the mighty magician-(here the room skeleton, with a degree of liveliness which literally rung with applauses, which were rendered him grateful. He would procontinued for some minutes)—the min. pose the health of his friend Bailie Nicol strel of our country, who had conjured Jarvie, (loud applause;) and he was sure up, not the phantoms of departed ages, that, when the author of Waverley and but realities, now stood revealed before Rob Roy drank to Nicol Jarvie, it would the eyes and affections of his country. In be received with that degree of applause his

presence it would ill become him, as to which that gentleman had always been it would be displeasing to that distin. accustomed, and that they would take care guished person, to say, if he were able, that, on the present occasion, it should be what

every man must feel, who recollect- prodigious ! (Long and vehement aped the enjoyment he had had from the plause.) great efforts of his mind and genius. It Mr. Mackay spoke with great humour has been left for him, by his writings, to in the character of Bailie Jarvie.My give his country an imperishable name. conscience! My worthy father the deacon He had done more for his country, by could not have believed that his son illuminating its annals, by illustrating could hae had sic a compliment paid to the deeds of its warriors and statesmen, him by the Great Länknown. than any man that ever existed, or was Sir Walter Scott.-Not unknown now produced, within its territory. He had Mr. Bailie. opened up the peculiar beauties of his Mr. Mackay.--He had been long idencountry to the eyes of foreigners. He tified with the Bailic, and he was vain had exhibited the deeds of those patriots of the cognomen which he had now worn and statesmen to whom we owed the for eight years, and he questioned if freedom we now enjoyed. He would give any of his brethren in the Council had the health of Sir Walter Scott, which given such universal satisfaction. (Loud was drank with enthusiastic cheering. laughter and applause.)

Sir Walter Scott certainly did not think, that in coming there that day he would have the task of acknowledging, betore

ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVA. three hundred gentlemen, a secret which,

TIONS FOR MARCH. considering that it was communicated to

(For the Mirror.) more than twenty people, was remarkably

" In mantle of Proteus clad, well kept. He was now before the bar of his country, and might be understood

With aspect ferocious and wild; to be on trial before Lord Meadowbank

Now pleasant, now sullen and sad, as an offender; yet he was sure that every

Now froward, now placid and mild.” impartial jury would bring in a verdict of The above lines are aptly descriptive of "Not proven.” He did not now think the changes to which the month of Marcb it necessary to enter into reasons of his is usually subject.


The sun completes another revolution is called a transit. Were the plane of and enters the equinoctial and cardinal his orbit coincident with the ecliptic, this sign Aries on the 21st, at 9 h. 2 m. 58 s. appearance would be seen frequently; but morning, when 13 deg. 43 min. of Leo are by reason of the obliquity of the two due north, 19 deg. 9 min. of Gemini due planes to each other it is much more rare. east, 19 deg. 9 inin. of Sagittarius due There will be a transit May 5th, 1832, and west, and 13 deg. 43 min. of Aquarius another November 7th, 1835. He sets due south. At this moment spring com on the 1st at 6 h. afternoon, and on the mences, and day and night are again 31st at 7?h. He is in perihelio on the equal all over the globe. The point 12th, and reaches his eastern elongation where the celestial equator cuts the eclip, in the 18th, in 15 deg. 33 min. of Aries, tic, called the first point of Aries, is found when he may be seen a short time after to have a motion in antecedence, or con.

sun-set ; this is the most favourable time trary to the order of the signs of about of the whole year for observing this small 50 sec. of a deg. in a year, and which is planet. On the 26th he becomes stato be accounted for in the following man- tionary in 20 deg. of the same sign, from ner :-The sun completes what is called whence he commences a retrograde movea tropical year when he arrives at the same equinoctial or solstitial point which he Venus culminates on the 1st, at 8 h. does in 365 days 5 h. 48 m. 57 s.; but 52 m. morning, in 24 deg. Capricorn ; when he reaches the same fixed star again and on the 31st, at 9 h. 12 m. morning, as seen from the earth, he completes the in 25 deg. Aquarius. She arrives at the siderial year, which contains 365 days, point of her greatest western elongation 6 h.9 m. 144s. As the sun describes the on the 5th, in 27 deg. 33 min. Capricorn. whole ecliptic, or 360 deg., in a tropical On the 8th, she has 6 digits east illumi. year, he moves 59 m. 8 s. of a deg. every nated, her apparent diameter being then day at a mean rate, and consequently 24 sec. of a deg. Transits of Venus are 50 sec. of a deg. in 20 m. 173 s. of time, much less frequent than those of Merwhich is the precise difference between cury, but of considerably more importance the siderial and civil year. Thus he will in astronomy, as from them astronomers arrive at the same equinox or solstice have discovered the sun's true parallax, when he is 50 sec. of a deg. short of the by which means they have been enabled same star from which he set out the year to ascertain the earth's distance from the before. This motion has now become sun, as also the distance of the other plavery considerable ; about 2,000 years nets. The last happened June 3rd, 1769; ago, when astronomy was first cultivated the next will be on December Sith, 1874, by the Greeks, the first point of the eclip- the middle being at 3 h. 43 m. 27 s. aftertic was 30 deg. or a whole sign forwarder noon, but it will be invisible in Europe. than at present, being then about the Another will occur on December 16th, middle of the constellation Aries, but is 1882, at 4 h. 49 m. 41 s. morning, partly now about the middle of Pisces; thus visible in Great Britain. with regard to the signs, the stars appear Jupiter is now coming more under our to have gone 30 deg. forwarder, for the observation in the evening, appearing on same signs always keep in the same points the eastern side of the meridian ; he rises of the ecliptic, without respect to the con on the 1st at 8 h. 20 m. evening, in 12 stellations. If the earth made exactly deg. 57 min. Libra, and on the 31st, at 3654 diurnal rotations on its axis whilst 6 h. 10 m., in 9 deg. 28 min. of the same it revolves from any equinoctial or sol. sign. The satellites of Jupiter revolve stitial point to the same again, the civil on their axis in the time of their revolution and solar year would always keep pace round their primary, in the same manner together, and the style would never have as our moon. They must be very magni. needed any alteration ; but without such ficent objects to the inhabitants of that a change, the seasons in length of time planet; the first appears to them four would be quite reversed with regard to the times larger than our moon does to us, months of the year, although it would re- and goes through all the lunar changes in quire 23,783 years to bring about such a the short space of 42 hours, within which total change.

period it is itself eclipsed, and causes an When the earth is in the line of the eclipse of the sun on the surface of Jupi. nodes of an inferior planet, Mercury for ter. There are seven visible immersions iristance, his apparent motion is then in a of the above this month :straight line, because the plane of it passes through the eye; when he is in his infe- On the 2nd, at 4h. 23m. 20 s. morning. rior semicircle, he will pass directly be 3rd, — 10h. 51 m. 43 s. afternoon tween the sun and the earth, appearing llth, Oh. 45 m. 24 s. morning. like a black spot on the sun's disc ; this 18th, 2h. 39 m. 11 s.

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