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still. With the exception of the snipe, pers and of rats, it certainly would be there is no bird so universa!ly dispersed more sensible and beneficial than setting over the whole surface of the globe, in- a price on the heads of sparrows. As for habiting every zone, the hot, the tempe- rooks, they are of the first utility to the rate, the severe; in all of which he is farmer; and even the crow and cadow, or serviceable to mankind, by devouring and jack-daw, are not destitute of valuable removing noxious substances. In Eng, qualities, which may indeed be affirmed land they are sparingly seen, except during of the predaceous race, in general the least the lambing season ; one pair inhabiting favoured of any. a certain district, and driving all others 66 The brimstone-coloured butterfly, from its vicinity. But in some warm (Gonepteryx rhamni,) which lives climates, where animal matter is often throughout the winter, is usually seen in plentiful, and rapidly acquires a state of March. It is found in the neighbourputrescence, even in Greenland and Ice- hood of woods, on fine and warm days, sand, where refuse of fish abounds, the enjoying the beams of the noonday sun. raven is much more commonly to be some of our most beautifully coloured found. Like all other carnivorous birds, butterflies belonging to the genus Vanesthey frequently mount high in the air, sa, as V. Atalanta, Io, Polychloros, and and cool their blood in a more temperate Urticæ, are seen in this month; and the region. They are remarkably strong upon Antiope, or Camberwell beauty, has once the wing, and we see them at times pass- been captured at this season." ing over our heads at a considerable ele. We shall conclude our notices of this vation, and pursuing their journey with month with the following beautiful lines, such strength and power, as enables them written by Mrs. Hemans for the New to make a greater progress in their flight Monthly Magazine, March, 1826 :than even wild fowl. Their objects in these hasty transits are by no means ob

THE BIRDS OF PASSAGE. vious ; should they be hastening to their

BIRDS, joyous birds of the wandering wing ! prey, bc it from acuteness of discernment, Whence is it ye come with the flowers of Spring? a sense of smelling, or any other faculty, -"We come from the shores of the green old it exceeds our comprehension. That birds of prey are remarkably gifted with From the land where the roses of Sharon smile, olfactory powers we have repeated con- From the palms that wave through the Indian viction ; but we cannot comprehend the


From the myrrh-trees of glowing Araby. probability of a creature's possessing a sensibility so acute, as to receive intima.

“ We have swept o'er cities, in song renown'dtion of a substance, and be drawn by it Silent they lie, with the deserts round! from the extremity of one county to that We have cross'd proud rivers, whose tide hath of another. All these circumstances, its rollid ancient note, the obscure knowledge we All dark with the warrior-blood of old ; possess of its powers and motives of ac. And each worn wing hath regain'd its home, tion, renders the raven a bird of some in.

Under peasaut's ruof-tree, or monarch's dome." terest, and entitles it to our notice. An.

And what have ye found in the monarch's dome, cient writers upon natural history accuse Since last ye traversed the blue sea's foam ? this bird of severity and unnatural feel. -"We have found a change, we have found a ings towards its offpring. Tusser, in his

pall, March Husbandry, says,

And a gloom o'ershadowing the banquet's hall,

And a mark on the floor, as of life-drops spilt* Kill crow, pie, and cadow, rook, buzzard, and

Naught looks the same, save the nest we built!" raven, Or else go desire them to seek a new haven;' Oh! joyous birds, it hath still been so !

Through the halls of kings doth the tempest go! but in answer to such directions, and the But the huts of the hamlet lie still sud deep, practice of many farmers at the present

And the hills o'er their quiet a vigil keep. day, it may be observed, that in our moist Say, what have ye found in the peasent's cot, climate, which naturally generates insects,

Since last ye parted from that sweet spot ? if it were not for birds, and even some of

_" A change we have found there, and many those which are proscribed by vulgar pre- change! judice, the fruits of the earth would be

Faces aud footsteps and all things strange! almost wholly destroyed. No doubt some Gone are the heads of the silverv hair, species of the feathered tribes may become And the young that were have a brow of care, too numerous, if protected ; but it is only And the place is bush'd where the children during seed-time and harvest that birds play'ddo any injury, while their important ser. Naught looks the same, save the nest we made !" vices are continued the year round. Were

Sad is your tale of the beautiful earth, parishes to pay for the destruction of vi.

Birds that o'ersweep it in power and mirth!

Yet, through the wastes of the trackless air,


You know what an enterYe have a guide, and shall we despair?

taining man he is it seems but the other Ye over desert and deep have pass'd

day we were at school together, at old Su shall we reach our bright home at last!

ah, those were happy days ? well

while I was at his house, who should The Sketch-book.

come in but young his nephew-he

that married Miss of in Nor No. XXXI.

folk-you must remember her very well

- she was at school at - at-dear me TELLING STORIES.

what's the name of the place ? It is a pleasant thing to hear a good And so on -I might fill half a dozen story; but it is much pleasanter to hear numbers of the MIRROR, if I were to a story well told.

Livy and Tacitus give you one of these circumstantial di. have interested us in the history of Rome; gressional narratives at full length. Thucydides and Herodotus have made Sometimes, again, we are entertained Grecian history a delightful study ; and, with a story that was so entertaining: for one book that is read, for the sake of only somehow or other, the best part of its subject, ten are read for the sake of it has been forgotten. Then we are told, their authors. Style is the gilding that that there was something more, but the makes half the world swallow the pill of narrator does not exactly recollect; and knowledge.

perhaps memory has no assistance from The Arabs and Turks are story-loving invention and then he laughs very lieartily nations ; and if we may judge from the at what he laughed at before, and he expopularity of novels, in our own country, pects your imagination to supply what we are not much behind them in that his recollection had lost. passion ; but we have not the amusement, Worse, still, are they who, by a very in which they so much delight, of hear. regular, sober, and promising begining extempore novels and romances, ning, promise something worth hearing, whose interest is increased by the de- and at last fly off in a tangent, saying, lightful and teazing suspense of the nar. I have forgotten the rest. This is inflict. rator's leaving off in the midst, or when ing a double injury; it is a cruel disapthe curiosity is excited to the highest pointment of expectation, and a most pitch, and promising to renew the tale barbarous loss of time.- Aut perfice aut next day :-just as the stories were di nunquam tenta. vided, in the Lady's Magazine, about Have any of our readers ever been thirty years ago

amused with two persons telling, or atYet we love the company of those who tempting to tell, the same story, both in have the conversational art of telling a a breath ? One stops; and the other stops good story, or, more properly speaking, “ Well, if you can tell the story better, telling a story well. How few have this tell it." “Oh, no! I know nothing envied talent. Some narrators have one about it, you had better tell it yourself.” mode of spoiling a story, and some have So, after a decent time spent in coquetanother.

ting about it, one begins, and goes on a It is very bad policy to begin a laugh. little way, and but a little.

Here," able story with laughing ;

says the other, “ I am sure that's wrong.” kind of characteristic overture, but it Then the poor hearer must listen to a always spoils the effect. Horace has long, and generally bitter discussion of somewhere said something about exciting some point of chronology, or some di. tears by tears.

Si vis me flere, &c.” versity of expression, or some succession but this same principle is not applicable of events, which, in nine cases out of to laughing.

ten have little or nothing to do with the The circumstantial story-teller dilutes story. There is one advantage in this ; his entertainment in a deluge of words, for, if the matter is to be kept secret, it leads you round and round, goes back is pretty safe when communicated in this again to correct errors, and makes a kind duet style ; as it is no easy matter to reof minuet dance of his narrative, except member what cannot be understood. that there is nothing graceful in it. He delights in digressions and leaves nothing unexplained or unauthenticated. Take a specimen.

WONDERFUL MEMORY. Last Wednesday three weeks, when I

(For the Mirror.) was on a visit to stop, did I say three weeks? Yes, no, no, it must THOMAS FULLER, author of the l'ur. have been that-well, but that don't sign thies of England, had a very remarkable nify. As I was saying— I was on a visit memory, he would repeat five hundred

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strange and unconnected words after twice threw an ample and covering mantle over hearing them ; and a sermon, verbatim, his innocent eccentricities and human after he had heard it once ; he undertook, frailties. Many a one connected with after passing from Temple Bar to the music, the drama, and the fine arts, are farthest part of Cheapside and back again, under weighty obligations to him for the to mention all the signs then over the interest he has taken in their welfare; and shops, as they stood in order, on both many a brighter and abler man might sides of the streets, repeating them back- fall out of our circle, in a moment, as he wards and forwards, and performed the has done, without causing such a blank task with great exactness.

P.T.W. to be felt, or exciting so much regret.

He was, in appearance, about sixty;

and was partly educated at Eton. His SONG.

fortune was independent. (For the Mirror.)

The writings of Dr. Kitchiner bear a The vesper bells are ringing

striking resemblance to his ways of life ; In youder ancient tower ;

and are a curious mixture of sense and The funeral hymn is singing

observation with little absurdities and "Tis midaight's lonely hour.

singularity. His subjects have been of The gentle breeze is sleeping,

the most various kinds ;-his Practicaí The moon sends forth her charns;

Observations and other works on TeleHis watch thy lover's keeping

scopes—Cooks'Oracle— Pleasure of Mak. Come, Emma, to his arms.

ing a Will—Housekeeper's EconomyTo meet thee in the bower

&c. &c., are books familiar to the reader; I've wander'd many'a mile;

aud at this period there are nearly ready o l'is past the appointed hour,

for publication, the Traveller's Oracle, Come, bless me with a smile.

and the Horse and Carriage-Keeper's OraFor thy dear sake I've left My father's splendid balls;

cle, both (for we have seen parts of them) Haste, love, of fear bereft

equal to their predecessors for mixed 'Tis Henry now that calls.

utility and whimsicality. To conclude H. K.

this brief notice, we may express a wish,

which we are sure will be responded to Select Biography, by every person of the very numerous

body in whose society the individual we No. LI.

have just lost passed his days ; that

whenever we meet with an eccentric man, DR KITCHINER.

he may add to his eccentricities the harm.

lessness, kindliness, and good qualities of This gentleman, than whom, perhaps, Doctor William Kitchiner. there was not an individual in our popu. lous city more generally known, died Since we wrote the foregoing, we have very suddenly on Monday, February 26, been favoured with the following addi. 1827, at midnight, after having returned

tions by an intimate of ours and of the home, about an hour, to Warren street, deceased :from a dinner party at Mr. Braham's.

In this age, when the customs of soHe had been in uncommonly good spirits ciety so generally demand prescribed during the afternoon, and enjoyed the

ceremonies and forms in visiting, ill suitcompany to a later hour than his usually ed to men of studious habits, the loss of very early habits allowed. In general such a man will be widely felt. Who, very silent and timid in his manner, on after the mental toils of the day, can enthis occasion, among other pleasures, the dure to dress at five, to go out at six, to talents of his host, and the merriment

waste, perhaps, an hour in the drawing created by Mr. Mathews' rehearsing some room, till all the guests arrive; then, of his new comic entertainments, seemed

arm in arm, to esquire some stranger greatly to exhilarate the worthy doctor, partner down a chilly staircase to a freezinsomuch, that he forgot his reserve, and, ing parlour, to partake of a sumptuous, in his turn, amused the party with some cold-hot dinner ? of his whinsical reasons for inventing odd These matters were better intended at things and giving them odd names. For, the board of my late friend. His welcome Dr. K. was completely what is called a

was frank and sincere, his fare was good, Character. His appearance, his dress, his dishes were cooked according to his his usages, his person, were all peculiar own maxims--they were served orderly, and quaint: but it must be said, at the same time, that kindness of heart, bene. * According to his own statement he was only volence of disposition, and a firm integ. forty-eight: but his dread of death was so con. rity in the graver affairs of the world, self-dcluding ruse, tobe guile the foll tyrant.

and hot, and put upon the table invaria. Slippers, being introduced to the doctor, bly within five minutes of the time an- on one of his evenings, and reading this nounced.

admonition, found an opportunity to inWilliam Kitchiner, M.D. was, if I sert the pronoun it, which materially al. mistake not, the only son of Kit- tered the reading ; “ Come at seven, go chiner, Esq., formerly a reputable mer- Ir at eleven.chant, and subsequently one of the ma- In these social meetings, at half-past gistrates for the county of Middlesex. nine the doctor's servant gave the signal From him the doctor inherited that for- for supper: when the party happened to tune, which, by prudence and good ma. be limited to eight or ten, then, those nagement, (qualities which he enforced who objected to take other than the tea in his writings,) enabled him to open his and coffee, departed; and those who rehospitable doors to a vast circle of friends, mained, descended to the parlour to palmostly persons distinguished for genius, take of his friendly fare. A cold joint, a learning, or science ; and to maintain á lobster-salad, and some little entremets, table, and furnish forth such frequent usually formed the summer repast; and banquets, as few others could emulate in winter, some nicely cooked little hot with thrice his income.

dishes were spread upon the board, with His Tuesday evening parties brought wine, liqueurs, a variety of excellent ales, together a coterie of talent, such as were and other choice stores, from his well. wont to assemble in times past-profes- stocked cellar, and served to relish an sors and amateurs of all the sciences and hour's entertaining chat. Such were the all the polite arts ; and such was the tact orderly habits prevailing at these evenirg of the host, that this general intercourse parties, that some considerate guest would was shackled by none of those frivolous observe, “ 'tis on the stroke of eleven;" or invidious distinctions which too often when hats, umbrellas, &c. being brought inconvenience the studious, in mixing in, the doctor attending them to the street with society. Here the wealthy private door, first looking at the stars, with a corgentleman, seated on the sofa with the dial shake of the hand, and a “ hearty unassuming artist, sipped his coffee, en- good night,” his company departed. gaged in that delightful intercourse,

The last time his doors were opened to which, exciting mutual interest, felt not his guests, happened on Tuesday, the the tedium too common in general so- 20th of February. He, latterly, was in ciety; and the long winter night too soon the habit of inviting a few friends to dine speeded to eleven, the prescribed sober on the evening of his conversazione. Cone hour of departure.

formably to this arrangement, the dinner That the doctor had his eccentricities was announced at five minutes after five. and his humours, his friends well knew;

As the first three that were bidden entered but the indulgence of these foibles were his drawing-room, he received them, little aberrations that wounded no feel- seated at his grand piano-forte, and ings; or if they produced momentary

“ See the conquering hero mislikings to any of his guests, he was comes !” accompanying the air, by prompt to make reparation ; and his re- placing his feet on the pedals, with a pentant smile instantly propitiated for- peal on the kettle-drums beneath the giveness.

instrument. He ordered his studies with more fas

Your vrais bons vivans would not, pertidious precision than is customary with haps, envy: the guests, who on these octhe independent notions of genius, which casions were constrained to quit the botare obnoxious to rules. He kept a slate tle at seven :-but, without detailing the in his hall, prescribing thereon his hours concluding scene which ended this pleafor receiving visitors. Many who knock- sant meeting, it is enough to say, that ed at his door thought these humours with it the hospitable door was closed for strange; but no one who knew the doc- ever on Dr. Kitchiner's friendly convertor, felt offended, even though not admit- saziones.- Literary Gazette. ted. Some favoured few, however, were on what he termed his free list. To such When Frederick of Prussia proclaimed he was always accessible. He was to his new code of laws, it rendered lawyers many, a sagacious adviser and a steady unnecessary, and a very large body of friend ; not, however, as far as we know, them signed a petition to his majesty, with the purse as well as the counsel. praying his relief, and asking what they

For the regulation of his evening cor- were to do ? Under these circumstances, verzatione he had a placard over his par. the king wrote this laconic answer :lour chimney-piece, inscribed, “ Come at “ Such as are tall enongh may enlist for seven, go at eleven.It is said that the

grenadiers, and the shortest will do for witty author of My Night Gown and drummers or tifers !

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In the church-yard of Kilcullen, a mar. Kilcullen contains about 600 inhabitants, ket, fair, and post town, in the county or and is distant from Dublin twenty-one the same name in Ireland, is an ancient miles. pillared tower, fifty feet in altitude, and the shaft of a cross, consisting of one stone, ten feet in height, and of which METHOD OF COOLING WATER curious remain our engraving offers a cor.

IN PERSIA. rect view. Kilcullen is a place of small importance : it is situated on the river THE following is a method used for cool. Liffy, across which there is an ancient ing water in Sarce, a city of Mazunderan, bridge, supposed to have been built in the according to Mr. Fraser :-“ A tall and year 1319. The inhabitants have, how. straight tree being selected, they cut off ever, gradually changed the site, and the most of the branches, and fasten a tall towu is now nearly in an opposite direc- pole to its top, so as to form a sort of tion to that in which it formerly stood. high mast; to the top of this pulleys are At the distance of one mile and a half fixed, by which with cords they hoist up stands Old Kilcullen, formerly a walled earthen jars filled with water; the current tovi, naving iron gates, the remains of of air at that height from the earth is said one of which only are now perceptible, to cool these rapidly.



M. S.
To the pious memory

of Ralph Quelche and his wife,
who slept
together in 1

bed by ye space of 40 yeares.
now sleepes

grave till Ct shall awaken them. He


63 fell asleepe Ano Dmi.


59 labours

ye new Inn twice built at yr own For the fruite of their


one only son and two daughters.
Their son being liberally bred in ye University of Oxon,
thought himself bound to erect this small monument

piety towards

them. Ano Dmi. 16



being aged { $3}years


they left


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