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LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION.
SATURDAY, JUNE 9, 1827.
Silver Cup of the Thames Yacht Club for 1827,
THERE are few amusements more salu. It consists of 200 members, who sub. tary and delightful than sailing, and no scribe for two silver cups, to be annually recreation is better calculated to aid our sailed for by pleasure-vessels belonging to dexterity and skill in navigation. At members of the club. The prizes are dethis season of the year the surface of the cided by two matches; the one being majestic Thames frequently presents a sailed for below bridge, from Blackwall gay and animated appearance, as scarcely to Gravesend and back; the other, above a week passes without the pleasing spec. bridge, from Blackfriars to Wandsworth tacle of a boat-race or a sailing-match Meadow, and back to Waterloo bridge. being witnessed. The Thames Yacht In connexion with the foregoing parti. Club is distinguished for its superiority. culars we may observe, that through the VIL. IX. 2 C
exertions of the secretary all the vessels ledge of the art speedily communicated it belonging to the Thames' Yacht Club to their brethren ; and, after the lapse of may go into any French port, free of a few years, painting was in general praccharges, which on the part of the conti- tice in London, every artist gaining em. nental government shows much liberality. ployment in portraiture, for in this parti. It is now proper to speak of our en, cular branch the English people, as at graving of the cup which is to be sailed the present day, evinced more interest for during this season ; and we trust that than in any other. Although Du Piles the beautiful and spirited representation places Holbein among the painters of Gerwill be acceptable to all our readers and many, it is well-known by those conver. friends. We will here hazard a descrip- sant in the fine arts, that he executed tion of our illustration, and we cannot but most of his meritorious works in England be accurate, for so minute and complete under the patronage of Henry VIII. That is the design, that it almost describes ambitious king, emulated by the fame itself. At the foot of the plate is a tor- which his contemporaries, Francis J. and toise, bearing a triton on its back, sup- Charles V., had gained as encouragers of porting the body of the cup with one the fine arts, invited Tiziano Vecelli, or hand, the other grasping a conch, and Titian, to this country; but from circumsupposed to be sounding the fame of stances which were never promulgated, victory. The body forms a scalloped that great master declined the invitation. shell, richly embossed and ornamented Happy would it have been for this coun. with flowers. The handles and mouth of try could Titian have been prevailed upon this splendid cup represent a twisted cable, to visit it at that early period of the arts ; and the cover is emblematical of the probably his real motive for rejecting the Union, being the rose, thistle, and sham. overtures of Henry was the total neglect rock, above which flows the laurel. The of historical painting here at the time. top beautifully forms waves, encircled On Titian's refusal to repair to the court with shellwork, on which is mounted a of Henry, Holbein was appointed princi. superb sailing-boat completely rigged. pal painter; he shortly afterwards executed The cup weighs upwards of 64 ozs., will the portraits of his patron, Queen Anne hold about two quarts, and from the Boleyn, Anne of Clives, and the nobility plinth to the mast, measures two feet in Holbein was the best miniature painter height. The design and workmanship of his time, and at his death left many of this novel and striking ornament re pupils in this branch of his profession; flect the greatest credit on the taste anú but Isaac Oliver was the only one who talents of Mr. Hyams, for we never saw distinguished himself. a specimen more deserving admiration, The reigns of Edward VI. and Queen and never before witnessed a vessel in sil. Mary were unpropitious to painting; and ver so completely equipped, that every it was not until
the middle of the reign of rope will act and sails shift if required. Elizabeth that Isaac Oliver could display
his talents to advantage. He painted Fine Arts.
several pictures, and his portrait of the unfortunate Mary, Queen of Scots, esta
blished his reputation as an artist. Oliver's THE PROGRESS OF ENGLISH son, Peter, brought the art of miniature
HISTORICAL AND PORTRAIT painting to a high pitch of excellence, PAINTING UNDER VARIOUS and was employed, after his father's CELEBRATED MIASTERS. death, to paint the portraits of James I. (For the Mirror.)
and all the nobility of the time. Peter's
productions, for boldness of execution and ALTHOUGH the dawn of painting was accuracy of drawing, have never yet been apparent in England long before the arri- equalled. Daniel Mytens and Cornelius val of Hans Holbein from the continent, Jansens were both popular painters in the yet we are principally indebted to that latter part of the reign of James, and in distinguished German artist for England's the beginning of that of Charles I. Ru. success in the most poble department of bens and Vandyke, who were both knightthe arts--painting. Holbein was the first ed by Charles, produced most exquisite painter of note who ever visited this coun. pictures in this country, and educated try, and his great powers were so strongly many pupils, who, for the most part, impressed upon the English, that every were an honour to their distinguished preindividual who had access to his works ceptors. Had Dobson, who studied under was fired by a love of the art ; and some Vandyke, been permitted to live longer, private persons became, merely by in. he would have been a lasting honour to specting his productions, painters them. his country. He is usually styled the selves. Those who thus imbibed a know. father of English portrait-painting, and his productions, if not so mature as those beautiful in colour, and the contour of his of his master, have much to recommend figures is always soft and fascinating to them to posterity. Dobson was the first the eye. Mr. West has, however, donc native artist of any repute.
much for the fine arts of this country, by The fine arts of England began to grow refining our taste and directing our attenvery respectable in the reign of Charles I. tion to the most sublime branch of the Every artist of note educated pupils, graphic art—that of historical painting. schools were formed that the theory of The late Mr. Fuseli was successful in painting might be studied, the patronage portraying the grand and the terrible; his of the sovereign was never before equalled, pictures taken from Milton's Paradise the nobility were liberal in their pur- Lost have all the grandeur and sublimity chases of works of merit, and the public which the imagination of man is capable evinced the most lively interest towards of conceiving. His style, however, is not the productions of native genius. After likely to be adopted, since only a few the death of Charles, however, the arts persons can properly discriminate its sensibly languished, owing to the puri- meaning. Fuseli, like Milton, is com. tanical principles of the people under prehended only by a few; but in the the guidance of Oliver Cromwell. But estimation of that few he certainly stands at the Restoration, learning was again very high. sought after, and the fine arts began slowly At the present day, painting may justly to emerge from that concealment into be said to have arrived at its climax. .. which they had been thrown during the Never till this period could England boast very scrupulous time of the common- of so many eminent artists, who, excited wealth.
by emulation, have determined not only Sir Godfrey Kneller, after the death of to rival, but even to excel the Romans, Lely, stood unrivalled in portraiture ; he the Venetians, and the Lombards.* Í was the fashionable painter during the shall conclude my present paper with a reigns of James II. and William III. most fervent hope that the fine arts of Kneller is said to have painted the por- England may never retrograde, as they traits of ten sovereigns. Sir James Thorn. have in several parts of the continent; but hill, who was knighted by Queen Anne, that they may long maintain their present produced some fine historical works; those distinguished height, and be the envy of in fresco, in the cupola of St. Paul's ca- all other nations.
G W. N. thedral, though now going rapidly to decay, have been much and deservedly adniired. Thornhill married his daugh
PREDICTIONS. ter to that very celebrated character, Wil.
(For the Mirror.) liam Hogarth, with whose productious CHILDREN have been observed to say the reader is doubtless familiar.
things which have come to pass. The In the beginning of the reign of George ancient Egyptians were of this opinion, III. painting flourished greatly under Sir and used to watch the words of children Joshua Reynolds, Wilson, Barry, and while they were at play. Something of Gainsborough. These masters, more par. this notion still remains, and Dr. Johnticularly Sir Joshua, painted the most
son, in his “ Life of Lord Roscommon," esteemed works ever seen in this or in any relates the following remarkable instance : other country. Sir Joshua is universally “ The Lord Roscommon, being a boy allowed to be the great founder of the of ten years of age, at Caen, in Normandy, English school of painting, for during one day was, as it were, madly extravahis presidency of the Royal Academy in
gant in playing, leaping, getting over the London, he delivered numerous eloquent tables, boards, &c. He was wont to be orations, which have been published, and sober enough; they said, God grant this which form the solid basis of historical bodes no ill-luck to him. In the heat of and portrait painting in England. His this extravagant fit he cried out, “ Mỹ best pictures are the Death of Cardinal father is dead. A fortnight after news Beaufort ; Garrick between Tragedy and came from Ireland that his father was Comedy; Count Ugolino in Prison; The dead. This account I had from Mr. Nativity; and his portrait of the cele Knowles, who was his governor, and ten brated Mrs. Siddons.
with him, (since secretary to the Earl of The style of Mr. West, second presi- Stafford,) and I have heard his lordships dent of the Royal Academy, is more ac- relations confirm the same." curate, though not more agreeable, than dictions are no less remarkable. The that of his predecessor. Mr. West's out
great Sir Matthew Hale had some secret line is rather hard, and his colouring, in
* For a full account of the schools of parating most instances, is rather too cold. Sir
on the continent, I refer the reader to page 117 Joshua, in the reverse, is melodious and
of the eighth volume of the MIRBOR.
and unaccountable presages of his death, supper fixed upon for enjoying it. Wishfor he said, “ If he did not die on such a ing to give her husband an agreeable surday, (which happened to be the 25th of prise, and to belie his presentiments, November,) he believed he should live a Madaine de Marivet, about eleven o'clock, month longer ;” and accordingly he died when they were just serving the dessert, that very day month. It is said of the left the table, and returning in a few moCountess of Shrewsbury, that a fortune- ments after with her son in her arms, teller haul told her that she should not die dressed like a sailor, she gave him to her while she was building. Accordingly husband, whom she tenderly embraced, she bestowed a great deal of the wealth and exclaimed, “You now see your son, she had obtained from three husbands in my dear, in men's clothing, and your erecting large seats at Hardwicke, Chats- birth-day has already passed !"_" Not worth, Bolsover, Oldcotes, and Work. yet,” was his reply ; “midnight has not sop; and by a singular coincidence died struck.” His friends shuddered at the in a hard frost, when the workmen could words, and anxiously turned their eyes not labour. Lord Bacon says, “ When upon a time-piece, the fingers of which I was in France, I heard from one Dr. they silently regarded as they moved to. Pena, that the queen-mother, Catharine wards the wished-for hour. It was just de Medicis, bad caused her husband's on the point of twelve, when a thunder(the king's) nativity to be cast under a ing knock was heard at the door. M. de feigned name, and the astrologer gave a Marivet turned pale; all who surrounded judgment, that he should be killed in a him were struck dumb with terror. The duel ; at which the queen laughed, think. door opened, and gave admission to the ing her husband to be above challenges emissaries of the revolutionary committee, and duels ; but he was slain upon a course who were come to seize him. M. de la at tilt, the splinters of the staff of Mont- C., whom in a letter he had advised to gomery going in at his beaver.”
emigrate, had not taken the precaution to There are many unfortunate accidents destroy his papers. After his departure and occurrences incident to human life, they had been transported, amongst his of which so short-sighted a creature as other effects, to the house of M. de Pie. man can have no apprehensions or pre- pape, his grandfather. The latter had vent. They sometimes come upon us on been imprisoned on suspicion, and seals a sudden, and throw us into a set of had been placed upon the property at his thoughts, merely arising from the acci, house. He died in prison, and the agents dent befallen us, which otherwise had of the committee, who were present when never entered into our minds. Predictions, the seals were removed, found in an earthen it has been observed, often procure their vessel, amongst some torn papers which own fulfilment, and thus occasion the were destined to be burnt, the letter in very evils most apprehended. * During which M. de Marivet advised M. de la the reign of terror in France, the Baron C. to emigrate. This letter was his senof Marivet was continually tormented by tence of condemnation. M. de Marivet the apprehension that he should die upon was summoned before the revolutionary a scaffold. All the cares of his wife were tribunal, condemned to death, and lost his employed unsuccessfully to calm his fears. head upon the scaffold just before Ther. He sometimes indulged himself with the midor.
F. R. Y. hope, that if his birth-day passed without his being arrested, he should be delivered from the weight which pressed upon his
THE BALLOON AND THE EAGLE. heart, and might, perhaps, be saved. Upon one occasion he gazed, in a fit of
(For the Mirror.) melancholy, upon his son, who was then
An eagle once, as soaring high about two years old, and exclaimed, " I
In regal grandeur through the sky, shall never live to see this child in male
With jealousy espied clothing, "-an observation which his lady Two mortals, who had come to sharo carefully treasured up in her memory. The birds' own kingdom in the air, The horror of the revolution appeared at In solitary pride. length to draw to a close, and the birth.
High 'bove the clouds, they knew no foar, day of the Baron de Marivet had arrived. Througb fields of snow their swift career His wife was preparing a little feast for Tho eagle view'd with mirth; him upon the occasion, and the hour of For soon the gas which beld them there .. The power of presentiment is indeed extra
Escap'd, and left the luckless pair ordinary; and zone are more appalling than
To find their way to earth. those that operate and give warning as a forerunner of bimau existence: but to avert tbe
The bird then markid their rapid fall, fatalities that bang over man's existence is im- And laughing cried, "Thus porisla all possible
Who'd vainly bope to risc
Beyond the sublunary sphero
much of public curiosity, was observed to Allotted by their Maker here
change its appearance, and a quantity of Far into other skies. »
S, B. M.
ground, about an acre and half in extent,
gradually sunk about thirty feet below its The Topographer.
former level, in a direction towards the
sea, and remained there for a short peNo. XXII.
riod ; on this detached piece of ground THE BURNING CLIFF, DORSET.
there was a cottage, inhabited hy a fisher
man (named Baggs) and his family, who Public curiosity having been strongly prudently left it after perceiving the first excited by the extraordinary phenomenon symptom of an alteration ; however, the of the appearance of a volcanic eruption cottage remained, with the exception of a on Holworth Cliff, we copy the following slight crack in one of the walls, perfectly scientific observations and interesting par. entire. Sometime afterwards this piece ticulars, in illustration of this singular of ground made a further gradual slide in operation of nature, from the Gentleman's the same direction, carrying the cottage Magazine of this month.
with it, without any additional injury; Holworth Cliff forms the southern and during a period of nearly three years boundary of a farm called South Hol. from its first removal, it occasionally conworth, (anciently written Oleworth, Hole. tinued its sinking progress downwards, to worth, and Holwerde,) the property of J. the extent of nearly five hundred feet, J. Lambert, Esq. of Dorchester; it is when it made a stand, exhibiting the ensituate about two miles eastward of tire cottage, with its accompanying garOsmington, and forms a very prominent den, well stocked with gooseberry and object from Weymouth Bay.
currant trees, and various vegetables, all This cliff is composed of a blue slaty in the most flourishing condition, and lime-stone, somewhat similar to the Char. still retaining its position. The cottage mouth Cliff, but exhibiting a more ad. has been lately taken down, the materials vanced state of decomposition, yet bearing being removed by its former occupier, to a much stronger and closer affinity to the build him another habitation on a spot Kimeridge coal, and indeed may be fairly near, but presumed more secure and apconsidered as the connecting link between parently less liable to a similar disaster. them. This stone, which is used as an The fruit-trees and vegetables continued article of fuel by the neighbouring poor, in an equally thriving condition, until the is inflammable, and of a strong bitumi. late eruption ; but now the numerous nous and sulphureous nature; it burns trespassing visiters have nearly obliterated free, and produces a very brilliant light, every vestige of so remarkable an occur. but emits at first, and until the gaseous particles are all evaporated, a very offen. As portions of the cliff along the whole sive smell; it afterwards continues to extent of this coast are constantly falling burn for a long time pleasantly, and not- down, particularly after heavy rains and withstanding the disagreeable effluvia ari- breaking up of frost, this slide, as it is sing from its first igniting, it does not called, did not at the time excite any par. appear that any injurious effect has ever ticular notice, although so extensive, but attended the use of it. It does not burn was looked on as merely an incident na. entirely to ashes, but leaves a substance tural to the peculiarity of the soil ; nor like burnt slate, which is, after a time, was there any thing for some time after reduced to powder, on being subjected to this detached portion of cliff had become the action of the atmosphere. It is worthy stationary which caused any remark, until of remark, that blocks of this stone, which about five years ago, a vapour was ob. have been exposed to, and washed by, the served to exhale from tha side of it salt water, burn better than what is facing the sea, and the same appearance recently taken from the cliff.
has occurred occasionally since, at irre. The soil contains Pyrites, Marcasite, gular intervals, particularly after heavy Cornu Ammonis, with remains of other rains, varying materially in extent and shells and Belemnites. These substances also as to locality. It has been noticed, are not found in regular strata, but are that the vapour has been more offensive, interspersed in masses, through the soil, and has issued from the interstices in which is impregnated, more or less, with much larger quantities, at the spring bitumen, to an uncertain depth. There tides than at other times; but that the are occasionally found pieces of a darker
* To persons unacquainted with the nature of substance of stone, resembling charcoal, the tides, and unaccustomed to nautical terms, it but much harder.
is necessary to explain the meaning of spring
tides :- it is the flux of the ocean, which reguAbout twelve years since, that portion larly occurs at the new and full moon, when the of the cliff which has lately attracted so attractive power of that planet causes the tide ta