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THE WATCHMAN.

and perhaps no animal Orfers a more deGood night, good night, my dearest,

termined resistance, when attacked ou an How fast the moments fly !

element where they are incapable of ex'Tis time to part, thou hearest

erting their prodigious strength, striking That hatefal watchman's cry.

furiously at their enemy, and continually “ Past twelve o'clock !"-good night turning round to assist their companions Yet stay a moment longer

in distress When an alarm of the apAlas ! why is it so

proach of an enemy is given, the whole The wish to stay grows stronger,

herd makes for the sea. The more 'tis time to go.

When they reach the water, they tum. “ Past one o'clock!"-good night! ble in as expeditiously as possible ; but Now wrap thy cloak about thee

the numbers are often so immense, and The hours must sure go wrong,

the size of the animal is so great, that a Yor when they're post without thee,

short time elapses before they can escape, They're oh! ten times as long.

from want of space. In this case, those “ Past two o'clock !"- good night! who happen to be in the rear, being Again that dreadful warning!

pressed by the danger behind them, and Had ever Time such plight!

finding their way blocked up by their And, see the sky—'tis morning

companions in front, attempt, by means So now, indeed, good night !

of their tusks, to force their way through “ Past three o'clock !"--good night! the crowd ; and several that have been

Ibid. taken at the time by means of the boats,

have some visible proofs of the hurry of HABITS OF THE WALRUS.

their comrades, in the numerous wounds

inflicted on their hind-quarters. When I was at Fuglenæs I had an op The walrus, however, when attacked in portunity of seeing the remains of a wal: the water, by no ineans an easy animal rus, which was lying upon the shore not to kill, offering sometimes a successful far from the Red House. This had been resistarce. Instances have even becn brought from Cherie Island. I could not known of their staving and sinking a boat help remarking the extraordinary thick with their tusks. ness of the hide, which at present is ap The food of the walrus consists of molplied, I believe, to no other use than lusce and crustacea. Fish probably does occasionally as matting to protect the not form any part of it, and it is not masts of vessels. I brought with me to likely, as has been said, that they prey England a long strip of it, which, after upon seals, from the structure of their undergoing the usual process, would seem mouth. The principal use of their tusks to be well adapted for carriage-traces and is probably to enable them to detach their braces, from its superior strength to other food from the ground or rocks. They leather now used for this purpose. I also employ them for the purpose of sehave lately learnt, that it is likely to prove curing themselves to the rocks while they also extremely serviceable for the purpose sleep; and it not unfrequently happens, of making fire-buckets.

that during their sleep the tide falls, and Mr. Colquhoun, who lately returned leaves them suspended by their tusks, so from an expedition to Spitzbergen and the that they are unable to extricate them. Finmark coasts, to try the power of the selves. Congreve rocket against the species of More than one instance of this, I was whale known by the name of the finner, informed, had occurred in the Magereö. informs me they found the walrus lying sund. Though the value of the ivory in herds of many hundreds each, on the and oil obtained from the walrus has lat. shores of Hope and Cherie Islands, and terly suffered a considerable depreciation, took a great quantity of them. The most the fishery is still a very lucrative one ; favourable time for attacking them is and the distance from Finmark to the seat when the tide is out, and they are repo of it not being great, two voyages may be sing on the rocks. In this case, if the made sometimes in the course of the sea. javelors be very alert, and fortunate enough son. The oil derived from the fat of the to kill the lower ranks of them, which animal, as well as the ivory from the lies nearest the shore, before the hindmost tusks, are of a very fine quality. can pass, they are able to secure the whole;

A'Winter in Japland. as the walrus wnen on shore is so un. wieldy a creature, that it cannot get over

BILLIARDS. the obstacles thrown in its way by the dead bodies of its companions, and falls BILLIARDS we admit to be a beautifuı in this manner a prey to the lance of the game ; a man may wile away an hour or seamen. It does not, liowever, die tamely; iwo of a winter's evening at them plea..

kantly enou zn with a friend ; le may also by the Mayor of the town, his lordship enjoy himself as a spectator, especially observing an antique clock in the room, where the players are old hands, and wield observed to the Mayor, " that he supposed their tools as magicians do their wands; Sir John Falstaff fought by that clock," he may even play for the game--of course 10 which the Mayor replied, “ He could there can be but little damage in that i ot tell, for he had not the pleasure of with any apparently casual visitant to the Inowing Sir John.”—Lurd Mansfield room. If he go further, if he play for a hen tried his host on another subject, stake, whether he win or lose, let us be and remarked, “ that the town appeared seech him never to make a companion of very old”—to which the Mayor replied, any acquaintance picked up at the billiard. " it was always so, please your lord. table. “Many of its visiters are, it cannot ship.be denied, liegemen and true; but the chance is, that out of ten associates, gathered from such places, nine will prove Ar the late Limerick assizes, P. Magrath scoundrels. They frequently are the was tried for stealing a great coat. After eckalls of “greater beasts of prey," and

this fact had been proved, the judge called lead the arden novice into “dens of de on him for his defence, when the prisoner struction.”—.“ Pray you avoid them.”

addressed the court :-“ My Lord, he If our reader be young_if he have not

saw what a bad way I was in for clothes, yet published a beard—we entreat him to being almost naked, and he said, "I believe, that we feel a fatherly consider. would advise you, Pat, the first coat or ation for his welfare, and are influenced

blauket you get to throw it over your by the dictates of experience in what we

shoulders.' I did so my Lord, and now are about to say to him. Young man he is prosecuting me for following his our dear boy—if you are yet no billiard. own bad advice and this is my defence, player, chase from your heart the first in- plase your Reverence's Lordship.” The cipient wish you feel of being one. Stran. court was convulsed with laughter. gle that snake, the ambition of becoming a fine marksman at the balls, in your bosom ; or, mark our words, you will rue

An old gentleman who to great general it. Billiards require a nice hand, an ac

timidity, added an absolute horror of curate eye, the patience of Job, and un

fire-arms, riding one day in a stage-coach, remitting practice; without these you suddenly felt something hard at the Lack will never be a player. The ascent to

of the seat on which he was sitting, perfection at the table is a work

of long which the application of his fingers con toil and trouble; when you have reached vinced him was a gun. Instantly, and the wished-for goal-and it is one thou.

without any explanation, he thrust his sand chances to one against your so doing head and body through the window, and -you will look back with bitterness at

with the strongest appearance of horrer the time lost and the means used in at

and alarm, called to the coachman to let taining it. Ergo, be no billiard-player.

him out. Being interrogated as to the To the man whose hand is familiarized cause of his fright, he replied, that there with the cue, we shall not attempt to

a gun in the coach." preach. If we had any desire to wean

mistaken,” said one of his fellow passen. him from his visits to the green board, we

gers, “ there is no gun in the coach." should not attempt to do so; for were we

“ Don't tell me, Sir,” rejoined the terri. gifted with the eloquence of the silver.

fied old man, “ there is.”

6 I assure tongued Nestor, in eleven cases out of a you there is not.” “ Coachman, let me dozen we verily believe our endeavours

out, I say there is a gun, I feel it.” would prove abortive; we are too sensible

Pray, my dear Sir," said the other, of its infatuations. Long customs, says

“ do not be alarmed, I repeat my assurDr. Johnson, are not easily broken: he

ance, that there is no gun in the coach, that attempts to change the course of his

it is only a blunderbuss." own life often labours in vain : and how shall we do that for others vihich we are seldom able to do for ourselves ?

The number of volumes in the university

library at Cambridge has never been asEvery Night Book.

certained ; but Dr. Farmer, when libra. The Gatherer.

rian, counted the number of authors, and

they amounted at that time to upwards “ I am but a Gatherer and disposer of other of 100,000.

en's stuff."- Wotton.

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LORD MANSFIELD went the Shrewsbury 143, Strand (near Somerset House), and soli by

Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, circuit ; and having been asked to dinner ail Newsmen and Bookselleis.

OF

LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION.
No. 259.)
SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1827.

(PRICE 2d.

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PERHAPS the most remarkable event in the earl of Surrey built a stately palace,
the history of that very ancient city, Nor- and termed it Mount Surrey ; of this, and
wich, was the rebellion of 1549, in the of St. Michael's Chapel, (ever since called
reign of King Edward VI. It was occa Kett's Castle,) the rebel and his followers
sioned by the enclosure of abbey lands, took possession, destroying every thing
commons, and other waste grounds, they found therein, and converting the
whereby the poor were deprived of the ac. palace into a prison. These rebels styled
customed pasturage of their cattle, and themselves the king's friends and depu.
consequently greatly distressed. The ties, and Robert Kett presided at
leader of the populace in this great rebel. mock court of justice, held under a tree,
lion was one Kett, (Rohert,) a tanper, 0. termed the oak of reformation, of which
Windham, who, it seems, was chosen by there is not only no vestige left, but even
them as their captain, from his bold. not a tradition as to the place where it
ness in avenging a private injury done stood. Here they had divine service
him by a Master Flowerdew, of Hether. morning and evening, having obliged the
sett. William Kett, his brother, a butcher Rev. Thomas Coniers, minister of St.
in the same town with Robert, joined Martin's-on-the-Plain, to hecome their
him, as did also a great number of the chaplain. Their numbers increased to
worst description of the lower orders o. 16,000 ; and as they were very desperate
people. They proceeded to Norwich, men, had a most commanding station,
committing great ravages in all the vil. their camp strongly fortified, and needed
lages through which they passed, were neither ammunition nor food, they did
joined by many malcontents from the great injury with their cannon to the city
city, and encamped on Moushold-hill and below them, and many times entered it,
heath, just overlooking it on the east. and made vast havoc and bloodshed. The
Part of this domain was called St. Leo. king sent the marquis of Northampton
nard's-hill, from a priory which had for- with a strong force to the relief of the
merly stood there, upon the site of which citizens ; but the night after their arrival,
VOL. IX.
2 E

259

the rebels assaulted and entered the city, the gallows without Magdalen-gate, forty but retreated, having lost 300 men. Next at the gallows in the market-place, and day, being the first of August, a dreadful many in other places ; so that in the battle ensued on St. Martin's Plain ; the whole three hundred suffered death." slaughter was great on both sides, lord Thus ended this terrible rebellion, and Sheffield was killed with a club, the trai. such was the fate of these misguided men. tors broke into the city every way, obliged As to Robert and William Kett, their the marquis and his forces to retire, and trial came on in London for high-treason firing the town, (which, but for a prović and rebellion, the 29th of the following dential heavy fall of rain, would have November, and being found guilty, the been burnt to the ground,) took the op- former was drawn up from the foot of portunity of plundering its unhappy in. Norwich Castle to a gibbet erected on the habitants of their most valuable posses- top, and there left hanging alive till he sions. The king soon after despatched died of hunger, and his body, when deJohn Dudley, earl of Warwick, to Nor- cayed, fell down ; and a similar punish. wich, which being now in the hands of ment was inflicted upon William, the Kett, he refused coming to any terms, place of whose suspension was the steeple rejected the offer of pardon, and obliged of Wymondham church, his own town. the earl to storm the city, when the re and place of residence being Wymond. bels were at length obliged to flee, leaving ham. This rebellion lasted from the 7th 130 dead on the spot. The next day of July, A.D. 1549, to the following 26th hostilities recommenced, when the ruffians of August; and along with Devonshire fired the houses in many places, and much and Cornish rebellions, existing nearly at property and two parishes were destroyed. the same time, cost King Edward The day after, (August 26th) Warwick 27,3301. 7s. 7d. received a reinforcement of 1,400 Swit. The engraving represents the only rezers, which much alarmed the rebels, maining wall of Kett's Castle, upon who, however, endeavoured to keep up Moushold-heath, as seen from a neightheir courage by such equivocating pro- bouring hill, St. James's. St. Michael's phecies as these:

chapel was founded by Bishop Herbert, “ The country gnoffes, Hob, Dick, and Hick

in the place of one bearing the same name With clubs and clowted shoon,

upon Ionbland, which he pulled down, Shall fill the vale

and probably was not more than fifteen Of Dussin's dale

yards long and six wide : a little to the With slaughtered bodies soon."

south of it, on an opposite hill, stood the

church and priory of St. Leonard, founded And,

by the same prelate before he built the • The heedless men within the dale,

cathedral. All that now remains of the Shall there be slain, both great and smale."

earl of Surrey's palace is an old piece of Not having an idea that these dog-rhymes stone wall, in which is an arch, and near might apply as equally to themselves as it a small farmhouse, the site of the ori. to those they fought against. Owing to ginal buildings being ploughed over. A the prudence of Warwick and Captain short time since, an ancient well was dis. Drury, a signal defeat overtook the trai. covered thereabouts, and from it was tors, of whom 3,500 were killed, and a brought up a boatswain's whistle of solid great number wounded. To another in- gold.

M. L. B. trenched party of rebels, who seemed de. termined to hold out to the last, the king's

HOPE. pardon was offered, and, after being read

(For the Mirror ) to, was accepted by them. The next day

Mark happy childhood's cherub smile, Kett was seized, who, with his brother

And eye with pleasure dancing, and nine other ringleaders, being found 'Tis Hope that prompts the merry wilo guilty (before a special assize held at the Each promis'd joy enhancing. castibefore the earl and other magis.

Enchanting Hope' thy warmest glow trates) of high treason and rebellion, were Gilds youth's delightful season; thus punished :--The two Ketts were Bids the gay future joys bestow, sent to the Tower ; " the other nine were And lulls the voice of reason. carried to the oak of reformation, upon Waft thy gay pinions toward the skies which they were hanged up, presently cut . And point thy fairy finger down again, their bowels pulled out and To where our every thought shonld rise, burned before their faces, their bodies be While yet on earth we linger. headed and quartered, and their heads and

That smile will ne'er delusive prove quarters set upon poles, on the tops of

With heavenly radiance beamingtowers and gates, as a terror to others. But fix our wand'ring thoughts above, Thirty were executed in like manner at And realize our dreaming. A. R.

took

POWER AND INFLUENCE OF and actions of the person thus esteemed, ORATORS.

receive the most favourable impression,

and this opinion when it becomes general (For the Mirror.)

of any man, constitutes what we call The Greek and Roman orators, who popularity, which whoever hath attained, sometimes had occasion to deliver long may with great facility procure anything. orations, and all from memory,

which it is in the power of the people to pains to fix in their minds a series of ob confer on him, may persuade them to, or jects or places naturally connected, such dissuade them from any purposes. Whatas the contiguous houses in a street, or ever he affirms, they will believe; whatthe contiguous apartments in a house. ever he affects they will hope ; whatever By long habit, these places were so ar he commands, they will execute. In this ranged in the mind, that when the first light, Virgil introduces a man of authoplace occurred to them, it introduced the rity pacifying a tumult, one of the finest idea of the second, and the second the pictures in the whole Æneid. third, and so forward ; even as when the As when in tumults rise th’igpoble crowd, first letter of the alphabet, or the begin Mad are their motions. and their tongues are ning of a wellknown tune, suggest the

loud: subsequent letters and notes in the proper

And stones and brands in rattling vollies fly, order. Then the orator connected the

And all the rustic arms that fury can supply; first head of his discourse with the first

If then some grave and pious man appear, of these places, the second with the se

They hush their noise, and lend a list’ning ear;

He soothes with sober words their angry mood, cond, &c., by thinking of both at the

And quenches their innate desire of blood. same time. And thus they were enabled

DRYDEN.. to recollect without confusion, all the parts of the longest discourse. This was

Again, we read in Machiavel, that when called artificial memory:

Cicero and

the Florentines in a violent commotion Quintilian both speak of it, but it seems

had slain Pogolantanio Soderini, and ran indeed to have been a laborious way of

in a tumult to his house with intention improving memory, as Quintilian him. to plunder it, his brother, Francisco, self acknowledges. In allusion to it, we

bishop of Volterra, who was accidentally still call the parts of a discourse places there, marching out into the crowd in or topics, and say, in the first place, in

his episcopal robes, by the majesty of the second place, &c.

his person, and the dignity of his behaThe surprising and almost incredible

viour, restrained them from further outpower of action has been known at all rage, and prevailed with them to return times. · Cicero tells us, “ that it does not

peaceably home. And in another place, so much matter what an orator says, as

the same author observes, that Hannibal how he says it." Horace, in his Art of ferent nations in such exact discipline,

could have kept so vast an army of difPoetry, is no less explicit in setting forth its vast influence on mankind :

and free from mutiny and desertion, by

his great reputation and authority only, With those who laugh, our social joy appears:

F. R. Y. With those who mourn, we sympathize in tears, If you would have me weep, begin the strain,

THE LADY'S SONG FOR HER LOVER. Then I shall feel vour sorrows: feel your pain.

(For the Mirror.) Plutarch says, that the least gesture,

“ Thy memory abides in my heart, as an apple the least nod, or token of a man held in

of gold in a picture of silver.'"_ANON. public estimation, will be more regarded

Those darkling locks, that grac'd a brow than the elaborate orations of those of no

Pure as the orange-flower's snow, character.” Instances of this truth are Are laid in dust. I weep. not wanting ; it is fully exemplified in Those eyes, whose radiancy was heav'n, almost every meeting or assembly of men, Whose loving light to me was giv'n, where there are some who command the Are clos'd in dreamless sleep! attention of the rest, whenever they please

Dearest ! methinks I almost see to open their mouths, whilst others may

Their long, deep, languid gaze on me, talk themselves hoarse without any notice

Still fondly turn'd; thy cheek taken of them. Hence it may be in

Is lighted yet;- a living smile

Too sweet, doth linger there awbile ; ferred arose the common phrase of being

My brother, speak-oh, speak. well or ill heard ; the consequence whereof must be sensibly felt by every

Alas! that voice is hush’d, whose tone

Made my rapt spirit all thine own; person who speaks in company, much

And from thine angel breast more in a public assembly. The capacity

The gen'rous soul hath sped; that frame or ability in public speaking, creates an Where neither sin nor sorrow came, opinion of power and virtue; the words

Is stretch'd in endless rest!

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