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to an apte-room, which was furnished in and seldom, it ever, relinquishes her the probable fashion of the year one ; this power ; nay, even as I stood, I almost was an entrance into the best, or great expected to see the shade of my portly dining-room, a cheerless apartment, and turbulent grea! uncle appear at the dark, lofty, and containing choice spéci- stair-head from the long passage, or from mens of furniture in tapestry, damask, and his former dormitory, near me, in the carpet-stitch. A castle is nothing without oaken gallery; and to hear that of my a ghost, and my wild imagination of revered aunt screaming forth, according to course took fright at this truly horrible custom, her domestic commands and room; nor was the long passage on the threats in every corner of the Old House. other side the little stairs a whit less ter But now were my ruminations, remi. rible; this and the gallery I believed to niscences, and reveries broken, by a ser. be haunted, as devoutly as I credited the vant lighting the hall-lamp; that identical articles of my Christian faith ; nay, with lamp, which had gleamed on my cousins far more probability might the latter have and me, when we acted plays, or played been subjected to such a suspicion, hung at ghosts, beneath its pensive ray ; and round as it was with old black family this, too, had glimmered on, the same as portraits, resembling of themselves speca ever, during the years of my absence. În tres from Hades. These, like so many the days of my childhood, I had thought fiends, were now grinning upon me; it twinkled mirthfully in unison with the deeper and deeper fell the shades of even merry hearts that sported in the hall; in ing; the wild autumnal wind whistled the days of my youth (saddened by many shrill amid the plantations that sur things, niore than youth is wont to be,) rounded the Old House; the branches of the solitary lamp seemed to glimmer lumany trees groaned and creaked in the ridly on the gloomy paneiling and acfurious blast ; now a few straggling twigs coutrements of that lone, deserted spot ; fapped against the gothic windows, and well, the lamp beamed, candles were taken now a rush of sudden rain swept down to the drawing-room, and thither I bent their coloured panes. It was an hour for my steps, to converse with my solitary sweet and solemn memories ; nor were cousin on the past ! such slow to visit my musing spirit; it Poor Old House! This was my last was then that all events of joy and sorrow, visit to it for ever. It has since passed and all years that had filed since last my into other hands ; for those, whose heri. childhood hallowed this spot, seemed tage it was, sold it, when circumstances crowded into the brief space of a moment; obliged them all to abide far from it; its and it was chen that I asked myself beauty is gone ; it is a wreck ; it is worse
my kinsmen, the companions of my than nothing to me; and though I know early days, where are they? And this spot that the family flourish abundantly on a that once my imagination sanctified, and better portion, it still seems that the quitthat once I beheld with unmixed delight, ting an ancient abode is the omen of its why is it not the same ?" Oh! the decay. Poor Old House ! where happi. greater part of my cousins, who resided ness, that I shall never know again, first in the Old House, and whose heritage it lighted and warmed my bosom, farewell! was, were, as well as the virtuoso, who to me thou art dead, and the tribute that had so tastefully adorned it, married, and I owed I have thus paid to thy memory. residing far off; my great uncle, the
M. L. B. colonel, was with my revered aunt-gone to “ the house of all living," —and only Origins and Inventions. one of all their large family was now at home. As for the mansion itself, it had
No. XXVI. lost its novelty and romance, it was truly changed ; and while I slipped at every step I set on the ploughed gallery. I knew nevertheless that it was no longer
(For the Mirror.) a castle ; the illusions of my childhood were dissipated, and I had unhappily This book was made by order of William become clear-sighted to realities. There the Conqueror, in which the estates of the a was but one thing that remained as mys- kingdom were registered. It is still in ū terious and romantic as ever-the great existence, fair and legible, consisting of fadining-room 5-yes, and another--the long two volumes, a greater and a less. Some d passage ;
and I would not even now of the capital letters and principal pasd have ventured alone into the one, or down sages are touched with red ink; and some pithe other at midnight; for superstition, have strokes of red ink run across, as if farwhen early gaining ascendancy over the scratched out. was begun in the
year manind, defies reason to annul her sway, 1081, but not completed till the year
1087. Mr. Turner, in his History of the tion. This survey, at the time it was Anglo-Saxons; (vol. iv.) says, “ All the made, gave great offence to the people ; prerogatives and rights of the Anglo- and created a jealousy, that it was inSaxon cyning, or king, were definite and tended for some new impositions the ascertained. They were such as had be. knowledge it gave to the government, of come established by law and custom, and the state of the kingdom, was a necessary could be as little exceeded by the sove- ground work for many improvements, reign as withheld by the people. They with relation to agriculture, trade, and were not arbitrary privileges of an un the increase of the people, in different known extent. Éven William the Con- parts of the country, as well as a rule to queror found it necessary to have an offi- proceed by in levying taxes. cial survey of the royal rights taken in also of no small utility for the ascertain. every part of the kingdom ; and we find ing property, and for the speedy decision the hundred, or similar bodies in every or prevention of law suits. But notwith. county, making the inquisition to the standing all the precaution taken by the king's commissioners, who returned to conqueror, to have this survey faithfully the sovereign that minute record of his and impartially executed, it appears, from claims upon his subjects, which consti- indisputable authority, that a false return tutes the Domes-day Book. The royal was given in 'by some of the commisclaims in Domes-day Book were, there. sioners, and that, as it is said, out of a fore, not the arbitrary impositions of the pious motive. This was particularly the throne, but were those which the people case with the abbey of Croyland, in Lin. themselves testified to their king to have colnshire, the possessions of which were been his legal rights. Perhaps no country greatly underrated, both with regard to in Europe can exhibit such an ancient quantity and value. This ancient record record of the freedom of its people, and was called Domes-day Book, because a the limited prerogatives of its ruler. For sentence, arising from the evidence therein the execution of this great survey, some contained, could no more be appealed of the king's barons were sent commis- from, or eluded, than the final doom at sioners into every shire, and juries sum. the day of judgment. Its name being moned in each hundred, out of all orders formed from the Saxon dom; doom, judgof freemen, from barons down to the lowest ment, sentence; and day, which has the · farmers, who were sworn to inform the same force, so that domes-day is no more cornmissioners what was the name of each than a reduplicate, importing, judgment, manor, who held it then ? how many judgment. This book, which Camden hides, how much wood, how much pas- calls Gulielmi Librum Censualem, i.e. ture, how much meadow land it con- King William's tax-book, was formerly tainéd, how many ploughs were in the kept under three different locks and keys; demesne part of it, and how many in the one in the custody of the treasurer, and tenanted part, how many mills, how many the others of the two chamberlains of the fishponds or fisheries belonged to it? exchequer. It is now deposited in the what had been added to it, or taken away Chapter-house at Westminster, where it from it? what was the value of the whole may be consulted, on paying to the proper together, in the time of King Edward ? officers a fee of 6s. 8d. 'for a search, and what, when granted by William ? what fourpence per line for a transcript. at the time of this survey ? and whether
P. T. W. it might be improved, or advanced in value? They were, likewise, to mention all the tenants, of every degree, and how
PEDANTS. much each of them had held, or did hold,
( For the Mirror.) at that time ; and what was the number of slaves : nay, they were even to return That a man is better able to expatiate a particular account of the live stock on on what he knows, or thinks he knows, each manor. These inquisitions or ver than on what he knows not, is certain ; dicts were first methodized in the county, but he should recollect that all do not and afterwards sent up into the king's pretend to similar knowledge ; and what exchequer. The lesser Domes-day Book, gratifies himself may not gratify others; containing the originals so returned from nor is the pleasure he derives from certain the three counties of Essex, Norfolk, and studies, a ground for presuming that they Suffolk, includes the live stock; the will afford to all equal gratification. The greater comprehending all the counties of logician, however highly he admires his England, except Northumberland, Cum- art, need not invariably speak in sylloberland, Westmoreland, Durham, and gisms ; nor the mathematician, however part of 'Lancashire, were never surveyed, delighted by absolute certainty, support being then in a waste and desolate condi- every assertion with a demonstration; pro
bably the former would be better under selves ; they wander from one subject to stood without his logic, and the latter another to perplex their antagonist, and believed more firmly without the demon- deny the most cogent argument ; nay, stration.
sometimes ignorantly resist demonstraAmong the different species of pedants, tion to startle him. They know little of there are two or three which are most arguing for truth's sake; all they know prominent, and which do not claim, but is arguing for victory. force themselves on our attention. There There is also the semi-learned pedant is the ignorant pedant, and the semi. in natural philosophy, who is for ever learned pedant, and the learned pedant; amusing one with deductions, and inducall of them have equal assurance, but not tions, and what not. Such pedants are equal ability to support it. It is rather ever ready to seize an advantage to display. difficult to say which of them is prefer- their abilities, and some are very clever able ; he who professes to know what he tòis way; observe that a tea-cup is too does not know ; he who possessing a large in diameter, you are answered with little knowledge is always retailing it ; or an account of the diameters of the planets; he who is really learned, and withal suc notice the excessive heat of a fire, you perlatively anxious that you should know have a dissertation on caloric ;, remark the it; whọ talks of physics and metaphysics brilliant colours of a hearth-rug, you are with eternal volubility; who despises all obliged to listen to a lecture on optics ; who cannot argue, and yet cannot brook lament the fate of some one who was to any opposition.
drowned, you are directly furnished with The ignorant pedant is exposed to many a disquisition on specific gravity; you are disasters; while uttering his counterfeit told that about four pounds of cork will learning he is often detected by a keen in- prevent a human body's sinking, and despector, and sometimes must feel abashed, sired to examine the process by which the from a consciousness of his ignorance; assertion is proved : talk of the overturnstill, however, he may support his cha- ing of a coach, you are reminded of the racter, by talking unintelligibly, and centre of gravity :-indeed, say what you using a certain bead-roll of scientific will, you may calculate on a dissertation, terms; indeed, in this the whole art con- and that sometimes of no very limited sists. One who pronounces so readily, length. and so precisely, the terms of science, may There are some semi-learned pedants well be supposed perfectly acquainted who are metaphysicians, who scorn mere with their meaning ; but alas ! words and experimenting, and pretend to investigata ideas have sometimes no connexion. the mind, and know the causes of its
The ignorant pedant is somewhat clever various operations, and the nature of in escaping detection, as he employs the sensation ; some of them are rather phywhole vocabulary of science (though in a siologists than metaphysicians. If you very strange manner) in defence of his, burn your finger, you are told something opinions ; he overwhelms his opponents, about the insinuating of the particles of not with arguments, but with wonderful caloric between the animal fibre; and if words ; and they cannot reply, because you cut it you are told of the discerptibi. they really know not what to reply to ; lity of the same material. But others of thus he gains the victory, and feels em- this class ascend into higher regions ; they boldened to attempt future conquests. talk of the fitness of things, of conserva
The semi-learned pedant is one who tion and volition, liberty and necessity, knows nothing of comparing his intellec- power and energy; a man tortured by the tual possessions with those of others ; he gout is told that his pains arise from the knows a little not generally known, and fitness of things, that he could not but be he thinks himself marvellously wise, so subject to such gnawings and burnings ; wise that he is above confutation, and will for if he had not suffered, the order of not degrade himself to refute an opponent, nature would have been broken. but magnanimously despise hiin, or in There are semi-learned pedants in every wardly pity his ignorance, while he feels branch of knowledge; the orthoepical, elated with his own fancied superiority who despises him who mispronounces a of knowledge. Really, some of this syllable; and the etymological, who is class are the most obstinate and impe- continually telling you how differently netrable creatures existing ; able to trace you use words to what their etymology an argument a little way, but unable warrants, and how ignorant it is to do so : to pursue it, they are impervious to con- indeed, what art or science is there ex. viction, and to submit to be instructed is empted from serni-learned pedants, who to admit their own ignorance. Some of have great learning, without knowing its these pedants, when they do engage in rudiments, and profound science, though argument, employ tactics peculiar to them- . ignorant of its principles
So true is it,
that where there are realities, there also For poets' hearts are out of stone or wood, are counterfeits.
But even wax, i. e. of melting mood,
And mine would tremble at thy screeching The learned pedants are not so numer. ous as the former; indeed their conduct is far more excusable. The semi-learned Grumphie ! grunt on in bliss; I cannot beat
Thy round, broad, bristly back; feast while pedant aspires to the honour without the
you may labour--the learned pedant to the honour Fate griuneth stern, and thou and thine a treat after the labour; one expects the victory May smoke for many, ere next Christmas day! ere he has fought the battle ; the other
M. L. B. conquers and is ostentatious of his success. The learned pedant errs from not knowing, or not acknowledging the influence
THE BEE. of times and seasons ; few indeed are those who can blend amusement with
(For the Mirror.) abstruse disquisition, and strew flowers When the queen bee is about to lay an in the rugged paths of rigid demonstra- egg, she puts her head into a cell, and tion. It has been said that a wit can
remains in that position a second or two, shine only in certain company, and this
to ascertain whether it be fit to receive the might have been observed with equal deposit. She then withdraws her head, truth of the profound student, who, how
curves her body downwards, inserts her ever learned, is by some considered a
tail into the cell, and having kept this - dull crack-brained fellow,” irksome be position for a few seconds, turns half cause incomprehensible. scholar is not warranted in supposing that round on herself, and after laying the
egg, withdraws her body. his auditors are equally as learned as
When the queen lays a cluster of eggs himself, and therefore deeply interested
to the number of thirty or forty on one in those subjects which, although so con. side of the comb, instead of laying in all genial to the
philosopher, are disregarded the empty cells in the same quarter, she by the generality of mankind.
It may leaves it and goes to the other side, and not be partial to assert, that the
learned lays in the cells which are directly oppopedant's conduct does not arise from os.
site to those she has just supplied with tentation, but rather from an underrating
and in none else. In this order of his own talents, which leads him to
she seems to be scrupulously exact, and believe that all are equally as learned probably it is to ascertain whether there and wise as himself.
be an egg, in the opposite cell, that she As to the ignorant pedant he is only keeps her head inserted, previous to laydeserving of contempt; for not only does ing, longer than would be merely neceshe invest himself with unmerited honours, sary to find whether the one she is inspecte but exposes learning itself to ridicule; ing be empty. The mode of proceeding and as to the semi-learned pedant, if he is of a piece with that wise arrangement would but reflect on those master-minds
which runs through all the operations of who have possessed, and do now possess, the bees, and is another effect of that restores of knowledge to which his scanty markable instinct by which they are stock is not worthy to be compared, and guided; for as they cluster closely remember that others are at least as well. in those parts of the comb which are informed as himself, he would abate his filled with brood, in order to hatch them arrogance, and finding his intellectual the heat will penetrate to the other side, superiority not so vast as he imagined, and some part of it would be wasted if iower the tone of his colloquies, and talk the cells on that side were altogether of other subjects as well as remote history, empty, or filled with lioney. But when or abstruse points of philosophy, the sub- both sides are filled with brood, and costratum of matter or the essence of ex
vered with live bees, the heat is confined istence.
to the spot where it is necessary, and is J.
turned to full account in hatching the
H. W. DEWHURST.
SONNET TO A SOW.
(For the Mirror.)
What is thy name in poesy? for thou
I know, art vulgarly a sow;
Soine dozen piggy-wiggies small; I vow
A young man of the name of Neck, was recently married to a Miss Heels, they are now therefore tie Veck and Heels together.
growing—he can, by a dexterous twist
and interposition of thc said basket, No. XL.
cunningly conceal from observation the warped fashion of his understandings.
-How different the fate of the unfor. THE BAKER AND POTBOY. tunate pot-boy. He is held in no re
spect by any, but as a plague to all. The baker is an almost universal fa. He is often a sturdy, thick-set, thickvourite among the female habitants of the headed boy, (selected from the parish kitchen department. He is looked upon school perchance,) coarse in converse, and by them as the very flower of gallantry. not an iota of the baker's “ mealy. His hat, whether white or black, is always mouthed” manners about him--and is worn smartly; and there is a dandyism nem. con. considered the most vulgar of (peculiar to this class of the community)' the comers. The very clanking and ratabout his boots,—and the most indifferent tling of his pewter measures is the fore. observer may perceive he is vastly parti. runner of discord and squabbles 'twixt cular in this part of his accoutrement him and the scullion, or dish-water, (none the cream-coloured tops, deep as a quart of higher grade in servitude willingly attop, display the care and attention in tend him,) for he is always grumbling cleaning them and then his large, double. about the manner in which his pots are cased silver watch, which he often draws returned—the servants always bruising, out, and proudly, though apparently un- blacking, or burning them. He hates intentionally, exhibits when gossipping them for the trouble they give him, and and the pendant chain and gingling bunch they him for the trouble he takes in tell. & large seals and choice coins thereto be. ing them of it. The morning of his longing, all proclaim his pardonable va “ life" is no enviable one; but in the nity, and tend to exalt his consequence in evening he starts a different creature; his the curious and admiring eyes of giggling cares and rebuffs are forgotten, and he “ Betty,” who good-humouredly retorts glides through the dark streets with his his half-whispered “nothings,” by an lantern and beer-trays, like a glow-wom. exclamation of "What nonsense !” or, But still he is the pot-boy, and the maids “ A-done, you foolish fellow - do !" despise him ; notwithstanding he whistles and trips down the area in glee-hugging the most popular airs, or double-shuffles the brick or quartern in one hand, and between his partner-trays, in his hobperhaps a pen and ink, and check-book 'nailed, high-low shoes, to wile away the in the other the latter of which is of time they keep him waiting, and the sole little utility in the hands of such an Ar, chance he possesses of obtaining a smile gus, or steward, as Betty, who would or a good word is, when they want to probably take serious offence at hearing wheedle him to let them have the “ yesthe young man's strict honesty called in 'terday's” newspaper first ! question; and cares little how many Absurdities : in Prose and Verso « deadmen” he makes, so long as he continues to keep the women alive by his
SPIRIT OF THE flirtation and pretty sayings. The very creaking of his wicker basket, as he wields Public Journals. it round and casts it at the door, is pleasing music, and an overture of an agreeable chat to the maid—who never keeps LITERARY REMINISCENCES. him waiting, and indeed scarcely gives
THE AUTHOR OF LACON." him time to knock or ring before she makes her appearance with a—“good NEARLY fourteen years have elapsed mornen, mister baker !"
He is in every
since chance first threw me in the way of respect a most fortunate and favoured the Rev. C. C. Colton, now so well known man, for he can do no wrong; and if to the public by his various writings, but there be any complaint to be made (as it more especially by his admirable scries often happens) concerning the badness of of apothegms, entitled Lacon, or Many the bread or the bakings, the maid softens Things in Few Words. For my introit down by beginning" Tell your mas. duction to this very talented but eccentric ter - my missus says” - thus holding personage, I was indebted to the politemister baker himself guiltless of any ness of my worthy friend, John Stewart, participation in the fault.- Happy man! formerly secretary to the Nabob of Arcot, :-Nay, even if his knees be accidentally but better known to the generality of my knocked, cr his legs form an X, or St. readers by bis cognomen of “Walking Andrew's Cross, from his having carried Stewart;" a man no less remarkable for a heavy basket when he was green and the originality of his character, than the