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what he considered so sudden a change in In the course of the day, I submitted to his state. I accounted for it by what I him the official papers, and took his plea-' had learnt from the physicians, and sure upon some general military arrangeended by repeating that I had felt it my ments, into which he entered with interest, duty, however painful, to speak out. He but in the afternoon he became very lanthanked me, gave me his hand, and said guid and nervous, though he rallied again I had acted as I ought, and as he expecte towards the evening. ed, but he pressed me again to state On the following day, 24th December, “ what was the extent of the danger, and he appeared better, and in good spirits, whether immediate ?" I repeated, that though incapable of much exertion. I had been assured it was not immediate; On the 25th, he was weaker, having " whether his case was without hope of had a very indifferent night. He saw the recovery?”. I gave no decided answer, Duke of Wellington early in the day. but said, that I could not extract from The physicians told me, that his Royal the physicians any positive opinion, but Highness's state was becoming daily more that their language was not encouraging. critical, and that it was desirable that I He said, “ I understand you ; I may go should avail myself of any opportunity on for a short time, but may end rapidly; which might offer, of drawing his Royal God's will be done, I am resigned.” He Highness's attention to the necessity of then called for his official papers, and settling his affairs. I embraced it that transacted his business with com posure very day, and proposed to him to send and his usual attention. He afterwards for his solicitor, Mir. Parkinson, to which resumed the previous painful subject. I he agreed, and I appointed him at tea spoke to him about his private papers, o'clock on the following day; he afterand he confirmed some of the directions wards went through his official business previously given to me upon that subject. very quietly. He then spoke most kindly, took me His Royal Highness saw Mr. Parkin. again by the hand, and said, “thank you, son on the 26th, and signed his will, God bless you.” I had hitherto succeeded after which he shook hands with him, as in controlling my feelings, but I could do if taking final leave of him. He afterso no longer, and I left the room. wards saw the Bishop of London, who

I learnt from his servant, Batchelor, had at all times free admission to his that after I left his Royal Highness, he Royal Highness, and had had frequent had desired him to collect and pay some conversations with him in the course of small bills, that he began to write some his illness; and the result of this inter. menioranda, and appeared very serious, view was, that his Royal Highness should but quite free from agitation. His Royal take the sacrament on the 28th, which his Highness afterwards had some serious Royal Highness mentioned to me afterconversation with Sir Henry Halford, wards, adding, that he meant to ask the who did not disguise from him the un- Princess Sophia to take it with him. I easiness he felt, but did not admit that saw him again in the evening, and he aphis case had become hopeless. He had peared very cheerful. On the 27th he found him perfectly calm and composed. appeared better early in the day, but be.

His Royal Highness sent for me again, came more weak and languid afterwards. and repeated to me very correctly what Sir He saw Mr. Peel, who told him he had H. Halford had said to him; he after. been much shocked by his Royal High. wards saw Col. Stephenson, who told me ness's altered appearance. The Duke, that he had conversed with him very however, spoke to me of himself in a quietly upon indifferent subjects, and more sanguine tone than usual. that, from his manner, he could not have His Majesty came to his Royal Highsuspected that anything could have oc ness in the afternoon, and found him very curred to disturb him.

weak and languid ; but he rallied in the He passed a good night, and appeared evening, and looked over his official pabetter on the following day. He saw the pers. adjutant-general and quarter-master-gene On the morning of the 28th, his Royal ral early, and gave his directions to them Highness appeared very weak, and had with his usual accuracy. I saw him soon some attacks of nervous faintness, which, after, and he told me that he had passed together with other unfavourable sympa good night, had rather more appetite, toms, satisfied the physicians that the and was more free from pain ; that this danger was becoming more imminent. was satisfactory for the moment, but The Bishop of London came at twelve, whether of any ultimate avail, a higher and desired that three persons should aspower would decide.

sist at the holy ceremony; and proposed The physicians told me there was no that Sir Henry Halford and I, should be improveinent in his situation.

added to the Princess Sophia, which was

mentioned to his Royal Highness, who steady, he sent tor me soon after ten and readily agreed. Upon this occasion he spoke very seriously of his situation, but came publicly, and put on his robes ; his without alarm or agitation. He appeared Royal Highness was quite composed, very desirous of extracting very direct and and nothing could exceed his pious atten. unreserved answers ; often fixed his eye tion, and calm devotion throughout the upon me, as if to search my thoughts, and solemn ceremony. He repeated the pray- made me change my position that he might ers, and made the responses in a firm see me better. I appeared not to notice this, voice. Part of the prayers for the sick but kept up the conversation for an hour were read, but the service was, at the and a half, on various subjects of business, suggestion of Sir H. Halford, the short &c. This succeeded, and he gradually service. The Bishop was very much af. became more at his ease. He was quite fected, particularly when pronouncing equal to any exertion of mind. When the concluding blessing. The Princess Sir H. Halford came, he announced to Sophia supported herself wonderfully his Royal Highness the King's intention throughout the trying scene, and the to pay him a visit on that day, and his Duke was quite free from agitation. Royal Highness dressed and shaved himAfter the service was over, he kissed his sell, which he had not been able to do on sister, and shook hands most affection, the preceding day. ately with the Bishop, Sir H. Halford, The physicians told me that the state and mc, thanking us, and as if taking of the legs had become more unfavourable. leave of all. His Royal Highness sent His Royal Highness saw the adjutant. for me again in the afternoon, and went general and quarter-master-general, ana through some official business, to which transacted business with them as usual. he appeared quite equal. He expressed His Majesty came at two, and staid an great satisfaction at having taken the sa. hour with his Royal Highness. His crament, and told me that the Princess Majesty thought him looking better and Sophia had staid with him, and borne up stronger than on the 27th, but this was to the last moment. He then asked me the last time he saw him, his Majesty's whether his physicians thought much own indisposition having disappointed his worse of him, he really felt better. I anxious wish to have come again to him. replied, they considered his situation as His Royal Highness sent for me at having become more doubtful than it had five, and went through his usual official been, but that they had not at any time þusiness with me, after which he apauthorized me to say his case was hope- peared tired and exhausted, and indeed less. He observed, that he thought it he had previously retired to his bed-room. was wrong to abandon hope, or to despair, He afterwards saw Colonel Stephenson, but, setting aside that feeling, he was re who found him in the same weak and exsigned to God's will. He asked whether hausted state. I had any more papers requiring consi. Towards nine he sent for me again, and deration, as he felt quite as equal to bu. I found him much oppressed, and breathsiness as he had been for two or three ing short, and in general unable to rouse months past, and he wished none to be himself. He dismissed me after a short interrupted or suspended.

time, wishing me good night, but between He afterwards saw Mr. Greville, who ten and eleven he sent for me again ; I found him very cheerful.

found him dozing, and when he roused He sent for me again between eight and himself he complained of inward pain, nine, and I staid with him until ten. He asked me how late I should stay in the appeared weak and uncomfortable, though house (he was not aware that I had slept not positively in pain. At ten, he said in it for several nights,) and again wished he should like to go to bed, but the usual me good night. hour had not arrived, and he would wait He called for Sir H. Halford, Mr. Mac. for Sir H. Halford. I persuaded him to gregor, and Mr. Simpson, repeatedly in go to bed at once. This was the first the same manner, and when he dismissed night he had anticipated the usual hour, them, bade them good night. Some time and the medical attendants ascribed it io after, he again sent for Mr. Macgregor, who increasing weakness, against which he found him in one of his attacks of nervous had hitherto contended. All agreed that faintness. Mr. Macgregor gave him some he might linger on a few days, unless an laudanum, and after some time he became attack of nervous faintness should carry more composed, and fell asleep. him off suddenly.

I learnt early in the morning of the On the following day, the 29th, his 30th, from Mr. Macgregor, that his Royal Highness, after passing a tolerable Royal Highness had had some sleep at night, appeared better. He had taken intervals, but that he appeared much some nourishnient, and his pulse was weaker, and 'hat there were other indica.

tions of incrersing darger. His Royal seven desired Sir A. Cooper, who was Highness bad determined not to quit his going to Windsor, to give his affectionate bed-room.

duty to the King, and to tell him he was He sent for me at half-past ten, and I very comfortable. remained with him for more than an hour, On the 1st of January, I learnt that until Sir H. Halford came. I was exá his Royal Highness had passed a very tremely shocked at the extraordinary quiet night, with four hours' good sleep, change which had taken place in one and that no material change had taken night, or rather since the preceding morn- place in his state ; that he continued pering at the same hour. He appeared ex- fectly sensible, took sufficient nourish. tremely feeble and under great uneasiness ment, and spoke whenever roused ; nor from pain, but otherwise composed, and were the legs in a worse state; on the although suffering so much he uttered no contrary, their appearance had become complaint. He asked me when I had more favourable. come, and I told him I had slept in the Upon the whole, the physicians thought house. He did not seem surprised, or he might linger on longer than they had displeased, but said he concluded he was expected, such was the extraordinary reconsidered much worse, for Mr. Mac- sistance which his constitution opposed to gregor had been three times to see him in the progress of the disease. The Dukes the night ; but that he felt quite equal of Clarence and Sussex again saw him, to business. I therefore brought forward and he received them affectionately, but a few subjects, and received his very clear did not speak, and they left him imme. instructions, though his voice had become diately. The Princess Sophia then went so feeble that I could with difficulty hear to him; he kissed her, and said—“God him.

bless you, my dear love-to-nosrow, toHis Royal Highness saw the Dukes of morrow," and she left him.

He conClarence and Sussex, and Sir W. Knigh, tinued in the same quiet and composed ton, who was going to Windsor, and state throughout the day, and occasion. through whom he sent an affectionate ally told his medical attendants that he Lessage to the King. To the Dukes of felt no pain, and was very comfortable. Clarence and Sussex he spoke cheerfully I did not see him. on the state of Portugal and other matters The report on the following morning, of public interest. The Princess Sophia the 2nd of January, was, that the night was also with him for a considerable time. had been quiet, and that he continued

Between 9 and 10 he expressed a wish free from pain, and perfectly sensible, to see Colonel Stephenson and me, and we though he seldom spoke. Soon after nine went to him, but he said litue, and he had a shivering attack, which was wished us good night.

very alarming, and his pulse was hardly He passed a restless night, and appear- perceptible, but he rallied. He had been ed much weaker on the following morn moved nearer to the window, was quite ing (the 31st Dec.) but continued per. himself and asked whether the day was fectly sensible, took nourishment when not a frost, which was the case. He be. offered to him, but showed no inclination came slightly delirious at 20 minutes to speak, unless spoken to. His medical past one, and other symptoms had be. attendants apprehended from the increased come more alarming. Still he was quite weakness, the rapid approach of dissolu. sensible at intervals. The Princess so. tion. I went to him by desire of the phia was with him for some time, and he physicians between one and two. He knew her. took my hand and received me most The Dukes of Clarence and Sussex, kindly. He said, “ here I am, I feel who came in the afternoon, did not see weaker but not worse, and I do not suffer him. His Royal Highness continued pain. He moved his lips occasionally nearly in the same state, except that his but I could not distinguish what he said, pulse had been gradually lowering, and he appeared quite sensible, very composed, his breathing becoming very short, and and twice looked at me, the first time his situation appeared so critical, that I seriously, the second time with a placid, and other attendants in the house deter. almost a cheerful smile, and I came away mined not to take off our clothes. perfectly satisfied that his mind was free The street was crowded with people from anxiety and uneasiness. The Prin. throughout the day, not apparently ascess Sophia came in, and the manner in sembled from curiosity, but from anxiety, which he roused himself when she was extremely quiet, and hardly speaking, announced was very striking. Her Royal except to inquire, in a subdued voice, Highness stayed with him about 20 mi. what was the state of his Royal Highnees. nutes. He continued very quiet through.

I learnt at six on the following morn. out the rest of the day, and at half-past ing (the 3rd,) from Mr. Macgregor, that


notwithstanding a restless and uncomfort- much oppressed, and evidently unable to able night his Royal Highness had ral. distinguish objects clearly. Batchelor lied, and appeared then stronger, more named me to him, and I sat down close inclined to talk, and to take nourishment, by his right side. He looked at me with than he had been on the preceding day, a kind smile, took me by the hand, and and that it was impossible to calculate I told him I had not left the house since when the crisis would arrive. His pulse I had last seen him. He asked me with had also become more steady. The other difficulty, and in a faint, though steady medical attendants confirmed this at a voice, whether Colonel Stephenson was later hour, and observed that his Royal in the house. I said he was, and asked Highness's extraordinary powers of con. whether he wished to see him ; he nodded stitution and tenacity of life, defied all assent, and I immediately sert for him. calculation,

Colonel Stepherson went to his left side ; The Princess Sophia, being unwell, but as his Royal Highness could not see could not come this day; the Dukes of him, I beckoned to him to come to the Clarence and Sussex came at twelve, and right side, and I moved back, so as to staid until six, but did not see their enable him to come close up, while I brother.

supported his Royal Highness, by placing Sir William Knighton having come my hand against the pillow behind his from Windsor, and being named to his back. He then gave his hand to Colonel Royal Highness, he desired to see him, Stephenson. After some interval, during that he might inquire after the King, and which his Royal Highness breathed with requested him to assure his Majesty of great difficulty, and was very faint, and his affectionate duty.

during which Batchelor bathed his temTowards the evening his Royal High- ples with Cologne water, he collected his

showed symptoms of returning strength, and said in a steady, firm tone strength, and the physicians reported to of voice, but so low as to be hardly audible his Majesty that he continued in the same to Colonel Stephenson, whose heard was state, without appearance of immediate further removed than mine, “ I am now dissolution, but without hope. Between dying.” After this he dropped his head, 10 and 12 he was very quiet, and in and his lips moved for about a minute, as clined to sleep.

if in prayer. He then looked at us again, The assemblage of people in Arling- and appeared to wish to speak, but an at ton-street was the same as on the preced, tack of faintness came on, and his respi. ing day; there was the same propriety of ration was so difficult, and he seemed so conduct, the same inanifestation of affec- weak and exhausted, that I thought he tionate interest, free from curiosity. was dying, and expressed that apprehen

His Royal Highness passed a very rest. sion to Colonel Stephenson, who partook less night, with occasional attacks of of it. Batchelor bathed his temples faintness and spasm. His breathing had again, and he rallied ; after which he become more difficult, his pulse more again took Colonel Stephenson's hand, feeble and irregular, but yet there were and nodded to Batchelor, who told us he no symptoms of rapidly approaching meant we should leave him. dissolution. Sir Astley Cooper had sat The scene was most affecting and tryup with him, to relieve Mr. Macgregor ; ing, but yet in some respects satisfactory, and when the latter went to his Royal as it shewed that he was perfectly aware Highness, he desired him to thank him, of his situation, and we concluded that and say he was very kind.

he had seen us together, as being his exeShortly after he saw some one rear him, cutors, and meant to take leave of us. I and Mr. Macgregor told him it was Mr. heard afterwards that he had appeared Simpson ; and his Royal Highness said, much exhausted by the effort, but subse“ Mr. Simpson is a good man.” He quently took some chicken broth and be. took some slight nourishment occasionally, came composed, without having any reand towards ten o'clock he had a serious turn of faintness. Towards the evening, attack of faintness, during which his pulse he rallied again, and had some sound and was hardly perceptible, but he rallied comfortable sleep, and his attendants seagain. Sir William Knighton saw his parated under the impression that his Royal Highness, but he did not speak to Royal Highness's life would be prolonghim.

ed at least another night. Between one and two, Mr. Macgregor In the course of the night he had so came to tell me that his Royal Highness serious an attack of faintness, that Mr. had named me frequently, and at last Macgregor thought he would not have remade tbein understand that he wished to covered from it, but he rallied again

I immediately went to him. I towards the morning of the 5th, and had found hin, dreadfully changed, very feeble, taken some nourishment. The breathing

see me.

had, however, become extremely difficult. those who were sincerely attached to About 11, Mr. Simpson came to me to

him. say that the symptoms of approaching death had come on, and that the medical attendants wished me to be in the room I feel that I owe it to his Royal High. adjoining to that in which his Royal ness's character, to add some general obHighness lay. I brought in the Dukes servations, which may serve to place it in of Clarence and Sussex, and Colonel Ste- its true light, and to confirm the opinion phenson, and we continued in the room, of those who view his loss as a national expecting every moment to be called in calamity. by the medical attendants (who were all It may be necessary to premise, that with his Royal Highness) to witness his from the moment that I had received the death. Sir Henry Halford came to us alarming report from Brighton, I ceased occasionally, and stated that his Royal to entertain any sanguine hopes of his Highness's pulse was hardly perceptible, Royal Highness's recovery ; and that my nis extremities were cold, he was speech- expectation of it became gradually more less, and had with difficulty swallowed a faint, although they varied occasionally, little milk and rum, but nevertheless ap as the symptoms of the disorder fluca peared to retain his senses. Ot this, tuated. indeed, he gave proof at 12, for Mr. This impression led to my keeping the Macgregor came in to say, that his Royal minutes from which I have extracted the Highness had insisted on having his legs foregoing statement, my object in so doing dressed, (which they naturally wished to being, that I might be better able, from avoid at such a period,) for he had looked such accurate source, to do justice to his at him several times, had pointed at the Royal Highness's character and senticlock, then at his legs, and had pushed ments. off the covering, thus showing his deter The 30th of December was the last day mination to go through all that was re on which I submitted my papers, and he quired to the last moment. When he was then quite equal to any business ; for found that he was understood, and that although his state varied in the course of Mr. Macgregor was preparing for the the day, yet there were hours when physi. dressing, he signified his thanks to him cal causes, or the effect of medicine, did with a kind smile, threw back his head, not interfere with the clear application of and hardly noticed any thing afterwards. the powers of the mind.

The pulse became more feeble, the at It has been already shown by the de. tacks of faintness more frequent, but his tails I have produced, that almost to the Royal Highness struggled on, and be- latest hour his Royal Highness was tween 8 and 9 this state appeared so likely anxious to discharge his official duties, to last for some hours, that the Duke of and the interest he took in them was at no Clarence was persuaded to go home, and time weakened by the pressure of bodily I returned to my room to answer some disease or pain. In further proof of this, inquiries. At 20 minutes past 9, Colonel I may state, that on Saturday, the 9th Stephenson called me out, and told me of December, I received from Lord that he was in the last agonies. I hastened Bathurst, at his office, secret instructions down, but my dear master had expirel respecting the force to be prepared for before I could reach his room, and I had embarkation for Portugal, and that I the comfort of learning that he had ex communicated them in the same evening pired without any struggle or apparent to his Royal Highness. He was then in pain. His countenance indeed confirmed great pain, but he became indifferent to ibis ; it was as calm as possible, and bodily sufferings, and immediately drew quite free from any distortion ; indeed it up the heads of the military arrangement almost looked as if he had died with a which paper, in his own hand-writing, I smile upon it.

now possess) from which were framed deThe medical attendants, the Duke of tailed instructions approved by him on Sussex, Batchelor, and another servant, the following day, and issued on Monday, Here in the room, looking at him in si. the 11th of December. lence, and with countenances strongly This measure naturally produced the expressive of their feelings.

necessity of other arrangements connectSuch was the end of this amiable, kind, ed with home service, and the adjutantand excellent man, after a long and pair. general and quarter-master-general will ful struggle, borne with exemplary re bear me out in the assertion that these solution and resignation ; and I am con were entered into and directed by hin, fident, that the details into which I have with the same intelligence and attention entered of the last circumstances of that which he had manifested on previous ocstruggle will not prove uninteresting to casions, when we are bound to state that

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