Women and the Law: Leaders, Cases, and Documents

Přední strana obálky
ABC-CLIO, 2003 - Počet stran: 256

Women and the Law: Leaders, Cases, and Documents chronicles the evolution of women's rights from the Revolutionary War to the present day. Spanning the gamut of legal concepts, court decisions, justices, and organizations, this extensive reference also explores a broad range of issues from sexual harassment and spousal abuse to the gender gap in voting and the custody challenge of Baby M.

Profiles of Susan B. Anthony, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Anita Hill, Betty Friedan, and other activists explore their roles in bringing the issue of equal rights for women to the forefront of U.S. politics. A thorough review of key legislative acts, including the 19th Amendment, the Equal Pay Act, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Title IX of the Educational Amendments, and more recent rulings like the Violence against Women Act of 1994 reveals the successes, failures, and tenacious efforts of those who are fighting to achieve gender equality in the United States.

 

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Obsah

Key Historical Concepts and Pioneers
1
Catt Carrie Chapman 18591947
3
Coverture Chattel
4
The Early Womens Movement
5
Feminism
7
Labor Rights
9
Married Womens Property Acts
10
Mott Lucretia 17931880
11
Fetal Protection
114
Griswold v Connecticut 1965
117
Infertility Alternatives
119
Jhordan C v Mary K 1986
120
Matter of A C 1990
121
Matter of Baby M 1988
122
Norplant
123
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v Casey 1992
124

National American Woman Suffrage Association NAWSA
12
Nineteenth Amendment
13
Seneca Falls Convention of 1848
14
Separate Spheres Doctrine
16
Stanton Elizabeth Cady 18151902
17
Stone Lucy 18181893
18
Truth Sojourner 17971883
20
Tubman Harriet 1818 or 18201913
21
Women as Jurors
22
Women as Lawmakers
23
Women as Presidential Candidates
25
Women in the Legal Profession
26
Women in the Military
27
Women on the US Supreme Court
28
Womens Suffrage
29
References and Further Reading
31
Constitutional Equality
33
Boxer Barbara 1940
34
Califano Secretary of Health Education and Welfare v Goldfarb 1977
35
Chisholm Shirley 1924
36
Craig v Boren 1976
38
Dole Elizabeth 1936
39
Feinstein Dianne 1933
40
Fourteenth Amendment
41
Friedan Betty 1921
42
Frontiero v Richardson 1973
43
Geduldig v Aiello 1974
44
Ginsburg Ruth Bader 1933
45
Guinier Lani 1950
46
Hutchison Kay Bailey 1943
47
Ireland Patricia 1945
48
Jordan Barbara 19361996
49
Kennedy Florynce 19162000
50
Michael M v Superior Court of Sonoma County 1981
51
Miller v Albright 1998
53
Mink Patsy 19282002
54
Morgan Robin 1941
56
National Organization for Women NOW
57
New York v Santorelli and Schloss 1992
58
Norton Eleanor Holmes 1937
59
Paul Alice 18851977
60
Pelosi Nancy 1940
61
Reed v Reed 1971
62
Sanchez Loretta 1965 and Linda 1968
63
Schroeder Patricia 1941
64
Smeal Eleanor 1939
65
Steinem Gloria 1934
66
Waters Maxine 1938
67
Education
69
The Citadel and Virginia Military Institute
70
Cohen v Brown University 1996
71
Edelman Marian Wright 1939
72
Franklin v Gwinnett County Public Schools 1992
73
Pennsylvania v Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association 1975
74
Title IX of the Education Amendments 1972
75
United States v Virginia 1996
78
Vorcheimer v School District of Philadelphia 1976
79
Williams v McNair 1971
80
References and Further Reading
81
Family Law
83
Alderson v Alderson 1986
84
Alimony
85
Annulment of Marriage
86
C K v Shalala 1996
87
Child Support
88
Civil Unions
90
Divorce
91
Domestic Partners
92
Gay and Lesbian Adoption
93
Kirchberg v Feenstra 1981
95
Marvin v Marvin 1976
97
OBrien v OBrien 1985
98
Orr v Orr 1979
99
Prenuptial and Postnuptial Agreements
100
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families TANF
101
Reproductive Rights
103
Contraception
108
Contraceptive Equity
110
Ferguson v City of Charleston 2001
113
Pregnancy
126
Right to Privacy
127
Roe v Wade 1973
130
RU486 Mifepristone
131
Sanger Margaret 18831966
132
Skinner v Oklahoma 1942
134
Thalidomide and Abortion
136
Weddington Sarah 1945
138
References and Further Reading
139
Violence against Women
141
Date and Acquaintance Rape
143
Dworkin Andrea 1946
144
Kansas v Stewart 1988
145
MacKinnon Catharine A 1946
147
Marital Rape
148
Michigan v Lucas 1991
149
Prostitution
151
Rape Shield Law
152
Reno Janet 1938
153
Statutory Rape
154
United States v Morrison 2000
155
Violence Against Women Act VAWA
156
Workplace Rights
157
AFSCME v Washington 1985
159
Allred Gloria 1941
160
Backus v Baptist Medical Center 1982
161
Burlington Industries v Ellerth 1998
162
Chambers v Omaha Girls Club et al 1986
163
ChavezThompson Linda 1944
165
Cheatwood v South Central Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company 1969
166
City of LA Department of Water and Power v Manhart 1978
167
Comparable Worth
169
Diaz v Pan American World Airways 1971
170
Disparate Impact
171
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission EEOC
172
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v Brown and Root Inc 1982
173
Equal Pay Act 1963
174
Family and Medical Leave Act FMLA
176
Faragher v City of Boca Raton 1998
177
Frank v Ivy Club 1990
178
General Electric v Gilbert 1976
179
Glass Ceiling
180
Glenn Johns and Nugent v General Motors Corporation Saginaw Steering Gear Division 1988
181
Harris v Forklift Systems Inc 1993
182
Hill Anita 1956
184
Hodgson v Robert Hall Clothes 1973
185
Johnson v Transportation 1987
186
Maternity Leave
187
Meritor Savings Bank v Vinson 1986
188
Moody et alv Albermarle Paper Company Halifax Local No 425 United Papermakers and Paperworkers AFLCIO 1975
189
9to5 National Association of Working Women
190
Oncale v Sundowner Offshore Services Inc 1998
191
Phillips v Martin Marietta Corporation 1971
192
Pregnancy Discrimination Act PDA
193
Richmond v J A Croson Company 1989
194
Tomkins v Public Service Electric and Gas Company 1977
198
Torres v Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services 1989
199
Washington v Gunther 1981
200
Documents
201
I Announce Myself as a Candidate for the Presidency Victoria Woodhull 1870
203
Speech after Being Convicted of Voting in the 1872 Presidential Election Susan B Anthony 1873
204
A Black Woman Describes Prejudice in the Nations Capital Mary Church Terrell 1900
205
Child Labor and Woman Suffrage Florence Kelley 1905
206
The Winning Plan Carrie Chapman Catt 1915
207
The Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution 1920
208
Proposed Equal Rights Amendment 1923
210
Equal Pay Act 1963
211
The Civil Rights Act 1964
212
Equal Rights for Women Rep Shirley Chisholm 1969
213
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
214
Getting Beyond Racism Sen Carol MoseleyBraun 1993
216
Statement before the Joint Hearing of the House Resources Committee and Senate Committee on Indian Affairs Ada Deer 1997
219
Declaration of Sentiments of the National Organization for Women 1998
221
Statement on Equal Pay Day Linda ChavezThompson 1998
223
The Violence Against Women Act of 2000 VAWA 2000
224
Chronology
227
Table of Cases
233
Index
237
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O autorovi (2003)

Ashlyn K. Kuersten is associate professor of political science at Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI.

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