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keeps fair ladies from running out into expences, but is at the same time an actual improvement. How memorable would that matron be, who should have it inscribed upon her monument, ' That she wrought out the whole • Bible in tapestry, and died in a good old age, after having covered three hundred yards of wall in the manfion-house.'

The premises being considered, I humbly submit the following proposals to all mothers in Great Britain.

1. THAT no young virgin whatsoever be allowed to receive the addresses of her first lover, but in a suit of her own embroidering.

II. That before every fresh servant she be obliged to appear with a new stomacher at the least.

III. That no one be actually married, till she hath the childbed-pillows, &c. ready stitched, as likewise the mantle for the boy quite finished.

These laws, if I mistake not, would effectually restore the decayed art of needle-work, and make the virgins of

reat Britain exceedingly nimble-fingured in their business.

THERE is a memorable custom of the Greciun ladies, in this particular, preserved in Homer, which I hope will have a very good effect with my country-women. А widow, in ancient times, could not, without indecency, receive a second husband, till he had woven a shroud for her deceased lord, or the next of kin to him. Accordingly the chaste Penelope, having, as she thought, lest Ulysses at sea, the employed her time in preparing a winding-fheet for Laertes, the father of her husband. The story of her web being very famous, and yet not sufficient

known in its several circumstances, I shall give it to my reader, as Homer makes one of her wooers relate it.

Sweet hope she gave to every youth apart,
With well-taught looks, and a deceitful heart :
A web she wove of many a fender twine,
Of curious texture, and perplex'd design :
My youths, the cry'd, my lord but newly dead,
Forbear a while to court my widow'd bed,
'Till I have woven, as folemn vows require,
This web, a proud for poor Ulysses' fire,

Kis

His limbs, when fate the hero's foul demands,
Shall claim this labour of his daughter's hands :
Left all the dames of Greece my name despise,
While the great king without a covering lies.

Thus fhe. Nor did my friends miftruft the guile.
All day me sped the long laborious toil :
But when the burning lamps fupply'd the sun,
Each night unravell’d what the day begun.
Three live-long summers did the fraud prevail;
The fourth her maidens told th' amazing tale.
These eyes beheld, as close I took my stand,
The backward labours of her faithless hand ;
'Till watch'd at length, and press’d on ev'ry side,
Her task she ended, and commenc'd a bride.

N° 607.

Friday, October 15.

Dicite Io Pæan, et lo bis dicite Pian :
Decidit in calles prada petita ineos.

Ovid. Ars am.

1.1. V.I.

H

Now 1. Pæan fing, now wreaths prepare,
And with repeated Ios fill the air :
The prey is fallen in my successful toils. Anon.
· Mr SPECTATOR,

AVING in your paper of Monday last published

my report on the case of Mrs Fanny Fickle, wherein I have taken notice, that love comes after marriage; I hope your readers are satisfied of this truth, that as lore generally produces matrimony, so it often happens that matrimony produces love.

'It perhaps requires more virtues to make a good hus• band or wife, than what go to the finishing any the most shining character whatsoever.

‘DisCPETIon fecnis absolutely necessary, and accordingly we find that the best husbands have been « most famous for their wisdom. Homer, who hath • drawn a perfect pattern of a prudent man, to make it the

more complete, hath celebrated him for the just returns * of fidelity and truth to his Penelope; insomuch that he

" refused

* refused the careffes of a goddess for her fake, and, to use

the expression of the best of Pagan authors, l'etulam ' suam prætulit imunortalitati, His old woman was dearer to him than immortality.

'VIRTUE is the next neceffary qualification for this domestic character, as it naturally produces constancy and mutual esteem. Thus Brutits and Porcia were more remarkable for virtue and affection than

any

others of the age in which they lived.

GOOD-NATURE is a third necessary ingredient in the marriage-state, without which it would inevitably four upon a thousand occasions. When greatness of mind is joined with this amiable quality, it attracts the admiration and esteem of all who behoki it.

1 hus C far, not more remarkable for his fortune and valour than for ' his humanity, stole into the hearts of the Roman people, when, breaking through the custom, he pronounced

an oration at the funeral of his first and best beloved

( wife.

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'GOOD-NATURE is insufficient unless it be steady and uniform, and accompanied with an evenness of temper, which is, above all things, to be preserved in this friendfhip contracted for life. A man must be casy within

himself, before he can be fo to his other self. Socriz'tes, and Niarcus in relius, are instances of men, who,

by the strength of philosophy, having entirely composfed their minds, and fubdued their passions, are cele

brated for good husbands, rotwithstanding the first was

yoked with Xaniipe, and the other with Fauftin. If " the wedded pair would but habituate themselves for the

first year to bear with one another's faults, the difficulty would be pretty well conquered. This mutual sweet

ness of temper and complacency was finely recommends.ed in the nuptial cererionics among the Heathens, who, ' when they sacrificed to funze at that folemnity, always

tore out the gall from the entrails of the victim, and cast it behind the altar.

I SHALL conclude this letter with a passage out of Dr Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire, not only as • it will serve to fill up your present paper, but, if I sind myself in the humour, may give rise to another; I haVOL, VIII. Q

• ving

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ving by me an old register belonging to the place here -6 under mentioned.'

Sir Philip de Somervile held the manors of Whichenoure, Scirescot, Ridware, Netherton, and Cowlee all in Com. Stafford, of the earls of Lancaster, by this memorable service : The faid Sir Philip shall find, maintain, and sustain, one Bacon-flitch, hanging in his hall at U'hichenovre, ready arrayed all times of the year, but in Lent, to be given to every man or woman married, after the day and the year of their marriage be past, in form following

WHENSOEVER that any one such before named will come to inquire for the bacon, in their own person, they {hall come to the bailiff, or to the porter of the lordship of Whichenovre, and shall say to them in the manner as ensueth :

• BAYLIFF, or porter, I do you to know, that I am come for myself, to demand one Bacon Flyke hanging * in the hall of the lord of Ilbicherovre, after the form thereunto belonging.'

After which relation, the bailiff or porter shall assign a day to him, upon promise by his faith to return, and with himn to bring twain of his neighbours. And in the mean time the said bailiff shall take with him twain of the freeholders of the lordship of IV hichenocre, and they three shall go to the manor of Rudlow, belonging to Robert Knightleye, and there shall summon the aforefaid Knightleye, or his bailiff, commanding him to be ready at Ibichenovre the day appointed, at prime of day, with his carriage, that is to say, a horse and a saddle, a sack and a prike, for to convey the said bacon and corn a journey out of the county of Stafford, at his coftages. And then the said bailiff shall, with the said freeholders, summon all the tenants of the said manor, to be ready at the day appointed, at Whichenovre, for to do and perform the fervices which they owe to the bacon. And at the day afigned, all such as owe services to the bacon, shall be ready at the gate of the manor of Whichengure, from the sun-rising to noon, attending and awaiting for the coming of him who fetcheth the bacon. And when he is conce, there shall be delivered to him and his fellows, chapelets; and to all those which shall be there, to do their services due to the bacon.

And

And they shall lead the said demandant with trumps and tabours, and other manner of minstrelsey, to the halldoor, where he shall find the lord of IVhichenovre, or his steward, ready to deliver the bacon in this manner.

He shall enquire of him, which demandeth the bacon, if he have brought twain of his neighbours with him ; which must answer, They be here ready. And then the steward shall cause these two neighbours to swear, if the faid demandant be a wedded man, or have been a wedded man; and if since his marriage one year and a day be past; and if he be a freeman, or a villain. And if his said neighbours make oath, that he hath for him all these three points rehearsed; then shall the bacon be taken down and brought to the hall-door, and shall there be laid upon one half quarter of wheat, and upon one other of rye. And he that demandeth the bacon shall kneel upon his knee, and shall hold his right hand upon a book, which book shall be laid upon the bacon and the corn, and shall make oath in this manner.

• Here ye, Sir Philip de Somervile, lord of Ihichenovre, mayntener and gyver of this baconne: that I A • fithe I wedded B my wyfe, and sithe I hadd hyr in my kepyng, and at my wylle, by a year and a day after our marriage, I would not have chaunged for none • other; fairer, ne fouler; richer, ne pourer; ne for

none other descended of greater lynage; slepying ne waking, at noo tyme. And if the seyd B were sole and • I sole, I would take hyr to be my wyfe before all the wymen of the worlde, of what condiciones soever they be, good or evylle; as help me God and his seyntes, . 6 and this fiesh and all fleshes.

And his neighbours shall make oath, that they trust vea. rily he hath said truly. And if it be found by his neigh-. bours before named, that he be a freeman, there shall be delivered to him half a quarter of wheat and a cheese; and if he be a villain, he shall have half a quarter of rye without cheese. And then shall Knightleye, the lord of Rudlow, be called for, to carry all these things tofore rehearsed; and the said corn shall be laid on one horse, and the bacon above it; and he to whom the bacon appertaineth shall ascend upon his horse, and shall take the cheese before him, if he have a horse. And if he have R_2

none,

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