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• the gentlemen of the robe have no other clients in the • world besides us two; that when they have nothing else • to do, they make us plaintiffs and defendants, though
they were never retained by either of us ; that they tra• duce, condemn, or acquit us, without any manner of
regard to our reputations and good names in the world. • Your petitioners therefore being thereunto encouraged • by the favourable rcception which you lately gave to our • kinsman Blank) do humbly pray that you would put an • end to the controversies which have been so long de
pending between us your faid petitioners, and that our • enmity may not endure from generation to generation; • it being our resolution to live hereafter as it becometh
men of peaceable difpofitions.
Arid your petitioners (as in duty bound) Mall ever
Monday, August 9.
Eque feris humana in corpora transit,
-Tb'unbodied spirit flies
HER.F has been very great reason, on several ac
counts, for the learned world to endeavour at settling what it was that might be said to compose personal identity.
Jr Locke, after having premised, that the word perfon properly signifies a thinking intelligent being that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself ; concludes, that it is consciousness alone, and not an identity of substance, which makes this personal identity of sameness. Had i the same consciousness (says that author) that I saw the ark and Noah's flood, as that I saw an overflowing of the Thames last winter; or as that I now write; I could no more doubt that I who write this
now, that saw the Thames overflow last winter, and that viewed the flood at the general deluge, was the fame Self, place that Self in what substance you please, than that I who write this am the same Myself now while I write (whether I consilt of all the same substance material or immaterial or no) that I was yesterday; for as to this point of being the fame Self, it matters not whether this present Self be made up of the same or other substances.
I was mightily pleased with a story in some measure applicable to this piece of philosophy, which I read the other day in the Persian tales, as they are lately very well translated by Mr Philips; and with an abridgment whereof I shall here prefent my readers.
I SHALL only premise, that these stories are writ after the Eastern manner, but somewhat more correct.
* FADLALLAH, a prince of great virtues, succeeded his father Bin-Ortoc, in the kingdom of Moufel. He
reigned over his faithful subjects for some time, and li+ ved in great happiness with his beauteous confort
queen Zemroude ; when there appeared at his court a young • Dervis of fo lively and entertaining a turn of wit, as won upon
the affections of every one he conversed with. • His reputation grew so fast every day, that it at last
raised a curiosity in the prince himself to see and talk ( with him. He did so, and far from finding that com
mon fame had flattered him, he was soon convinced that every thing he had heard of him fell short of the truth.
"FADLALLAH immediately lost all manner of res'lish for the conversation of other men; and as he was every day more and more satisfied of the abilities of this
stranger, offered him the first posts in his kingdom. * The young Dervis, after having thanked him with a ' very fingular modesty, desired to be excused, as having • made a vow never to accept of any employment, and • preferring a free and independent state of life to all o other conditions.
• The king was infinitely charined with so great an example of moderation; and though he could not get him sito engage in a life of business, made him however his s chief companion and first favourite. VOL. VII.
"As they were one day hunting together, and happened to be separated from the rest of the company, the • Derris entertained Fadlallah with an account of his o travels and adventures. After having related to him • several curiosities which he had seen in the Indies, ' It
was in this place,' says he, that I contracted an ac
quaintance with an old Brachman, who was skilled in " the most hidden powers of nature: he died within my sc arms, and with his parting breath communicated to me « one of the most valuable of his secrets, on condition I 66 should never reveal it to any man.' The king im• mediately reflecting on his young favourite's having re
fused the late offers of greatness he had made him, told him, he presumed it was the power of making gold. “ No, Sir,' says the Dervis, “it is somewhat more won“ derful than that; it is the power of reanimating a dead “ body by flinging my soul into it.'
• While he was yet speaking a doe came bounding by • them, and the king, who had his bow ready, shot her
through the heart; telling the Dervis, that a fair opportunity now offered for him to New his art. The
young man immediately left his own body breathless on • the ground, while at the same instant that of the do « was reanimated; she came to the king, fawned upon • him, and after having played several wanton tricks, fell • again upon the grass ; at the same instant the body of - the Dervis recovered its life. The king was infinite
ly pleased at so uncommon an operation, and conjured - his friend by every thing that was sacred to communi• cate it to him. The Dervis at first made some scruple • of violating his promise to the dying Brachman; but. • told him at last, that he found he could conceal nothing « from so excellent a prince ; after having obliged him * therefore by an oath to secrecy, he taught him to re
peat two cabalistic words, in pronouncing of which - the whole secret confifted. The king, impatient to try
the experiment, immediately repeated them as he had • been taught, and in an instant found himself in the body 6 of the doe. He had but little time to contemplate him• self in this new being; for the treacherous Dervis 5. Thooting his own soul into the royal corpfe, and bending
the prince's own bow against him, had laid him dead .. on the spot, had not the king, who perceived his intent, fled swiftly to the woods.
* Thi Dervis, now triumphant in his villany, return... ed to Mousel, and filled the throne and bed of the unhappy Fadlallah.
The first thing he took care of, in order to secure « himself in the poffeffion of his new acquired kingdom, was to issue out a proclamation, ordering his subjects to destroy all the deer in the realm. The king had perish
ed among the rest, had he not avoided his pursuers by. ... reanimating the body of a nightingale which he saw lie • dead at the foot of a tree. In this new shape he wing• ed his way in safety to the palace, where perching, on a • tree which stood near his queen’s apartment, he filled the whole place with so many melodious and melancho
ly notes as drew her to the window. He had the mor* tification to see that, instead of being pitied, he only.
moved the mirth of his princess, and of a young female slave who was with her. He continued however to see
renade her every morning, till at last the queen, charm*ed with his harmony, sent for the bird-catchers, and I ordered them to employ their utmost skill to put that - little creature into her poffeffion. The king pleased with -an opportunity of being once more near his beloved ..
confort, easily suffered himself to be taken'; and when She was presented to her, though he shewed a fearful"ness to be touched by any of the other ladies, flew of his
own accord, and hid himself in the queen's bosom. • Zemroude was highly pleased at the unexpected fondness ..of her new favourite, and ordered him to be kept in • an open cage in her own apartment. He had there an • opportunity of making his court to 'her every morning, • by a thousand little actions which his shape allowed him. • The queen passed away whole hours every day in hearing and playing with him. Fadlallah could even have
thought himself happy in this state of life, had he not • frequently endured the inexpressible torment of seeing • the Dervis enter the apartment, and caress his queen * even in his presence. "The usurper, amidst his toying with the princess,
* would often endeavour to ingratiate himself with her • nightingale; and while the enraged Fadlallah pecked
at him with his bill, beat his wings, and shewed all the 'marks of an impotent rage, it only afforded his rival ' and the queen new matter for their diverfion.
· ZEMROUDE was likewise fond of a little lap-dog · which she kept in her apartment, and which one night happened to die.
• The king immediately found himself inclined to quit the shape of the nightingale, and enliven this new body. • He did so, and the next morning Zemreude faw her • favourite bird lie dead in the cage. It is impoßible to
express her grief on this occasion, and when the called • to mind all its little actions, which even appeared to • have somewhat in them like reason, she was inconsolable • for her lofs.
'Her women immediately sent for the Dervis to come ' and comfort her, who after having in vain reprefented to her the weakness of being grieved at such an accident, touched at last by her repeated complaints; Well,
Madam,' says he, I will cxert the utmost of “ to please you. Your nightingale shall again revive eve"ry morning, and serenade you as before. The queen * beheld him with a look which easily shewed she did not
believe him ; when laying himself down on a sofa, he * shot his soul into the nightingale, and Zemroude was • amazed to see her bird revive.
"The king, who was a spectator of all that passed, lying under the shape of a lap-dog, in one corner of the room, immediately recovered his own body, and running to the cage with the utmost indignation, twisted • off the neck of the false nightingale.
· ZEMROUDE was more than ever amazed add concerned at this second accident, till the king intreating • her to hear him, related to her his whole adventure.
• The body of tve Dervis, which was found dead in • the wood, and his edict for killing all the deer, left her • no room to doubt of the truth of it: but the story adds, that out of an extreme delicacy (peculiar to the Oriental ladics) she was so highly afflicted at the innocent adultery in which she had for some time lired with the Dervis,