« PředchozíPokračovat »
that no arguments even from Fadlallah himself could compose her mind. She shortly after died with grief, begging his pardon with her latest breath for what the • most rigid justice could not have interpreted as a crime.
"The king was so amicted with her death, that he left * his kingdom to one of his nearest relations, and passed • the rest of his days solitude and retirement.'
N° 579.. Wednesday, August 11.
-Odora canum vis.
Virg. Æn. 4. v. 132.
N the reign of king Charles I. the company of station
ers, into whose hands the printing of the Bible is committed by patent, made a very remarkable errarum or blunder in one of their editions : for instead of Thou Jhalt not commit udultery, they printed off several thoufands of copies with Thou Jhalt commit adultery. Archbifhop Laud, to punish this their negligence, laid a confiderable fine
upon that company in the star-chamber. By: the practice of the world, which prevails in this degenerate age, I am afraid that very many young profiligates, of both sexes, are possessed of this spurious edition of the Bible, and observe the commandment accord.. ing to that faulty reading.
ADULTERERS', in the first ages of the church, were excommunicated for ever, and unqualified all their lives from bearing a part in Christian assemblies, notwithstanding they might seek it with tears, and all the appearances of the most unfeigned repentance.
I MIGHT here mention some ancient laws among the Heathens which punished this crime with death; and on thers of the same kind, which are now in force among feveral governments that have embraced the reformed rea higion. But because a subject of this natore may be too ferious for my ordinary reader's; who are very apt to throw by my papers, when they are not enlivened with fomething that is diverting or uncommon; I shall here
publish the contents of a little manuscript latcly fallen into my hands, and which pretends to great antiquity, though, by reason of some modern phrases and other particulars in it, I can by no means alluiv it to be genuine, but rather the prodution of a modern fophift.
Iris well known by the learned, that there was a temple upon mount Æn dedicated to l'ulcan, which was guarded by dogs of fo exquisite a finell (Cay the historians) that they could discern whether the persons who came thither were chaste or otherwise. They used to meet and fawn
upon such as were chaste, carelling them as the friends of their master Vulcan; but flew at those who were polluted, and never ceased barking at them till they had driven them from the temple.
Nly manuscript gives the following account of these dogs, and was probably designed as a comment upon this tory.
• THESE dogs were given to t’ulian by his sister Dia1d, the goddess of hunting and of chastity, having bred - them out of some of her hounds, in which she had ob• served this natural instinct and fagacity. It was thought • she did it in spite to Venus, who, upon her return home,
always found her husband in a good or bad humour, · according to the reception which she met with from his dogs. They lived in the temple several years, but were such snappish cars that they frighted away most of the · votarics. The women of Sicily made a folemn deputation to the priest, by which they acquainted him, that they would not come up to the temple with their . annual offerings unless he niuzzled his mastifs ; and at • last compromised the matter with him, that the offering • should always be brought by a chorus of young girls,
who were none of them above feven years old. It was wonderful,' says the author, to see how different the * treatment was which the dogs gare to these little mis
fes, from that which they had shewn to their mothers. • It is said that a prince of Syracuse, having married
a young lady, and being naturally of a jealous temper, • made such an interest with the priests of this temple, ' that he procured a whelp from them of this famous • breed. The young puppy was very troublesome to the "fair lady at first, insomuch that ihe folicited her hus
• band to send him away; but the good man cut her « fort with the old Sicilian proverb, Love me, love my • dog. From which time she lived very peaceably with • both of them. The ladies of Syracuse were very much * annoyed with him, and several of very good reputation refused to come to court till he was discarded. There were indeed some of them that defied his fagacity; but ' it was observed, though he did not actually bite them, he would growl at them most confoundedly. To return to the dogs of the temple : after they had lived here * in great repute for several years, it so happened, that
as one of the priests, who had been making a charitable visit to a widow who lived on the promontory of Lily'baum, returned home pretty late in the evening, the
dogs flew at him with so much fury, that they would share worried him, if his brethren had not come in to ' his assistance; upon which,' says my author, the dogs were all of them hanged, as having lost their original instinct.'
I CANNOT conclude this paper without wishing, that we had some of this breed of dogs in Great Britain, which would certainly do justice, I fould say honour, to the ladies of our country, and shew the world the difference between Pagan women, and those who are instructed in founder principles of virtue and religion,
Friday, August 13.
-Si verbo audacia detilr,
Ovid. Met. 1. 1. v. 175,
This place, the brightest manfion of the sky,
CONSIDERED in my two lait letters that awful
and tremendous subject, the ubiquity cr omnipre• sence of the divine Being. I have shewn that he is equally present in all places throughout the whole extent
• of infinite space. This doctrine is so agrecable to rea• fun, that we meet with it in the writings of the enlight
encd Heathens, as I might shew at large, were it not • already done by other hands. But though the Deity be
thus essentially present through all the immensity of • space, there is one part of it in which he discovers him• self in a most transcendent and visible glory. This is
that place which is marked out in scripture under the • different appellations of paradise, the third heaven, the • throne of God, and the habitation of his glory. It is • here where the glorified body of our Saviour relides, • and where all the celestial hierarchies, and the innu• merable hosts of angels, are represented as perpetuallý ' surrounding the seat of God with hallelujahs and hymns • of praise. This is that presence of God which some of • the divines call his glorious, and others his majestatic s presence. He is indeed as essentially present in all other
places as in this: but it is here where he resides in a • sensible magnificence, and in the midst of all those splen- . • dors which can affect the imagination of created beings.
'It is very remarkable, that this opinion of God Almighty's presence in heaven, whether discovered by the • light of nature, or by a general tradition from our first
parents, prevails among all the nations of the world, • whatsoever different notions they entertain of the God• head. If you look into Homer, that is, the most an
cient of the Greek writers, you see the supreme power • feated in the heavens, and encompassed with inferior • deities, among whom the muses are represented as fing• ing incessantly about his throne. Who does not here see • the main strokes and outlines of this great truth we are • speaking of
The same doctrine is shadowed out in many other Heathen authors, though at the same time, • like several other revealed truths, dashed and adultera• ted with a mixture of fables and human inventions. But « to pass over the notions of the Greeks and Romans, those more enlightened parts of the Pagan world, we find
there is scarce a people among the late discovered na* tions who are not trained up in an opinion, that heaven - is the habitation of the divinity whom they worship.
* As in Solomon's temple there was the Sanctum Sanc- torum, in which a visible glory appeared among the fi
gures of the cherubims, and into which none but the • high priest himself was permitted to enter, after having
made an atonement for the sins of the people; so if we • consider the whole creation as one great temple, there • is in it this holy of holies, into which the high priest of
salvation entered, and took his place among angels . and archangels, after having made a propitiation for the fins of mankind.
" With how much skill must the throne of God be e• rected ? With what glorious designs is that habitation
beautified, which is contrived and built by him who in• spired Hiram with wisdom?
How great must be the ' majesty of that place, where the whole art of creation has been employed, and where God has chosen to shew
himself in the most magnificent manner ? What must o be the architecture of infinite power under the direction • of infinite wisdom ? A spirit cannot but be transported * after an ineffable manner with the sight of those ob
jects which were made to affect him by that Being who • knows the inward frame of a soul, and how to please • and ravish it in all its most secret powers and faculties. * It is to this majestic presence of God, we may apply
those beautiful expressions in holy writ: Behold even to • the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure 5. in his hght. The light of the sun, and all the glories
of the world in which we live, are but as weak and sick• ly glimmerings, or rather darkness itself, in compari<fon of those splendors which encompass the throne of 6. God.
• As the glory of this place is transcendent beyond imagination, so probably is the extent of it. There is * light behind light, and glory within glory. How far " that space may reach, in which God thus appears in
perfect majesty, we cannot possibly conceive. Though • it is not infinite, it may be indefinite ; and though not
immeasurable in itself, it may be so with regard to any 'created eye or imagination. If he has made these lower regions of matter fo inconceivably wide and magnificent for the habitation of mortal and perishable beings, how great may we suppose the courts of this house to be, • where he makes his residence in a more especial manner,
and displays himself in the fulness of his glory, among