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LECTURE III.

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

Medium of ideas often forgotten-Witchery of English words,

Analysis of good style difficult—The power of words—Our duty

to the English language-Lord Bacon's idea of Latin-Milton-

Hume's expostulation with Gibbon-Daniel's Lament—Exten-

sion of English language-French dominion in America-Lan-

dor's Penn and Peterborough-Duty of protecting and guarding

language-Degeneracy of language and morals-Age of Charles

II.—Language part of character-Arnold's Lectures on Modern

History–Use of disproportionate words—Origin of the English

language in the North-Classical and romantic languages-

Saxon element of our language-Its superiority—The Bible

idiom-Structure of sentences-Prepositions at the end of most

vigorous sentences—Composite sentences, and the Latin element

-Alliteration-Grandeur of sentences in old writers—Modern

short sentences—Junius—Macaulay—No peculiar poetic diction

-Doctor Franklin's rules—Shakspeare's matchless words—

Wordsworth's sonnet—Byron-Landor-Coleridge's Christabel

_"The Song in the Mind”-Hood—The Bridge of Sighs....... 85

LECTURE IV.

EARLY ENGLISH LITERATURE.

Early English prose and poetry—Sir John Mandeville—Sir Tho-

mas More's Life of Edward the Fifth-Chaucer's Tales-At-

history-Death of the first-born-Clarendon's raising the stand-

ard at Nottingham-Moral use of tragic poetry-Allston's cri-

ticism-Elegiac poetry—Its power not mere sentimentalism-

Gray's Elegy, an universal poem-Philip Van Artevelde-Caro-

line Bowles—“Pauper's Death Bed”–Wordsworth’s Elegies-

Milton's Lycidas-Adonais-In Memoriam-Shelley's Poem on

Death of Keats—Tennyson-In Memoriam reviewed................ 309

LECTURE XI.

LITERATURE OF WIT AND HUMOUR.

Subtilty of these emotions-Sydney Smith and Leigh Hunt-

Dullness of jest-books-Hudibras a tedious book-Sydney

Smith's idea of the study of wit-Charles Lamb—Incapacity

for a jest—German note on Knickerbocker-Stoicism and Pu-

ritanism-Guesses at Truth-Cheerful literature needed for

thoughtful minds—Recreative power of books—Different modes

of mental relaxation–Napoleon-Shelley-Cowper-Southey's

merriness-Doctor Arnold-Shakspeare and Scott's humour-

The Antiquary–Burke-Barrow's definition of wit-Hobbes-

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