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To weed my vice,' and let his grow!

Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't; 0, what may man within him hide,

With whispering and most guilty diligence, Though angel on the outward side!

In action all of precept, he did show me How may likeness, made in crimes,

The way twice o'er. Mocking," practice on the times,


Are there no other tokens To draw with idle spiders' stings

Between you 'greed, concerning her observance ? Most pond'rous and substantial things!

Isab. No, none, but only a repair i'the dark; Craft against vice I must apply:

And that I have possess’d' him, my most stay With Angelo to-night shall lie

Can be but brief; for I have made him know, His old betrothed, but despised

I have a servant comes with me along, So disguise shall, by the disguis'd,

That stays upon me; whose persuasion is, Pay with falsehood false exacting,

I come about my brother. And perform an old contracting.

Erit. Duke.

'Tis well bord up.

I have not yet made known to Mariana

A word of ihis:--What, ho! within ! come forth!

Re-enter MARIANA. SCENE I. A Room in Mariana's House, MA

I RIANA discovered sitting; a Boy singing.

pray you, be acquainted with this maid;

She comes to do you good.


I do desire the like.
Take, oh take those lips away,

Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect
That so sweetly were forsworn ;
And those eyes, the break of day,

Mari. Good friar, I know you do; and have
Lights that do misleal the morn :

found it.
my kisses bring again,

Duke. Take then this your companion by the bring again,

hand, Seals of love, but seal'd in vain,

Who hath a story ready for your ear: seal'd in vuin.

I shall attend your leisure ; but make haste; Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee quick The vaporous night approaches. away ;


Will't please you walk aside? Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice

[Ereunt MARIANA and ISABELLI. Hath often sull'd my brawling discontent.

Duke. O place and greatness, millions of false [Erit Boy.

eyes Enter Duke.

Are stuck upon thee! volumes of report I cry you mercy, sir; and well could wish Run with these false and most contrarious quests' You had not found me here so musical;

Upon thy doings ? thousand 'scapes:0 of wit Let me excuse me, and believe me so,

Make thee the father of their idle dream, My mirth is much displeas'd, but pleas'd my woe. And rack thee in their fancies !-Welcome !-How Duke. 'Tis good : though music ofi hath such a

agreed ? charm,

Re-enter MARIAXA and ISABELLA. To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm. Isab. She'll take the enterprise upon her, father, I

pray you, tell me, hath any body inquired for me If you advise it. here to-day? much upon this time have I promis'd Drike.

It is not my consent,
here to meet.
Mari. You have not been inquired after. I have

But my entreaty too.

Little have you to say, sat here all day.

When you depart from him, but, soft and low, Enter ISABELLA.

Remember now my

brother. Duke. I do constantly believe you :-The time


Fear me not. is come, even now. I shall crave your forbearance Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all: a little; may be, I will call upon you anon, for some He is your husband on a pre-contract : advantage to yourself.

To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin; Mari. I am always bound to you. (Erit. Sith that the justice of your title to him Duke. Very well met, and welcome.

Doth flourish the deceit. Conne, let us go; What is the news from this good deputy ?

Our corn's to reap, for yet our tilth's!? to sow, Isab. He hath a garden circummur’ds with brick,

[Erear Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd;

SCENE II. And to that vineyard is a planchedé gate,

A Room in the Prison. Enter ProThat makes his opening with this bigger key:

vost and Clown. This other doth command a little door,

Prov. Come hither, sirrah: Can you cut off a Which from the vineyard to the garden leads;

man's head? There have I made my promise to call on him,

Clo. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can: but if Upon the heavy middle of the night.

he be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find this can never cut off a woman's head.

cond. It may indeed be the property of some unknown 1 The duke's vice may be explained by what he or forgotten anthor. Bo this as it may, the reader sal says himself, Act. i. Sc. 4.

be pleased to have the second stanza. -iwas my fault to give the people scope.'

* Hide, oh bide those hills of snow Angelo's vice requires no explanation.

Which thy frozen bosom bears,
“How may likeness, made in crimes,

On whose tips the pinks that glow
Macking, practice on the times.'

Are of those that April wears.
The old copies read making. The emendation is Mr.

But first set my poor heart free, Malone's. The sense of this obscure passage appears

Bound in those icy chains by thee.' to be : How may persons assuming the likeness or 4 Though the music soothed my sorrows, it had n? semblance of virtue, while they are in fact guilty of the tendency to produce light merriment. grossest crimes, impose with this counterfeit sanctity 5 Circummur'd, walled round. upon the world, in order to draw to themselves by the 6 Planched, planked, wooden. Rimsiest pretensions the most solid advantages; such as 7 i. e, informed. Thus Shylock sayspleasure, honour, reputation, &c.'

“I have possess'd your grace of what I purpose 3 It does not appear certain to whom this beautiful 8 Stays, waits. 9 Questo, inquisitions, inquiriei. little song rightly belongs. It is found with an addition. 10 'Scapes, sallies, sportive wiles. al stanza in Fletcher's Bloody Brother. Mr. Malone 11 i. e. ornament, embellish an action that would prints it as Shakspeare's, Mr. Boywell thinks Fletcher otherwise seem ugly. has the best claim to it; Mr. Webster that Shakspeare 12 Tilth here means land prepared for sowing. The may have written the tirst stanza, and Fletcher the se. Told copy reads tithe ; the emendation is Warburton's



Prot. Come, sir, leave me your snatches, and Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless lavield me a direct answer, To-morrow morning are

bour in die Claudio and Barnardine: Here is in our pri- When it lies starkly? in the traveller's bones : son a common executioner, who in his office lacks He will not wake. a helper: if you will take it on you to assist him, it Prov.

Who can do good on him? shall redeem you from your gyves;' if not, you Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? shall have your full time of imprisonment, and your

(Knocking within. deliverance with an unpitied? whipping; for you Heaven give your spirits comfort! (Exit CLAUDIO. have been a notorious bawd.

By and by :Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time out I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve, of mind; but yet I will be content to be a lawful For the most gentle Claudio.-Welcome, father. tangman. I would be glad to ve some instruc

Enter Duke. tion from my fellow partner.

Duke. The best and wholesome spirits of the Prev. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Abhorson,

night there?

Envelope you, good Provost! Who call'd here of Enter Abhorson,


Prov. Nonc, since the curfew rung. Abhor Do you call, sir ?


Not Isabel ? Prov. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you to

Prov. No. morrow in your execution: If you think it meet, Duke. They will then, ere't be long. compound with him by the year, and let him abide

Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ? bere with you; if not, use him for the present, and Duke.

There's some in hope. dismiss him: He cannot plead his estimation with Prov. It is a bitter deputy. you; he hath been a bawd, Abror. A bawd, sir ? Fye upon him, he will dis- Even with the stroke and line of his great justice ,

Duke. Not so, not so; his life is paralleld credit our mystery. Prov. Go to, sir; you weigh equally; a feather That in himself, which he spurs on his power

He doth with holy abstinence subdue will turn the scale.

[Exit. To qualify) in others: were he meald16 Clo. Prav, sir, by your good favour (for, surely, with that which he corrects, then were he tyrannous; ar, a good favour3 you have, but that you have a

But this being so, he's just.-Now are they come.hanging look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a

[ K'nocking within.—Provost goes out. mystery? Abhor. Ay, sir, a mystery.

This is a gentle provost : Seldom when" Cl. Painting, sir, I have heard say, is a mystery; How now? What noise ? That spirit's possess'd

The steeled gaoler is the friend of men.and your whores, sir, being members of my occupa

with haste, tion, using painung, do prove my occupation a mys- That wounds the 'unsistingl? postern with these tery: but what mystery there should be in hanging,

strokes. if I should be hang'd, I cannot imagine. Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.

Provost returns, speaking to one at the rloor.

Prov. There he must stay, until the officer Clo. Proof.

Arise to let him in; he is call'd Abhor. Every true* man's apparel fits

up: thief:

your If it be too little for your thief, your true man thinks But he mus

Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yet,

die to-morrow? it big enough; if it be too big for your thief, your Prov.

None, sir, none. thief thinks it' little enough: so every truc man's Duke. As near the dawning, Provost, as it is, apparel fits your thief.5

You shall hear more ere morning.
Re-enter Provost.


Happily, 13 Prov. Are you agreed ?

You something know; yet, I believe, there comes Cia. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your No countermand; no such example have we: bangman is a more penitent trade than your bawd: Besides, upon the very siege!* of justice, be foth oftener ask forgiveness.

Lord Angelo hath to the public ear Prox. You, sirrah, provide your block and your Profess'd the contrary. are, to-morrow four o'clock.

Enter a Messenger. Athar. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee in Duke. This is his lordship's man. by trade; follow.

Pror. And here comes Claudio's pardon. Ch. I do desire to learn, sir; and, I hope, if you

Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and by have occasion to use me for your own turn, you me this further charge, that you swerve not from shall find me yare ; for, truly, sir, for your kind- the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, or kss, I owe you a good turn.

other circumstance. Good-morrow; for, as I take Prox. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio: it, it is almost day.

(Ereunt Clown and ABHORSON. Prov. I shall obey him. (Ezil Messenger. One has my pily; not a jot the other,

Duke. This is his pardon; purchas'd by such sin. Being a murderer, though he were my brother.

(Aside. Enter ClaudIO.

For which the pardoner himself is in: Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death; Hence hath offence his quick celeriiy, Tia now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow

When it is borne in high authority : Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnar- When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, dine ?

8 Stroke is here put for the stroke of a pen, or a line. 1 i. e. fetters.

9 To qualify is to temper, to moderate. i.e. a whipping that none shall pity,

10 Meal'd appears to mean here sprinkled, o'erdusted, 3 Farouris countenance. 4 i. e, honest.

defiled; I cannot think that in this instance it has any à Warburton says, this proves the thief's trade a relation to the verb to mell, meddle or mix with. mystery, not the hangman's,' and therefore supposes 11 This is absurdly printed Seldom, when, &c. in all

aspech in which the hanginan proved his trade the late editions. ' seldom.chen (i.e. rarely, not often) mystery is lost, part of this last speech being in the is the steeled gaoler the friend of men. Thus in old de litions given to the clown. But Heath observes, phraseology we have seliom-time, any.zhen, &c. The The argument of the hangman is exactly similar to comma between seldom and when is not in the old copy, tal of the clown. As the latter puts in his claim to the but an arbitrary addition of some editor. hores as members of his occupation, and in virtue of 12 The old copies reaithus.-Nonck Mason proposedl, their painting would enroll his own fraternity in the unlisting, i e. unheeding, which is intelligible. But ay-tery of painters; so the former equally lays claim prefer Sir w. Blackstone's suggestion, that unsisting to the thieves as members of his occupation, and in their may signify . never at rest,' always opening, right endeavours to rank his brethren the hangmen un. 13 Hapily, haply, perhaps the old orthography of the der the mystery of fiuers of apparel, or tailors.

word. $ i. e. ready ie 7 1. e. strongly.

14 i. e. seat.



you. Come

That for the fault's love, is the offender friended.- say, it was the desire of the penitent to be so bared Now, sir, what news?

before his death: You know, the course is comProv. I told you: Lord Angelo, be-like, thinking mon. If any thing fall to you upon this, moro me remiss in mine office, awakens me with this un- than thanks and good fortune, by the saint whom ! wonted putting on:' methinks, strangely; for he profess, I will plead against it with my life. hath not used it before.

Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against my Duke. Pray you, let's hear.

oath. Prov. [Reads.) Whatever you may hear to the Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the contrary, let Claudio be executed by four of the clock; deputy ? and, in the afternoon, Barnardine; for my better sa- Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. tisfaction, let me have Claudio's head sent me by five. Duke. You will think you have made no offence, Let this be duly performed; with a thought, that more if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing? depends on it than we must yet deliver. Thus fail not Prov. But what likelihood is in that ? to do your office, as you will answer it at your peril. Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet What say you to this, sir ?

since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, in. Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be ex- tegrity, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt ecuted in the afternoon?


I will further than I meant, to pluck all Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up and fears out of you. Look you, sir, here is the hand bred; one that is a prisoner nine years old.? and seal of the duke. You know the character, I

Dhike. How came it that the absent duke had not douh: not; and the signet is not strange to you. either deliver'd him to his liberty, or executed him? Prov. I know them both, I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. Duke. The contents of this is the return of the

Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for him: duke ; you shall anon overread it at your pleasure ; And, indeed, his fact, till now in the government of where you shall find, within these two days he will Lord Angelo, came not to an undoubtful proof. be here, This is a thing that Angelo knows not : Duke. Is it now apparent ?

for he this very day receives letters of strange teProv. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. nor; perchance, of the duke's death; perchance,

Duke. Hath be borne himself penitenty in pri- entering into some monastery; but, by chance, noson? How seems he to be touched ?

thing of what is writ.? Look, the unfolding star Prov. A man that apprehends death no more calls up the shepherd. Put not yourself into dreadfully, but as a drunken sleep: careless, reck- amazement, how these things should be: all diffiless, and fearless of what's past, present, or to come; culties are but easy when they are known. Call insensible of mortality, and desperately mortal." your executioner, and off with Barnardine's head: Dreke. He wants advice.

I will give him a present shrift, and advise him for a Prov. He will hear none: he hath evermore had better place. Yet you are amazed; but this shall the liberty of the prison ; give him leave to escape absolutely resolve

away ;

it is almost hence, he would not : drunk many times a day, if clear dawn.

(Exunt. not many days entirely drunk. We have very often SCENE III. Another Room in the same. Enter awaked him, as if to carry him to execution, and

Clown. show'd him a seeming warrant for it: it hath not

Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in moved him at all.

Duke. More of him anon. There is written in our house of profession : one would ihink it were your brow, Provost, honesty and constancy: if I mistress Overdone's own house, for here be many read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me : but of her old customers. First, here's young master in the boldness' of my cunning,t I with lay myself and old ginger, ninescore and seventeen pounds; or

Rash ;1" he's in for a commodity of brown paper in hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law than which he made five marks, ready money!" marry, Angelo who hath sentenced him: To make you then, ginger was not much in request, for the old understand this in a manifested effect, I crave but women were all dead. Then is there here one mas four days' respite; for the which you are lo do me

ter Caper, at the suit of master Three-pile the merboth a preseni and a dangerous courtesy.

cer, for some four suits of peach-colour'd satin, Prov. Pray, sir, in what?

which now peaches him a beguar. Then have we Duke. In the delaying death.

here young Dizy, and young master Deep-vow, and Prov. Alack! how may I do it ? having the hour master Copper-spur, and master Starve-lackey the limited ; and an express command, under penalty, rapier and dagger man, and young Drop-heir that to deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I may kill'd lusty Pudding, and master Forthright the tilmake my case as Claudio's, to cross this in the ter, and brave master Shoe-tie the great traveller,

and wild Half-can that stabb a Pots, and, I think, smallest.

Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you, forly more; all great doers in our trade, and are if my instructions may be your guide. Let this now for the Lord's sake.12 Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head

Enter APHORSOX. borne to Angelo.

Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will dis- Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and be cover the favour. 5

hang'd, master Barnardine! Duke. O, death's a great disguiser: and you may

10 This enumeration of the inhabitants of the prison, add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard ; and

affords a very striking view of the practices predomi.

nant in Shakspeare's age. Besides those whose follies 1 Putting on is spur, incitement.

are common to all times, we have four fighting men and 2 i. e. nine years in prison.

a traveller. It is not unlikely that the orizinals of the 3 Perhaps we should read mortally desperate. As pictures were then known. Řash was a silken stuff forwe have harmonious charmingly for charmingly har. merly worn in coats: all the names are characterisue, monious, in the Tempest.

11 It was the practice of mancy Jenders in Shak. 4 i. e. in cofilence of my sagacity.

speare's time, as well as more recently, to make advan5 Countenance.

ces partly in goods and partly in cash. The goods were 6 Share the head and tie the heard--the course is to be resold generally at an enormous loss upon the cost common. This probably alludes to a practice among price, and of these commodities it appears that broua Roman Catholics of desiring to receive the tonsure of paper and ginger often formed a part. the monks before they died.

12 It appears from Davies's Epigrams, 1611, that this 7. What is writ;" we should read 'here writ;" the was the language in which prisoners who were con. Duke pointing to the letter in his hand.

fined for debt addressed passengers 8 So Milton in Comus:

"Good gentle writers, for the Lord's sake, for the "The star that bids the shepherd fold

Lord's sake, Now the top of heaven doth hold.'

Like Ludgate prisoners, lo, I, begging, make 9 i. e. convince you.

My mone.

Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine!

The under generation, you shall find Barnar. (Within.] A pox o' your throats! Who Your safety manifested. makes that noise there? What are you?

Prov. I am your free dependant. Clo. Your friends, sir; the hangman: You must Duke.

Quick, despatch, be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death. And send the head to Angelo. (Exit Provost.

Barnar. '[Within.) Away, you rogue, away; I Now will I write letters to Angelo, am sleepy.

The provost he shall bear them,-whose contents Adhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that quickly Shall witness to him I am near at home; too.

And that by great injunctions, I am bound
Cl. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till you are To enter publicly: him I'll desire
executed, and sleep afterwards.

To meet me at ihe consecrated fount,
Ablor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. A league below the city; and from thence,

Cio. He is coming, sir, he is coming ; I hear bis By cold gradation and weal-balanced form, straw rustle.

We shall proceed with Angelo.

Re-enter Provost.
Abhor, Is the axe upon the block, sirrah? Prov. Here is the head; I'll carry it myself.
Clo. Very ready, sir.

Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift return; Barnar. How now, Abhorson? what's the news For I would commune with you of such things, with you?

That want no ear but yours, Ahor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap into


I'll make all speed. your prayers; for, look you, the warrant's come.

[Exit. Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all Isab. [Vithin) Peace, ho, be here ! mighi, I am not fitted for't.

Duke. The tongue of Isabel ;-She's come to Cl. O, the better, sir; for he that drinks all

night, and is hanged betimes in the morning, may If yet her brother's pardon be come hither;
sleep the sounder all the next day.

But I will keep her ignorant of her good,
Enter Duke.

To make her heavenly comforts of despair,

When it is least expected. Abhor. Look you, sir, here comes your ghostly

Enter ISABELLA. father; Do we jest now, think you ? Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing

Isab. Ho, by your leave. how hastily you are to depart, I am come to advise

Duke. Good morning to you fair and gracious you, comfort you, and pray with you.

daughter. Bunar. Friar, not I; I have been drinking hard Isab. The better given me by so holy a man. all night, and I will have more time to prepare me; Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon? or they shall beat out my brains with billets: I will Duke. He hath releas’d him, Isabel, from the not consent to die this day, that's certain.

world; Duke. O, sir, you must: and therefore, I beseech IIis head is off,' and sent to Angelo you,

Isab. Nay, but it is not so. Lank forvard on the journey you shall go.


It is no other : Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any Show your wisdom, danghter, in your close patience. man's persuasion.

Isab. O, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes. Duke. But hear you.

Duke. You shall not be admitted to his sight. Barnar. Not a word; if you have any thing to Isah. Unbappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel ! say to me, come to my ward ; for thence will not I Injurious world! Most damned Angelo! l-day.

[Erit. Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot : Enter Provost.

Forbear it therefore; give your cause to heaven.

Mark what I say, which you shall find Duke. Unfit to live, or die: 0, gravel heart!

By every syllable a faithful verity: After him, fellows; bring him to the block.

The duke comes home to-morrow;-nay, dry your (Ereunt ABHORSON and Clown.

eyes; Prov. Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner ? Duke. A creature unprepar’d, unmeet for death; Gives me this instance : Already he hath carried

One of our convent and his confessor,
And, to transport' him in ihe mind he is,

Notice to Escalus and Angelo ;
Were damnable.
Here in the prison, father,

Who do prepare to meet him at the gates,

There to give up their power. If you can, pace
There died this morning of a cruel fever
One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,

In that good path that I would wish to go;
A man of Claudio's years; his beard and head,
Just of his colour: What if we do omit

And you shall have your bosom on this wretch,

Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, This reprobate, till he were well inclined;.

And general honour. And satisfy the doputy with the visage


I am directed by you. Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?

Duke. This letter then to friar Peter give; Duke. 0, 'tis an accident that heaven provides !

'Tis that he sent me of the duke's return: Despatch is presently; the hour draws on

Say, by this token, I desire his company Prebi'd by Ångelo ; See, this be done,

At Mariana's house to-night. Her cause and

yours, And sent according to command; whiles I

I'll perfect him withal; and he shall bring you Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die. Prov. This shall be done, good father, presently. Accuse him home, and home. For my poor self,

Before the duke; and to the head of Angelo But Barnardine must die this afternoon:

I am combined by a sacred vow, And how shall we continue Claudio,

And shall be absent, Wends you with this letter; To save me from the danger that might come, Command these fretting waters from your eyes If he were known alive? Drake. Let this be done :-Put them in secret holds, with a light heart; trust not my holy order,

IfI Both Barnardine and Claudio ; Ere twice

pervert your course.-Who's here? The sun hath made his journal greeting to

Enter Lucio.

Good even! li. e. to remove him from one world to another. The Friar, where is the Provost ? French trepas affords a kindred sense. 2 The urder generation, the antipodes.

agreement; so he calls Angelo the combinate husband 3 Your bosom, is your heart's desire, your wish. of Mariana. 4 Shakspeare uses combine for to bind by a pact or 5 i. e. Go.


your wisdom

ye well.


Not within, sir. For my authority bears a credent? bulk, Lucio. O, pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine heart, That no particular scandal once can touch, to see thine eyes so red: thou must be patient: 1 But it contounds the breather.' He should have lly'd, am fain to dine and sup with water and bran; Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous sense, dare not for my head fill my belly; one fruitful Might in the times to come, have ta'en revenge, meal would set me to't: But they say the duke By so receiving a dishonour'd life, will be here to-morrow. By my iroth, Isabel, 1 With ransom of such shame. 'Would yet he had lov'd thy brother: if the old fantastical duke of dark

liv'd! corners had been at home, he had lived.

Alack, when once our grace we have forgot,

(Exit ISABELLA. Nothing goes right; we would and we would not. Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beholden

[Erit.10 to your reports ; but the best is he lives not in them.

Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so well SCENE V. Fields without the Town. Enter Duke as I do: he's a better woodman? than thou takest

in his own habit, and Friar PETER. him for.

Duke. These letters at fit time deliver me. Duke. Well, you'll answer this one day. Fare

(Giving letters.

The Provost knows our purpose, and our plot. Lucio. Nay, tarry; I'll go along with thee; I The matter being afoot, keep your instruction, can tell thee pretty tales of the duke.

And hold you ever to our special drift; Duke. You have told me too many of him already, Though sometimes you do blench" from this to that, sir, if they be true ; if not true, none were enough. As cause doth minister. Go, call at Flavius' house,

Lucio. I was once before him for getting a wench And tell him where I stay: give the like notice with child.

To Valentinus, Rowland, and to Crassus, Duke. Did you such a thing?

And bid them bring the trumpets to the gates; Lucio. Yes, marry, did I; but was fain to for- But send me Flavius first. swear it; they would else have married me to the F. Peter.

It shall be speeded well. rotten meddlar.

(Ezil. Friar. Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than honest : Rest well.

Enter VARRIUS. you Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the lane's Duke. I thank thee, Varrius ; thou hast made end: If bawdy iaik offend you, we'll have very little

good haste : of it: Nay, friar I am a kind of burr, I shall stick. Come we will walk : There's other of our friends

(Exeunt. Will greet us here anon, my gentle Varrius. SCENE IV. A Room in Angelo's House. Enter

[Ereunt. Angelo and ESCALUS.

SCENE VI. Street near the City Gate. Ente Escal. Every letter he hath writ hath disvouch'd


Isab. To speak so indirectly, I am loath;

I Ang. In most uneven and distracted manner. I would say the truth; but to accuse him so, His actions show much like to madness: pray hea- That is your part: Yet I'm advis'd to do it; ven, his wisdom be not tainted! And why meet him He says, to 'vailful2 purpose. at the gates, and redeliver our authorities there? Mari.

Be ruld by him. Escal. I guess not.

Isab. Besides, he tells me, that, if peradventure Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an hour He speak against me on the adverse side, before his entering, that, if any crave redress of I should not think it strange ; for 'tis a physic, injustice, they should exhibit their petitions in the That's bitter to sweet end. street ?

Mari. I would, friar PeterEscal. He shows his reason for that: to have a Isab.

O, peace; the friar is come. despatch of complaints; and to deliver us from de

Enter Friar PETER.13 vices hereafter, which shall then have no power to F. Peter. Come, I have found you out a stand stand against us.

most fit, Ang. Well, I beseech you, let it be proclaim'a :

Where you may have such vantage on the duke, Betimes i' the morn, I'll call you at your house : He shall not pass you; Twice have the trumpets Give notice to such men of sort and suit,

sounded ; As are to ineet him.

The generous!" and the gravest citizens, Escal.

I shall, sir : fare


well. Have hent25 the gates, and very near upon

(Exit. The Duke is ent'ring; therefore, hence, away. Ang. Good night.This deed unshapes me quite, makes me unpreg

(Eseunt. nant, And dull to all proceeding. A deflower'd maid !

ACT V. And by an eminent body, that enforc'd

SCENE I. A public Place near the City Gate. The law against it!-But that her tender shame Will not proclaim against her maiden loss,

MARIANA (veild,) ISABELLA, and Peter, at a How might she tongue me? Yet reason daress

distance. Enter at opposite doors, Duke, Vasher 3-no:

RIUS, Lords ; ANGELO, EscaLUS, Lucio, Pro

vost, Officers, and Citizens. 1 1. e. he depends not on them.

2 A 100od man was an attendant on the forester; his This passage will therefore bear two interpretations, great employment was hunting. It is here ured in a between which the reader must choose. wanton sense for a hunter of a different sort of game. 7 Credent, creditable, not questionable. So, Falstaff asks his mistresses in the Merry Wives of 8 Particular is private: a French sense of the word. Windsor :

9 i, e. utterer. Am I a woodman? Ha!

10 Dr. Johnson thought the fourth Act should end bere, 3 Disrouched is contradicted.

for here is properly a

of action, a night inter4 Figure and rank.

venes, and the place is changed between the passages 5 Unready, unprepared; the contrary to pregnant in of this scene and those of the next. The fifth Act, beits sense of ready, apprehensive,

ginning with the following scene, would proceed with 6 To dare has two significations; to terrify, as in out any interruption of time or place." The Maid's Tragedy ;

11 To Blench, to start off, to ily off. those mad mischiefs

12 Availful. Would dare a woman.'

13 He is called friar Thomas in the first Act. And to challenge or call forth, as in K. Henry IV. p. 1. 14 Generous, for most noble, or those of rank. Ger Unless a brother should a brother dare

erosi, Lat. To gentle exercise,' &c.

15 i. e. seized, laid hold on.


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